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WORLD OF CATS

CATS The domestic cat  is a small, usually furry, domesticated, and carnivorous mammal. It is often called the housecat when kept as an indoor pet or simply the cat when there is no need to distinguish it from other felidsan felines. Cats are often valued by humans for companionship and their ability to hunt vermin and household pests. Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with strong, flexible bodies, quick reflexes, sharp retractable

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Pet Shop Boys

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PHONES AND SMARTPHONES

    A smartphone (or smart phone) is a mobile phone with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than basic feature phones. Early smartphones typically combined the features of a mobile phone with those of another popular consumer device, such as a personal digital assistant (PDA), a media player, a digital camera, or a GPS navigation unit. Modern smartphones include all of those features plus the features of a touchscreen computer, including web browsing, Wi-Fi, and 3rd-party apps. Currently, about 90% of handset sales worldwide are for devices driven by Google's Android and Apple's iOS mobile operating systems The first mobile phone to incorporate PDA features was an 

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ME and Me and me

  Hi I'm Massimo and. Here you'll see my pictures.

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Football World Cup

  The FIFA World Cup was first held in 1930, when FIFA president Jules Rimet decided to stage an international football tournament. The inaugural edition, held in Uruguay in1930, was contested as a final tournament of only 13 teams invited by the organization. Since then, the FIFA World Cup has experienced successive expansions and format remodeling to its current 32-team final tournament preceded by a two-year qualifying process, involving almost 200 teams from all over the world.     Previous international competitions The first international football match was played in 1872 in Glasgow between 

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LA TRAGEDIA DI SUPERGA DEL GRANDE TORINO

   LA TRAGEDIA DI SUPERGA DEL GRANDE TORINO The Superga air disaster took place on Wednesday 4 May 1949 when a plane carrying almost the entire Torino A.C. football team (popularly known as Il Grande Torino) crashed into Superga Hill near Turin

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Sardinia

  Sardinia (/sɑrˈdɪniə/, Italian: Sardegna

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The Pizza's history

The Pizza's history Chi ha inventato la pizza? Come nasce la pizza? Dove nasce la pizza? Per cercare di rispondere a tutte queste all'apparenza semplici domande, bisonga ripercorrere la storia della pizza e dei suoi ingredienti a partire da molto lontano ...infatti molte migliaia di anni fa, alle origini della storia, l'uomo diventava agricoltore e raccoglieva i chicchi di grano e quando ne aveva bisogno se ne nutriva. In seguito l'uomo scoprì che poteva anche impastare quel grano con l'acqua, e arrostire quell'impasto, a forma di disco su pietre roventi. I primi che fecero questa procedura aprirono la strada alla conquista del pane, delle schiacciate, delle pizze per come le conosciamo oggi. Da questa considerazione possiamo dire chepane, focacce sono all'origine della pizza e rappresentano la radice stessa della nostra civiltà.   Il grande passo successivo fu quando venne scoperto il principio della lievitazione, e fu inventato il primo forno per una cottura molto più comoda rispetto al passato. Questo avvenne circa seimila anni fa, in Egitto nella zona della mezza luna fertile, dal Nilo all'Eufrate. C'era stato chi aveva notato che l'impasto, veniva a volte invaso da forze misteriose che lo facevano gonfiare e poi guastare. Alcuni consideravano impura quella pasta e la buttavano, altri invece pensarono di studiare il fenomeno e di sfruttarlo: tutto dipendeva dalle concezioni religiose dell'epoca. Gli ebrei, per esempio, rifiutarono sempre il pane lievitato

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PASTORE TEDESCO

  PASTORE TEDESCO   Il Pastore tedesco è un cane di media taglia. La sua corporatura è allungata, forte e solida; l'ossatura è sottile e la struttura è resistente.  La testa è proporzionata alle dimensioni del corpo, ampia fra le orecchie. La fronte è un pochino piegata ad arco verso l'esterno. Il cranio deve corrispondere circa alla sua lunghezza. Le labbra sono tese, asciutte e devono combaciare bene; la dentatura è forte, a forbice. Le guance sono leggermente arrotondate. Le orecchie sono di media grandezza, larghe alla base, attaccate alte, vengono portate dritte. Terminano a punta ed hanno i padiglioni rivolti in avanti. In movimento o in posizione di riposo, molti cani rilassano le orecchie, questo non è da considerarsi un difetto.

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THUNDERSTORMS AND LIGHTNINGS

  THUNDERSTORMS A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm, a lightning storm, or a thundershower, is a type of stormcharacterized by the presence of lightning and its acoustic effect on the Earth's atmosphere known as thunder. The meteorologically assigned cloud type associated with the thunderstorm is the cumulonimbus. Thunderstorms are usually accompanied by strong winds, heavy rain and sometimes snow, sleet, hail, or no precipitation at all. Those that cause hail to fall are called hailstorms. Thunderstorms may line up in a series or rainband, known as a squall line. Strong or severe thunderstorms may rotate, known as supercells. While most thunderstorms move with the mean wind flow through the layer of the troposphere that they occupy, vertical wind shear causes a deviation in their course at a right angle to the wind shear direction. Thunderstorms result from the rapid upward movement of warm, moist air. They can occur inside warm, moist air masses and at fronts. As the warm, moist air moves upward, it cools, condenses, and forms cumulonimbus clouds that can reach heights of over 20 km (12.45 miles). As the rising air reaches its dew point, water droplets and ice form and begin falling the long distance through the clouds towards the Earth's surface. As the droplets fall, they collide with other droplets and become larger. The falling droplets create a downdraft of cold air and moisture that spreads out at the Earth's surface, causing the strong winds commonly associated with thunderstorms, and occasionally fog. Thunderstorms can generally form and develop in any particular geographic location, perhaps most frequently within areas located at mid-latitude when warm moist air collides with cooler air. Thunderstorms are responsible for the development and formation of many severe weather phenomena. Thunderstorms, and the phenomena that occur along with them, pose great hazards to populations and landscapes. Damage that results from thunderstorms is mainly inflicted by 

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FASHION AND BEAUTY2

  FASHION Fashion is a popular style or practice, especially in clothing, footwear, accessories, makeup, body piercing, or furniture. Fashion is a distinctive and often habitual trend in the style in which a person dresses. It is the prevailing styles in behaviour and the newest creations of textile designers. The more technical term costume has become so linked to the term "fashion" that the use of the former has been relegated to special senses like fancy dress or masquerade wear, while "fashion" means clothing more generally, including the study of it. Although aspects of fashion can be feminine or masculine, some trends are androgynous.

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MICHAEL SCHUMACKER

  MICHAEL SCHUMACKER Michael Schumacher (German pronunciation: [ˈmɪçaʔɛl ˈʃuːmaxɐ] ( listen); born 3 January 1969) is a retired German racing driver. Schumacher is a seven-time Formula One (F1) World Champion and is widely regarded as one of the greatest F1 drivers of all time. He was named Laureus World Sportsman of the Year twice. He holds many of Formula One's driver records, including most championships, race victories, fastest laps, pole positions and most races won in a single season – 13 in2004 (the last of these records was equalled by fellow German Sebastian Vettel nine years later). In 2002, he became the only driver in Formula One history to finish in the top three in every race of a season and then also broke the record for most consecutive podium finishes. According to the official Formula One website, he is "statistically

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Infatuation

  Infatuation Infatuation is the state of being carried away by unreasoned passion or love. Hillman and Phillips describe it as a desire to express thelibidinal attraction of addictive love. Usually, one is inspired with an intense but short-lived passion or admiration for someone.

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SMARTPHONE SAMSUNG

  SMARTPHONE SAMSUNG Samsung Galaxy (stylized as Samsung GALAXY) is a series of Android-powered mobile computing devices designed, manufactured and marketed by Samsung Electronics. The product line includes the Galaxy S series of high-end smartphones, the Galaxy Tab series of tablets, the Galaxy Note series of tablets and phablets with the added functionality of a stylus and the first version of theGalaxy Gear

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AIR POLLUTION PLANET

  AIR POLLUTION Air pollution is the introduction of particulates, biological molecules, or other harmful materials into the Earth's atmosphere, possibly causing disease, death to humans, damage to other living organisms such as food crops, or the natural or built environment. The atmosphere is a complex natural gaseous system that is essential to support life on planet Earth. Stratospheric ozone depletiondue to air pollution has long been recognized as a threat to human health as well as to the Earth's ecosystems. Indoor air pollution and urban air quality are listed as two of the world’s worst toxic pollution problems in the 2008 Blacksmith Institute World's Worst Polluted Places report. According to the 2014 WHO report, in 2012 the air pollution caused the deaths of around 7 million people worldwide.

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Interpersonal Relashionship

  Interpersonal Relashionship An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring. This association may be based on inference, love, solidarity, regular business interactions, or some other type of social commitment. Interpersonal relationships are formed in the context of social, cultural and other influences. The context can vary from family or kinship relations, friendship, marriage, relations with associates, work, clubs, neighborhoods, and places of worship. They may be regulated by law, custom, or mutual agreement, and are the basis of social groups and society

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MASERATI DREAM

  MASERATI Maserati (Italian pronunciation: [mazeˈraːti]) is an Italian luxury car manufacturer established on December 1, 1914, in Bologna. The company's headquarters are now in Modena, and its emblem is a trident. It has been owned by the Italian car giant Fiat S.p.A. since 1993. Inside the Fiat Group, Maserati was initially associated with Ferrari S.p.A., but more recently it has become part of the sports car group including Alfa Romeo.   The Maserati brothers, Alfieri, Bindo, Carlo, Ettore, and Ernesto were all involved with automobiles from the beginning of the 20th century. Alfieri, Bindo and Ernesto built 2-litre Grand Prix cars for Diatto. In 1926, Diatto suspended the production of race cars, leading to the creation of the first Maserati and the founding of the Maserati marque. One of the first Maseratis, driven by Alfieri, won the 1926 Targa Florio. Maserati began making race cars with 4, 6, 8 and 16 cylinders (two straight-eights mounted parallel to one another). The trident logo of the Maserati car company is based on the Fountain of Neptune in Bologna's Piazza Maggiore. In 1920 one of the Maserati brothers, artist Mario, used this symbol in the logo at the suggestion of family friend Marquis Diego de Sterlich. It was considered particularly appropriate for the sports car company due to fact that Neptune represents strength and vigor; additionally the statue is a characteristic symbol of the company's original home city. Alfieri Maserati died in 1932, but three other brothers, Bindo, Ernesto and Ettore, kept the firm going, building cars that won races.  

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PORSCHE 2

    PORSCHE Porsche Automobil Holding SE,  is a German holding company with investments in the automotive industry. Porsche SE is headquartered in Zuffenhausen, a city district of Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg and is owned by the Porsche and Piëch families. The company was founded in Stuttgart as Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche GmbH in 1931 by Ferdinand Porsche (1875–1951) and his brother-in-law Anton Piëch (1894–1952).     Porsche SE was created in June 2007 by renaming the old Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG, and became a holding company for the families' stake in Porsche Zwischenholding GmbH (50.1%) (which in turn held 100% of the old Porsche AG) and Volkswagen AG (50.7%). At the same time, the new Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG (Porsche AG) was created for the car manufacturing business. In August 2009, Porsche SE and Volkswagen AG reached an agreement that the car manufacturing operations of the two companies would merge in 2011, to form an "Integrated Automotive Group". The management of Volkswagen AG, which had resisted relinquishing the power to control, agreed to be owned by Porsche SE in return for VW AG acquiring ownership of Porsche AG. As of the end of 2013, the 50.76% control interest in VW AG is the predominant investment by Porsche SE, and Volkswagen AG in turn controls brands and companies such as Volkswagen, Audi, SEAT, Škoda, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Porsche AG, Ducati, VW Commercial Vehicles,Scania, MAN, as well as Volkswagen Financial Services.  

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BEAUTIFUL GIRLS1

  BEAUTIFUL GIRLS

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ITALIAN WOMEN

  ITALIAN WOMEN

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EAGLES1

  EAGLES Eagle is a common name for some members of the bird family Accipitridae; it belongs to several genera that are not necessarily closely related to each other. Most of the sixty species of eagles are from Eurasia and Africa. Outside this area, just eleven species can be found – two species (the Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle) in the United States and Canada, nine species in Central America and South America, and three species in Australia. Eagles are large, powerfully built birds of prey, with a heavy head and beak. Even the smallest eagles, like the Booted Eagle (Aquila pennata) (which is comparable in size to a Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo) or Red-tailed Hawk (B. jamaicensis)), have relatively longer and more evenly broad wings, and more direct, faster flight – despite the reduced size of aerodynamic feathers. Most eagles are larger than any other raptors apart from some vultures. The smallest species of eagle is the 

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COLOSSEO

  COLOSSEO

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SHARKS1

  SHARKS Sharks are a group of fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral finsthat are not fused to the head. Modern sharks are classified within the clade Selachimorpha (or Selachii) and are the sister group to the rays. However, the term "shark" has also been used for extinct members of the subclass Elasmobranchii outside the Selachimorpha, such as Cladoselache and Xenacanthus. Under this broader definition, the earliest known sharks date from more than 420 million years ago. Since then, sharks have diversified into over 470 species. They range in size from the small dwarf lanternshark (Etmopterus perryi), a deep sea species of only 17 centimetres (6.7 in) in length, to the whale shark (Rhincodon typus), the largest fish in the world, which reaches approximately 12 metres (39 ft). Sharks are found in all seas and are common to depths of 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). They generally do not live in freshwater although there are a few known exceptions, such as the 

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HEALTH33

  HEALTH Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living organism. In humans, it is the general condition of a person's mind and body, usually meaning to be free fromillness, injury or pain (as in "good health" or "healthy"). The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health in its broader sense in 1946 as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." Although this definition has been subject to controversy, in particular as lacking operational value and because of the problem created by use of the word "complete," it remains the most enduring. Other definitions have been proposed, among which a recent definition that correlates health and personal satisfaction. Classification systems such as the WHO Family of International Classifications, including the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), are commonly used to define and measure the components of health. Systematic activities to prevent or cure health problems and promote good health in humans are undertaken by health care providers. Applications with regard to animal health are covered by the veterinary sciences. The term "healthy" is also widely used in the context of many types of non-living organizations and their impacts for the benefit of humans, such as in the sense of healthy communities, healthy cities or healthy environments. In addition to health care interventions and a person's surroundings, a number of other factors are known to influence the health status of individuals, including their background, lifestyle, and economic, social conditions, and spirituality; these are referred to as "determinants of health." Studies have shown that high levels of stress can affect your health. Generally, the context in which an individual lives is of great importance for both his health status and quality of life. It is increasingly recognized that health is maintained and improved not only through the advancement and application of health science, but also through the efforts and intelligent lifestyle choices of the individual and society. According to the World Health Organization, the main determinants of health include the social and economic environment, the physical environment, and the person's individual characteristics and behaviors. More specifically, key factors that have been found to influence whether people are healthy or unhealthy include the following: An increasing number of studies and reports from different organizations and contexts examine the linkages between health and different factors, including lifestyles, environments, health care organization, and health policy – such as the 1974 Lalonde report from Canada;the Alameda County Study in California; and the series of World Health Reports of the World Health Organization, which focuses onglobal health issues including access to health care and improving public health outcomes, especially in developing countries.

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SNOW 1

  SNOW 

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FUNNY ARTS

  FUNNY ARTS

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AVRIL LAVIGNE singer

  AVRIL LAVIGNE

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CITY OF ROME

  CITY OF ROME Rome (/ˈroʊm/; Italian: Roma pronounced [ˈroːma] ; Latin: Rōma) is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") inItaly. Rome is the capital of Italy and also of the Province of Rome and of the region of Lazio. With 2.9 million residents in 1,285.3 km2 (496.3 sq mi), it is also the country's largest and most populated comune and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The urban area of Rome extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 3.8 million. Between 3.2 and 4.2 million people live in Rome metropolitan area. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of Tiber river. Vatican City is an independent country within the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. Rome's history spans more than two and a half thousand years, since its legendary founding in 753 BC. Rome is one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe. It is referred to as "The Eternal City" (Latin: Roma Aeterna), a central notion in ancient Roman culture.[10] In the ancient world it was successively the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republicand the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of Western civilization

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BUENOS AIRES

  BUENOS AIRES

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ASIAN BEAUTY1

  ASIAN BEAUTY

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CANADIAN BEAUTY

  CANADIAN BEAUTY

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GRAND CANYON1

  GRAND CANYON

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Italian fans

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Brasilian Fans

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Lakes1

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Labrador(Dog)

  Labrador(Dog)

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CRISTIANO RONALDO 7

    CRISTIANO RONALDO Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, OIH (Portuguese pronunciation: [kɾɨʃtiˈɐnu ʁuˈnaɫdu]; born 5 February 1985), known asCristiano Ronaldo, is a Portuguese footballer who plays as a forward for Spanish club Real Madrid and captains the Portugal national team. He became the most expensive footballer in history when he moved from Manchester United to Real Madrid in 2009 in a transfer worth £80 million (€94 million/$132 million). Ronaldo's contract with Real Madrid, under the terms of which he is paid €21 million per year (after taxes), makes him the highest-paid footballer in the world, and his buyout clause is valued at €1 billion. He is regarded by some in the sport to be currently the best player in the world and as one of the greatest of all time. Ronaldo began his career as a youth player for Andorinha, where he played for two years, before moving to C.D. Nacional. In 1997, he made a move to Portuguese giants Sporting Clube de Portugal. Ronaldo caught the attention of Manchester Unitedmanager Alex Ferguson, who signed him for £12.2 million (€15 million) in 2003. In 2004, Ronaldo won his first club honour, theFA Cup. In 2007, Ronaldo was the first player in England to win all four main PFA and FWA awards. In 2008 and 2013, he won theFIFA/Ballon d'Or award for the best footballer in the world, the first Portuguese player to win the award twice. He was awarded the European Golden Shoe in 2008, 2011 and 2014. In 2008, he won 3 of the 4 main PFA and FWA trophies and was named the FIFA World Player of the Year, FIFPro Player of the Year, World Soccer Player of the Year, and the Onze d'Or. In 2007 and 2008, Ronaldo was named FWA Footballer of the Year. He was the inaugural winner of the FIFA Puskás Award for Goal of the Year in 2009. In a 2014 UEFA poll, Ronaldo was named the greatest goalscorer to play in theUEFA Champions League. With 67 goals he is tied second in the competition's top scorers of all time, only trailing Raúl by four goals. Ronaldo is the first top European league player to reach 40 goals in a single season in two consecutive years, fastest Real Madrid player to reach 100 league goals, and the first player to score against every team in a single season in La Liga. He holds the record for most goals scored in a season for Real Madrid. In January 2014, Ronaldo scored his 400th career goal. After spending his first year at Madrid wearing the number 9 shirt, he began wearing the number 7 again following the departure of long-serving striker Raúl. Ronaldo had previously worn the number 7 shirt at Manchester United. Ronaldo is a Portuguese international and made his debut in August 2003. He has been capped over 100 times and with 50 goals he is Portugal's top goalscorer of all time. With Portugal he has participated in 6 major tournaments; UEFA Euro 2004, the 2006 FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro 2008, the 2010 FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro 2012, and the 2014 FIFA World Cup. He scored his first international goal in the opening game of Euro 2004 against Greece, in addition to helping Portugal reach the final. He took over captaincy in July 2008 and captained them to the Euro 2012 semi-finals finishing the competition as joint-top scorer. Ronaldo was born in Santo António, a neighbourhood of Funchal, Madeira, the youngest child of Maria Dolores dos Santos Aveiro, a cook, and José Dinis Aveiro, a municipal gardener. His second given name "Ronaldo" was chosen after then-U.S. president Ronald Reagan, who was his father's favourite actor. He has one older brother, Hugo, and two older sisters, Elma and Liliana Cátia. His great-grandmother Isabel da Piedade was from Cape Verde.   The family was staunchly Catholic and Ronaldo later claimed that he lived in poverty, sharing a room with his brother and sisters. Ronaldo was popular with other students at school, but he was expelled after he threw a chair at his teacher. Ronaldo later said of the incident: "He disrespected me. At the age of 14, Ronaldo agreed with his mother to then focus entirely on football. Early career At the age of eight, Ronaldo played for amateur team Andorinha, where his father was the kit man. In 1995, Ronaldo signed with local club Nacional, and, after a title-winning campaign, he went on a three-day trial with Sporting CP, who subsequently signed him for an undisclosed sum.[23] Sporting CP Ronaldo joined Sporting's other youth players who trained at the Academia Sporting, the club's football academy, in Alcochete. He became the only player ever to play for Sporting's under-16, under-17, under-18, B-team, and the first team, all within one season. He scored two goals in his league debut on 7 October 2002, which Sporting CP won 3–0 against Moreirense, while featuring for Portugal in the 2002 European Under-17 Championship. At the age of 15 Ronaldo was diagnosed with a racing heart, a condition that might have forced him to give up playing football. The Sporting staff were made aware of the condition and Ronaldo's mother gave her authorisation for him to go into hospital. While there, he had an operation in which a laser was used to cauterise the area of his heart that was causing the problem. The surgery took place in the morning and Ronaldo was discharged from hospital by the end of the afternoon; he resumed training only a few days later.

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Costa Rica 2014

  Costa Rica Costa Rica (i/ˌkoʊstə ˈriːkə

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Weather condition

  WEATHER Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy. Weather, seen from an anthropological perspective, is something all humans in the world constantly experience through their senses, at least while being outdoors. There are socially and scientifically constructed understandings of what weather is, what makes it change, what effects it has on humans in different situations etc. Therefore weather is something people often communicate about. Turning back to the meteorological perspective, most weather phenomena occur in the troposphere, just below the stratosphere. Weather generally refers to day-to-day temperature and precipitation activity, whereas climate is the term for the average atmospheric conditions over longer periods of time.When used without qualification, "weather", is generally understood to mean the weather of Earth. Weather is driven by air pressure (temperature and moisture) differences between one place and another. These pressure and temperature differences can occur due to the sun angle at any particular spot, which varies by latitude from the tropics. The strong temperature contrast between polar and tropical air gives rise to the jet stream. Weather systems in the mid-latitudes, such asextratropical cyclones, are caused by instabilities of the jet stream flow. Because the Earth's axis is tilted relative to its orbital plane,sunlight is incident at different angles at different times of the year. On Earth's surface, temperatures usually range ±40 °C (−40 °F to 100 °F) annually. Over thousands of years, changes in Earth's orbit affect the amount and distribution of solar energy received by the Earth and influence long-term climate and global climate change. Surface temperature differences in turn cause pressure differences. Higher altitudes are cooler than lower altitudes due to differences in compressional heating. Weather forecasting is the application of science and technology to predict the state of the atmosphere for a future time and a given location. The system is a chaotic system; so small changes to one part of the system can grow to have large effects on the system as a whole. Human attempts to control the weather have occurred throughout human history, and there is evidence that human activity such as agriculture and industry has modified weather patterns. Studying how the weather works on other planets has been helpful in understanding how weather works on Earth. A famous landmark in the Solar System, Jupiter's Great Red Spot, is an anticyclonic storm known to have existed for at least 300 years. However, weather is not limited to planetary bodies. A star's corona is constantly being lost to space, creating what is essentially a very thin atmosphere throughout the Solar System. The movement of mass ejected from the Sun is known as the solar wind. On Earth, common weather phenomena include wind, cloud

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BEAUTIES 1

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Hungary Beauties

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Depeche Mode1970

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LETTONIA

  LETTONIA

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PERSIAN CATS

  PERSIAN CATS The Persian is a long-haired breed of cat characterized by its round face and shortened muzzle. Its name refers to Persia, the former name of Iran, where similar cats are found.[dubious – discuss] Recognized by the cat fancy since the late 19th century, it was developed first by the English, and then mainly by American breeders after the Second World War. In Britain, it is called theLonghair or Persian Longhair. The selective breeding carried out by breeders has allowed the development of a wide variety of coat colors, but has also led to the creation of increasingly flat-faced Persians. Favored by fanciers, this head structure can bring with it a number of health problems. As is the case with the Siamese breed, there have been efforts by some breeders to preserve the older type of cat, the traditional breed, having a more pronounced muzzle, which is more popular with the general public. Hereditary polycystic kidney disease is prevalent in the breed, affecting almost half the population in some countries. The placid and unpretentious nature of the Persian confers a propensity for apartment living. It has been the most popular breed in the United States for many years but its popularity has seen a decline in Britain and France. It is not clear when longhaired cats first appeared, as there are no known long-haired specimen of the African wildcat, the ancestor of the domestic subspecies. There were claims in the 19th century that the gene responsible for long hair was introduced through hybridization with the Pallas cat, but research in the early 20th century refutes this theory. An Angora/Persian from "The Royal Natural History" (1894) The first documented ancestors of the Persian were imported from Khorasan, Persia into Italy in 1620 by Pietro della Valle, and from Angora (now Ankara), Turkey into France by Nicholas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc at around the same time. The Khorasan cats were grey coated while those from Angora were white. From France, they soon reached Britain. Longhaired cats were also imported to Europe from Afghanistan, Burma, China and Russia. Interbreeding of the various types were common especially between Angoras and Persians. Recent genetic research indicates that present day Persians are related not to cats from the Near East but to cats from Western Europe. The researchers stated, "Even though the early Persian cat may have in fact originated from ancient Persia, the modern Persian cat has lost its phylogeographical signature."

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KOREAN GIRLS

  KOREAN GIRLS

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VENICE2014

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Italy Champion

  Italy Champion

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FLORENCE10

  FLORENCE Florence (Italian: Firenze [fiˈrɛntse] ( listen), alternative obsolete form: Fiorenza; Latin: Florentia) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area. Florence is famous for its history: a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time,it is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called "the Athens of the Middle Ages". A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family, and numerous religious and republican revolutions. From 1865-71 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy. The Historic Centre of Florence attracts millions of tourists each year, and Euromonitor International ranked the city as the world's 72nd most visited in 2009, with 1.7m visitors.[6] It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics. Due to Florence's artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Florence is an important city in Italian fashion, being ranked in the top 50 fashion capitals of the world; furthermore, it is a major national economic centre, as a tourist and industrial hub. In 2008, the city had the 17th highest average income in Italy. Florence originated as a Roman city, and later, after a period as a flourishing trading and banking medieval commune, it was the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance (or the "Florentine Renaissance"). According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, it was politically, economically, and culturally one of the most important cities in Europe and the world from the 14th to 16th centuries. The language spoken in the city during the 14th century was, and still is, accepted as the Italian language. Almost all the writers and poets in Italian literature of the golden ageare in some way connected with Florence, leading ultimately to the adoption of the Florentine dialect, above all the local dialects, as a literary language of choice. Starting from the late Middle Ages, Florentine money—in the form of the gold florin—financed the development of industry all over Europe, from Britain to Bruges, to Lyon and Hungary. Florentine bankers financed the English kings during the Hundred Years War, as well as the papacy, including the construction of their provisional capital of Avignonand, after their return to Rome, the reconstruction and Renaissance embellishment of the latter. Florence was home to the Medici, one of history's most important noble families. Lorenzo de' Medici was considered a political and cultural mastermind of Italy in the late 15th century. Two members of the family were popes in the early 16th century: Leo X and Clement VII. Catherine de Medici married king Henry II of France and, after his death in 1559, reigned as regent in France. The Medici reigned as Grand Dukes of Tuscany, starting with Cosimo I de' Medici in 1569 and ending with the death of Gian Gastone de' Medici in 1737. Roman origins A wooden model of Florence as it would have probably looked during Roman times, showing the ancient amphitheatre Florence was established by Lucius Cornelius Sulla in 80 BC as a settlement for his veteran soldiers and was named originally Fluentia, owing to the fact that

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Tour Eiffel

  Tour Eiffel

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Palace of Caserta

  Palace of Caserta The Royal Palace of Caserta (Italian: Reggia di Caserta, Italian pronunciation: [ˌrɛddʒa di kaˈzɛrta]) is a former royal residence in Caserta, southern Italy, constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. It was the largest palace and one of the largest buildings erected in Europe during the 18th century. In 1997, the Palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, described in its nomination as "the swan song of the spectacular art of the Baroque, from which it adopted all the features needed to create the illusions of multidirectional space" The construction of the palace was begun in 1752 for Charles VII of Naples, who worked closely with his architect Luigi Vanvitelli. When Charles saw Vanvitelli's grandly-scaled model for Caserta it filled him with emotion "fit to tear his heart from his breast". In the end, he never slept a night at the Reggia, as he abdicated in 1759 to become King of Spain, and the project was carried to only partial completion for his third son and successor, Ferdinand IV of Naples. The political and social model for Vanvitelli's palace was Versailles, which, though it is strikingly different in its variety and disposition, solves similar problems of assembling and providing for king, court and government in a massive building with the social structure of a small city, confronting a baroque view of a highly subordinated nature, la nature forcée. The Royal Palace of Madrid, where Charles had grown up, which had been devised by Filippo Juvarra for Charles' father, Philip V of Spain, and Charlottenburg Palaceprovided models. A spacious octagonal vestibule seems to have been inspired by Basilica di Santa Maria della Salute in Venice, while the palatine chapel is most often compared to Robert de Cotte's royal chapel at Versailles. The king's primary object was to have a magnificent new royal court and administrative center for the Kingdom in a location protected from sea attack. Vanvitelli died in 1773: the construction was continued by his son Carlo and then by other architects; but the elder Vanvitelli's original project, which included a vast pair of frontal wings similar to Bernini's wings at St. Peter's, was never finished. The palace has some 1,200 rooms, including two dozen state apartments, a large library, and a theatre modelled after the Teatro San Carlo of Naples.

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Marco Pantani

  Marco Pantani Marco Pantani  13 January 1970 – 14 February 2004) was an Italian road racing cyclist, widely considered one of the best climbers of his era in professional road bicycle racing. He won both the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia in 1998, being the sixth Italian after Ottavio Bottecchia, Gino Bartali, Fausto Coppi, Felice Gimondi and Gastone Nencini to win the Tour de France. He is the last cyclist to win the Giro and the Tour in the same year. His attacking style and aggressive riding turned him into a fan favorite in the late 1990s. He was known as 'Il Pirata' because of his shaved head and the bandana and earrings he always wore. At 1.72 m and 57 kg, Marco Pantani had the classic build for amountain climber. His style contrasted with that of time-trialling experts such as the five-times Tour winner Miguel Indurain. Although he never tested positive during his career, his career was beset by doping allegations. In the 1999 Giro d'Italia, he was expelled due to his irregular blood values. Although he was disqualified for "health reasons", it was implied that Pantani's highhaematocrit was the product of EPO use. Following later accusations, Pantani went into a depression from which he never fully recovered. He died of acute cocaine poisoning in 2004. Early career Pantani was born on 13 January 1970 in Cesena, Romagna, the son of Ferdinando (referred to as Paolo) and Tonina. He joined the Fausto Coppi cycling club of Cesenatico at the age of eleven. As an amateur, he won the 1992 Girobio, the amateur version of the Giro d'Italia, after finishing third in 1990 and second in 1991. His success at the Girobio led to his turning professional for the remainder of the 1992 season with Davide Boifava's Carrera Jeans-Vagabond. While signing the contract, barely above the minimum established, he asked Boifava what would happen if he were to win the Giro d'Italia or the Tour de France, requesting a change in the contract. He finished 12th in his first professional race, theGran Premio Città di Camaiore. In 1993, his first full season as a professional, he finished fifth at the mountainous course of Giro del Trentino and debuted at the Giro d'Italia in order to help his team leader, Claudio Chiappucci. He was forced to abandon the race in the 18th stage due to tendinitis. In 1994, he finished fourth at the Giro del Trentino and the Giro di Toscana before his second participation at the Giro d'Italia, where he was supposed to help Chiappucci. He won two consecutive mountain stages, earning his first victory as a professional in the fourteenth stage to Merano. In the following stage to Aprica, which featured the renowned Stelvio Pass and the Mortirolo Pass, Pantani attacked at the base of Mortirolo and broke free at the Valico di Santa Cristina to win the stage at Aprica and place second in the overall classification. He ultimately finished the race behind Eugeni Berzin but ahead of Miguel Indurain, who had won the two previous Giros. That same year Pantani made his Tour de France debut, coming in third and winning the young rider classification along the way. In 1995, he was hit by a car while training, preventing him from riding the Giro, but rode the Tour and won stages at Alpe d'Huez and Guzet-Neige. He also finished thirteenth and claimed his second successive best young rider prize. He also won a stage at the Tour de Suisse and finished third in the 1995 World Championships road race in Duitama, Colombia, behind Spaniards Abraham Olano and Miguel Indurain. Shortly after returning to Italy, he collided head-on with a car during the Italian Milano–Torino race, sustaining multiple fractures to the left tibia and fibula, injuries that threatened his career and forced him to miss most of the 1996 season. 1997: Mercatone Uno Marco Pantani climbing Alpe d'Huezin 1997. When Carrera Jeans manufacturers stopped sponsoring the renowned Italian cycling team Carrera Jeans-Tassoni at the end of 1996, a new team based in Italy was formed with Marco Pantani as the team leader. Luciano Pezzi founded Mercatone Uno, taking with him asdirecteur sportifs Giuseppe Martinelli, Davide Cassani and Alessandro Giannelli and ten of the riders from Carrera. Pantani returned to the Giro in 1997, but he was injured when a black cat caused an accident in front of him during one of the first stages. Even though he completed the stage, he was treated at a hospital for a muscle injury in the same leg he had hurt in 1995. He returned to action at the1997 Tour de France and won two stages in the Alps, establishing a record time for the climb of Alpe d'Huez and winning two days later atMorzine. Jan Ullrich won, with Pantani third behind Richard Virenque. 1998 Giro d'Italia In 1998, Pantani was considered a favorite to win the Giro d'Italia. Other contenders included Alex Zülle, 1996 winner Pavel Tonkov and1997 winner Ivan Gotti. Zülle won the initial prologue in Nice and also won the sixth stage to Lago Laceno, but Pantani recovered some time in the mountain stage to Piancavallo. Pantani lost further time to his main rivals during the fifteenth stage, an individual time trial in Trieste. By that point, Pantani faced a disadvantage of almost four minutes to Zülle before the Dolomites mountain stages and an individual time trial on the penultimate stage, a discipline that favored Zülle and Tonkov. In the seventeenth stage to Selva di Val Gardena, Pantani took the maglia rosa, the leader's jersey, for the first time in his career after attacking Zülle on the Marmoladaclimb. Although Pantani crossed the finish line behind Giuseppe Guerini, he finished over four minutes ahead of Zulle, maintaining an advantage of thirty seconds on the general classification over Tonkov, thirty-one seconds on Guerini and over a minute on Zulle. In the following stage to Alpe di Pampeago, he finished second behind Tonkov but maintained the general classification lead over him and gained further time on Zülle and Guerini. In the eighteenth stage to Plan di Montecampione, he repeatedly attacked Tonkov, dropping him in the last three kilometers and winning the stage to face the individual time trial on the penultimate stage with a lead of almost a minute and a half. Zülle lost contact with the favorites in the first

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Tokyo city

  Tokyo city Tokyo (東京 Tōkyō?, "Eastern Capital") (Japanese: [toːkʲoː], English /ˈtoʊki.oʊ/,  officially Tokyo Metropolis (東京都 Tōkyō-to), is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan. Tokyo is the capital of Japan, the center of the Greater Tokyo Area, and the most populous metropolitan area in the world. It is the seat of the Japanese government and the Imperial Palace, and the home of the Japanese Imperial Family. Tokyo is in the Kantō region on the southeastern side of the main island Honshu and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Tokyo Metropolis was formed in 1943 from the merger of the former Tokyo Prefecture (東京府 Tōkyō-fu?) and the city of Tokyo (東京市 Tōkyō-shi?). Tokyo is often referred to and thought of as a city, but is officially known and governed as a "metropolitan prefecture", which differs from and combines elements of both a city and a prefecture; a characteristic unique to Tokyo. The Tokyo metropolitan government administers the 23 Special Wards of Tokyo (each governed as an individual city), which cover the area that was formerly the City of Tokyo before it merged and became the subsequent metropolitan prefecture in 1943. The metropolitan government also administers 39 municipalities in the western part of the prefecture and the two outlying island chains. The population of the special wards is over 9 million people, with the total population of the prefecture exceeding 13 million. The prefecture is part of the world's most populous metropolitan area with upwards of 35 million people and the world's largest urban agglomeration economy. The city hosts 51 of the Fortune Global 500 companies, the highest number of any city. The city is considered an alpha+ world city, listed by the GaWC's 2008 inventory and ranked fourth among global cities by A.T. Kearney's 2012 Global Cities Index. In 2013, Tokyo was named the third most expensive city for expatriates, according to theMercer consulting firm, and the world's most expensive city, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit's cost-of-living survey. In 2009 Tokyo was named the third Most Liveable City and the World’s Most Livable Megalopolis by the magazineMonocle. The Michelin Guide has awarded Tokyo by far the most Michelin stars of any city in the world. Tokyo was originally known as Edo, which means "estuary". Its name was changed to Tokyo (Tōkyō: tō "east" and kyō"capital") when it became the imperial capital in 1868, in line with the East Asian tradition of including the word capital ('京') in the name of the capital city. During the early Meiji period, the city was also called "Tōkei", an alternative pronunciation for the same Chinese characters representing "Tokyo". Some surviving official English documents use the spelling "Tokei". However, this pronunciation is now obsolete. The Edo-to-Tokyo renaming was first suggested in 1813 in the book Kondō Hisaku (ja) (Secret Plan of Commingling), written bySatō Nobuhiro. When Ōkubo Toshimichi proposed the renaming to the government during the Meiji Restoration, according to Oda Kanshi, he got the idea from that book. Tokyo was originally a small fishing village named Edo,[8] in what was formerly part of the oldMusashi Province.[21] Edo was first fortified by the Edo clan, in the late twelfth century. In 1457,Ōta Dōkan built Edo Castle. In 1590, Tokugawa Ieyasu made Edo his base and when he becameshogun in 1603, the town became the center of his nationwide military government. During the subsequent Edo period, Edo grew into one of the largest cities in the world with a population topping one million by the 18th century.[22] Tokyo became the de facto capital of Japan[23] even while the emperor

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Woman1

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Computers1

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MOTO GP1

  MOTO GP MotoGP es la máxima categoría del Mundial de Motociclismo, considerado éste como el certamen internacional más importante en el ámbito de la velocidad del motociclismo. Su organización viene determinada por la Federación Internacional de Motociclismo, al igual que ocurre con las otras categorías del campeonato (Moto2 y Moto3).

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DOLOMITES

  DOLOMITES The Dolomites (Italian: Dolomiti; Ladin: Dolomites; German: Dolomiten; Venetian: Dołomiti: Friulian: Dolomitis) are a mountain range located in northeastern Italy. They form a part of Southern Limestone Alps and extend from the River Adigein the west to the Piave Valley (Pieve di Cadore) in the east. The northern and southern borders are defined by the Puster Valley and the Sugana Valley (Val Sugana). The Dolomites are nearly equally shared between the provinces of Belluno,South Tyrol and Trentino. There are also mountain groups of similar geological structure that spread over the River Piave to the east – Dolomiti d'Oltrepiave; and far away over the Adige River to the west – Dolomiti di Brenta (Western Dolomites). There is also another smaller group called Piccole Dolomiti (Little Dolomites) located between the provinces of Trentino, Verona and Vicenza (see the map). One national park and many other regional parks are located in the Dolomites. In August 2009, the Dolomites were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site

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Valle dei Templi

  Valle dei Templi The Valle dei Templi (English: Valley of the Temples, Sicilian: Vaddi di li Tempri) is an archaeological site in Agrigento (ancient Greek Akragas), Sicily, southern Italy. It is one of the most outstanding examples of Greater Greece art and architecture, and is one of the main attractions of Sicily as well as a national monument of Italy. The area was included in the UNESCO Heritage Site list in 1997. Much of the excavation and restoration of the temples was due to the efforts of archaeologist Domenico Antonio Lo Faso Pietrasanta (1783–1863), who was the Duke of Serradifalco from 1809 through 1812. The archaeological park and landscape of the Valley of the Temples is the largest archaeological site in the world with 1,300 hectares. The term "valley" is a misnomer, the site being located on a ridge outside the town of Agrigento. The Valley includes remains of seven temples, all in Doric style. The ascription of the names, apart from that of the Olympeion, are a mere tradition established in Renaissance times. The temples are: Temple of Juno, built in the 5th century BC and burnt in 406 BC by the Carthaginians. It was usually used for the celebration of weddings. Temple of Concordia, whose name comes from a Latin inscription found nearby, and which was also built in the 5th century BC. Turned into a church in the 6th century AD, it is now one of the best preserved in the Valley. Temple of Heracles, who was one of the most venerated deities in the ancient Akragas. It is the most ancient in the Valley: destroyed by an earthquake, it consists today of only eight columns. Temple of Olympian Zeus, built in 480 BC to celebrate the city-state's victory over Carthage. It is characterized by the use of large scale atlases. Temple of Castor and Pollux. Despite its remains including only four columns, it is now the symbol of modern Agrigento. Temple of Vulcan, also dating from the 5th century BC. It is thought to have been one of the most imposing constructions in the valley; it is now however one of the most eroded. Temple of Asclepius, located far from the ancient town's walls; it was the goal of pilgrims seeking cures for illness. The Valley is also home to the so-called Tomb of Theron, a large tuff monument of pyramidal shape; scholars suppose it was built to commemorate the Romans killed in theSecond Punic War. Temple of Juno Lacinia

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FARFALLE

  FARFALLE

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ENVY1

  ENVY Envy (from Latin invidia) is an emotion which "occurs when a person lacks another's superior quality, achievement, or possession and either desires it or wishes that the other lacked it Bertrand Russell said that envy was one of the most potent causes of unhappiness. Not only is the envious person rendered unhappy by his envy, but they also wish to inflict misfortune on others. Although envy is generally seen as something negative, Russell also believed that envy was a driving force behind the movement towards democracy and must be endured to achieve a more just social system. However, psychologists have recently suggested that there may be two types of envy: malicious envy and benign envy—benign envy being proposed as a type of positive motivational force. One theory that helps to explain envy and its effects on human behavior is the Socioevolutionary theory. Based upon (Charles) Darwin's (1859) theory of evolution through natural selection, socioevolutionary theory predicts that humans behave in ways that enhance individual survival and also the reproduction of their genes. Thus, this theory provides a framework for understanding social behavior and experiences, such as the experience and expression of envy, as rooted in biological drives for survival and procreation. Recent studies have demonstrated that inciting envy actually changes cognitive function, boosting mental persistence and memory. Comparison with jealousy "Envy" and "jealousy" are often used interchangeably in common usage, but strictly speaking, the words stand for two distinct emotions. Jealousy is the result or fear of losing someone or something that one is attached to or possesses to another person (the transfer of a lover's affections in the typical form), while envy is the resentment caused by another person having something that one does not have, but desires for oneself. Often, envy involves a motive to "outdo or undo the rival's advantages". In part, this type of envy may be based on materialistic possessions rather than psychological states. Basically, people find themselves experiencing an overwhelming emotion due to someone else owning or possessing

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Bucarest

  Bucarest Bucharest (/ˈbuːkərɛst/; Romanian: București, pronounced [bukuˈreʃtʲ]) is the capital municipality, cultural, industrial, and financial centre of Romania. It is the largest city in Romania, located in the southeast of the country, at 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″ECoordinates: 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E, lies on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 70 kilometres (43 mi) north of the Danube River. Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459. It became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the centre of Romanian media, culture and art. Its architecture is a mix of historical (neo-classical), interbellum (Bauhaus and Art Deco), Communist-era and modern. In the period between the two World Wars, the city's elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of "Little Paris" (Micul Paris). Although buildings and districts in the historic city centre were heavily damaged or destroyed by war, earthquakes, and above all Nicolae Ceauşescu's program of systematization, many survived. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an economic and cultural boom. According to 2011 census, 1,883,425 inhabitants live within the city limits, a decrease from the figure recorded at the 2002 census. The urban area extends beyond the limits of Bucharest proper and has a population of about 1.9 million people.Adding the satellite towns around the urban area, the proposed metropolitan area of Bucharest would have a population of 2.27 million people.[9] According to Eurostat, Bucharest has a Larger Urban Zone of 2,151,880 residents. According to unofficial data, the population is more than 3 million. Bucharest is the 6th largest city in the European Union by population within city limits, after London, Berlin, Madrid, Rome, and Paris. Economically, Bucharest is the most prosperous city in Romania and is one of the main industrial centres and transportation hubs of Eastern Europe. The city has big convention facilities, educational institutes, cultural venues, traditional "shopping arcades" and recreational areas. The city proper is administratively known as "The Municipality of Bucharest" (Municipiul București), and has the same administrative level as that of a national county, being further subdivided into six sectors. Bucharest's history alternated periods of development and decline from the early settlements in the Antiquity until its consolidation as the national Capital of Romania late in the 19th century.

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ISOLA D'ELBA

  ISOLA D'ELBA Elba (Italian: isola d'Elba, pronounced [ˈiːzola ˈdelba]; Latin: Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island inTuscany, Italy, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the coastal town of Piombino. The largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago, Elba is also part of the Arcipelago Toscano National Park, and the third largest island in Italy, after Sicily and Sardinia. It is located in the Tyrrhenian Sea, about 50 kilometres (30 mi) east of the French island of Corsica. The island is part of the province of Livorno and is divided into eight municipalities, with a total population of about 30,000 inhabitants, which increases considerably during the summer. The municipalities are Portoferraio, which is also the island's principal town, along with Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, Rio Marina, and Rio nell'Elba. The island of Elba is the largest remaining stretch of land from the ancient tract that once connected the Italian peninsula to Corsica. The northern coast faces the Ligurian Sea; the eastern coast the Piombino Channel; the southern coast the Tyrrhenian Sea; while the Corsica channel divides the western tip of the Island from neighbouring Corsica.   The terrain is quite varied, and is thus divided into several areas based on geomorphology. The mountainous and most recent part of the island can be found to the west, the centre of which is dominated by Mount Capanne (1,018 metres/3,340 ft), also called the "roof of the Tuscan Archipelago". The mountain is home to many animal species including the mouflon and wild boar, two species that flourish despite the continuous influx of tourists. The central part of the island is a mostly flat section with the width being reduced to just four kilometres (2.5 miles). It is where the major centres can be found: Portoferraio, Campo nell'Elba. To the east is the oldest part of the island, formed over 4,000 years ago. In the hilly area, dominated by Monte Calamita, are the deposits of iron that made Elba famous.

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VIET-NAM

  VIET-NAM Vietnam  officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam , is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. With an estimated 90.0 million inhabitants as of 2013, it is the world's 13th-most-populous country, and the eighth-most-populous Asian country. The name Vietnam translates as "Southern Viet" (synonymous with the much older term Nam Viet); it was first officially adopted in 1802 by Emperor Gia Long, and was adopted again in 1945 with the founding of theDemocratic Republic of Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh. The country is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest,Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea to the east. Its capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of Northand South Vietnam in 1976. Vietnam was part of Imperial China for over a millennium, from 111 BC to 938 AD. The Vietnamese became independent fromImperial China in AD 938, following the Vietnamese victory in the Battle of Bạch Đằng River. Successive Vietnamese royal dynasties flourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, until the Indochina Peninsula wascolonized by the French in the mid-19th century. Following a Japanese occupation in the 1940s, the Vietnamese fought French rule in the First Indochina War, eventually expelling the French in 1954. Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, North and South Vietnam. Conflict between the two sides intensified, with heavy intervention from the United States, in what is known as the Vietnam War. The war ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975. Vietnam was then unified under a Communist government but remained

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AMBURGO

  AMBURGO Hamburg Saxon: Hamborg[ˈhaˑmbɔːx]), officially Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg (Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg), is the second largest city inGermany and the eighth largest city in the European Union. It is also the thirteenth largest German state. It is home to over 1.8 million people, while the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (including parts of the neighbouring Federal States of Lower Saxony andSchleswig-Holstein) has more than 5 million inhabitants. On the river Elbe, the port of Hamburg is the second largest port in Europe (after the Port of Rotterdam) and tenth largest worldwide. The official name reflects its history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, as a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, and that it is a city-state, and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fullysovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919, the stringent civic republic was ruled by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. Hamburg is a major transport hub and is one of the most affluent cities in Europe. It has become a media and industrial centre, with plants and facilities belonging to Airbus, Blohm + Voss and Aurubis. The radio and television broadcaster Norddeutscher Rundfunk and publishers such as Gruner + Jahr and Spiegel-Verlag are pillars of the important media industry in Hamburg. Hamburg has been an important financial centre for centuries, and is the seat of the world's second oldest bank, Berenberg Bank. There are more than 120,000 enterprises. The city is a major tourist destination for both domestic and overseas visitors; it ranked 17th in the world for livability in 2012. Geography Hamburg is on the southern point of the Jutland Peninsula, between Continental Europe to the south and Scandinavia to the north, with the North Sea to the west and the Baltic Sea to the north-east. It is on the River Elbe at its confluence with the Alster and Bille. The city centre is around the Binnenalster ("Inner Alster") and Außenalster ("Outer Alster"), both formed by damming the River Alster to create lakes. The island of Neuwerk and two small neighbouring islands Scharhörn and Nigehörn, in the Hamburg Wadden Sea National Park, are also part of Hamburg. The neighbourhoods of Neuenfelde, Cranz, Francop and Finkenwerder are part of the Altes Land (old land) region, the largest contiguous fruit-producing region in Central Europe. Neugraben-Fischbek has Hamburg's highest elevation, the Hasselbrack at 116.2 metres (381 ft) AMSL Climate Hamburg has an oceanic climate (Cfb), influenced by its proximity to the coast and marine air masses that originate over the Atlantic Ocean. Nearby wetlands also enjoy a maritime temperate climate. Snowfall is rare, generally occurring once or twice a year. The warmest months are June, July, and August, with high temperatures of 19.9 to 22.2 °C (67.8 to 72.0 °F). The coldest are December, January, and February, with low temperatures of −1.4 to 0.0 °C (29.5 to 32.0 °F). In 834, Hamburg was designated as the seat of a bishopric. The first bishop, Ansgar, became known as the Apostle of the North. Two years later, Hamburg was united with Bremen as the bishopric of Hamburg-Bremen. Hamburg was destroyed and occupied several times. In 845, 600 Viking ships sailed up the River Elbe and destroyed Hamburg, at that time a town of around 500 inhabitants. In 1030, King Mieszko II Lambert of Poland burned down the city. 

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Fiordi Norvegesi

  Fiordi Norvegesi Geologically, a fjord (/ˈfjɔərd/ or i/ˈfiːɔərd/; also spelled fiord) is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by glacial erosion. The word comes to English from Norwegian, but related words are used in several Nordic languages, in many cases to refer to any long narrow body of water other than the more specific meaning it has in English. There are many fjords on the coasts of Norway, Iceland, Greenland, Alaska, British Columbia and Chile. A fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by 

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Jealousy1

Font:wikipedia JEALOUSY Jealousy is an emotion, and the word typically refers to the negative thoughts and feelings of insecurity, fear, and anxiety over an anticipated loss of something of great personal value, particularly in reference to a human connection. Jealousy often consists of a combination of emotions such as anger, resentment, inadequacy, helplessness and disgust. In its original meaning, jealousy is distinct fromenvy, though the two terms have popularly become synonymous in the English language, with jealousy now also taking on the definition originally used for envy alone. Jealousy is a typical experience in human relationships. It has been observed in infants five months and older. Some claim that jealousy is seen in every culture; however, others claim jealousy is a culture-specific phenomenon. Jealousy is often reinforced as a series of particularly strong emotions and constructed as a universal human experience; it has been a theme of many artistic works. Psychologists have proposed several models of the processes underlying jealousy and have identified factors that result in jealousy. Sociologists have demonstrated that cultural beliefs and values play an important role in determining what triggers jealousy and what constitutes socially acceptable expressions of jealousy. Biologists have identified factors that may unconsciously influence the expression of jealousy. Artists have explored the theme of jealousy in photographs, paintings, movies, songs, plays, poems, and books. Theologians have offered religious views of jealousy based on the scriptures of their respective faiths. Romantic jealousy can be expressed in five antecedent factors: Sociobiological factors Cultural and historical factors Personality factors Relational factors Situational factors and strategic factors. Sociobiological factors deal with reproductive strategies. For males they can only ensure paternity by restricting the access or involvement of other males. Females are more inclined to find resources in a male to be more important than actual reproductive opportunities. Males used the following tactics more than females: a. resource display b. mate concealment c. submission and debasement d. inter sexual threats and violence. For cultural and historical factors males and females have similar states of emotions of jealousy as sociobiological factors. Personality factors include a third-party threat that stores jealousy in both males and females. Personality factors also vary based on love styles. Relational factors as well as emotional factors have been found to vary on comparison levels of commitment to the relationship as well as investment and the level of alternatives in the relationship. Situational factors include critical events that may induce jealousy in both males and females. Situational factors are very common and can be easily stimulated. Last is strategic factors which includes were "individuals are rarely aware of the sociobiological or cultural factors that promote a particular communication behavior." Laura K Guerrero and Peter A. Anderson. Jealousy experience and Expression in Romantic Relationships.          According to the Parental Investment Model based on parental investment theory, more men than women ratify sex differences in jealousy. In addition, more women over men consider emotional infidelity (fear of abandonment) as more distressing than sexual infidelity. According to research, sex, and attachment style makes significant and unique interactive contributions to the distress experienced. Security within the relationship also heavily contributed to one’s distress

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Poesie2014

  Poesie I love the sound of flowing water, the whisper, His whisper I would listen to His rushing and watch His light ; it relaxes my spirit with lightness and sweetness I listen to His message so clear, and I slip in among the rocks, in the vibration of the spell binding, shimmering, flowing liquid ! that under heaven, shines and sparkles with the sun's rays Water gives ideas, intuition, inspiration, and light, gives Love, Life, and a freshness for one's thirst -- the liquid magic of our blue planet.   MORNING SUN the morning sun explodes in its burst of divine beauty, infinite caress of the angels again one day, that God regales you, to our little life, on this planet, in travel this time, speaks to us in the morning light, with tender harmony of celestial notes, held in our hearts, strange.

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Major Depressive disorder1

  Major Depressive disorder Major depressive disorder (MDD) (also known as clinical depression, major depression, unipolar depression, or unipolar disorder; or as recurrent depression in the case of repeated episodes) is a mental disorder characterized by a pervasive and persistent low mood that is accompanied by low self-esteem and by a loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities. This cluster of symptoms (syndrome) was named, described and classified as one of the mood disorders in the 1980 edition of theAmerican Psychiatric Association's diagnostic manual. The term "depression" is used in a number of different ways. It is often used to mean this syndrome but may refer to other mood disorders or simple to a low mood. Major depressive disorder is a disabling condition that adversely affects a person's family, work or school life, sleeping and eating habits, and general health. In the United States, around 3.4% of people with major depression commit suicide, and up to 60% of people who commit suicide had depression or another mood disorder. The diagnosis of major depressive disorder is based on the patient's self-reported experiences, behavior reported by relatives or friends, and a mental status examination. There is no laboratory test for major depression, although physicians generally request tests for physical conditions that may cause similar symptoms. The most common time of onset is between the ages of 20 and 30 years, with a later peak between 30 and 40 years. Typically, people are treated with antidepressant medication and, in many cases, also receive counseling, particularly cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).  Medication appears to be effective, but the effect may only be significant in the most severely depressed. Hospitalization may be necessary in cases with associated self-neglect or a significant risk of harm to self or others. A minority are treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The course of the disorder varies widely, from one episode lasting weeks to a lifelong disorder with recurrent major depressive episodes. Depressed individuals have shorter life expectancies than those without depression, in part because of greater susceptibility to medical illnesses and suicide. It is unclear whether or not medications affect the risk of suicide. Current and former patients may be stigmatized. The understanding of the nature and causes of depression has evolved over the centuries, though this understanding is incomplete and has left many aspects of depression as the subject of discussion and research. Proposed causes include psychological, psycho-social, hereditary, evolutionary and biological factors. Long-term substance abuse may cause or worsen depressive symptoms. Psychological treatments are based on theories of personality, interpersonal communication, and learning. Most biological theories focus on the monoamine chemicals serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine, which are naturally present in thebrain and assist communication between nerve cells. Symptoms and signs Major depression significantly affects a person's family and personal relationships, work or school life, sleeping and eating habits, and general health. Its impact on functioning and well-being has been compared to that of chronic medical conditions such as diabetes. A person having a major depressive episode usually exhibits a very low mood, which pervades all aspects of life, and an inability to experience pleasure in activities that were formerly enjoyed. Depressed people may be preoccupied with, or ruminate over, thoughts and feelings of worthlessness, inappropriate guilt or regret, helplessness, hopelessness, and self-hatred. In severe cases, depressed people may have symptoms of psychosis. These symptoms include delusions or, less commonly, hallucinations, usually unpleasant. Other symptoms of depression include poor concentration and memory (especially in those with melancholic or psychotic features), withdrawal from social situations and activities, reduced sex drive, and thoughts of death or suicide. Insomnia is common among the depressed. In the typical pattern, a person wakes very early and cannot get back to sleep. Insomnia affects at least 80% of depressed people. Hypersomnia, or oversleeping, can also happen. Some antidepressants may also cause insomnia due to their stimulating effect. A depressed person may report multiple physical symptoms such as fatigue, headaches, or digestive problems; physical complaints are the most common presenting problem in developing countries, according to the World Health Organization's criteria for depression. Appetite often decreases, with resulting weight loss, although increased appetite and weight gain occasionally occur. Family and friends may notice that the person's behavior is either agitated or lethargic. Older depressed people may have cognitivesymptoms of recent onset, such as forgetfulness, and a more noticeable slowing of movements. Depression often coexists with physical disorders common among the elderly, such as stroke, other cardiovascular diseases, Parkinson's disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Depressed children may often display an irritable mood rather than a depressed mood, and show varying symptoms depending on age and situation. Most lose interest in school and show a decline in academic performance. They may be described as clingy, demanding, dependent, or insecure. Diagnosis may be delayed or missed when symptoms are interpreted as normal moodiness. Depression may also coexist with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), complicating the diagnosis and treatment of both.

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Favelas

  Favelas A favela is the term for a slum in Brazil, most often within urban areas. The first favelas appeared in the late 19th century and were built by soldiers who had nowhere to live. Some of the first settlements were called bairros africanos (African neighbourhoods). This was the place where former slaves with no land ownership and no options for work lived. Over the years, many former black slaves moved in. Even before the first favela came into being, poor citizens were pushed away from the city and forced to live in the far suburbs. However, most modern favelas appeared in the 1970s due to rural exodus, when many people left rural areas of Brazil and moved to cities. Unable to find a place to live, many people ended up in a favela. Census data released in December 2011 by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) shows that in 2010, about 6 percent of the population lived in slums in Brazil. This means that 11.4 million of the 190 million people that lived in the country resided in areas of irregular occupation definable by lack of public services or urbanization, referred to by the IBGE as "subnormal agglomerations".          History The original favela was built on the Morro do Castelo in Rio de Janeiro by the families of soldiers returning from the Canudos Campaign. The term favela was coined in the late 1800s. At the time, 20,000 veteran soldiers were brought from the conflict against the settlers of Canudos, in the Eastern province of Bahia, to Rio de Janeiro and left with no place to live. When they served the army in Bahia, those soldiers had been familiar with Canudos's Favela Hill – a name referring to favela, a skin-irritating tree in the spurge family (Cnidoscolus quercifolius) indigenous to Bahia. When they settled in the Providência [Providence] hill in Rio de Janeiro, they nicknamed the placeFavela hill from their common reference, thereby calling a slum a favela for the first time. The favelas were formed prior to the dense occupation of cities and the domination of real estate interests. Following the end of slavery and increased urbanization into Latin America cities, a lot of people from the Brazilian country-side moved to the big city of Rio. These poor and new migrants sought work in the city but with little to no money, they could not afford urban housing. In the 1920s the favelas grew to such an extent that they were perceived as a problem for the whole society. At the same time the term favela underwent a first institutionalization by becoming a local category for the settlements of the urban poor on hills. However, it was not until 1937 that the favela actually became central to public attention, when the Building Code (Código de Obras) first recognized their very existence in an official document and thus marked the beginning of explicit favela policies. The housing crisis of the 1940s forced the urban poor to erect hundreds of shantytowns in the suburbs, when favelas replaced tenements as the main type of residence for destitute Cariocas(residents of Rio). The explosive era of favela growth dates from the 1940s, when Getúlio Vargas's industrialization drive pulled hundreds of thousands of migrants into the Federal District, until 1970, when shantytowns expanded beyond urban Rio and into the metropolitan periphery. Urbanization in the 1950s provoked mass migration from the countryside to the cities throughout Brazil by those hoping to take advantage of the economic opportunities urban life provided. Those who moved to Rio de Janeiro, however, chose an inopportune time. The change of Brazil's capital from Rio to Brasília in 1960 marked a slow but steady decline for the former, as industry and employment options began to dry up. Unable to find work, and therefore unable to afford housing within the city limits, these new migrants remained in the favelas. Despite their proximity to urban Rio de Janeiro, the city did not extend sanitation, electricity, or other services to the favelas. They soon became associated with extreme poverty and were considered a headache to many citizens and politicians within Rio. In the 1970s, Brazil's military dictatorship pioneered a favela eradication policy, which forced the displacement of hundreds of thousands of residents. During Carlos Lacerda's administration, many were moved to public housing projects such as Cidade de Deus ("City of God"), later popularized in a wildly popular feature film of the same name. Poor public planning and insufficient investment by the government led to the disintegration of these projects into new favelas. By the 1980s, worries about eviction and eradication were beginning to give way to violence associated with the burgeoning drug trade. Changing routes of production and consumption meant that Rio de Janeiro found itself as a transit point for cocaine destined for Europe. Although drugs brought in money, they also accompanied the rise of the smallarms trade and of gangs competing for dominance. While there are Rio favelas which are still essentially ruled by drug traffickers or by organized crime groups called milicias (militias), all of the favelas in Rio's South Zone and key favelas in the North Zone are now managed by Pacifying Police Units, known as UPPs. While drug dealing, sporadic gun fights, and residual control from drug lords remain in certain areas, Rio's political leaders point out that the UPP is a new paradigm after decades without a government presence in these areas. Most of the current favelas really expanded in the 1970s, as a construction boom in the more affluent districts of Rio de Janeiro initiated a rural exodus of workers from poorer

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Atoll

  Atoll An atoll  is a ring-shaped coral reef including a coral rim that encircles a lagoon partially or completely. There may becoral islands/cays on the coral rim. Distribution and size NASA satellite image of some of theatolls of the Maldives, which consists of 1,322 islands arranged into 26 atolls. Nukuoro from space. CourtesyNASA. Los Roques Archipelago in Venezuela, the largest marine National Park in Latin America,[7] from space. Courtesy NASA. The distribution of atolls around the globe is instructive: most of the world's atolls are in the Pacific Ocean (with concentrations in theTuamotu Islands, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, Coral Sea Islands, and the island groups of Kiribati, Tuvalu and Tokelau) and Indian

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HELSINKI

  HELSINKI Helsinki  is the capital and largest city of Finland. It is in the region of Uusimaa, located in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, an arm of the Baltic Sea. Helsinki has a population of 616,042 an urban population of 1,176,976 (31 December 2012) and ametropolitan population of 1,4 million, making it the most populous municipality and urban area in Finland. Helsinki is located some 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 kilometres (250 mi) east north east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 300 kilometres (190 mi) west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. Helsinki has close historical connections with these three cities. The Helsinki metropolitan area includes urban core of Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Kauniainen and surrounding commuter towns. It is the world's northernmost metro area of over one million people, and the city is the northernmost capital of anEU member state. After Copenhagen and Stockholm it's the third largest city in the Nordic nations. Helsinki is Finland's major political, educational, financial, cultural and research centre as well as one of northern Europe's major cities. Approximately 70% of foreign companies operating in Finland have settled in the Helsinki region. The nearby municipality of Vantaa is the location of Helsinki Airport, with frequent service to various destinations in Europe and Asia. In 2009, Helsinki was chosen to be the World Design Capital for 2012 by the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design, narrowly beating Eindhoven for the title. In the Economist Intelligence Unit's August 2012 Liveability survey, assessing the best and worst cities to live in, Helsinki placed eighth best overall. In 2011, the Monocle Magazine in turn ranked Helsinki the most liveable city in the world in itsLiveable Cities Index 2011. Helsinki was established as a trading town by King Gustav I of Sweden in 1550 as the town of Helsingfors, which he intended to be a rival to the Hanseatic city of Reval (today known as Tallinn). Little came of the plans as Helsinki remained a tiny town plagued by poverty, wars, and diseases. The plague of 1710 killed the greater part of the inhabitants of Helsinki. The construction of the naval fortress Sveaborg (In Finnish Viapori, today also Suomenlinna) in the 18th century helped improve Helsinki's status, but it was not until Russia defeated Sweden in the Finnish War and annexed Finland as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland in 1809 that the town began to develop into a substantial city. During the war, Russians besieged the Sveaborg fortress and about one quarter of the town was destroyed in an 1808 fire.

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Sahara desert1

  Sahara desert The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, aṣ-Ṣaḥrāʾ al-Kubrā , 'the Great Desert') is the warmest and third largest desert afterAntarctica and the Arctic. At over 9,400,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq mi), it covers most of North Africa, making it almost as large as China or the United States. The Sahara stretches from the Red Sea, including parts of the Mediterraneancoasts to the Atlantic Ocean. To the south, it is delimited by the Sahel, a belt of semi-arid tropical savanna that composes the northern region of central and western Sub-Saharan Africa. Some of the sand dunes can reach 180 metres (590 ft) in height. The name comes from the plural Arabic language word for desert (صحارى ṣaḥārā  [ˈsˤɑħɑːrɑː])          The Sahara's boundaries are the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean on the north, the Red Sea on the east, and the Sudan and the valley of the Niger River on the south. The Sahara is divided into western Sahara, the central Ahaggar Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Aïr Mountains (a region of desert mountains and high plateaus), Ténéré desert and the Libyan Desert (the most arid region). The highest peak in the Sahara is Emi Koussi (3,415 metres (11,204 ft)) in the Tibesti Mountains in northern Chad. The Sahara is the largest desert on the African continent. The southern border of the Sahara is marked by a band of semiarid savannacalled the Sahel; south of the Sahel lies Southern Sudan and the Congo River Basin. Most of the Sahara consists of rocky hamada; ergs(large areas covered with sand dunes) form only a minor part. People lived on the edge of the desert thousands of years ago since the last ice age. The Sahara was then a much wetter place than it is today. Over 30,000 petroglyphs of river animals such as crocodiles survive, with half found in the Tassili n'Ajjer in southeast Algeria.Fossils of dinosaurs, including Afrovenator, Jobaria and Ouranosaurus, have also been found here. The modern Sahara, though, is not lush in vegetation, except in the Nile Valley, at a few oases, and in the northern highlands, where Mediterranean plants such as the olivetree are found to grow. The region has been this way since about 1600 BCE, after shifts in the Earth's axis increased temperatures and decreased precipitation. Dominant ethnicities in the Sahara are various Berber groups including Tuareg tribes, various Arabized Berber groups such as theHassaniya-speaking Maure (Moors, also known as Sahrawis, whose more known tribes are the Reguibat and the Znaga), includingToubou, Nubians, Zaghawa, Kanuri, Hausa, Songhai, and Fula/Fulani (French: Peul; Fula: Fulɓe). Important cities located in the Sahara include Nouakchott, the capital of Mauritania; Tamanrasset, Ouargla, Béchar, Hassi Messaoud, Ghardaïa, and El Oued in Algeria;Timbuktu in Mali; Agadez in Niger; Ghat in Libya; and Faya-Largeau in Chad.              The Sahara is a harsh environment with extreme conditions. It is the world's largest subtropical hot desert, and the world's hottest desert. The Sahara has mainly a subtropical, hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with long, prolonged, extremely hot to scorching summers while the winters stay short, brief, extremely warm to truly very hot. The climate of this desert is also characterized by a perpetual clear sky, fair weather and by very low, and even almost non-existent rainfall but the precipitation is

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EAGLES12

  EAGLES The golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) is one of the best-known birds of prey in the Northern Hemisphere. It is the most widely distributed species of eagle. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. These birds are dark brown, with lighter golden-brown plumage on their napes. Immature eagles of this species typically have white on the tail and often have white markings on the wings. Golden eagles use their agility and speed combined with powerful feet and massive, sharp talons to snatch up a variety of prey (mainly hares, rabbits,marmots and other ground squirrels). Golden eagles maintain home ranges or territories that may be as large as 200 km2 (77 sq mi). They build large nests in high places (mainly cliffs) to which they may return for several breeding years. Most breeding activities take place in the spring; they are monogamous and may remain together for several years or possibly for life. Females lay up to four eggs, and then incubate them for six weeks. Typically, one or two young survive to fledge in about three months. These juvenile golden eagles usually attain full independence in the fall, after which they wander widely until establishing a territory for themselves in four to five years. Once widespread across the Holarctic, it has disappeared from many areas which are now more heavily populated by humans. Despite being extirpated from or uncommon in some its former range, the species is still fairly ubiquitous, being present in sizeable stretches ofEurasia, North America, and parts of North Africa. It is the largest and least populous of the five species of true accipitrid to occur as a breeding species in both the Palearctic and the Nearctic. For centuries, this species has been one of the most highly regarded birds used in falconry, with the Eurasian subspecies having been used to hunt and kill prey such as gray wolves (Canis lupus) in some native communities. Due to its hunting prowess, the golden eagle is regarded with great mystic reverence in some ancient, tribal cultures. The golden eagle is one of the most extensively studied species of raptor in the world in some parts of its range, such as the Western United States and the Western Palearctic. The golden eagle is a very large, dark brown raptor with broad wings, ranging from 66 to 102 cm (26 to 40 in) in length and from 1.8 to 2.34 m (5 ft 11 in to 7 ft 8 in) in wingspan. This species' wingspan is the fifth largest amongst extant eagle species. In the largest race (A. c. daphanea) males and females weigh typically 4.05 kg (8.9 lb) and 6.35 kg (14.0 lb). In the smallest subspecies, A. c. japonica, males weigh 2.5 kg (5.5 lb) and females 3.25 kg (7.2 lb). In the species overall, males may average around 3.6 kg (7.9 lb) and females around 5.1 kg (11 lb). The maximum size of this species is a matter of some debate. Large races are the heaviest representatives of theAquila genus and this species is on average the seventh-heaviest living eagle species. The golden eagle ranks as the second heaviest breeding eagle in North America, Europe and Africa but the fourth heaviest in Asia. For some time, the largest known mass authenticated for a wild female was the specimen from the nominate race which weighed around 6.7 kg (15 lb) and spanned 2.55 m (8 ft 4 in) across the wings. American golden eagles are typically somewhat smaller than the large Eurasian races, but a massive female that was banded and released in 2006 around Wyoming’s Bridger-Teton National Forest became the heaviest wild golden eagle on record, at 7.2 kg (16 lb). No comprehensive range of weights are known for the largest subspecies (A. c. daphanea).[9] Captive birds have been measured up to a wingspan of 2.81 m (9 ft 3 in) and a mass of 12.1 kg (27 lb) (the latter figure was for an eagle bred for the purposes offalconry which tend to be unnaturally heavy), respectively. The standard measurements of the species include a wing chord length of 52–72 cm (20–28 in), a tail length of 26.5–38 cm (10.4–15.0 in) and a tarsus length of 9.4–12.2 cm (3.7–4.8 in). The culmen reportedly averages around 4.5 cm (1.8 in), with a

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Azores High

  Azores High The Azores High (also known as North Atlantic (Subtropical) High/Anticyclone or for short, NASH, the Bermuda-Azores High, or the Bermuda High/Anticyclone in theUnited States) is a large subtropical semi-permanent centre of high atmospheric pressure typically found south of the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean, at the Horse latitudes. It forms one pole of the North Atlantic oscillation, the other being the Icelandic Low. The system influences the weather and climatic patterns of vast areas of North Africa and Europe, and to a lesser extent, eastern North America. The aridity of the Sahara Desert and Mediterranean Basin is due to the subsidence of air in the system. In summer, the central pressure hovers around 1024 mbar (hPa). When it moves north towards the Iberian Peninsula it causes ridging to develop for short periods across northern France, Benelux, 

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Lisbona

  Lisbona Lisbon (/ˈlɪzbən/ liz-bən; Portuguese: Lisboa, IPA: [liʒˈboɐ]) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal. It is the westernmost large city located in continental Europe, as well as its westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus, and has a population of 547,631 within its administrative limits on a land area of 84.8 square kilometres (32.7 sq mi). The urban area extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of over 3 million, on an area of 958 square kilometres (370 sq mi), making it the 11th most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3,035,000 people live in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area(which represents approximately 27% of the population of the country). Lisbon is recognised as a global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, education and tourism.It is one of the major economic centres on the continent, with a growing financial sector and the largest/second largest container port on Europe's Atlantic coast.[8] Lisbon Portela Airport serves over 16 million passengers annually (2013); the motorway network and the high-speed rail system of Alfa Pendular link the main cities of Portugal. The city is the seventh-most-visited city in Southern Europe, after Istanbul, Rome, Barcelona, Madrid, Athens andMilan, with 1,740,000 tourists in 2009. The Lisbon region is the wealthiest NUTS II region in Portugal, GDP PPP per capita is 26,100 euros (4.7% higher than the average European Union's GDP PPP per capita). It is the tenth richest metropolitan area by GDP on the continent amounting to 110 billion euros and thus €39,375 per capita, 40% higher than the average European Union's GDP per capita. The city occupies 32nd place of highest gross earnings in the world.Most of the headquarters of multinationals in the country are located in the Lisbon area and it is the 9th city in the world in terms of quantity of international conferences. It is also the political centre of the country, as seat of Government and residence of the Head of State. The seat of the district of Lisbon and the centre of the NUTS II Lisbon region.               During the Neolithic period, the region was inhabited by Pre-Celtic tribes, who built religious and funerary monuments, megaliths, dolmens and menhirs, which still survive in areas on the periphery of Lisbon. The Indo-European Celts invaded in the first millennium BC, mixing with the Pre-Indo-European population, thus giving rise to Celtic-speaking local tribes such as the Cempsi. Archaeological findings suggest there were Phoenician influences dating back to 1200 BC, leading some historians to believe that a Phoenician trading post might have occupied the centre of the present city (on the southern slope of the Castle hill). The sheltered harbour in the Tagus River estuary was an ideal spot for a settlement and provided a secure port for provisioning of Phoenician ships travelling to the Islands of Tin (modern Isles of Scilly) and Cornwall. The new city might have been named Allis Ubbo, Phoenician for "safe harbour", according to one of several conjectures on the origin of Lisbon's toponymy. Another conjecture suggests that the settlement took the name of the pre-Roman word for the Tagus (Lisso or Lucio). The Tagus settlement was also an important centre of commercial trade with inland tribes, providing an outlet for the valuable metals, salt and salted-fish they collected, and for the sale of the Lusitanian horses renowned in antiquity. Although Phoenician remains from the 8th century BC were found beneath the Mediaeval Sé Cathedral, modern historians believe that Lisbon was an ancient autochthonous settlement (Roman oppidum) and that, at most, it maintained commercial relations with the Phoenicians (accounting for the discovery of Phoenician pottery and artefacts at the site). Lisbon's name was written Ulyssippo in Latin by the geographer Pomponius Mela, a native of Hispania. It was later referenced as "Olisippo" by Pliny the Elder and by the Greeks as Olissipo (Ὀλισσιπών) or Olissipona (Ὀλισσιπόνα). According to legend, the location was named for Ulysses, who founded the settlement after he left Troy to escape the Greek coalition. Later, the Greek name appeared in Vulgar Latin in the form Olissipona.             Roman era

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TITANIC1912

  TITANIC RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning of 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton, UK to New York City, US. The sinking of Titaniccaused the deaths of more than 1,500 people in one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in modern history. The RMS Titanic, the largest ship afloat at the time it entered service, was the second of three Olympic class ocean linersoperated by the White Star Line, and was built by the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast with Thomas Andrews as her naval architect. Andrews was among those lost in the sinking. On her maiden voyage, she carried 2,224 passengers and crew. Under the command of Edward Smith, the ship's passengers included some of the wealthiest people in the world, as well as hundreds of emigrants from Great Britain and Ireland, Scandinavia and elsewhere throughout Europe seeking a new life inNorth America. A wireless telegraph was provided for the convenience of passengers as well as for operational use. AlthoughTitanic had advanced safety features such as watertight compartments and remotely activated watertight doors, there were not enough lifeboats to accommodate all of those aboard due to outdated maritime safety regulations. Titanic only carried enough lifeboats for 1,178 people—slightly more than half of the number on board, and one-third her total capacity. After leaving Southampton on 10 April 1912, Titanic called at Cherbourg in France and Queenstown (now Cobh) in Ireland before heading west to New York. On 14 April 1912, four days into the crossing and about 375 miles (600 km) south ofNewfoundland, she hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. ship's time. The collision caused the ship's hull plates to buckle inwards along her starboard side and opened five of her sixteen watertight compartments to the sea; the ship gradually filled with water. Meanwhile, passengers and some crew members were evacuated in lifeboats, many of which were launched only partly loaded. A disproportionate number of men were left aboard because of a "women and children first" protocol followed by some of the officers loading the lifeboats. By 2:20 a.m., she broke apart and foundered, with well over one thousand people still aboard. Just under two hours after Titanic foundered, the Cunard liner RMS Carpathia arrived on the scene of the sinking, where she brought aboard an estimated 705 survivors. The disaster was greeted with worldwide shock and outrage at the huge loss of life and the regulatory and operational failures that had led to it. Public inquiries in Britain and the United States led to major improvements in maritime safety. One of their most important legacies was the establishment in 1914 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea(SOLAS), which still governs maritime safety today. Additionally, several new wireless regulations were passed around the world in an effort to learn from the many missteps in wireless communications—which could have saved many more passengers. The wreck of Titanic remains on the seabed, split in two and gradually disintegrating at a depth of 12,415 feet (3,784 m). Since her discovery in 1985, thousands of artefacts have been recovered and put on display at museums around the world.Titanic has become one of the most famous ships in history, her memory kept alive by numerous books, folk songs, films, exhibits, and memorials. The name Titanic was derived from Greek mythology and meant gigantic. Built in Belfast, Ireland, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (as it then was), the RMSTitanic was the second of the three Olympic-class ocean liners—the first was the RMS Olympic and the third was the HMHS Britannic. They were by far the largest vessels of the British shipping company White Star Line's fleet, which comprised 29 steamers and tenders in 1912. The three ships had their genesis in a discussion in mid-1907 between the White Star Line's chairman, J. Bruce Ismay, and the American financier J. P. Morgan, who controlled the White Star Line's parent corporation, the International Mercantile Marine Co. (IMM). The White Star Line faced a growing challenge from its main rivals Cunard, which had just launched the Lusitania and the Mauretania—the fastest passenger ships then in service—and the German lines Hamburg America and Norddeutscher Lloyd. Ismay preferred to compete on size rather than speed and proposed to commission a new class of liners that would be bigger than anything that had gone before as well as being the last word in comfort and luxury. The company sought an upgrade in their fleet primarily in response to the Cunard giants but also to replace their oldest pair of passenger ships still in service, being the SS Teutonic of 1889 and SS Majestic of 1890. Teutonic was replaced by Olympic while Majestic was replaced by Titanic. Majestic would be brought back into her old spot on White Star's New York service after Titanic's loss. The ships were constructed by the Belfast shipbuilders Harland and Wolff, who had a long-established relationship with the White Star Line dating back to 1867. Harland and Wolff were given a great deal of latitude in designing ships for the White Star Line; the usual approach was for the latter to sketch out a general concept which the former would take away and turn into a ship design. Cost considerations were relatively low on the agenda and Harland and Wolff was authorised to spend what it needed on the ships, plus a five percent profit margin. In the case of the Olympic-class ships, a cost of £3 million for the first two ships was agreed plus "extras to contract" and the usual five percent fee. Harland and Wolff put their leading designers to work designing the Olympic-class vessels. The design was overseen by Lord Pirrie, a director of both Harland and Wolff and the White Star Line; naval architect Thomas Andrews, the managing director of Harland and Wolff's design department; Edward Wilding, Andrews' deputy and responsible for calculating the ship's design, stability and trim; and Alexander Carlisle, the shipyard's chief draughtsman and general manager. Carlisle's responsibilities included the decorations, equipment and all general arrangements, including the implementation of an efficient lifeboat davit design. On 29 July 1908, Harland and Wolff presented the drawings to J. Bruce Ismay and other White Star Line executives. Ismay approved the design and signed three "letters of agreement" two days later authorising the start of construction. At this point the first ship—which was later to become Olympic

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Brasilian Bikini

  Brasilian Bikini  

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COLDPLAY

  COLDPLAY Coldplay are a British rock band formed in 1996 by lead vocalist Chris Martin and lead guitarist Jonny Buckland at University College London (UCL). After they formed under the name Pectoralz, Guy Berryman joined the group as a bassist and they changed their name to Starfish.

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New profile photo by massimo marras

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Vajont Dam

  This blog is to remember about 2000 people died on the biggest tragedy in Italy after second world war, was the 9th of October 1963. In memory of that victims!!!! VAJONT DAM The Vajont Dam (or Vaiont Dam) is a disused dam, completed in 1959 in the valley of the Vajont River under Monte Toc, 100 km (60 miles) north of Venice, Italy. One of the tallest dams in the world, it is 262 m (860 ft) high, 27 m (89 ft) thick at the base and 3.4 m (11 ft) at the top. On 9 October 1963 a massive landslide caused a tsunami in the lake, the overtopping of the dam and around 2,000 deaths. This event occurred when the designers ignored the geological instability of Monte Toc on the southern side of the basin. Warning signs and negative appraisals during the early stages of filling were disregarded, and the attempt to safely control the landslide into the lake created a 250 metre (820 ft) megatsunami (ten times higher than predicted) that brought massive flooding and destruction to the Piavevalley below, wiping out several villages completely. On 12 February 2008, while launching the International Year of Planet Earth, UNESCO cited the Vajont Dam tragedy as one of five "cautionary tales", caused by "the failure of engineers and geologists" The dam was built by SADE (Società Adriatica di Elettricità, English: Adriatic Energy Corporation), the electricity supply and distribution monopoly in northeastern Italy. The owner, Giuseppe Volpi di Misurata, had been Mussolini's Minister of Finances for several years. The 'tallest dam in the world', across the Vajont gorge, was conceived in the 1920s to meet the growing demands for industrialization, but not until the confusion after Mussolini's fall during World War II was the project authorized on 15 October 1943. The dam and basin were intended to be at the centre of a complex system of water management in which water would have been channeled from nearby valleys and artificial basins located at higher levels. Tens of kilometres of concrete pipes and pipe-bridges across valleys were planned. In the 1950s, SADE's monopoly was confirmed by post-fascist governments and it bought the land despite opposition by the communities of Erto and Casso in the valley, which was overcome with government and police support. SADE stated that the geology of the gorge had been studied, including analysis of ancient landslides, and that the mountain was believed to be sufficiently stable. Construction work started in 1957, but by 1959 shifts and fractures were noticed while building a new road on the side of Monte Toc. This led to new studies in which three experts separately told SADE that the entire side of Monte Toc was unstable and would likely collapse into the basin if the filling were completed. All three were ignored by SADE. Construction was completed in October 1959, and in February 1960, SADE was authorised to start filling the basin. Early signs of disaster Throughout the summer of 1960, minor landslides and earth movements were noticed. However, instead of heeding these warning signs, the Italian government chose to sue the handful of journalists reporting the problems for "undermining the social order". On 4 November 1960, with the water level in the reservoir at about 190 metres (620 ft)

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National Football Team Italian

  NAZIONALE ITALIANA DI CALCIO The Italian national football team (Italian: Nazionale italiana di calcio) represents Italy in association football and is controlled by the Italian Football Federation (FIGC), the governing body for football in Italy. Italy is considered to be a consistent national team in the world cup. It is the second most successful national team in the history of the World Cup behind Brazil (5), having won 4 titles (1934, 1938, 1982, 2006), also appearing in two finals (1970, 1994), reaching a third place (1990) and a fourth place (1978). They have also won a European championship (1968), as well as appearing in two other finals (2000, 2012), one Olympic football tournament (1936) and two Central European International Cups. Italy's highest finish at the Confederations Cup was in 2013, when the squad achieved a third place finish. The national football team is known as Gli Azzurri from the traditional color of Italian national teams and athletes representing Italy. In its first two matches, the Italian national team wore white shirts with shorts from the club of each player; the azure shirts were introduced in the third match; (azzurro, in Italian) comes from the "Azzurro Savoia" (Savoy Blue), the colour traditionally linked to the royal dynasty which unified Italy in 1861, and maintained in the official standard of the Italian President. The team does not have a designated "home stadium" like certain national teams. The primary training ground is at the FIGCheadquarters in Coverciano, Florence and the team plays their home matches at various stadiums throughout Italy. The team's first match was held in Milan on 15 May 1910, Italy defeated France by a score of 6–2.[1]Some turmoil kept the players of Pro Vercelli who were the best team of the league, out of the game. At the end of the match, the players received some cigarette packets thrown by the 4,000 spectators as a prize.[2] The Italian team played with a (2–3–5) system and consisted of: De Simoni; Varisco, Calì; Trerè, Fossati, Capello; Debernardi, Rizzi, Cevenini I, Lana, Boiocchi. First captain of the team was Francesco Calì. The first success in an official tournament came with the bronze medal in 1928 Summer Olympics, held inAmsterdam. After losing the semi-final against Uruguay, an 11–3 victory against Egypt secured third place in the competition. After declining to participate in the first World Cup (1930, in Uruguay) the Italian national team won two consecutive editions of the tournament in 1934and 1938, under the direction of coach Vittorio Pozzo and thanks to the genius of Giuseppe Meazza, who is considered one of the best Italian football players of all time. Other stars of that era included Luis Monti, Giovanni Ferrari, Giuseppe Ruffino and Virginio Rosetta the host Azzurri defeatedCzechoslovakia 2–1 in Rome, with goals by Raimundo Orsi and Angelo Schiavio. Post-World War II (1946–1966) The deaths in 1949 of the players of Torino (the winners of the previous five Serie A titles) in the Superga air disaster saw the loss of ten out of the eleven constituting the initial line-up for the national team. The following year, Italy did not advance further than the first round of the 1950 World Cup, partly due to the long and physically demanding boat trip to Brazil (air travel was discarded due to fear of another accident). In the World Cup finals of 1954 and the 1962 that followed, Italy failed to progress past the first round, and did not qualify for the 1958 World Cup. During the early 1960s, while the Italian football clubs Milan and Internazionale dominated the international scene, the National team was not able to match these results. Italy did not take part in the first edition of the European Championship in 1960 (then known as the European Nations Cup), and was knocked out by the USSR in the round of 16 (second round) of the 1964 European Championship. Their participation in the 1966 World Cup is always remembered for their 0–1 defeat at the hands of North Korea. Despite being the tournament favourites, the Azzurri, whose 1966 squad included Rivera and Bulgarelli, were eliminated in the first round by the semi-professional North Koreans and bitterly condemned upon their return home, while North Korean scorer Pak Doo-Ik was celebrated as the David who killed Goliath. European champions and World Cup runners-up (1968–1976) In 1968, the Azzurri won their first major competition since the 1938 World Cup, beating Yugoslavia in Rome for the European Championship title. The match holds the distinction of being the only major football tournament final to go to a replay. After extra time it ended in a 1–1 draw, and in the days before penalty shootouts, the rules required the match to be replayed a few days later. Italy won the replay 2–0 (with goals from Riva and Anastasi) to take the trophy. In 1970, Italian team was one of the favourites for the title. Exploiting the performances of European champions' players like Giacinto Facchetti, Rivera and Riva and with a new center-forward Roberto Boninsegna, the Azzurri were able to came back to a world cup final match after 32 years of desolation. They reached this result after one of the most famous match in football history: Italy vs. West Germany 4–3, which is known as the "Game of the Century". Although they were defeated by the amazing Brazilians, the 1970 team is still recognized as one of the best Italian national teams. The "Mexican generation" ended its cycle of international successes in the 1974 World cup, being eliminated byLato's Polish team in the first round. The 1978 FIFA World Cup, held in Argentina, saw a new generation of Italian players, the most famous being Paolo Rossi, coming to the international stage. Italy played very well in the first round, being the only team in the tournament to beat the eventual champions and host teamArgentina. Second round games against West Germany (0–0), Austria (1–0) and Netherlands (1–2) led Italy to the third place final, where it was defeated by Brazil 2–1. As in the match against the Netherlands, Italian goalkeeper Dino Zoff was beaten by a long-distance shot and thus blamed as the main culprit for the defeat. Italy then hosted the 1980 UEFA European Football Championship, the first edition to be held between eight teams instead of four, and with the host team automatically qualified for the finals. Italy was beaten by Czechoslovakia in the third place match on penalties after two draws with Spain and Belgium and a narrow 1–0 win over England. After a scandal in Serie A where some National Team players such as Paolo Rossi were prosecuted and suspended for match fixing and illegal betting, the Azzurri arrived at the 1982 FIFA World Cup amidst general scepticism and discomfort. Italy qualified for the second round after three uninspiring draws against Poland, Peru and Cameroon. Having been loudly criticized, the Italian team decided on a press black-out from then on, with only

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Mother Love222

  Mother Love A mother (or mum/mom/mam) is a woman who has raised a child, given birth to a child, and/or supplied the egg which in union with a spermgrew into a child. The definition can also be extended to non-human animals and may then also include being the animal that donated a body cell which has resulted in a clone. Because of the complexity and differences of a mother's social, cultural, and religious definitions and roles, it is challenging to specify a universally acceptable definition for the term. The male parallel is father.   In the case of a mammal such as a human, a pregnant woman gestates a fertilized ovum (the "egg"). A fetus develops from the viable fertilized ovum, resulting in an embryo. Gestation occurs in the woman's uterus from conception until the fetus (assuming it is carried to term) is sufficiently developed to be born. The woman experiences labor and gives birth. Usually, once the baby is born, the mother produces milkvia the lactation process. The mother's breast milk is the source of anti-bodies for the infant's immune system and commonly the sole source of nutrition for the first year or more of the child's life.     Mother can often apply to a woman other than the biological parent, especially if she fulfills the main social role in raising the child. This is commonly either an adoptive mother or a stepmother (the biologically unrelated wife of a child's father). The term "othermother" or "other mother" is also used in some contexts for women who provide care for a child not biologically their own in addition to the child's primary mother. Adoption, in various forms, has been practiced throughout history. Modern systems of adoption, arising in the 20th century, tend to be governed by comprehensive statutesand regulations. In recent decades, international adoptions have become more and more common. Adoption in the United States is common and relatively easy from a legal point of view (compared to other Western countries). In 2001, with over 127,000 adoptions, the US accounted for nearly half

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Child poverty

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Robert Miles

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Siberia

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Brasilia

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Labrador Retriever1

  Labrador Retriever The Labrador Retriever, also known as simply Labrador or Lab, is one of several kinds of retrievers, a type of gun dog. They are even-tempered and well-behaved around young children and the elderly. Labradors are athletic, playful, and the most popular breed of dog by registered ownership in America, recognized by the American Kennel Club, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States (since 1991). A favourite assistance dog breed in these and other countries, Labradors are frequently trained to aid people who are blind and people with autism, act as therapy dogs, and perform screening and detection work for law enforcement and other official agencies. They are prized as sporting and waterfowl hunting dogs. A few kennels breeding these grew up in England; at the same time a combination of sheep protection policy (Newfoundland) and rabies quarantine (England) led to their gradual demise in their country of origin. The first and second Earls of Malmesbury, who bred for duck shooting on his estate, and the 5th and 6th Dukes of Buccleuch, and youngest son Lord George William Montagu-Douglas-Scott, were instrumental in developing and establishing the modern Labrador breed in 19th century England. The dogs Avon ("Buccleuch Avon") and Ned given by Malmesbury to assist the Duke of Buccleuch's breeding program in the 1880s are considered the ancestors of modern Labradors. The first St. John's dog was said to be brought to England in or around 1820; however, the breed's reputation had spread to England long before. There is a story that the Earl of Malmesbury saw a St. John's Dog on a fishing boat and immediately made arrangements with traders to have some of these dogs exported to England. These ancestors of the first labradors so impressed the Earl with their skill and ability for retrieving anything within the water and on shore that he devoted his entire kennel to developing and stabilizing the breed. Several early descriptions of the St. John's Water Dog exist. In 1822, explorer W.E. Cormack crossed the island of Newfoundland by foot. In his journal he wrote "The dogs are admirably trained as retrievers in fowling, and are otherwise useful.....The smooth or short haired dog is preferred because in frosty weather the long haired kind become encumbered with ice on coming out of the water. Another early report by a Colonel Hawker described the dog as "by far the best for any kind of shooting. He is generally black and no bigger than a Pointer, very fine in legs, with short, smooth hair and does not carry his tail so much curled as the other; is extremely quick, running, swimming and fighting....and their sense of smell is hardly to be credited.... In his book Excursions In and About Newfoundland During the Years 1839 and 1840, the geologist Joseph Beete Jukes describes the St. John's Water Dog. "A thin, short-haired, black dog came off-shore to us to-day. The animal was of a breed very different from what we understand by the term Newfoundland dog in England. He had a thin, tapering snout, a long thin tail, and rather thin, but powerful legs, with a lank body, – the hair short

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Pampa Argentina

  Pampa Argentina The Pampas (from Quechua pampa, meaning "plain") are fertile South American lowlands, covering more than 750,000 km2(289,577 sq mi), that include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and Córdoba; most of Uruguay; and the southernmost Brazilian State, Rio Grande do Sul. These vast plains are a natural region only interrupted by the low Ventana and Tandil hills near Bahía Blanca and Tandil (Argentina), with a height of 1,300 m (4,265 ft) and 500 m (1,640 ft) respectively. The climate is mild, with precipitation of 600 mm (23.6 in) to 1,200 mm (47.2 in), more or less evenly distributed through the year, making the soils appropriate for agriculture. This area is also one of the distinct physiography provinces of the largerParaná-Paraguay Plain division. These plains contain unique wildlife because of the different terrains around it. Some of this wildlife includes the rhea, the pampas deer, several species of armadillos, the pampas fox, the White-eared opossum, theElegant Crested Tinamou, and several other species. The climate of the Pampas is generally temperate, gradually giving way to a more subtropical climate in the north, and to asemi-arid

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Maria Grazia Cucinotta

  Maria Grazia Cucinotta Maria Grazia Cucinotta (born 27 July 1968) is an Italian actress who has featured in many films and television series since 1990. She has also worked as a producer, screenwriter and model. Cucinotta was born in Messina, Province of Messina, Sicily, Italy. She is well known in Italy as a movie and television actress, but internationally she is best known for her roles in Il Postino and as the Bond girl, the Cigar Girl, in the James Bond film The World Is Not Enough. She guest starred in The Sopranos episode "Isabella". She also appeared on The Simpsons episode "The Italian Bob" voicingSideshow Bob's wife, Francesca. She won the America Award of the Italy-USA Foundation in 2010.

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Valencia City

  Valencia Valencia (Spanish: [baˈlenθja]), or València (Valencian: [vaˈlensia]), is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre. Its urban area extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 1.5 million people. Valencia is Spain's third largest metropolitan area, with a population ranging from 1.7 to 2.5 million. The city has global city status. The Port of Valencia is the5th busiest container port in Europe and busiest container port on the Mediterranean Sea. Valencia was founded as a Roman colony in 138 BC. The city is situated on the banks of the Turia, on the east coast of theIberian Peninsula, fronting the Gulf of Valencia on the Mediterranean Sea. Its historic centre is one of the largest in Spain, with approximately 169 acres, this heritage of ancient monuments, views and cultural attractions makes Valencia one of the country's most popular tourist destinations. Major monuments include Valencia Cathedral, the Torres de Serranos, the Torres de Quart, the Llotja de la Seda (declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996), and the Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències (City of Arts and Sciences), an entertainment-based cultural and architectural complex designed by Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela.[3] The Museu de Belles Arts de València houses a large collection of paintings from the 14th to the 18th centuries, including works by Velázquez, El Greco, and Goya, as well as an important series of engravings by Piranesi. The Institut Valencià d'Art Modern (Valencian Institute of Modern Art) houses both permanent collections and temporary exhibitions of contemporary art and photography. Valencia is integrated into an industrial area on the Costa del Azahar (Orange Blossom Coast). Valencia's main festival is theFalles. The traditional Spanish dish, paella, originated in Valencia. The original Latin name of the city was Valentia (Latin pronunciation: [waˈlentia]), meaning "strength", or "valour", the city being named according to the Roman practice of recognizing the valour of former Roman soldiers after a war. The Roman historian Livy explains that the founding of Valentia in the 2nd century BC was due to the settling of the Roman soldiers who fought against an Iberian rebel, Viriato.

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Misha Barton

  Misha Barton Mischa Anne Barton (born 24 January 1986) is a film, television, and stage actress, and occasional fashion model with British,Irish, and American citizenship. She began her acting career on the stage, appearing in Tony Kushner's Slavs! and took the lead in James Lapine's Twelve Dreams at New York's Lincoln Center. She made her screen debut, making a guest appearance on the American soap opera All My Children (1996). She then voiced a character on the Nickelodeon cartoon series KaBlam! (1996–1997). Her first major film role was as the protagonist of Lawn Dogs (1997), an acclaimed drama co-starring Sam Rockwell. She continued acting, appearing in major box office pictures such as the romantic comedy, Notting Hill (1999) and M. Night Shyamalan's psychological thriller, The Sixth Sense (1999). She also starred in the critically acclaimed indie crime drama Pups (1999). She later appeared in the independent drama, Lost and Delirious (2001) and played Evan Rachel Wood's girlfriend during a guest-arc on ABC's Once and Again (2001–2002). She is best known for her role as Marissa Cooper in the Fox television series The O.C.(2003–2006), for

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The Sun1

  The Sun The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. It is almost perfectly spherical and consists of hot plasma interwoven withmagnetic fields. It has a diameter of about 1,392,684 km (865,374 mi), around 109 times that of Earth, and its mass (1.989×1030 kilograms, approximately 330,000 times the mass of Earth) accounts for about 99.86% of the total mass of the Solar System. Chemically, about three quarters of the Sun's mass consists of hydrogen, while the rest is mostly helium. The remaining 1.69% (equal to 5,600 times the mass of Earth) consists of heavier elements, including oxygen, carbon, neon and iron, among others.  The Sun formed about 4.567 billion years ago from the gravitational collapse of a region within a large molecular cloud. Most of the matter gathered in the center, while the rest flattened into an orbiting disk that would become the Solar System. The central mass became increasingly hot and dense, eventually initiating thermonuclear fusion in its core. It is thought that almost all stars form by this process. The Sun is a G-type main-sequence star (G2V) based on spectral class and it is informally designated as a yellow dwarf because its visible radiation is most intense in the yellow-green portion of the spectrum, and although it is actually white in color, from the surface of the Earth it may appear yellow because of atmospheric scattering of blue light. In the spectral class label, G2 indicates its surface temperature, of approximately 5778 K (5505 °C), and V indicates that the Sun, like most stars, is a main-sequence star, and thus generates its energy by nuclear fusion of hydrogen nuclei into helium. In its core, the Sun fuses about 620 million metric tons of hydrogen each second. The Sun is currently traveling through the Local Interstellar Cloud (near to the G-cloud) in the Local Bubble zone, within the inner rim of the Orion Arm of the Milky Way. Of the 50 nearest stellar systems within 17 light-years from Earth (the closest being a red dwarf named Proxima Centauri at approximately 4.2 light-years away), the Sun ranks fourth in mass. The Sun orbits the center of the Milky Way at a distance of approximately 24000–26000 light-years from the galactic center, completing one clockwise orbit, as viewed from the galactic north pole, in about 225–250 million years. Since the Milky Way is moving with respect to the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) in the direction of the constellation Hydra

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Belgrade1

  Belgrade Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans.Its name translates to White city. The city has a population of 1.23 million, while over 1.65 million people live in its metro area (which encompass administrative limits of City of Belgrade). One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region, and after 279 BC Celts conquered the city, naming itSingidūn. It was conquered by the Romans during the reign of Augustus, and awarded city rights in the mid 2nd century.It was settled by the Slavs in the 520s, and changed hands several times between the Byzantine Empire, Frankish Empire, Bulgarian Empire and Kingdom of Hungary before it became the capital of Serbian King Stephen Dragutin (1282–1316). In 1521, Belgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo. It frequently passed from Ottoman to Habsburg rule, which saw the destruction of most of the city during the Austro-Ottoman wars. Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia in 1841. Northern Belgrade remained the southernmost Habsburg post until 1918, when the city was reunited. As a strategic location, the city was battled over in 115 wars and razed to the ground 44 times. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia (in various forms of governments) from its creation in 1918, to its final dissolution in 2006. Belgrade has a special administrative status within Serbia and it is one of five statistical regions of Serbia. Its metropolitan territory is divided into 17 municipalities, each with its own local council. It covers 3.6% of Serbia's territory, and 22.5% of the country's population lives in the city. The city has been awarded many titles, and the nomination for European Capital of Culture 2020. Belgrade lies 116.75 metres (383.0 ft) above sea level and is located at the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers. The historical core of Belgrade, Kalemegdan, lies on the right banks of both rivers. Since the 19th century, the city has been expanding to the south and east; after World War II, Novi Beograd (New Belgrade) was built on the left bank of the Sava river, connecting Belgrade with Zemun. Smaller, chiefly residential communities across the Danube, like Krnjača, Kotež and Borča, also merged with the city, while Pančevo, a heavily industrialized satellite city, remains a separate town. The city has an urban area of 360 square kilometres (140 sq mi), while together with its metropolitan area it covers 3,223 km2 (1,244 sq mi). Throughout history, Belgrade has been a crossroads between the West and the Orient. On the right bank of the Sava, central Belgrade has a hilly terrain, while the highest point of Belgrade proper is Torlak hill at 303 m (994 ft). The mountains of Avala (511 m (1,677 ft)) and Kosmaj (628 m (2,060 ft)) lie south of the city. Across the Sava and Danube, the land is mostly flat, consisting of alluvial plains and loessial plateaus. Belgrade lies in the humid subtropical (Cfa) climate zone, with four seasons and uniformly spread precipitation. Monthly averages range from 1.4 °C (34.5 °F) in January to 23.0 °C (73.4 °F) in July, with an annual mean of 12.5 °C

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Altostratus(Cloud)

  Altostratus(Cloud) Altostratus is a middle altitude cloud genus belonging to the stratiform physical category characterized by a generally uniform gray to bluish-gray sheet or layer, lighter in color than nimbostratus and darker than high cirrostratus. The sun can be seen through thin altostratus, but thicker layers can be quite opaque.

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Rossella Brescia1

  Rossella Brescia Rossella Brescia (born 20 August 1971) is an Italian television presenter. She has hosted Uman - Take Control! on Italia 1 and Baila! on Canale 5.

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Lyon(city)

  Lyon(city) Lyon  is a city in east-centra France in the Rhône-Alpes region, situated between Paris and Marseille. Etymologically it relates to the Celtic God Lugoves,Lugh as do Laon and Leiden. Lyon is located approximately 470 kilometres (292 miles) from Paris, 320 km (199 mi) from Marseille, 420 km (261 mi) from Strasbourg, 160 km (99 mi) from Geneva, 280 km (174 mi) from Turin. The residents of the city are called Lyonnais. The population of Lyon is 484,344 (2010). Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon forms the largest conurbation in France outside Paris. Its urban region represents half of the Rhône-Alpes region population with 2.9 million inhabitants. Lyon is the capital of this region, as well as the capital of the smaller Rhône département. The city is known for its historical and architectural landmarks and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Lyon was historically known as an important area for the production and weaving of silk and in modern times has developed a reputation as the capital ofgastronomy in France. It has a significant role in the history of cinema due to Auguste and Louis Lumière, who invented thecinematographe in Lyon. The city is also known for its famous light festival 'Fête des Lumières' which occurs every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights. Legend says that the Virgin Mary saved the city from the plague and, to thank her, a statue was built. On the day it was erected, the whole city was lit by candles that its citizens had put at their windows. The local professional football team, Olympique Lyonnais, has increased Lyon's profile internationally through participation in European football championships. Fourvière hill was a Roman colony in 43 BC by Munatius Plancus, a lieutenant of Caesar, on the site of a Gaulish hill-fort settlement called Lug[o]dunon, from the Celtic god Lugus ('Light', cognate with Old Irish Lugh, Modern Irish Lú) and dúnon (hill-fort). Lug[us] was equated by the Romans to Mercury. Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa recognized that Lugdunum's position on the natural highway from northern to south-eastern France made it a natural communications hub, and he made Lyon the starting point of the principal Roman roads throughout Gaul. It then became the capital of Gaul, partly thanks to its convenient location at the convergence of two navigable rivers, and quickly became the main city of Gaul. Two emperors were born in this city: Claudius and Caracalla. Today, the archbishop of Lyon is still referred to as "Primat des Gaules" and the city often referred to as the "capitale des Gaules". The Christians in Lyon were martyred for their religion under the reigns of the various Roman emperors, most notably Marcus Aurelius and Septimus Severus. Local saints from this period include Blandina (Blandine), Pothinus (Pothin), and Epipodius(Épipode), among others. In the 2nd century AD, the great Christian bishop of Lyon was the Easterner Irenaeus. Burgundian refugees from the destruction of Worms by the Huns in 437 were resettled by the military commander of the west,Aëtius, at Lugdunum, which was formally the capital of the new Burgundian kingdom by 461. In 843, by the Treaty of Verdun, Lyon, with the country beyond the Saône, went to Lothair I, and later became a part of theKingdom

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Rolls Royce1

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IPHONE5

  IPHONE5 The iPhone 5 is a touchscreen smartphone developed by Apple Inc. It is the sixth generation of the iPhone, succeeding the iPhone 4S and preceding the iPhone 5S and iPhone 5C. Formally unveiled as part of a press event on September 12, 2012, it was released on September 21, 2012. The iPhone 5 featured major design changes in comparison to its predecessor. These included an aluminum-based body which was thinner and lighter than previous models, a taller screen with a nearly 16:9 aspect ratio, the Apple A6 system-on-chip, LTE support, and Lightning, a new compact dock connector which replaces the 30-pin design used by previous iPhone models. This is the second Apple phone to include its new Sony made 8MP Camera. The predecessor of the iPhone 5 (iPhone 4S) was the first to include the new Sony camera's. Apple began taking pre-orders on September 14, 2012, and over two million were received within 24 hours. Initial demand for the iPhone 5 exceeded the supply available at launch on September 21, 2012, and has been described by Apple as "extraordinary", with pre-orders having sold twenty times faster than its predecessors. While reception to the iPhone 5 has been generally positive, consumers and reviewers noted hardware issues, such as an unintended purple hue in photos taken, and the phone's coating being prone to chipping. Reception was also mixed over Apple's decision to switch to a different dock connector design, as the change affected iPhone 5's compatibility with accessories that were otherwise compatible with previous iterations of the line. The iPhone 5 was officially discontinued by Apple on September 10, 2013 with the announcement of its successor, iPhone 5S, andiPhone 5C, the latter being a lower-cost variation of the iPhone 5 with similar internal hardware and plastic casing. The introduction of the 5C deviated from Apple's previous market strategy, where the previous iPhone model would remain in production, but sold at a lower price point below the new model. On April 28, 2014, Apple initiated an out of warranty recall program to replace any failing power buttons of iPhone 5 models which were manufactured prior to March 2013 at no cost. Rumors about the iPhone 5 began shortly after the announcement of the iPhone 4S, though detailed leaks did not emerge until June 2012. On July 30, 2012, reports pinpointed the dates on which the iPhone 5 would be unveiled and released, along with some accurate predictions of its features. On September 4, 2012, Apple announced they would be hosting an event at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts in San Francisco on September 12, 2012. A shadow of the numeral 5 was featured in the invitations sent to the media, suggesting that the next iPhone would be unveiled at the event. At the unveiling, Apple announced the iPhone 5 and also introduced new iPod Nano and iPod Touch models. They also stated that pre-orders would be accepted starting September 14, 2012. Over two million pre-orders were received within 24 hours. Initial demand for the new phone exceeded the record set by its predecessor, the iPhone 4S, by selling over 5 million units in the first three days. On November 30, 2012, Apple added an unlocked version of the iPhone 5 to their online US store, with the 16 GB model starting at US$649.

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Vincenzo Nibali

  Vincenzo Nibali Vincenzo Nibali (Italian pronunciation: [vinˈtʃɛntso ˈniːbali]; born 14 November 1984) is an Italian professional road bicycle racer, considered one of the strongest stage race riders of these years. He rides for the Kazakhstani UCI ProTeam Astana. Born near the Strait of Messina, his nickname is the "Shark of the Strait" or simply "The Shark". His first major win came at the 2006 GP Ouest-France, where he beat an impressive field on a tough course. However, experts such as Michele Bartoli have said Nibali is most suited to competing in multi-stage races. Nibali's biggest wins to date are the 2010 Vuelta a España and the 2013 Giro d'Italia. He has also won two editions of the Tirreno-Adriatico stage race. Vincenzo Nibali was born on 14 November 1984, on the birthday of the famous cyclist Bernard Hinault, in Messina, Sicily, the son of Salvatore and Giovanna. In order to become a cyclist, he left his hometown Messina and moved to Tuscany at the age of sixteen. For ten months of the year, he lived in the house of his ex-directeur sportif, Carlo Franceschi, in Mastromarco, nearLamporecchio.           Nibali finished third at the Junior World Time Trial Championship in 2002 and also third at the U-23 World Time Trial Championshipin 2004. He turned professional in 2005 with Fassa Bortolo. In 2006, Nibali signed with Liquigas. In that year, he won the French classic GP Ouest-France at 21 years of age. He also finished in second position overall of the 2.1 rated Settimana internazionale di Coppi e Bartali, taking the win on the first stage. In 2007, Nibali rode the Giro d'Italia for the first time and finished

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Rift Valley

  Rift Valley The Great Rift Valley is a name given in the late 19th century by British explorer John Walter Gregory to the continuous geographic trench, approximately 6,000 kilometres (3,700 mi) in length, that runs from northern Syria to central Mozambique in South Eastern Africa. The name continues in some usages, although it is today considered geologically imprecise as it combines features that are today regarded as separate, although related, rift and fault systems. Today, the term is most often used to refer to the valley of the East African Rift, the divergent plate boundary which extends from theAfar Triple Junction southward across eastern Africa, and is in the process of splitting the African Plate into two new separate plates. Geologists generally refer to these incipient plates as the Nubian Plate and the Somali Plate. The Great Rift Valley as originally described was thought to extend from Lebanon in the north toMozambique in the south, and constitutes one of two distinct physiographic provinces of the East African mountains. It included the Jordan Rift Valley, Red Sea Rift and the East African Rift. Today these rifts

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Gisele Bundchen

  Gisele Bundchen Gisele Caroline Bündchen  is a Brazilian fashion model, actress, and producer. She is the Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Environment Programme. In the late 1990s, Bündchen was the first in a wave of Brazilian models to find international success. In 1999, Vogue dubbed her "The Return of the Sexy Model", and she was credited with ending the "heroin chic" era of modeling. Bündchen was one of Victoria's Secret Angels from 2000 until mid-2007. Bündchen pioneered the "horse walk", a stomping movement created when a model picks her knees up high and kicks her feet out in front. Claudia Schiffer and Naomi Campbellhave stated that Bündchen is the only true remaining supermodel. Bündchen has also ventured into acting. She did a supporting role in Taxi (2004), for which she was nominated at the Teen Choice Awards for Choice Movie Breakout Performance and for Choice Movie Bad Guy. Bündchen also had a supporting role in The Devil Wears Prada (2006), and from 2010-2011, she was the executive producer of an educational environmental cartoon, Gisele & the Green Team. Bündchen supports many charities including Save the Children, Red Cross and Doctors without Borders, as well as dedicating part of her time to environmental causes. Since 2004, she has been the highest-paid model in the world, and is the sixteenth richest woman in the entertainment industry (as of 2007). In 2012 she placed first on the Forbes top-earning models list. From 2000 to 2005, Bündchen was in a relationship with American actor Leonardo DiCaprio. She married New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady in 2009. As of 2014, she is listed as the 89th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes. Bündchen is a sixth-generation German Brazilian, born in Três de Maio, Rio Grande do Sul, to Vânia Nonnenmacher, a bank clerk pensioner, and Valdir Bündchen, a university teacher and writer, who are both of German descent. Bündchen was born and raised in Horizontina, a southern region in Brazil where there is a large population of German ancestry. She grew up with her five sisters—Raquel, Graziela, Gabriela, Rafaela, and her fraternal twin Patrícia, her junior by five minutes. She speaks Portuguese as her native language, in addition to Spanish, English and Italian. She studied German in school. In 1993, Bündchen joined a modeling course with her sisters Patrícia and Gabriela at their mother's insistence. The following year, Bündchen was discovered by the Elite modeling agency at a shopping mall in São Paulo while on a school excursion. She was subsequently selected for a national contest, Elite Look of the Year, in which she placed second. Claudia Menezes from 

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COMMODORE 64

  COMMODORE 64 The Commodore 64, commonly called C64, C= 64 , occasionally CBM 64 (for Commodore Business Machines), or VIC-64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International. Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the highest-selling single computer model of all time, independent estimates place the actual number sold between 10 and 17 million units. Volume production started in early 1982, with machines being released on to the market in August at a price of US $595(equivalent to $1,500 in 2014). Preceded by the Commodore VIC-20 and Commodore PET, the C64 takes its name from its 64 kilobytes (65,536 bytes) of RAM, and has favorable sound and graphical specifications when compared to contemporary systems such as the Apple II. While the Apple cost circa US$1200, it was sold as a complete system with disk drive and dedicated monitor—the 64's $595 price included only the computer itself. The Tandy TRS-80 Color Computer was initially priced at $399, but has only 4kB RAM and cannot match the 64's graphics and sound abilities. The C64 dominated the low-end computer market for most of the 1980s. For a substantial period (1983–1986), the C64 had between 30% and 40% share and 2 million units sold per year, outselling the IBM PC compatibles, Apple Inc.computers, and the Atari 8-bit family of computers. Sam Tramiel, a later Atari president and the son of Commodore's founder, said in a 1989 interview, "When I was at Commodore we were building 400,000 C64s a month for a couple of years." Part of the Commodore 64's success was because it was sold in retail stores instead of just electronics- and/or computer stores. Commodore produced many of its parts in-house to control costs, including custom IC chips from MOS Technology. It is sometimes compared to the Ford Model T automobile for its role in bringing a new technology to middle-class households via creative mass-production. Approximately 10,000 commercial software titles were made for the Commodore 64 including development tools, office productivity applications, and games. C64 emulators allow anyone with a modern computer, or a compatible video game console, to run these programs today. The C64 is also credited with popularizing the computer demoscene and is still used today by some computer hobbyists. In 2008, 17 years after it was taken off the market, research showed that brand recognition for the model was still at 87%. In January 1981, MOS Technology, Inc., Commodore's integrated circuit design subsidiary, initiated a project to design the graphic and audio chips for a next generation video game console. Design work for the chips, named MOS Technology VIC-II (graphics) and MOS Technology SID (audio), was completed in November 1981. Commodore then began a game console project that would use the new chips—called the Ultimax or alternatively the Commodore MAX Machine, engineered by Yash Terakura from Commodore Japan. This project was eventually cancelled after just a few machines were manufactured for the Japanese market. At the same time, Robert "Bob" Russell (system programmer and architect on the VIC-20) and Robert "Bob" Yannes (engineer of the SID) were critical of the current product line-up at Commodore, which was a continuation of the Commodore PET line aimed at business users. With the support of Al Charpentier (engineer of the VIC-II) and Charles Winterble (manager of MOS Technology), they proposed to Commodore CEO Jack Tramiel a true low-cost sequel to the VIC-20. Tramiel dictated that the machine should have 64 kB of random-access memory (RAM). Although 64 kB of dynamic random access memory (DRAM) cost over US$100 at the time, he knew that DRAM prices were falling, and would drop to an acceptable level before full production was reached. In November, Tramiel set a deadline for the first weekend of January, to coincide with the 1982 Consumer Electronics Show (CES).[8] The product was code named the VIC-40 as the successor to the popular VIC-20. The team that constructed it consisted of Bob Russell, Bob Yannes and David A. Ziembicki. The design, prototypes and some sample software were finished in time for the show, after the team had worked tirelessly over both Thanksgiving and Christmas weekends. The machine incorporated Commodore BASIC 2.0 in ROM. BASIC also served as the user interface shell and was available immediately on startup at the READY prompt. When the product was to be presented, the VIC-40 product was renamed C64 to fit the contemporary Commodore business products lineup which contained the P128 and theB256, both named by a letter and their respective total memory size (in KBytes). The C64 made an impressive debut at the January 1982 Winter Consumer Electronics Show, as recalled by Production Engineer David A. Ziembicki: "All we saw at our booth were Atari people with their mouths dropping open, saying, 'How can you do that for $595?'" The answer, as it turned out, was vertical integration; thanks to Commodore's ownership of MOS Technology's semiconductor fabrication facilities, each C64 had an estimated production cost of only US$135.           1982: Commodore released the Commodore MAX Machine in Japan. It is called the Ultimax in the US, and VC-10 in Germany. The MAX was intended to be a game console with limited computing capability, and was based on a very cut-down version of the hardware family later used in the C64. The MAX was discontinued months after its introduction, because of poor sales in Japan. 1983 saw Commodore attempt to compete with the Apple II's hold on the US education market with the Educator 64,essentially a C64 and "greenscale" monochrome monitor in a PET case. Schools preferred the all-in-one metal construction of the PET over the standard C64's separate components, which could be easily damaged, vandalized or stolen. Schools did not prefer the Educator 64 to the wide range of software and hardware options the Apple IIe was able to offer, and it was produced in limited quantities. In 1984, Commodore released the SX-64, a portable version of the C64. The SX-64 has the distinction of being the first full-color portable computer. While earlier computers using this form factor only incorporated monochrome "green screen" displays, the base SX-64 unit featured a 5 in (130 mm) color cathode ray tube (CRT) and an integrated 1541 floppy disk drive. The SX-64 did not have a cassette connector. Also in 1984, Commodore released the Commodore Plus/4. It had a higher-color display, a newer implementation of Commodore BASIC(V3.5), and built-in software in what was positioned as an inexpensive business oriented system. However, it was

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The Renaissance1

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Cactus1

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EUROS

  EUROS The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the currency used by the Institutions of the European Union and is the official currency of theeurozone, which consists of 18 of the 28 member states of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain. The currency is also used in a further five European countries and consequently used daily by some 334 million Europeans as of 2013. Additionally, 210 million people worldwide as of 2013—including 182 million people in Africa—use currencies pegged to the euro. The euro is the second largest reserve currency as well as the second most traded currency in the world after the United States dollar. As of November 2013, with more than €951 billion in circulation, the euro has the highest combined value of banknotes and coins in circulation in the world, having surpassed the U.S. dollar. Based on International Monetary Fund estimates of 2008 GDP and purchasing power parity among the various currencies, the eurozone is the second largest economy in the world. The name euro was officially adopted on 16 December 1995. The euro was introduced to world financial markets as anaccounting currency on 1 January 1999, replacing the former European Currency Unit (ECU) at a ratio of 1:1 (US$1.1743). Physical euro coins and banknotes entered into circulation on 1 January 2002, making it the day-to-day operating currency of its original members. While the euro dropped subsequently to US$0.8252 within two years (26 October 2000), it has traded above the U.S. dollar since the end of 2002, peaking at US$1.6038 on 18 July 2008. Since late 2009, the euro has been immersed in theEuropean sovereign-debt crisis which has led to the creation of the European Financial Stability Facility as well as other reformsaimed at stabilising the currency. In July 2012, the euro fell below US$1.21 for the first time in two years, following concerns raised over Greek debt and Spain's troubled banking sector. As of July 2014, the euro dollar exchange rate stands at ~ US$1.35. The euro is managed and administered by the Frankfurt-based European Central Bank (ECB) and the Eurosystem (composed of thecentral banks of the eurozone countries). As an independent central bank, the ECB has sole authority to set monetary policy. The Eurosystem participates in the printing, minting and distribution of notes and coins in all member states, and the operation of the eurozone payment

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Pinocchio1

  Pinocchio Pinocchio  is a fictional character and the main protagonist of the children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio (1883), by the Italian writer Carlo Collodi. Carved by a woodcarver named Geppetto in a small Italian village, he was created as a wooden puppet, but dreamed of becoming a real boy. He has also been used as a character who is prone to telling lies and fabricating stories for various reasons. The story has appeared in many adaptations in other media. Pinocchio has been called an icon of modern culture, and one of the most reimagined characters in the pantheon of children's literature. Aspects of Pinocchio's character vary depending on the interpretation, although basic aspects such as his creation as a puppet by Geppetto and the size of his nose changing due to his lies or stress remain present across the various formats.                  Pinocchio is known for having a short nose that becomes longer when he is under stress (chapter 3), especially while lying. His clothes are made of flowered paper, his shoes are made of wood and his hat is made of bread (page 16 of Collodi's Le Avventure di Pinocchio). In this, the original tale, Pinocchio exhibits obnoxious, bratty, and selfish traits. Disney version When Walt Disney Productions was developing the story for the film 

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Mistral(wind)

  Mistral(wind) The mistral  is a strong, cold and northwesterly wind that blows from southern France into the Gulf of Lion in the northern Mediterranean, with sustained winds often exceeding forty kilometers an hour, and sometimes reaching one hundred kilometers an hour. It is most common in the winter and spring, and strongest in the transition between the two seasons. Periods of the wind exceeding thirty kilometers an hour for more than sixty-five hours have been reported. In France, it refers to a violent and cold north or northwest wind which accelerates when it passes through the valleys of theRhone and the Durance Rivers to the coast of the Mediterranean around the Camargue region. It affects the northeast of the plain of Languedoc and Provence to the east of Toulon, where it is felt as a strong west wind. It has a major influence all along the Mediterranean coast of France, and often causes sudden storms in the Mediterranean between Corsica and the Balearic Islands. In the south of France, the name comes from the Languedoc dialect of the Occitan and means "masterly". The same wind is called mistrau in the Provençal variant of the Occitan language, mestral in Catalan, maestrale in Italian and Corsican, maistràle orbentu maestru in Sardinian and majjistral in Maltese. The mistral is usually accompanied by clear, fresh weather, and it plays an important role in creating the climate of Provence. It can reach speeds of more than ninety kilometers an hour, particularly in the Rhone Valley. Its average speed during the day can reach about fifty kilometers an hour, calming noticeably at night. The mistral usually blows in winter or spring, though it occurs in all seasons. It sometimes lasts only one or two days, frequently lasts several days, and sometimes lasts more than a week The mistral takes place each time there is an anticyclone, or area of high pressure, in the Bay of Biscay, and an area of low pressurearound the Gulf of Genoa. When this happens, the flow

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Middle Ages

  Middle Ages n European history, the Middle Ages, or Medieval period, lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with thecollapse of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: Antiquity, Medieval period, and Modern period. The Medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, the High, and the Late Middle Ages. Depopulation, deurbanisation, invasion, and movement of peoples, which had begun in Late Antiquity, continued in the Early Middle Ages. The barbarian invaders, including various Germanic peoples, formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire. In the 7th century, North Africa and the Middle East, once part of the Eastern Roman Empire came under the rule of the Caliphate, an Islamic empire, after conquest by Muhammad's successors. Although there were substantial changes in society and political structures, the break with Antiquity was not complete. The still-sizeable Byzantine Empire survived in the east and remained a major power. The empire's law code, the Code of Justinian, was rediscovered in Northern Italy in 1070 and became widely admired later in the Middle Ages. In the West, most kingdoms incorporated the few extant Roman institutions. Monasteries were founded as campaigns to Christianisepagan Europe continued. The Franks, under the Carolingian dynasty, briefly established an empire covering much of Western Europe; the Carolingian Empire in the later 8th and early 9th century, when it succumbed to the pressures of internal civil wars combined with external invasions—Vikings from the north, Magyars from the east, and Saracens from the south. During the High Middle Ages, which began after AD 1000, the population of Europe increased greatly as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish and the Medieval Warm Period climate change allowed crop yields to increase. Manorialism, the organisation of peasants into villages that owed rent and labour services to the nobles, and feudalism, the political structure whereby knights and lower-status nobles owed military service to their overlords in return for the right to rent from lands and manors, were two of the ways society was organised in the High Middle Ages. The Crusades, first preached in 1095, were military attempts by Western European Christians to regain control of the Middle Eastern Holy Land from the Muslims. Kings became the heads of centralised nation states, reducing crime and violence but making the ideal of a unified Christendom more distant. Intellectual life was marked by scholasticism, a philosophy that emphasised joining faith to reason, and by the founding of universities. The theology of Thomas Aquinas, the paintings of Giotto, the poetry of Dante and Chaucer, the travels of Marco Polo, and the architecture ofGothic cathedrals such as Chartres are among the outstanding achievements of this period. The Late Middle Ages was marked by difficulties and calamities including famine, plague, and war, which much diminished the population of Western Europe; between 1347 and 1350, the Black Death killed about a third of Europeans. Controversy, heresy, and 

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Mushrooms

  Mushrooms A mushroom (or toadstool) is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its foodsource. The standard for the name "mushroom" is the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus; hence the word "mushroom" is most often applied to those fungi (Basidiomycota, Agaricomycetes) that have a stem (stipe), a cap (pileus), and gills (lamellae, sing.lamella) or pores on the underside of the cap. These pores or gills produce microscopic spores that help the fungus spread across the ground or its occupant surface. "Mushroom" describes a variety of gilled fungi, with or without stems, and the term is used even more generally, to describe both the fleshy fruiting bodies of some Ascomycota and the woody or leathery fruiting bodies of some Basidiomycota, depending upon the context of the word. Forms deviating from the standard morphology usually have more specific names, such as "puffball", "stinkhorn", and "morel", and gilled mushrooms themselves are often called "agarics" in reference to their similarity to Agaricus or their place Agaricales. By extension, the term "mushroom" can also designate the entire fungus when in culture; the thallus (called a mycelium) of species forming the fruiting bodies called mushrooms; or the species itself. Identifying mushrooms requires a basic understanding of their macroscopic structure. Most are Basidiomycetes and gilled. Their spores, called basidiospores, are produced on the gills and fall in a fine rain of powder from under the caps as a result. At the microscopic level the basidiospores are shot off basidia and then fall between the gills in the dead air space. As a result, for most mushrooms, if the cap is cut off and placed gill-side-down overnight, a powdery impression reflecting the shape of the gills (or pores, or spines, etc.) is formed (when the fruit body is sporulating). The color of the powdery print, called a spore print, is used to help classify mushrooms and can help to identify them. Spore print colors include white (most common), brown, black, purple-brown, pink, yellow, and creamy, but almost never blue, green, or red. While modern identification of mushrooms is quickly becoming molecular, the standard methods for identification are still used by most and have developed into a fine art harking back to medieval times and the Victorian era, combined with microscopic examination. The presence of juices upon breaking, bruising reactions, odors, tastes, shades of color, habitat, habit, and season are all considered by both amateur and professional mycologists. Tasting and smelling mushrooms carries its own hazards because of poisons and allergens. Chemical tests are also used for some genera. In general, identification to genus can often be accomplished in the field using a local mushroom guide. Identification to species, however, requires more effort; one must remember that a mushroom develops from a button stage into a mature structure, and only the latter can provide certain characteristics needed for the identification of the species. However, over-mature specimens lose features and cease producing spores. Many novices have mistaken humid water marks on paper for white spore prints, or discolored paper from oozing liquids on lamella edges for colored spored prints.

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Volkswagen Beetle

  Volkswagen Beetle The Volkswagen Beetle, officially the Volkswagen Type 1, or informally the Volkswagen Bug, is an economy carmanufactured and marketed by German automaker Volkswagen (VW) from 1938 until 2003. The need for this kind of car, and its functional objectives, were formulated by Adolf Hitler, leader of Nazi Germany, wishing for a cheap, simple car to be mass-produced for the new road network of his country. He contracted Porsche in 1934 to design and build it to his exacting standards. Ferdinand Porsche and his team took until 1938 to finalise the design. This is one of the first rear-engined cars. With over 21 million manufactured (21,529,464) in an air-cooled, rear-engined, rear-wheel drive configuration, the Beetle is the longest-running and most-manufactured car of a single design platform, worldwide. Although designed in the 1930s, the Beetle was only produced in significant numbers from 1945 on (mass production had been put on hold during the Second World War) when the model was internally designated the Volkswagen Type 1, and marketed simply as the "Volkswagen". Later models were designated VW 1200, 1300, 1500, 1302 or 1303, the former three indicatingengine displacement and the latter two being derived from the type number and not indicative of engine capacity. The model became widely known in its home country as the Käfer (German for "beetle") and was later marketed as such in Germany, and as the Volkswagen Beetle in other countries. Both Hitler and Porsche were influenced by the Tatras. Hitler was a keen automotive enthusiast, and had ridden in Tatras during political tours of Czechoslovakia. He had also dined numerous times with Ledwinka. After one of these dinners Hitler remarked to Porsche, "This is the car for my roads". From 1933 onwards, Ledwinka and Porsche met regularly to discuss their designs, and Porsche admitted "Well, sometimes I looked over his shoulder and sometimes he looked over mine" while designing the Volkswagen. There is no doubt that the Beetle bore a striking resemblance to the Tatras, particularly the Tatra V570. The Tatra T97 of 1936 had a rear-located, rear-wheel drive, air-cooled four-cylinder boxer engine accommodating four passengers and providing luggage storage under the front bonnet and behind the rear seat. Another similarity between this Tatra and the Beetle is the central structural tunnel. Tatra launched a lawsuit, but this was stopped when Germany invaded Czechoslovakia. At the same time, Tatra was forced to stop producing the T97. The matter was re-opened after World War II and in 1961 Volkswagen paid Ringhoffer-Tatra 3,000,000 Deutsche Marks in an out of court settlement. The Beetle was designed for sustained high speed on the Autobahn. It ultimately gave rise to variants, including the Volkswagen Karmann Ghia and the Volkswagen Type 2 bus. The Beetle had marked a significant trend led by Volkswagen, Fiat, and Renaultwhereby the rear-engine, rear-wheel drive layout had increased from 2.6 percent of continental Western Europe's car production in 1946 to 26.6 percent in 1956. The 1948 Citroën 2CV and other European models marked a later trend to front-wheel drivein the European small car market, a trend that would come to dominate that market. In 1974, Volkswagen's own front-wheel driveGolf model succeeded the Beetle. In 1994, Volkswagen unveiled the Concept One, a "retro"-themed concept car with a resemblance to the original Beetle, and in 1998 introduced the "New Beetle", built on the Golf platform with styling recalling the original Type 1. In April 1934, Adolf Hitler gave the order to Ferdinand Porsche to develop a Volkswagen (literally, "people's car" in German, pronounced[ˈfɔlksvaːɡən]). The epithet Volks- literally, "people's-" had been previously applied to other Nazi sponsored consumer goods such as theVolksempfänger ("people's radio"). There followed, in May 1934, a meeting at Berlin’s Kaiserhof Hotel at which 

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Freddy Mercury

  Freddy Mercury Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara;  5 September 1946 – 24 November 1991) was a British musician, record producer, and singer-songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist and lyricist of the rock band Queen. As a performer, he was known for his flamboyant stage persona and powerful vocals over a four-octave range. As a songwriter, he composed many hits for Queen, including "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Killer Queen", "Somebody to Love", "Don't Stop Me Now", "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", and "We Are the Champions". In addition to his work with Queen, he led a solo career, and also occasionally served as a producer and guest musician (piano or vocals) for other artists. He died of bronchopneumonia brought on by AIDS on 24 November 1991, only one day after publicly acknowledging he had the disease. Mercury was a Parsi born in Sultanate of Zanzibar and grew up there and in India until his mid-teens. Posthumously, in 1992 he was awarded the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to British Music, and the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert was held at Wembley Stadium, London. As a member of Queen, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001, the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003, the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2004, and the band received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2002. Also in 2002, Mercury was placed at number 58 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons.He continues to be voted one of the greatest singers in the history of popular music. In 2005, a poll organised by Blender and MTV2saw Mercury voted the greatest male singer of all time. In 2008, Rolling Stone editors ranked him number 18 on their list of the 100 greatest singers of all time. In 2009, a Classic Rock poll saw him voted the greatest rock singer of all time. AllMusic has characterised Mercury as "one of rock's greatest all-time entertainers", who possessed "one of the greatest voices in all of music" Mercury was born on the British protectorate of Sultanate of Zanzibar, East Africa (now part of Tanzania). His parents, Bomi and Jer Bulsara, were Parsis from the Gujaratregion of the then province of Bombay Presidency in British India. The family surname is derived from the town of Bulsar (also known as Valsad) in southern Gujarat. As Parsis, Mercury and his family practised the Zoroastrian religion. The Bulsara family had moved to Zanzibar so that his father could continue his job as a cashier at the British Colonial Office. He had a younger sister, Kashmira. The house in Zanzibarwhere Mercury lived in his early years Mercury spent the bulk of his childhood in India and began taking piano lessons at the age of seven. In 1954, at the age of eight, Mercury was sent to study at St. Peter's School, a British-style boarding school for boys in Panchgani near Bombay (now Mumbai), India. One of his formative musical influences at the time was Bollywood singer Lata Mangeshkar. At the age of 12, he formed a school band, The Hectics, andcovered rock and roll artists such as Cliff Richard and Little Richard. A friend from the time recalls that he had "an uncanny ability to listen to the radio and replay what he heard on piano". It was also at St. Peter's where he began to call himself "Freddie". Mercury remained in India, living with his grandmother and aunt until he completed his education at St. Mary's School, Bombay. At the age of 17, Mercury and his family fled from Zanzibar for safety reasons due to the 1964 Zanzibar Revolution, in which thousands of Arabs and Indians were killed. The family moved into a small house in Feltham, Middlesex, England. Mercury enrolled at Isleworth Polytechnic (now West Thames College) in West London where he studied art. He ultimately earned a Diploma in Art and Graphic Design at Ealing Art College(now the Ealing campus of University of West London) later using these skills to design the Queen crest. A British citizen at birth, Mercury remained so for the rest of his life. Following graduation, Mercury joined a series of bands and sold second-hand clothes in the Kensington Market in London with girlfriend Mary Austin. He also held a job at Heathrow Airport. Friends from the time remember him as a quiet and shy young man who showed a great deal of interest in music. In 1969 he joined the Liverpool based band, Ibex, later renamed Wreckage. He lived briefly in a flat above the Liverpool pub, The Dovedale Towers. When this band failed to take off, he joined a second band called Sour Milk Sea. However, by early 1970 this group had broken up as well. In April 1970, Mercury joined guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor who had previously been in a band called Smile. Despite reservations

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Humanism1

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Polar Bear1

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Egyptian Pyramids1

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Vasco Rossi2014

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Vasco Rossi1

  Vasco Rossi Vasco Rossi (born 19 January 1952), also known as Vasco or with the nickname Il Blasco, is an Italian singer-songwriter. During his career, he has published 26 albums (not including unofficial releases) and has written over 250 songs, as well as lyrics for other artists. He calls himself a "provoca(u)tore" (an Italian portmanteau for "provoking author") as throughout his career he has been regularly criticized over his choice of lifestyle and the lyrics in his songs.   Vasco Rossi was born in Zocca, in the province of Modena (Emilia-Romagna). His father, Carlo Rossi, was a truck-driver, and his mother, Novella, a housewife. It was his mother herself who decided to enroll him in singing school when he was a little boy, a choice that must have seemed rather peculiar within the mentality of a small village in the Apennines like Zocca. Nonetheless, Rossi fell in love with music and at the age of 14 began playing with his first band. Rossi and his family moved to Bologna, Italy, where he studied accounting in high school. Upon graduating he opened a music club, Punto Club, and enrolled in university at the faculty of Economics and Business. In the meantime he supported himself by working as a DJ and founding, along with friends, one of the first private radio stations in Italy, "Punto Radio", with which he began slowly and timidly showcasing his own songs. Encouraged by his friend Gaetano Curreri (now leading member of Italian rock band Stadio), Rossi released his first EP on 13 June 1977, which included

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Depeche Mode1980

  Depeche Mode Depeche Mode are an English electronic band formed in 1980 in Basildon, Essex. The group's original line-up consisted of Dave Gahan (lead vocals, occasional songwriter since 2005), Martin Gore (keyboards, guitar, vocals, chief songwriter after 1981), Andy Fletcher (keyboards), and Vince Clarke (keyboards, chief songwriter 1980–81). Depeche Mode released their debut record in 1981, Speak & Spell, bringing the band onto the British new wave scene. Clarke left the band after the release of the album, leaving the band as a trio to record A Broken Frame, released the following year. Alan Wilder (keyboards, drums, occasional songwriter) officially joined the band in late-1982, replacing Clarke, while Gore took over lead songwriting duties, establishing a line up that would continue for the next thirteen years. The band's last albums of the 1980s; Black Celebration and Music for the Masses established them as a dominant force on the mainstream electronic music scene. A highlight of this era was the band's concert at the Pasadena Rose Bowl where they drew a crowd in excess of 60,000 people. In the new decade, Depeche Mode released Violator, catapulting them to massive mainstream success. The subsequent album, Songs of Faith and Devotion and the supporting Devotional Tour exacerbated tensions within the band to the point where Alan Wilder quit in 1995, leading to intense media and fan speculation that the band would split. Now a trio once again, the band released Ultra in 1997, recorded at the height of Gahan's near-fatal drug abuse, Gore's alcoholism and Fletcher's depression. The release of Exciter confirmed Depeche Mode's willingness to remain together, the subsequent, and very successful, Exciter Tour being their first tour in support of an original album in eight years since the Devotional Tour although the band had toured in 1998 to support The Singles 86>98 compilation album. Depeche Mode have had 50 songs in the UK Singles Chart and thirteen top 10 albums in the UK charts, two of which debuted at No. 1. Depeche Mode have sold over 150 million albums and singles worldwide, making them the most commercially successful electronic band and one of the world's best-selling bands in music history. Q magazine calls Depeche Mode "The most popular electronic band the world has ever known" and included the band in the list of the "50 Bands That Changed the World! Depeche Mode's origins date to 1977, when schoolmates Vince Clarke and Andy Fletcher formed a The Cure-influenced band called No Romance In China, with Clarke on vocals and guitar and Fletcher on bass. Fletcher would later recall, "Why am I in the band? It was accidental right from the beginning. I was actually forced to be in the band. I played the guitar and I had a bass; it was a question of them roping me in." In 1979, Clarke played guitar in an "Ultravox rip-off band", The Plan, with friends Robert Marlow and Paul Langwith. In 1978–79, Martin Gore played guitar in an acoustic duo, Norman and The Worms, with school friend Phil Burdett on vocals. In 1979, Marlow, Gore, and friend Paul Redmond formed a band called The French Look, with Marlow on vocals/keyboards, Gore on guitar and Redmond on keyboards. In March 1980, Clarke, Gore and Fletcher formed a band called Composition of Sound, with Clarke on vocals/guitar, Gore on keyboards, and Fletcher on bass. Soon after the formation of Composition of Sound, Clarke heard "Electricity", the debut single by Wirral electronic duo Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark (OMD). He said of the song: "It sounded so different from anything I'd heard; that really made me want to make electronic music, 'cause it was so unique." Along with OMD, other early influences included The Human League, Daniel Miller and Fad Gadget. Clarke and Fletcher switched to synthesisers, working odd jobs in order to buy or borrow the instruments from friends. Dave Gahan joined the band in 1980 after Clarke heard him perform at a local scout hut jam session, singing a rendition of David Bowie's "Heroes", and Depeche Mode were born. When explaining the choice for the new name taken from a French fashion magazine, Dépêche mode (from French dépêche that means here "dispatch" (fromOld French despesche/despeche) or "news report", and mode that means "fashion"), Gore said, "It means hurried fashion or fashion dispatch. I like the sound of that." But, in French, the real and only meaning of the magazine's name (and hence the band's) is "Fashion News" or "Fashion Update". Gore recollects that the first time the band played as Depeche Mode was a school gig in May 1980. There is a plaque commemorating the gig at the James Hornsby School in Basildon where Gore and Fletcher were pupils. The band made their recording debut in 1980 on the Some Bizzare Album with the song "Photographic", which was later re-recorded for their debut album Speak & Spell. The band made a demo tape but, instead of mailing the tape to record companies, they would go in and personally deliver it. They would demand the companies play it; according to Dave Gahan, "most of them would tell us to fuck off. They'd say 'leave the tape with us' and we'd say 'it's our only one'. Then we'd say goodbye and go somewhere else." According to Gahan, prior to securing their record contract, they were receiving offers from all the major labels. Phonogram offered them "money you could never have imagined and all sorts of crazy things like clothes allowances" During the touring and promotion for Speak & Spell, Clarke privately began to voice his discomfort at the direction the band were taking. He later expressed his dissatisfaction, saying "there was never enough time to do anything. Not with all the interviews and photo sessions.". In November 1981 Clarke publicly announced that he was leaving Depeche Mode. It also was claimed Clarke was sick of touring, which Gahan said years later was "bullshit to be quite honest". Gahan went on to say he "suddenly lost interest in it and he started getting letters from fans asking what kind of socks he wore". Soon afterwards, Clarke joined up with blues singer Alison Moyet to form Yazoo (Yaz in the US) and later, the duo Erasure with Andy Bell. Initial talk of Clarke's continuing to write material for the group ultimately amounted to nothing. According to third-party sources, Clarke offered the remaining members of Depeche Mode the track "Only You", but they declined. Clarke, however, denied in an interview that such an offer ever took place saying, "I don't know where that came from. That's not true."  The song went on to become a UK Top 3 hit for Yazoo. Gore, who had written "Tora! Tora! Tora!" and the instrumental "Big Muff" for Speak & Spell, was forced to become the band's new songwriter. In late 1981, the band placed an anonymous ad in Melody Maker looking for another musician; it said "Name band, synthesise, must be under twenty-one." Alan Wilder, a keyboardist from West London, responded and, after two auditions and despite being 22 years old, he was hired in early 1982, initially on a trial basis as a touring member.Wilder would later be called the "Musical Director" of the band, responsible for the band's sound until his departure in 1995. As producer Flood would later say, "[Alan] is sort of the craftsman, Martin's the idea man and [Dave] is the attitude." In January 1982, the band released "See You", their first single without Clarke, which managed to beat all three Clarke-penned singles in the UK charts, reaching number six.The tour that followed the release of the single saw the band playing their first shows in North America. Two more singles, "The Meaning of Love", and "Leave in Silence", were released ahead of the band's second studio album. Depeche Mode began work on their second

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Castles

  Castles A castle is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by nobility. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. This is distinct from a palace, which is not fortified; from a fortress, which was not always a residence for nobility; and from a fortified settlement, which was a public defence – though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Usage of the term has varied over time and has been applied to structures as diverse as hill forts and country houses. Over the approximately 900 years that castles were built they took on a great many forms with many different features, although some, such as curtain walls and arrowslits, were commonplace. A European innovation, castles originated in the 9th and 10th centuries, after the fall of the Carolingian Empire resulted in its territory being divided among individual lords and princes. These nobles built castles to control the area immediately surrounding them, and were both offensive and defensive structures; they provided a base from which raids could be launched as well as protection from enemies. Although their military origins are often emphasised in castle studies, the structures also served as centres of administration and symbols of power. Urban castles were used to control the local populace and important travel routes, and rural castles were often situated near features that were integral to life in the community, such as mills and fertile land. Many castles were originally built from earth and timber, but had their defences replaced later by stone. Early castles often exploited natural defences, and lacked features such as towers and arrowslits and relied on a central keep. In the late 12th and early 13th centuries, a scientific approach to castle defence emerged. This led to the proliferation of towers, with an emphasis on flanking fire. Many new castles were polygonal or relied on concentric defence – several stages of defence within each other that could all function at the same time to maximise the castle's firepower. These changes in defence have been attributed to a mixture of castle technology from the Crusades, such as concentric fortification, and inspiration from earlier defences such as Roman forts. Not all the elements of castle architecture were military in nature, and devices such as moats evolved from their original purpose of defence into symbols of power. Some grand castles had long winding approaches intended to impress and dominate their landscape. A motte was an earthen mound with a flat top. It was often artificial, although sometimes it incorporated a pre-existing feature of the landscape. The excavation of earth to make the mound left a ditch around the motte, called a moat (which could be either wet or dry). "Motte" and "moat" derive from the same Old French word, indicating that the features

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Alps

  Alps The Alps are one of the great mountain range systems of Europe stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries from Austria and Slovenia in the east, France, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and south east Germany, to the west. Monaco and Italy to the south. The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising bythrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. Mont Blanc spans the French–Italian border, and at 4,810 m (15,781 ft) is the highest mountain in the Alps. The Alpine region area contains about a hundred peaks higher than 4,000 m (13,123 ft), known as the "four-thousanders". The altitude and size of the range affects the climate in Europe; in the mountains precipitation levels vary greatly and climatic conditions consist of distinct zones. Wildlife such as ibex live in the higher peaks to elevations of 3,400 m (11,155 ft), and plants such as Edelweiss grow in rocky areas in lower elevations as well as in higher elevations. Evidence of human habitation in the Alps goes back to the Paleolithic era. A mummified man, determined to be 5,000 years old, was discovered on a glacier at the Austrian–Italian border in 1991. By the 6th century BC, the Celtic La Tène culture was well established.Hannibal famously crossed the Alps with a herd of elephants, and the Romans had settlements in the region. In 1800Napoleon crossed one of the mountain passes with an army of 40,000. The 18th and 19th centuries saw an influx of naturalists, writers, and artists, in particular the Romantics, followed by the golden age of alpinism as mountaineers began to ascend the peaks. In World War II, Adolf Hitler kept a base of operation in the Bavarian Alps throughout the war. The Alps are a crescent shaped geographic feature of central Europe that ranges in a 800 km (500 mi) arc from east to west and is 200 km (120 mi) in width. The mean height of the mountain peaks is 2.5 km (1.6 mi). The range stretches from the Mediterranean Seanorth above the Po river basin, extending through France from Grenoble, eastward through mid and southern Switzerland. The range continues toward Vienna in Austria, and east to the Adriatic Sea and into Slovenia. To the south it dips into northern Italy and to the north extends to the south border of Bavaria in Germany. In areas like Chiasso, Switzerland, and Neuschwanstein, Bavaria, the demarkation between the mountain range and the flatlands are clear; in other places such as Geneva, the demarkation is less clear. The countries with the greatest alpine territory are Switzerland, France, Austria and Italy. The highest portion of the range is divided by the glacial trough of the Rhone valley, with the Pennine Alps from Mont Blanc to theMatterhorn and Monte Rosa on the Southern side, and the Bernese Alps on the Northern. The peaks in the easterly portion of the range, in Austria and Slovenia, are smaller than those in the central and western portions. The variances in nomenclature in the region spanned by the Alps makes classification of the mountains and subregions difficult, but a general classification is that of the Eastern Alps and Western Alps with the divide between the two occurring in eastern Switzerland according to geologist Stefan Schmid near the Splügen Pass. The highest peaks of the Western Alps and Eastern Alps, respectively, are Mont Blanc, at 4,810 m (15,780 ft) and Piz Bernina at 4,049 metres (13,284 ft). The second-highest peaks are Monte Rosa at 4,634 m (15,200 ft) and Ortler[14] at 3,905 m (12,810 ft), respectively. The Alps have been crossed for war and commerce, and by pilgrims, students and tourists. Crossing routes by road, train or foot are known as passes, and usually consist of depressions in the mountains in which a valley leads from the plains and hilly pre-mountainous zones. In the medieval period hospices were established by religious orders at the summits of many of the main passes. The most important passes are the Col de l'Iseran (the highest), the Brenner Pass, the Mont-Cenis, the Great St. Bernard Pass, the Col de Tende, the Gotthard Pass, the Semmering Pass, and the Stelvio Pass. Crossing the Italian-Austrian border, the Brenner Pass separates the Ötztal Alps and Zillertal Alps and has been in use as a trading route since the 14th century. The lowest of the Alpine passes at 985 m (3,232 ft), the Semmering crosses from Lower Austria to Styria; since the 12th century when a hospice was built there it has seen continuous use. A railroad with a tunnel 1 mile (1.6 km) long was built along the route of the pass in the mid-19th century. With a summit of 2,469 m (8,100 ft), the Great St. Bernard Pass is one of the highest in the Alps, crossing the Italian-Swiss border east of the Pennine Alps along the flanks of Mont Blanc. The pass was used by Napoleon Bonaparte to cross 40,000 troops in 1800. The Saint Gotthard Pass crosses from Central Switzerland to Ticino; in the late 19th century the 9 miles (14 km) long Saint Gotthard Tunnel was built connecting Lucerne in Switzerland, with Milan in Italy. The Mont Cenis pass has been a major commercial road between Western Europe and Italy. Now the pass has been supplanted by the Fréjus Road and Rail tunnel. At 2,756 m (9,042 ft), the Stelvio Pass in northern Italy is one of the highest of the Alpine passes; the road was built in the 1820s. The highest pass in the alps is the col de l'Iseran in Savoy (France) at 2,770 m (9,088 ft). Important geological concepts were established as naturalists began studying the rock formations of the Alps in the 18th century. In the mid-19th century the now defunct theory of geosynclines was used to explain the presence of "folded" mountain

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French Revolution1789

  French Revolution The French Revolution (French: Révolution française) was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France from 1789 to 1799 that profoundly affected French and modern history, marking the decline of powerful monarchies and churches and the rise of democracy and nationalism. Popular resentment of the privileges enjoyed by the clergy and aristocracy grew amidst a financial crisis following two expensive wars and years of bad harvests, motivating demands for change. These were couched in terms ofEnlightenment ideals and caused the convocation of the Estates-General in May 1789. The first year of the Revolution saw members of the Third Estate taking control, the assault on the Bastille in July, the passage of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in August, and a march on Versailles that forced the royal court back to Paris in October. A central event of first stage wasthe abolition of feudalism and the old rules, taxes, courts and privileges left over from the age of feudalism on 4 August 1789. The next stage was dominated by struggles between various liberal assemblies and right-wing supporters of the monarchy intent on thwarting major reforms. A republic was proclaimed in September 1792. In a momentous event that led to international condemnation, King Louis XVI was executed on 21 January 1793. External threats closely shaped the course of the Revolution. The Revolutionary Wars beginning in 1792 ultimately featured French victories that facilitated the conquest of the Italian Peninsula, the Low Countries and most territories west of the Rhine – achievements that had eluded previous French governments for centuries. Internally, popular agitation radicalized the Revolution significantly, culminating in the rise of Maximilien Robespierre and the Jacobins. The dictatorship imposed by the Committee of Public Safety during the Reign of Terror, from 1793 until 1794, caused up to 40,000 deaths inside France, abolished slavery in the colonies, and secured the borders of the new republic from its enemies. The Reign of Terror ended with the overthrow and execution of Robespierre and the other leading Jacobins in the Thermidorian Reaction. The Directory assumed control of the French state in 1795 and held power until 1799. In that year, conventionally seen as the conclusion of the Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparteoverthrew the Directory in the coup of 18 Brumaire and established the Consulate. The First Empire under Napoleon emerged in 1804 and spread French revolutionary principles all over Europe during the Napoleonic Wars. The First Empire was militarily defeated by an anti-Napoleonic coalition that in 1815 brought about the restoration of the Bourbons, albeit under a constitutional monarchy, and the reversion to France's traditional frontiers. Adherents of most historical models identify many of the same features of the Ancien Régime as being among the causes of the Revolution. Historians until the late 20th century emphasized class conflicts from a largely Marxist perspective. Its central theme was the Revolution was caused by the rising bourgeoisie, with support from the sans-culottes, who fought to destroy the aristocracy. By the 1990s the Marxist class interpretation had largely been abandoned among scholars. However, historians continue to emphasize the economic and fiscal crises of the Old regime. The economy was not healthy; poor harvests, rising food prices, and an inadequate transportation system made food even more expensive. The sequence of events leading to the revolution included the national government's fiscal troubles caused by an inefficient tax system and expenditure on numerous large wars. The attempt to challenge British naval and commercial power in the Seven Years' War was a costly disaster, with the loss of France's colonial possessions in continental North America and the destruction of the French Navy. French forces were rebuilt and performed more successfully in theAmerican Revolutionary War, but only at massive additional cost, and with no real gains for France except the knowledge that Britain had been humbled. France's inefficient and antiquated financial system could not finance this debt. Faced with a financial crisis, the king called an Assembly of Notables in 1787 for the first time in over a century. Meanwhile, the royal court at Versailles was isolated from, and indifferent to the escalating crisis. While in theory King Louis XVI was an absolute monarch, in practice he was often indecisive and known to back down when faced with strong opposition. While he did reduce government expenditures, opponents in the parlements successfully thwarted his attempts at enacting much needed reforms. TheEnlightenment had produced many writers, pamphleteers and publishers who could inform or inflame public opinion. The opposition used this resource to mobilize public opinion against the monarchy, which in turn tried to repress the underground literature. Many other factors involved resentments and aspirations given focus by the rise of Enlightenment ideals. These included resentment of royal absolutism; resentment by peasants, laborers and the bourgeoisie toward the traditional seigneurial privileges possessed by the nobility; resentment of the Catholic Church's influence over public policy and institutions; aspirations for freedom of religion; resentment of aristocratic bishops by the poorer rural clergy; aspirations for social, political and economic equality, and (especially as the Revolution progressed) republicanism; hatred of Queen Marie-Antoinette, who was falsely accused of being a spendthrift and an Austrian spy; and anger toward the King for firing finance minister Jacques Necker, among others, who were popularly seen as representatives of the people. Louis XVI ascended to the throne amidst a financial crisis; the state was nearing bankruptcy and outlays outpaced income. This was because of France’s financial obligations stemming from involvement in the Seven Years' War and its participation in the American Revolutionary War. In May 1776, finance minister Turgot was dismissed, after he failed to enact reforms. The next year, Jacques Necker, a foreigner, was appointed Comptroller-General of Finance. He could not be made an official minister because he was a Protestant. Necker realized that the country's extremely regressive tax system subjected the lower classes to a heavy burden, while

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Blonde B

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Nadia Comaneci1961

  Nadia Comaneci Nadia Elena Comăneci  born November 12, 1961 is a Romanian gymnast, winner of three Olympic gold medals at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal and the first female gymnast to be awarded a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic gymnastic event. She also won two gold medals at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. She is one of the best-known gymnasts in the world.In 2000 Comăneci was named as one of the Athletes of the Century by the Laureus World Sports Academy. Nadia Comăneci was born in Onești, Romania, as the daughter of Gheorghe and Ștefania-Alexandrina Comăneci. Her mother was inspired to call her Nadia by a Russian film she watched while pregnant, whose heroine was called Nadya, the diminutive version of the Russian name Nadezhda, which means "hope". Comăneci also has a brother four years younger than her, named Adrian.       Comăneci began gymnastics in kindergarten with a local team called Flacăra ("The Flame"), with coaches Duncan and Munteanu. At age 6 she was chosen to attend Béla Károlyi's experimental gymnastics school after Karolyi spotted her and a friend turning cartwheels in a schoolyard. Karolyi was looking for gymnasts he could train from a young age and saw the two girls during recess. When recess ended the girls ran inside. Karolyi went around the classrooms trying to find the girls. He could not find them. But then he spotted Nadia in the classroom. (The other one, Viorica Dumitro went on to be one of Romania's topballerinas.) She was training with Károlyi by the time she was 7 years old, in 1968. She was one of the first students at the gymnastics school established in Onești by Béla and his wife, Marta. Unlike many of the other students at the Károlyi school, Comăneci was able to commute from home for many years because she lived in the town. Comăneci came in 13th in her first Romanian National Championships in 1969, at the age of just 8. Béla Károlyi thought this was unlucky and gave her a doll to remind her never to place 13th again she did not. A year later, in 1970, she began competing as a member of her hometown team and became the youngest gymnast ever to win the Romanian Nationals. In 1971, she participated in her first international competition, a dual junior meet between Romania and Yugoslavia, winning her first all-aroundtitle and contributing to the team gold. For the next few years, she competed as a junior in numerous national contests in Romania and additional dual meets with countries such as Hungary, Italy and Poland. At the age of 11, in 1973, she won the all-around gold, as well as the vault and uneven bars titles, at the Junior Friendship Tournament (Druzhba), an important international meet for junior gymnasts.            Comăneci's first major international success came at the age of 13, when she nearly swept the 1975 European Championships inSkien, Norway, winning the all-around and gold medals on every event but the floor exercise, in which she placed second. She continued to enjoy success in other meets in 1975, winning the all-around at the "Champions All" competition and placing first in the all-around, vault, beam, and bars at the Romanian National Championships. In the pre-Olympic test event in Montreal, Comăneci won the all-around and the balance beam golds, as well as silvers in the vault, floor, and bars behind accomplished Soviet gymnastNellie Kim, who would prove

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Dracula2014

  Dracula Dracula is an 1897 Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker.Famous for introducing the character of the vampire Count Dracula, the novel tells the story of Dracula's attempt to move fromTransylvania to England, and the battle between Dracula and a small group of men and women led by Professor Abraham Van Helsing. Dracula has been assigned to many literary genres including vampire literature, horror fiction, the gothic novel and invasion literature. The novel touches on themes such as the role of women in Victorian culture, sexual conventions, immigration, colonialism, and post-colonialism. Although Stoker did not invent the vampire, he defined its modern form, and the novel has spawned numerous theatrical, film and television interpretations. The story is told in epistolary format, as a series of letters, diary entries, and ships' log entries, whose narrators are the novel's protagonists, and occasionally supplemented with newspaper clippings relating events not directly witnessed. The events portrayed in the novel take place largely in England and Transylvania during 1893. The tale begins with Jonathan Harker, a newly qualified English solicitor, visiting Count Dracula in the Carpathian Mountains on the border of Transylvania, Bukovina, and Moldavia, to provide legal support for a real estate transaction overseen by Harker's employer. At first enticed by Dracula's gracious manners, Harker soon realizes that he is Dracula's prisoner. Wandering the Count's castle against Dracula's admonition, Harker encounters three female vampires, called "the sisters", from whom he is rescued by Dracula. After the preparations are made, Dracula leaves Transylvania and abandons Harker to the sisters. Harker barely escapes from the castle with his life. Not long afterward, a Russian ship, the Demeter, having weighed anchor at Varna, runs aground on the shores of Whitby. The captain'slog narrates the gradual disappearance of the entire crew, until the captain alone remained, himself bound to the helm to maintain course. An animal resembling "a large dog" is seen leaping ashore. The ship's cargo is described as silver sand and boxes of "mould", or earth, from Transylvania. Soon Dracula is tracking Harker's fiancée, Wilhelmina "Mina" Murray, and her friend, Lucy Westenra. Lucy receives three marriage proposals from Dr. John Seward, Quincey Morris, and the Hon. Arthur Holmwood (later Lord Godalming). Lucy accepts Holmwood's proposal while turning down Seward and Morris, but all remain friends. Dracula communicates with Seward's patient Renfield

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Carpathian Mountains1

                        Carpathian Mountains  The Carpathian Mountains or Carpathians are a range of mountains forming an arc roughly 1,500 km (932 mi) long across Central and Eastern Europe, making them the second-longest mountain range in Europe (after the Scandinavian Mountains, 1,700 km (1,056 mi)). They provide the habitat for the largest European populations of brown bears, wolves,chamois and lynxes, with the highest concentration in Romania, as well as over one third of all European plant species. The Carpathians and their foothills also have many thermal and mineral waters, with Romania having one-third of the European total. Romania is likewise home to the largest surface of virgin forests in Europe (excluding Russia), totaling 250,000 hectares (65%), most of them in the Carpathians, with the Southern Carpathians constituting Europe’s largest unfragmented forested area. The Carpathians consist of a chain of mountain ranges that stretch in an arc from the Czech Republic (3%) in the northwest through Slovakia (17%), Poland (10%), Hungary (4%) and Ukraine (11%) to Romania (53%) in the east and on to the Iron Gates on the River Danube between Romania and Serbia (2%) in the south. The highest range within the Carpathians is the Tatras, on the border of Slovakia and Poland, where the highest peaks exceed 2,600 m (8,530 ft). The second-highest range is the Southern Carpathians in Romania, where the highest peaks exceed 2,500 m (8,202 ft). The Carpathians are usually divided into three major parts: the Western Carpathians (Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia), the Eastern Carpathians (southeastern Poland, eastern Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania), and the Southern Carpathians (Romania, Serbia). The most important cities in or near the Carpathians are: Bratislava and Košice in Slovakia; Kraków in Poland; Cluj-Napoca, Sibiu and Braşov in Romania; and Miskolc in Hungary. The name "Carpathian" may have been derived from Carpi, a Dacian tribe. According to Zosimus, this tribe lived until 381 on the eastern Carpathian slopes. The word could come from an Indo-European word meaning "rock". In Thracian Greek Καρπάτῆς όρος (Karpates oros) means "rocky mountain. The Carpathians begin on the Góra Świętego Marcina 384 m. in Tarnów - northern edge of Pogórze Ciężkowickie. They surround Transcarpathiaand 

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Roman Empire

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Costa Smeralda

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BRAIN 2014

  BRAIN The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals—only a few invertebrates such as sponges, jellyfish, adult sea squirts and starfish do not have a brain, even if diffuse neural tissue is present. It is located in the head, usually close to the primary sensory organs for such senses as vision, hearing, balance, taste, and smell. The brain is the most complex organ in a vertebrate's body. In a typical human, the cerebral cortex (the largest part) is estimated to contain 15–33 billion neurons, each connected by synapses to several thousand other neurons. These neurons communicate with one another by means of long protoplasmic fibers called axons, which carry trains of signal pulses called action potentials to distant parts of the brain or body targeting specific recipient cells. Physiologically, the function of the brain is to exert centralized control over the other organs of the body. The brain acts on the rest of the body both by generating patterns of muscle activity and by driving the secretion of chemicals called hormones. This centralized control allows rapid and coordinated responses to changes in the environment. Some basic types of responsiveness such as reflexes can be mediated by the spinal cord or peripheral ganglia, but sophisticated purposeful control of behavior based on complex sensory input requires the information integrating capabilities of a centralized brain. From a philosophical point of view, what makes the brain special in comparison to other organs is that it forms the physical structure associated with the mind. As Hippocrates put it: "Men ought to know that from nothing else but the brain come joys, delights, laughter and sports, and sorrows, griefs, despondency, and lamentations." Through much of history, the mind was thought to be separate from the brain. Even for present-day neuroscience, the mechanisms by which brain activity gives rise to consciousness and thought remain very challenging to understand: despite rapid scientific progress, much about how the brain works remains a mystery. The operations of individual brain cells are now understood in considerable detail, but the way they cooperate in ensembles of millions has yet to be solved. The most promising approaches treat the brain as a biological computer, very different in mechanism from an electronic computer, but similar in the sense that it acquires information from the surrounding world, stores it, and processes it in a variety of ways, analogous to the central processing unit(CPU) in a computer. The shape and size of the brains of different species vary greatly, and identifying common features is often difficult. Nevertheless, there are a number of principles of brain architecture that apply across a wide range of species. Some aspects of brain structure are common to almost the entire range of animal species; others distinguish "advanced" brains from more primitive ones, or distinguish vertebrates from invertebrates. The simplest way to gain information about brain anatomy is by visual inspection, but many more sophisticated techniques have been developed. Brain tissue in its natural state is too soft to work with, but it can be hardened by immersion in alcohol or other fixatives, and then sliced apart for examination of the interior. Visually, the interior of the brain consists of areas

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Borgogne

  Borgogne Burgundy (French: Bourgogne, ) is an administrative and historical region of east-central France. Burgundy comprises the following four departments: Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, Yonne and Nièvre. Historically, "Burgundy" has referred to numerous political entities, including kingdoms and duchies spanning territory from the Mediterranean to Benelux. The name comes from the Burgundians, an ancient Germanic people originating in Bornholm

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Mont Saint-Michel

  Mont Saint-Michel Mont Saint-Michel  English: Saint Michael's Mount  is an island commune in Normandy, France. It is located approximately one kilometre (0.6 miles) off the country's northwestern coast, at the mouth of the Couesnon River nearAvranches. 100 hectares (247 acres) in size, the island has a population of 44 (2009). The island has held strategic fortifications since ancient times, and since the eighth century CE has been the seat of themonastery from which it draws its name. The structural composition of the town exemplifies the feudal society that constructed it: On top, God, the abbey and monastery; below this, the great halls; then stores and housing; and at the bottom, outside the walls, fishermen's and farmers' housing. Its unique position of being an island only 600 metres from land made it readily accessible on low tide to the many pilgrims to itsabbey. Equally, this position made it readily defensible as an incoming tide stranded, or drowned, would-be assailants. By capitalising on this natural defence, the Mont remained unconquered during the Hundred Years' War with a small garrison successfully defending it against a full attack by the English in 1433. The reverse benefits of its natural defence was not lost onLouis XI who turned The Mont into a state prison and thereafter the abbey started to be used more regularly as a jail during theAncien Régime from the sixteenth century. Now a rocky tidal island, in prehistoric times the Mont was on dry land. As sea levels rose, erosion reshaped the coastal landscape, and several outcroppings of granite or granulite emerged in the bay, having resisted the wear and tear of the ocean better than the surrounding rocks. These included Lillemer, the Mont-Dol, Tombelaine (the island just to the north), and Mont Tombe, later called Mont Saint-Michel. The Mont has a circumference of about 960 meters and is 92 metres (301 feet) above sea level at its highest point. The tides can vary greatly, at roughly 14 metres (46 ft) between high and low water marks. Popularly nicknamed "St. Michael in peril of the sea" by medieval pilgrims making their way across the flats, the mount can still pose dangers for visitors who avoid the causeway and attempt the hazardous walk across the sands from the neighbouring coast. Polderisation and occasional flooding have created salt marsh meadows that were found to be ideally suited to grazing sheep. The well-flavoured meat that results from the diet of the sheep in the pré salé (salt meadow) makes agneau de pré-salé (salt meadow lamb) a local specialty that may be found on the menus of restaurants that depend on income from the many visitors to the mount.

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Oktoberfest1

  Oktoberfest Oktoberfest is the world's largest funfair held annually in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. It is a 16-day festival running from late September to the first weekend in October with more than 6 million people from around the world attending the event every year. To the locals, it is often simply called Wiesn, after the colloquial name of the fairgrounds (Theresienwiese) themselves. The Oktoberfest is an important part of Bavarian culture, having been held since 1810. Other cities across the world also hold Oktoberfest celebrations, modeled after the original Munich event. The Munich Oktoberfest originally took place during the sixteen days up to, and including, the first Sunday in October. In 1994, the schedule was modified in response to German reunification so that if the first Sunday in October falls on the 1st or 2nd, then the festival would go on until October 3 (German Unity Day). Thus, the festival is now 17 days when the first Sunday is October 2 and 18 days when it is October 1. In 2010, the festival lasted until the first Monday in October, to mark the anniversary of the event. The festival is held in an area named the Theresienwiese (field, or meadow, of Therese), often called Wiesn for short, located near Munich's center. Large quantities of Oktoberfest Beer are consumed, with almost 7 million litres served during the 16 day festival in 2007. Visitors may also enjoy a mixture of attractions, such as amusement rides, sidestalls and games, as well as a wide variety of traditional food such as Hendl (roast chicken), Schweinebraten (roastpork), Schweinshaxe (grilled ham hock), Steckerlfisch (grilled fish on a stick), Würstl (sausages) along with Brezen (pretzel), Knödel (potato or bread dumplings), Käsespätzle(cheese noodles), Reiberdatschi (potato pancakes), Sauerkraut or Rotkohl/Blaukraut (red cabbage) along with such Bavarian delicacies as Obatzda (a spiced cheese-butter spread) and Weisswurst (a white sausage). Only beer conforming to the Reinheitsgebot, at a minimum of 13.5% Stammwürze (approximately 6% alcohol by volume) may be served at Oktoberfest. The beer must also be brewed within the city limits of Munich. Beers meeting these criteria may be designated Oktoberfest Beer. The breweries that can produce Oktoberfest Beer under the criteria are: Augustiner-Bräu Hacker-Pschorr-Bräu Löwenbräu Paulaner Spatenbräu Staatliches Hofbräu-München Oktoberfest Beer is a registered Trademark by the Club of Munich Brewers. Crown Prince Ludwig, later to become King Ludwig I, was married to Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen on October 12, 1810. The citizens of Munich were invited to attend the festivities held on the fields in front of the city gates to celebrate the happy royal event. The fields were named Theresienwiese ("Theresa's meadow") in honor of the Crown Princess, and have kept that name ever since, although the locals have since abbreviated the name simply to the "Wiesn". Horse races in the presence of the Royal Family marked the close of the event that was celebrated as a festival for the whole of Bavaria. The decision to repeat the horse races in the subsequent year gave rise to the tradition of the Oktoberfest. "The festival was eventually prolonged and moved ahead to September to allow for better weather conditions. Today, the last day of the festival is the first Sunday in October. In 2006, the Oktoberfest extended two extra days because the first Tuesday, October 3, was a national holiday. Over the past 200 years, Oktoberfest was cancelled 24 times due to cholera epidemics and war. In 1811, an agricultural show was added to promote Bavarian agriculture. The horse race persisted until 1960, the agricultural show still exists and is held every four years on the southern part of the festival

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What is Love1

  What is Love Love is a variety of different feelings, states, and attitudes that ranges from interpersonal affection ("I love my mother") to pleasure ("I loved that meal"). It can refer to an emotion of a strong attraction and personal attachment. It can also be a virtue representing humankindness, compassion, and affection—"the unselfish loyal and benevolent concern for the good of another". It may also describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one's self or animals. Ancient Greeks identified four forms of love: kinship or familiarity (in Greek, storge), friendship (philia), sexual and/or romantic desire(eros), and self-emptying or divine love (agape). Modern authors have distinguished further varieties of romantic love. Non-Western traditions have also distinguished variants or symbioses of these states. This diversity of uses and meanings combined with the complexity of the feelings involved makes love unusually difficult to consistently define, compared to other emotional states. Love in its various forms acts as a major facilitator of interpersonal relationships and, owing to its central psychological importance, is one of the most common themes in the creative arts.Love may be understood as a function to keep human beings together against menaces and to facilitate the continuation of the species. The word "love" can have a variety of related but distinct meanings in different contexts. Many other languages use multiple words to express some of the different concepts that in English are denoted as "love"; one example is the plurality of Greek words for "love". Cultural differences in conceptualizing love thus doubly impede the establishment of a universal definition. Although the nature or essence of love is a subject of frequent debate, different aspects of the word can be clarified by determining whatisn't love (antonyms of "love"). Love as a general expression of positive sentiment (a stronger form of like) is commonly contrasted with hate(or neutral apathy); as a less sexual and more emotionally intimate form of romantic attachment, love is commonly contrasted with lust; and as an interpersonal relationship with romantic overtones, love is sometimes contrasted with friendship, although the word love is often applied to close friendships. (Further possible ambiguities come with usages "girlfriend", "boyfriend", "just good friends"). Biological models of sex tend to view love as a mammalian drive, much like hunger or thirst. Helen Fisher, a leading expert in the topic of love, divides the experience of love into three partly overlapping stages: lust, attraction, and attachment. Lust is the feeling of sexual desire; romantic attraction determines what partners mates find attractive and pursue, conserving time and energy by choosing; and attachment involves sharing a home, parental duties, mutual defense, and in humans involves feelings of safety and security. Three distinct neural circuitries, including neurotransmitters, and three behavioral patterns, are associated with these three romantic styles. Lust is the initial passionate sexual desire that promotes mating, and involves the increased release of chemicals such as testosterone andestrogen. These effects rarely last more than a few weeks or months. Attraction is the more individualized and romantic desire for a specific candidate for mating, which develops out of lust as commitment to an individual mate forms. Recent studies in neuroscience have indicated that as people fall in love, the brain consistently releases a certain set of chemicals, including the neurotransmitter hormones, dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, the same compounds released by amphetamine, stimulating the brain's pleasure center and leading to side effects such as increased heart rate, loss of appetite and sleep, and an intense feeling of excitement. Research has indicated that this stage generally lasts from one and a half to three years. Since the lust and attraction stages are both considered temporary, a third stage is needed to account for long-term relationships. Attachment is the bonding that promotes relationships lasting for many years and even decades. Attachment is generally based on commitments such as marriage and children, or on mutual friendship based on things like shared interests. It has been linked to higher levels of the chemicals oxytocin and vasopressin to a greater degree than short-term relationships have. Enzo Emanuele and coworkers reported the protein molecule known as the nerve growth factor (NGF) has high levels when people first fall in love, but these return to previous levels after one year. Psychology depicts love as a cognitive and social phenomenon. Psychologist Robert Sternberg formulated a triangular theory of love and argued that love has three different components: intimacy, commitment, and passion. Intimacy is a form in which two people share confidences and various details of their personal lives, and is usually shown in friendships

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This blog is a complaint against all forms of viol

This blog is a complaint against all forms of violence against women               Violence against women  Never violence again women Violence against women (in short as VAW) is a technical term used to collectively refer to violent acts that are primarily or exclusively committed against women. Similar to a hate crime, which it is sometimes considered, this type of violence targets a specific group with the victim's gender as a primary motive. This type of violence is gender-based, meaning that the acts of violence are committed against women expressly because they are women, or as a result of patriarchal gender constructs. Violence against women can fit into several broad categories. These include violence carried out by ‘individuals’ as well as ‘states.’ Some of the forms of violence perpetrated by individuals are rape; domestic violence; sexual harassment; coercive use of contraceptives; female infanticide; prenatal sex selection; obstetric violence and mob violence; as well as harmful customary or traditional practices such as honor killings, dowry violence, female genital mutilation, marriage by abduction and forced marriage. Some forms of violence are perpetrated or condoned by the state such as war rape; sexual violence and sexual slavery during conflict; forced sterilization; forced abortion; violence by the police and authoritative personnel; stoning and flogging. Many forms of VAW, such as trafficking in women and forced prostitution are often perpetrated by organized criminal networks. The World Health Organization (WHO), in its research on VAW, categorized it as occurring through five stages of the life cycle: “1) pre-birth, 2) infancy, 3) girlhood, 4) adolescence and adulthood and 5) elderly”   In recent years, there has been a trend of approaching VAW at an international level, through instruments such as conventions; or, in the European Union, through directives, such as the directive against sexual harassment, and the directive against human trafficking. The history of violence against women remains vague in scientific literature. This is in part due to the fact that many kinds of violence against women (specifically rape, sexual assault, and domestic violence) often go unreported or under-reported, often due to societal norms, taboos, stigma, and the sensitive nature of the subject. It is widely recognized that even today, a lack of reliable and continuous data is an obstacle in having a clear picture of violence against women, so a historical picture of violence against women becomes even more difficult to capture. Although the history of violence against women is difficult to track, some claim that violence against women has been accepted, and even condoned and legally sanctioned throughout history. Examples include the fact that Roman law gave men the right to chastise their wives, even to the point of death, the burning of witches, which was condoned by both the church and the state, and an 18th-century English common law allowing a man to punish his wife using a stick "no wider than his thumb." This rule for punishment of wives prevailed in England and America until the late 19th century. Some historians believe that the history of violence against women is tied to the history of women being viewed as property and a gender role assigned to be subservient to men and also other women. Oftentimes, explanations of patriarchy and an overall world system or status quo in which gender inequalities exist and are perpetuated, are cited to explain the scope and history of violence against women. The UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (1993) states that "violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women, which have led to domination over and discrimination against women by men and to the prevention of the full advancement of women, and that violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men.” To the modern day, it is recognized that violence against women exists everywhere, and that "there is no region of the world, no country and no culture in which women’s freedom from violence has been secured." Attention

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Madonna(singer)

  Madonna(singer) Madonna Louise Ciccone (born August 16, 1958) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and businesswoman. She achieved popularity by pushing the boundaries of lyrical content in mainstream popular music and imagery in her music videos, which became a fixture on MTV. Madonna is known for reinventing both her music and image, and for retaining a standard of autonomy within the recording industry. Music critics have acclaimed her musical productions which have also been known to induce controversy. She is also cited as an influence among other artists around the world. Born in Bay City, Michigan, Madonna moved to New York City to pursue a career in modern dance. After performing in the music groups Breakfast Club and Emmy, she signed with Sire Records (an affiliate of Warner Bros. Records) in 1982 and released herself-titled debut album the following year. She followed it with a series of commercially successful albums, including the Grammy Award winners Ray of Light (1998) and Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005). Throughout her career, she has written and produced most of her songs, with many of them reaching number one on the record charts, including "Like a Virgin", "Into the Groove", "Papa Don't Preach", "Like a Prayer", "Vogue", "Frozen", "Music", "Hung Up", and "4 Minutes". Madonna's popularity was further enhanced by her film roles, but most of them have received harsh feedback. But she garnered aGolden Globe Award for Best Actress in Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for Evita (1996). Her other ventures include fashion design, writing children's books, and film directing and producing. She has been acclaimed as a businesswoman, most notably after she founded entertainment company Maverick (including the label Maverick Records) in 1992 as a joint venture with Time Warner. In 2007, she signed an unprecedented US $120 million 360 deal with Live Nation. Madonna Louise Ciccone was born to a Catholic family in Bay City, Michigan, on August 16, 1958. She is the eldest daughter of Silvio Anthony "Tony" Ciccone and Madonna Louise Fortin (c. 1933 – December 1, 1963). Her father's parents were immigrants from Pacentro, Italy, while her mother was of French descent. Tony worked as an engineer designer for Chrysler and General Motors. Since Madonna had the same name as her mother, family members called her "Little Nonni". She has two elder brothers, Anthony (born 1956) and Martin (born 1957), and three younger siblings, Paula (born 1959), Christopher (born 1960), and Melanie (born 1962). Upon receiving confirmation in 1966, she adopted Veronica as an additional confirmation name. She was raised in the Detroit suburbs of Pontiac and Avon Township (nowRochester Hills). Months before her mother died from breast cancer, Madonna noticed changes in her behavior and personality, although she did not understand the reason.Her mother was at a loss to explain her medical condition, and often began to cry when Madonna questioned her about it. Madonna later acknowledged that she had not grasped the concept of her mother dying. Madonna turned to her paternal grandmother in the hope of finding some solace and some form of her mother in her. The Ciccone siblings resented housekeepers and invariably rebelled against anyone brought into their home ostensibly to take the place of their beloved mother. Madonna later told Vanity Fair that she saw herself in her youth as a "lonely girl who was searching for something. I wasn't rebellious in a certain way. I cared about being good at something. I didn't shave my underarms and I didn't wear make-up like normal girls do. But I studied and I got good grades..... I wanted to be somebody." Terrified that Tony could be taken from her as well, Madonna was often unable to sleep unless she was near him.[3] In 1966, Tony married the family's housekeeper Joan Gustafson, and they had two children: Jennifer (born 1967) and Mario (born 1968). At this point, Madonna started to resent him for decades, and developed a rebellious attitude. She attended St. Frederick's and St. Andrew's Catholic Elementary Schools, and then West Middle School. She was known for her high grade point average, and achieved notoriety for her unconventional behavior: she would perform cartwheels and handstands in the hallways between classes, dangle by her knees from the monkey bars during recess, and pull up her skirt during class—all so that the boys could see her underwear. Madonna later attended Rochester Adams High School where she became a straight-A student and a member of the cheerleading squad. After graduating, she received a dance scholarship to the University of Michigan. She convinced her father to allow her to take ballet lessons and was persuaded by Christopher Flynn, her ballet teacher, to pursue a career in dance. In 1978, she dropped out of college and relocated to New York City. She had little money and worked as a waitress at Dunkin' Donuts and with modern dance troupes. Madonna said of her move to New York, "It was the first time I'd ever taken a plane, the first time I'd ever gotten a taxi cab. I came here with $35 in my pocket. It was the bravest thing I'd ever done."She started to work as a backup dancer for other established artists. During a late night, Madonna was returning from a rehearsal, when a pair of men held her at knifepoint and forced her to perform fellatio. Madonna later commented that "the episode was a taste of my weakness, it showed me that I still could not save myself in spite of all the strong-girl show. I could never forget it. After Madonna signed a singles deal with Sire, her debut single, "Everybody", was released in October 1982, and the second one, "Burning Up", in March 1983. Both became big club hits in the United States, reaching number three on Hot Dance Club Songs chart compiled by Billboard magazine. After this success, she started developing her debut album, Madonna, which was primarily produced by Reggie Lucas, a Warner Bros. producer. However, she was not happy with the completed tracks and disagreed with Lucas' production techniques, so decided to seek additional help. Madonna moved in with boyfriend John "Jellybean" Benitez, asking his help for finishing the album's production.Benitez remixed most of the tracks and produced "Holiday", which was her third single and her first global hit. The overall sound of Madonna was dissonant and in the form of upbeat synthetic disco, utilizing some of the new technology of the time, like the 

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Nimbus

  Nimbus Nimbostratus is a low-to-middle altitude cloud that has considerable vertical and horizontal extent and produces precipitation over a wide area. "Nimbo" is from the Latin word "nimbus", which denotes precipitation. It is a multilevel stratiform layer with a diffuse cloud base generally found anywhere from near surface and about 10000 ft (3000 m). This cloud typically forms from altostratus in the middle altitude range, but it tends to thicken into the low altitude range during precipitation. Although usually dark at its base, it often appears illuminated from within to a surface observer. Nimbostratus usually has a thickness of about 2000 m. Though found worldwide, nimbostratus occurs more commonly in the middle latitudes.

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Vesuvio

  Vesuvio Mount Vesuvius (Italian: Monte Vesuvio, Latin: Mons Vesuvius) is a stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, Italy, about 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is one of several volcanoes which form the Campanian volcanic arc. Vesuvius consists of a large cone partially encircled by the steep rim of a summit caldera caused by the collapse of an earlier and originally much higher structure. Mount Vesuvius is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeiiand Herculaneum. That eruption ejected a cloud of stones, ash and fumes to a height of 33 km (20.5 mi), spewing molten rockand pulverized pumice at the rate of 1.5 million tons per second, ultimately releasing a hundred thousand times the thermal energy released by the Hiroshima bombing. An estimated 16,000 people died due to hydrothermal pyroclastic flows. The only surviving eyewitness account of the event consists of two letters by Pliny the Younger to the historian Tacitus. Vesuvius has erupted many times since and is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years. Today, it is regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of the population of 3,000,000 people living nearby and its tendency towards explosive (Plinian) eruptions. It is the most densely populated volcanic region in the world. Vesuvius has a long historic and literary tradition. It was considered a divinity of the Genius type at the time of the eruption of 79 AD: it appears under the inscribed name Vesuvius as a serpent in the decorative frescos of many lararia, or household shrines, surviving from Pompeii. An inscription from Capua to IOVI VESVVIO indicates that he was worshipped as a power ofJupiter; that is, Jupiter Vesuvius. The historian Diodorus Siculus relates a tradition that Hercules, in the performance of his labors, passed through the country of nearby Cumae on his way to Sicily and found there a place called "the Phlegraean Plain" (phlegraion pedion, "plain of fire"), "from a hill which anciently vomited out fire ... now called Vesuvius." It was inhabited by bandits, "the sons of the Earth," who were giants. With the assistance of the gods he pacified the region and went on. The facts behind the tradition, if any, remain unknown, as does whether Herculaneum was named after it. An epigram by the poet Martial in 88 AD suggests that both Venus, patroness of Pompeii, and Hercules were worshipped in the region devastated by the eruption of 79. Whether Hercules was ever considered some sort of patron of the volcano itself is debatable. Vesuvius was a name of the volcano in frequent use by the authors of the late Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire. Its collateral forms were Vesaevus, Vesevus, Vesbius and Vesvius. Writers in ancient Greek used Οὐεσούιον or Οὐεσούιος. Many scholars since then have offered an etymology. As peoples of varying ethnicity and language occupied Campania in the Roman Iron Age, the etymology depends to a large degree on the presumption of what language was spoken there at the time. Naples was settled by Greeks, as the name Nea-polis, "New City", testifies. The Oscans, a native Italic people, lived in the countryside. The Latins also competed for the occupation of Campania. Etruscan settlements were in the vicinity. Other peoples of unknown provenance are said to have been there at some time by various ancient authors. Vesuvius is a distinctive "humpbacked" mountain, consisting of a large cone (Gran Cono) partially encircled by the steep rim of a summitcaldera caused by the collapse of an earlier and originally much higher structure called Monte Somma. The Gran Cono was produced during the eruption of AD 79. For this reason, the volcano is also called Somma-Vesuvius or Somma-Vesuvio. The caldera started forming during an eruption around 17,000 (or 18,300) years ago and was enlarged by later paroxysmaleruptions ending in the one of AD 79. This structure has given its name to the term "somma volcano", which describes any volcano with a summit caldera surrounding a newer cone. The height of the main cone has been constantly changed by eruptions but is 1,281 m (4,203 ft) at present. Monte Somma is 1,149 m (3,770 ft) high, separated from the main cone by the valley of Atrio di Cavallo, which is some 5 km (3.1 mi) long. The slopes of the mountain are scarred by lava flows but are heavily vegetated, with scrub and forest at higher altitudes and vineyards lower down. Vesuvius is still regarded as an active volcano, although its current activity produces little more than steam from vents at the bottom of the crater. Vesuvius is a stratovolcano at the convergent boundary where the African Plate is being subducted beneath the Eurasian Plate. Layers of lava, scoria, volcanic ash, and pumice make up the mountain. Their mineralogy is variable, but generally silica-undersaturated and rich in potassium, with phonoliteproduced in the more explosive eruptions.

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Eiffel Tower1889

  Eiffel Tower The Eiffel Tower  is an iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. It was named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. Erected in 1889 as the entrance arch to the 1889 World's Fair, it was initially criticised by some of France's leading artists and intellectuals for its design, but has become both a globalcultural icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tower is the tallest structure in Paris and the most-visited paid monument in the world; 6.98 million people ascended it in 2011. The tower received its 250 millionth visitor in 2010. The tower is 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to assume the title of the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years, until the Chrysler Building in New York City was built in 1930. Because of the addition of the antenna atop the Eiffel Tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 metres (17 ft). Not including broadcast antennae, it is the second-tallest structure in France, after the Millau Viaduct. The tower has three levels for visitors, with restaurants on the first and second. The third level observatory's upper platform is 276 m (906 ft) above the ground, the highest accessible to the public in the European Union. Tickets can be purchased to ascend bystairs or lift (elevator) to the first and second levels. The climb from ground level to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the walk from the first to the second level. Although there are stairs to the third and highest level, these are usually closed to the public and it is generally only accessible by lift. The design of the Eiffel Tower was originated by Maurice Koechlin and Émile Nouguier, two senior engineers who worked for theCompagnie des Établissements Eiffel, after discussion about a suitable centrepiece for the proposed 1889 Exposition Universelle, aWorld's Fair which would celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution. In May 1884 Koechlin, working at home, made an outline drawing of their scheme, described by him as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals". Initially Eiffel himself showed little enthusiasm, but he did sanction further study of the project, and the two engineers then asked Stephen Sauvestre, the head of company's architectural department, to contribute to the design. Sauvestre added decorative arches to the base, a glass pavilion to the first level, and other embellishments. This enhanced version gained Eiffel's support: he bought the rights to the patent on the design which Koechlin, Nougier, and Sauvestre had taken out, and the design was exhibited at the Exhibition of Decorative Arts in the autumn of 1884 under the company name. On 30 March 1885 Eiffel presented a paper on the project to the Société des Ingiénieurs Civils; after discussing the technical problems and emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying that the tower would symbolise. Little happened until the beginning of 1886, when Jules Grévy was re-elected as President and Édouard Lockroy was appointed as Minister for Trade. A budget for the Exposition was passed and on 1 May Lockroy announced an alteration to the terms of the open competition which was being held for a centerpiece for the exposition, which effectively made the choice of Eiffel's design a foregone conclusion: all entries had to include a study for a 300 m (980 ft) four-sided metal tower on the Champ de Mars. On 12 May a commission was set up to examine Eiffel's scheme and its rivals and on 12 June it presented its decision, which was that all the proposals except Eiffel's were either impractical or insufficiently worked out. After some debate about the exact site for the tower, a contract was finally signed on 8 January 1887. This was signed by Eiffel acting in his own capacity rather than as the representative of his company, and granted him 1.5 million francs toward the construction costs: less than a quarter of the estimated 6.5 million francs. Eiffel was to receive all income from the commercial exploitation of the tower during the exhibition and for the following twenty years. Eiffel later established a separate company to manage the tower, putting up half the necessary capital himself. The projected tower had been a subject of some controversy, attracting criticism from both those who did not believe that it was feasible and those who objected on artistic grounds, whose objections were an expression of a longstanding debate about the relationship between architecture

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Tarantula1

  Tarantula Lycosa tarantula is the species originally known as the tarantula, a name that nowadays commonly refers to spiders in another family entirely, Theraphosidae. It now may be better called the tarantula wolf spider, being in the wolf spider family, the Lycosidae. Lycosa tarantula is a large species found in southern Europe, especially in the Apulia region of Italy and near the city of Taranto, from which it gets its name.Historical superstition has it that the spider's bite can produce severe symptoms called tarantism. These spiders are rather large, the females being as large as 30 mm (1.18 in.) in body length and the males around 19 mm (0.75 in.). As with other wolf spiders, the silken sac containing over one hundred eggs is carried attached to the mother's spinnerets, and then after they hatch the baby spiders climb on their mother's abdomen and ride around with her for some time until they are sufficiently mature to survive on their own. (The picture that accompanies this article shows a mother transporting her large brood.) After leaving their mother's protection, the young spiders disperse and dig burrows. Females live in their burrows all their lives except for nocturnal forays to capture prey, but the mature males leave the protection of burrows

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Capitol(Washington)

  Capitol(Washington) The United States Capitol, atop Capitol Hill at the eastern end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., is the seat of theUnited States Congress, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. Though not at the geographic center of theFederal District, the Capitol is the origin point at which the the District's four quadrants meet, and around which the city was laid out. Like the principal buildings of the executive and judicial branches, the Capitol is built in a distinctive neoclassical style and has a white exterior. Though both its east and west elevations are formally referred to as fronts, only the east front was intended for the reception of visitors and dignitaries. Prior to establishing the nation's capital in Washington, D.C., the United States Congress and its predecessors had met inPhiladelphia (Independence Hall and Congress Hall), New York City (Federal Hall), and a number of other locations (Maryland State House in Annapolis, Maryland, Nassau Hall in Princeton, New Jersey). In September 1774, the First Continental Congress brought together delegates from the colonies in Philadelphia, followed the Second Continental Congress, which met from May 1775 to March 1781. After adopting the Articles of Confederation, the Congress of the Confederation was formed and convened in Philadelphia from March 1781 until June 1783, when a mob of angry soldiers converged upon Independence Hall, demanding payment for their service during the American Revolutionary War. Congress requested that John Dickinson, theGovernor of Pennsylvania, call up the militia to defend Congress from attacks by the protesters. In what became known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, Dickinson sympathized with the protesters and refused to remove them from Philadelphia. As a result, Congress was forced to flee to Princeton, New Jersey, on June 21, 1783, and met inAnnapolis, Maryland and Trenton, New Jersey before ending up in New York City.                   The United States Congress was established upon ratification of the United States Constitution and formally began on March 4, 1789. New York City remained home to Congress until July 1790, when the Residence Act was passed to pave the way for a permanent capital. The decision to locate the capital was contentious, but Alexander Hamilton helped broker a compromise in which the federal government would take on war debt incurred during the American Revolutionary War, in exchange for support from northern states for locating the capital along the Potomac River. As part of the legislation, Philadelphia was chosen as a temporary capital for ten years (until December 1800), until the nation's capital in Washington, D.C. would be ready. Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant was given the task of creating the city plan for the new capital city. L'Enfant chose Jenkins Hill as the site for the Capitol building, with a grand boulevard connecting it with the President's House, and a public space stretching westward to the Potomac River.

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Diabetes m

  Diabetes Diabetes mellitus (DM) also known as simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugarlevels over a prolonged period. This high blood sugar produces the symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst, andincreased hunger. Untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications include diabetic ketoacidosis andnonketotic hyperosmolar coma.[4] Serious long-term complications include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcers anddamage to the eyes.[3] Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes mellitus: Type 1 DM results from the body's failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes". The cause is unknown. Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes". The primary cause is excessive body weight and not enough exercise. Gestational diabetes, is the third main form and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop a high blood glucose level. Prevention and treatment involves a healthy diet, physical exercise, not using tobacco, and being a normal body weight. Blood pressure control and proper foot care are also important for people with the disease. Type 1 diabetes must be managed with insulininjections. Type 2 diabetes may be treated with medications with or without insulin. Insulin and some oral medications can causelow blood sugar. Weight loss surgery in those with obesity is an effective measure in those with type 2 DM. Gestational diabetesusually resolves after the birth of the baby. The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are weight loss, polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), andpolyphagia (increased hunger). Symptoms may develop rapidly (weeks or months) in type 1 diabetes, while they usually develop much more slowly and may be subtle or absent in type 2 diabetes. Several other signs and symptoms can mark the onset of diabetes, although they are not specific to the disease. In addition to the when known ones above, they include blurry vision, headache, fatigue, slow healing of cuts, and itchy skin. Prolonged high blood glucose can cause glucose absorption in the lens of the eye, which leads to changes in its shape, resulting in vision

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Estray

  Estray Estray, in law, is any domestic animal found wandering at large or lost, particularly if the owner is unknown.Under early English common law, estrays were forfeited to the king or lord of the manor; under modern statutes, provision is made for taking up stray animals and acquiring either title to them or a lien for the expenses incurred in keeping them. A person taking up an estray has a qualified ownership in it, which becomes absolute if the owner fails to claim the animal within the statutory time limit. Whether the animal escaped through the owner's negligence or through the wrongful act of a third person is immaterial. If the owner reclaims the estray, he is liable for reasonable costs of its upkeep. The use of an estray during the period of qualified ownership, other than for its own preservation or for the benefit of the owner, is not authorized. Some statutes limit the right to take up estrays to certain classes of persons, to certain seasons or places, or to animals requiring care.

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Atene

  Atene Athens  is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning around 3,400 years. Classical Athens, as a landlocked location was a powerful city-state that emerged in conjunction with the seagoing development of the port of Piraeus. A centre for the arts, learning and philosophy, home of Plato's Academy and Aristotle'sLyceum, it is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy, largely due to the impact of its cultural and political achievements during the 5th and 4th centuries BC on the rest of the then known European continent. Today a cosmopolitan metropolis, modern Athens is central to economic, financial, industrial, political and cultural life in Greece. In 2012, Athens was ranked the world's 39th richest city by purchasing power and the 77th most expensive in aUBS study. The city of Athens has a population of 664,046 (796,442 in 2004) within its administrative limits and a land area of 39 km2(15 sq mi). The urban area of Athens (Greater Athens and Greater Piraeus) extends beyond the administrative municipal city limits, with a population of 3,074,160 (in 2011), over an area of 412 km2 (159 sq mi). According to Eurostat, the AthensLarger Urban Zone (LUZ) is the 7th most populous LUZ in the European Union (the 5th most populous capital city of the EU), with a population of 4,013,368 (in 2004). Athens is also the southernmost capital on the European mainland. The heritage of the classical era is still evident in the city, represented by ancient monuments and works of art, the most famous of all being the Parthenon, considered a key landmark of early Western civilization. The city also retains Roman and Byzantinemonuments, as well as a smaller number of Ottoman monuments. In Ancient Greek Athens' name was Ἀθῆναι (Athēnai [atʰɛ̂ːnai]) in plural. However, in earlier Greek, such as Homeric Greek, the name was in the singular form, as Ἀθήνη (Athēnē) and was then rendered in the plural, like those of Θῆβαι (Thēbai) and Μυκῆναι (Μukēnai). The root of the word is probably not of Greek or Indo-European origin, and is a possible remnant of the Pre-Greek substrate of Attica, as with the name of the goddess Athena (Attic Ἀθηνᾶ Athēnā, Ionic Ἀθήνη Athēnēand Doric Ἀθάνα Athānā), who was always related to the city of Athens. During the medieval period the name of the city was rendered once again in the singular as Ἀθήνα. However, because of the conservatism of the written language, Ἀθῆναι [aˈθine] remained the official name of the city until the abandonment of Katharevousa in the 1970s, when Ἀθήνα became the official name. Previously, there had been other etymologies by scholars of the 19th century. Lobeck proposed as the root of the name the word ἄθος (athos) orἄνθος (anthos) meaning flower, to denote Athens as the flowering city. On the other hand, Döderlein proposed

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Dolce & Gabbana1986

  Dolce & Gabbana Dolce & Gabbana  is an Italian luxury industry fashion house. The company was started by Italian designers Domenico Dolce (born 13 August 1958 in Polizzi Generosa, Sicily) and Stefano Gabbana (born 14 November 1962 in Milan). Domenico Dolce was born on 13 August 1958 in Polizzi Generosa, Sicily. Stefano Gabbana was born on 14 November 1962 in Milan. Dolce had enrolled in a three-year course in fashion design at Marangoni Institute but dropped out after four months, because he realized that he already knew everything the school had to teach. His dream was to work forGiorgio Armani, whom he had never met. One day, without making an appointment, he carried his book of sketches over to Armani’s headquarters, on Via Durini. Inside the door, there was a long white carpet leading to the receptionist’s desk. Dolce wasn’t sure if he should walk on it with his shoes on.“I am such a cretino,” he says. “I know nothing.” He decided that he would look ridiculous appearing at the front desk without shoes, so he approached by sidling along the wall, where he could step without sullying the carpet. He doesn’t know if Armani ever saw the sketches. Dolce found a job as an assistant to a designer named Giorgio Correggiari. One night at a club, he met a kid named Gabbana. Dolce, quiet and shy, was impressed with Gabbana’s good looks and outgoing personality; Gabbana wasn’t so taken with Dolce, but he was happy to hear his advice on how to approach Correggiari for a job. Correggiari ended up hiring Gabbana to work on sportswear, and Dolce taught him how to sketch and the basics of tailoring, and in the process they became a couple. Soon after his hiring, Gabbana was conscribed to 18 months of mandatory military service, but in 1983, after his return in 1982, they had parted ways with Correggiari and were living together in a one-room loft in Milan. The room had a round, wobbly wooden table in the middle, and they would sketch sitting across from each other. If one erased too hard, the table would jiggle and spoil the other’s line. Dolce: “We always filed two different invoices for the freelance work we did, even when we were working for the same client.” Gabbana: “Our accountant said, ‘Why not just do one invoice for both of you? Put Dolce and Gabbana at the top.’ ” So the brand was born, the brainchild of a Milanese bookkeeper. The first collection from the design duo was shown in October 1985 alongside five other new Italian labels as a part of Milan Fashion Week. The two did not have money for models, so they sought help from their friends; nor did they have money to accessorize their models, so their models simply wore their personal items to complement the clothing. They also used a bed sheet that Dolce had brought from home as their stage curtain. In 1987, the duo launched a separate knitwear line, and in 1989 they started designing a lingerie line and a beachwear line. Two years later they launched their leotard line, and in 1989 they began designing underwear and swimming costumes. Dolce & Gabbana started to export their products to Japan and other countries, such as the U.S., where they founded their own showroom in 1990. In 1992, the same year they presented their men’s collection, they also launched their first perfume Dolce & Gabbana. They won an Oscar for best male perfume in 1996. Towards the end of the 1990s their sales were around 500 million

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Lake Garda

  Lake Garda Lake Garda  is the largest lake in Italy. It is a popular holiday location and is located in Northern Italy, about half-way between Brescia and Verona, and between Venice and Milan. Glaciers formed this alpine region at the end of the last Ice Age. The lake and its shoreline are divided between the provinces of Verona (to the south-east), Brescia (south-west), and 

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Salo'

  Salo' Salò is a town and comune in the Province of Brescia in the region of Lombardy (northern Italy) on the banks of Lake Garda, on which it has the longest promenade. The city was the seat of government of the Italian Social Republic from 1943 to 1945, with the ISR often being called the "Republic of Salò" (Repubblica di Salò in Italian).                              Although legend has it that Salò has Etruscan origins, recorded history starts with the founding by ancient Romans of the colony of Pagus Salodium. There are numerous ruins of the Roman settlement, as shown by the Lugone necropolis (in via Sant’Jago) and the findings (vase-flasks and funeral steles) in the Civic Archaeological Museum located at the Loggia della Magnifica Patria. During the high Middle Ages, the city shared the same fate as that of Lombardy.The origins of the municipality of Salò are barely known: its autonomy

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My favourite Cities

  My favourite Cities (1)PARIS (2)LONDON (3)BERLIN

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Sardinian Language

  Sardinian Language Sardinian  is a Romance language spoken on three-quarters of the island of Sardinia (Italy).It is considered by many scholars to be the most conservative of the Romance languages and is even noted for aPaleosardinian substratum: for instance, a study by the Italian-American linguist Mario Pei in 1949, which analyzed the differentiation degree of languages in comparison to their inheritance language (in the case of Romance languages to Latincomparing phonology, inflection, discourse, syntax, vocabulary, and intonation) revealed the following percentages (the higher the percentage, the greater the distance from Latin). Since 1997, the languages of Sardinia have been protected and recognised by regional and national laws. Several written standards, including the Limba Sarda Comuna (Common Sardinian Language), have been created in an attempt to unify the two main varieties of the language. The early origins of the Sardinian language (sometimes called Paleo-Sardinian) are still obscure, due mostly to the lack of documents, as Sardinian appeared as a written form only in the Middle Ages. There are substantial differences between the many theories about the development of Sardinian. Many studies have attempted to discover the origin of some obscure roots that today could legitimately be defined as indigenous, pre-Romance roots. First of all, the root of sard, present in many toponyms and distinctive of the ethnic group, is supposed to have come from the Sherden, one of the so-called Peoples of the Sea.Massimo Pittau claimed in 1984 to have found in the Etruscan language the etymology of many other Latin words, after comparison with theNuragic language. If true, one could conclude that, having evidence of a deep influence of Etruscan culture in Sardinia, the island could have directly received from Etruscan many elements that are instead usually considered to be of Latin origin. Pittau then indicates that both the Etruscan and Nuragic languages are descended from the Lydian language, both therefore being Indo-European languages, as a consequence of the alleged provenance of Etruscans/Tyrrhenians from that land (as in Herodotus), where effectively the capital town was Sardis. Pittau also suggests, as a historical point, that the Tirrenii landed in Sardinia, whereas the Etruscans landed in modern-day Tuscany. Massimo Pittau's views however are not representative of most Etruscologists. Linguists like Blasco Ferrer (2009, 2010) or Morvan (2009) have recently attempted to revive the theory of a Basque connection by linking modern surface forms such as Sardinian ospile "fresh natural cover for cattle" and Basque ozpil "id.", Sardinian arrotzeri "vagabond" and Basque arrotz "stranger", Sardinian arru "stone, stony" and Basquearri "stone", Gallurese (South Corsican and North Sardinian) zerru "pig" and Basque zerri "id.". Of interest, and in support to this theory, genetic data on the distribution of HLA antigens have suggested a common origin for Basque and Sardinian people. The 

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CALIFORNIA1

  CALIFORNIA California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is the most populous U.S. state, home to one out of eight people who live in the U.S., with a total of 38 million people, and it is the third largest state by area (after Alaska andTexas). California is bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east, Arizona to the southeast, and the Mexican State of Baja California to the south. It is home to the nation's second and fifth most populous census statistical areas (Greater Los Angeles areaand San Francisco Bay Area, respectively), and eight of the nation's 50 most populated cities (Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose,San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento, Long Beach, and Oakland). Sacramento is the state capital. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions throughout the 16th and 17th centuries. It was then claimed by the Spanish Empire as part of Alta California in the larger territory of New Spain. Alta California became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence, but would later be ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican-American War. The western portion of Alta California was soon organized as the State of California, which was admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic change, with large-scale immigration from the U.S. and abroad and an accompanying economic boom. California is the 3rd largest state in the United States in area, after Alaska and Texas.In the middle of the state lies the California Central Valley, bounded by the coastal mountain ranges in the west, the Sierra Nevada to the east, the Cascade Range in the north and the Tehachapi Mountains in the south. The Central Valley is California's agricultural heartland. Divided in two by the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, the northern portion, the Sacramento Valley serves as the watershed of theSacramento River, while the southern portion, the San Joaquin Valley is the watershed for the San Joaquin River; both areas derive their names from the rivers that transit them. With dredging, the Sacramento and the San Joaquin Rivers have remained sufficiently deep that several inland cities are seaports. The Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta serves as a critical water supply hub for the state. Water is routed through an extensive network of canals and pumps out of the delta, that traverse nearly the length of the state, including the Central Valley Project and the State Water Project. Water from the Delta provides drinking water for nearly 23 million people, almost two-thirds of the state's population, and provides water to farmers on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley. The Channel Islands are located off the Southern coast. The Sierra Nevada (Spanish for "snowy range") includes the highest peak in the contiguous 48 states, Mount Whitney, at 14,505 feet (4,421 m).The range embraces Yosemite Valley, famous for its glacially carved domes, and Sequoia National Park, home to thegiant sequoia trees, the largest living organisms on Earth, and the deep freshwater lake, Lake Tahoe, the largest lake in the state by volume.

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Icelandic Low

  Icelandic Low The Icelandic Low is a semi-permanent centre of low atmospheric pressure found between Iceland and southern Greenland and extending in the 

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Disneyland O

  Disneyland Disneyland Park, originally Disneyland, is the first of two theme parks built at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, opened on July 17, 1955. It is the only theme park designed and built under the direct supervision of Walt Disney. It was originally the only attraction on the property; its name was changed to Disneyland Park to distinguish it from the expanding complex in the 1990s. Walt Disney came up with the concept of Disneyland after visiting various amusement parks with his daughters in the 1930s and 1940s. He initially envisioned building a tourist attraction adjacent to his studios in Burbank to entertain fans who wished to visit; however, he soon realized that the proposed site was too small. After hiring a consultant to help him determine an appropriate site for his project, Walt bought a 160-acre (65 ha) site near Anaheim in 1953. Construction began in 1954 and the park was unveiled during a special televised press event on the ABC Television Network on July 17, 1955.Since its opening, Disneyland has undergone a number of expansions and renovations, including the addition of New Orleans Square in 1966, Bear Country (now Critter Country) in 1972, and Mickey's Toontown in 1993. Disney California Adventure Park was built on the site of Disneyland's original parking lot and opened in 2001. Disneyland has a larger cumulative attendance than any other theme park in the world, with over 650 million guests since it opened. In 2013, the park hosted approximately 16.2 million guests, making it the third most visited park in the world that calendar year.According to a March 2005 report from the Disney Company, there are 65,700 jobs supported by the Disneyland Resort, which includes, at the Resort itself, 20,000 direct Disney employees and 3,800 third-party employees (that is, independent contractors or their employees). The concept for Disneyland began when Walt Disney was visiting Griffith Park in Los Angeles with his daughters Diane and Sharon. While watching them ride the merry-go-round, he came up with the idea of a place where adults and their children could go and have fun together, though his dream lay dormant for many years. He may have also been influenced by his father's memories of the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago (his father worked at the Exposition). The Midway Plaisance there included a set of attractions representing various countries from around the world and others representing various periods of man; it also included many rides including the first Ferris wheel, a "sky" ride, a passenger train that circled the perimeter, and a Wild West Show. Another likely influence was Benton Harbor, Michigan's nationally famous House of David's Eden Springs Park. Disney visited the park and ultimately bought one of the older miniature trains originally used there; the colony had the largest miniature railway setup in the world at the time. The earliest documented draft of Disney's plans was sent as a memo to studio production designer Dick Kelsey on August 31, 1948, where it was referred to as a "Mickey Mouse Park", based on notes Walt made during his and Ward Kimball's trip to Chicago Railroad Fair the same month, with a two day stop in Henry Ford's Museum and Greenfield Village, a place with attractions like a Main Street and steamboat rides, which he had visited eight years earlier. Disneyland was dedicated at an "International Press Preview" event held on Sunday, July 17, 1955, which was only open to invited guests and the media. Although 28,000 people attended the event, only about half of those were actual invitees, the rest having purchased counterfeit tickets. The following day, it opened to the public, featuring twenty attractions. The Special Sunday events, including the dedication, were televised nationwide and anchored by three of Walt Disney's friends from Hollywood: Art Linkletter, Bob Cummings, and Ronald Reagan. ABC broadcast the event live, during which many guests tripped over the television camera cables. In Frontierland, a camera caught Cummings kissing a dancer. When Disney started to read the plaque for Tomorrowland, he read partway then stopped when a technician off-camera said something to him, and after realizing he was on-air, said, "I thought I got a signal", and began the dedication from the start. At one point, while in Fantasyland, Linkletter tried to give coverage to Cummings, who was on the pirateship. He was not ready, and tried to give the coverage back to Linkletter, who had lost his microphone. Cummings then did a play-by-play of him trying to find it in front of Mr. Toad's Wild Ride. Traffic was delayed on the two-lane Harbor Boulevard. Famous figures who were scheduled to show up every two hours showed up all at once. The temperature was an unusually high 101 °F (38 °C), and because of a local plumbers' strike, Disney was given a choice of having working drinking fountains or running toilets. He chose the latter, leaving many drinking fountains dry. This generated negative publicity since Pepsi sponsored the park's opening; disappointed guests believed the inoperable fountains were a cynical way to sell soda, while other vendors ran out of food. The asphalt that had been poured that morning was soft enough to let ladies'

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Ardennes

  Ardennes The Ardennes  is a region of extensive forests, rough terrain, rolling hills and ridges formed by the geophysical features of the Ardennes mountain range and the Moselle and Meuse River basins. Geologically, the range is a western extension of the Eifel and both were raised during the Givetian stage, of the Devonian (419.2 ± 3.2 to about 358 Mya (million years ago) as were several other named ranges of the same greater range. Primarily in Belgium and Luxembourg, but stretching into Germany and France (lending its name to the Ardennes departmentand the Champagne-Ardenne région), and geologically into the Eifel the eastern extension of the Ardennes Forest intoBitburg-Prüm, Germany, most of the Ardenne proper consists of southeastern Wallonia, the southern and more rural part of the Kingdom of Belgium (away from the coastal plain but encompassing over half the kingdom’s total area). The southern part of the Ardennes is the northern section of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and on the southeast the Eifel region continues intoRhineland-Palatinate (German state).The trees and rivers of the Ardenne provided the underlying charcoal industry assets that enabled the great industrial period of Wallonia in the 18th, 19th centuries, when it was arguably the second great industrial region of the world, after England. The greater region maintained an industrial eminence into the 20th century after coal replaced charcoal in metallurgy. Much of the Ardennes is covered in dense forests, with the mountains averaging around 350–400 m (1,148–1,640 ft) in height but rising to over 694 m (2,276 ft) in the boggy moors of the Hautes Fagnes (Hohes Venn) region of south-eastern Belgium. The region is typified by steep-sided valleys carved by swift-flowing rivers, the most prominent of which is the Meuse. Its most populous cities are Verviers in Belgium and Charleville-Mézières in France, both exceeding 50,000 inhabitants. The Ardennes is otherwise relatively sparsely populated, with few of the cities exceeding 10,000 inhabitants with a few exceptions like Eupen or Bastogne.The Eifel range in Germany adjoins the Ardennes and is part of the same geological formation, although they are conventionally regarded as being two distinct areas. L'Ardenne (French spelling) is an old mountain formed during the Hercynian orogeny; in France similar formations are the Armorican Massif, the Massif

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Ruhr

  Ruhr The Ruhr , or the Ruhr district, Ruhr region or Ruhr valley, is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. With a population density of 2,800/km² and a population of some eight and a half million, it is the largest urban agglomeration in Germany. It consists of several large, industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhrto the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to the north. In the Southwest it borders the Bergisches Land. It is considered part of the larger Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region of more than 12 million people. From west to east, the region includes the cities of Duisburg, Oberhausen, Bottrop, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Essen, Gelsenkirchen,Bochum, Herne, Hagen, Dortmund, and Hamm, as well as parts of the more "rural" districts of Wesel, Recklinghausen, Unna andEnnepe-Ruhr-Kreis. The most populous cities are Dortmund (approx. 572,000), Essen (approx. 566,000) and Duisburg (approx. 486,000). The Ruhr area doesn't have an administrative center; each city in the area has its own administration, although there exists the supracommunal "Regionalverband Ruhr" institution in Essen. Historically, the western Ruhr towns, such as Duisburg and Essen, belonged to the historic region of the Rhineland, whereas the eastern part of the Ruhr, including Gelsenkirchen, Bochum, Dortmund and Hamm, were part of the region of Westphalia. Since the 19th century, these districts have grown together into a large complex with a vast industrial landscape, inhabited by some 7.3 million people (including Düsseldorf and Wuppertal). This agglomeration is the fifth largest urban area in Europe after Istanbul, Moscow, London and Paris. The urban landscape of the Ruhr extends from the Lower Rhine Basin east to the Westphalian Plain and south to the hills of the Rhenish Massif. Through the centre of the Ruhr runs a segment of the loess belt that extends across Germany from west to east. Historically, this loess belt has underlain some of Germany's richest agricultural regions. Geologically, the region is defined by coal-bearing layers from the upper Carboniferous period. The coal seams reach the surface in a strip along the River Ruhr and dip downward from the river to the north. Beneath the River Lippe, the coal seams lie at a depth of 600 to 800 metres (2,000 to 2,600 feet). The thickness of the coal layers ranges from one to three metres (three to ten feet). This geological feature played a decisive role in the development of coal mining in the Ruhr. According to the Regionalverband Ruhr (RVR, Ruhr Regional Association), 37.6% of the region's area is built up. A total of 40.7% of the region's land remains in agricultural use. Forests account for 17.6%, and bodies of water and other types of land use occupy the rest. The inclusion of four mainly rural districts in the otherwise mainly industrial Ruhr helps to explain the large proportion of agricultural and forested land. In addition, the city boroughs of the Ruhr region have outlying districts with a rural character. Seen on a map, the Ruhr could be considered a single city, since—at least in the north-south dimension—there are no visible breaks between the individual city boroughs. Thus the Ruhr is described as a polycentric urban area, which shares a similar history of urban and economic development.Because of its history, the Ruhr is structured differently from monocentric urban regions such as Berlin and London, which developed through the rapid merger of smaller towns and villages with a growing central city. Instead, the individual city boroughs and urban districts of the Ruhr grew independently of one another during the Industrial Revolution. The population density of the central Ruhr is about 2,100 inhabitants per square kilometre (about 5,400 per square mile)—low compared to other German cities.Between the constituent urban areas are relatively open suburbs and some open land with agricultural fields. In some places, the borders between cities in the central Ruhr are unrecognizable due to continuous development across them. The 1911 edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica has only one definition of "Ruhr": "a river of Germany, an important right-bank tributary of the lower Rhine." The use of the term "Ruhr" for the industrial region started in Britain only after World War I, when French and Belgian troops had occupied the Ruhr district and seized its prime industrial assets in lieu of unpaid reparations in 1923. In 1920, the International Labour Office published a report entitled "Coal Production in the Ruhr District". In 1923, the Canadian Commercial Intelligence Journal, Volume 28, Issue 1013, includes the article, "Exports from the Ruhr district of Germany". In 1924 the English and American press was still talking of the "French occupation of the Ruhr Valley" or "Ruhr District". A 62-page publication seems to be responsible for the use of "Ruhr" as a short form of the then more common "Ruhr District" or "Ruhr Valley": Ben Tillett, A. Creech-Jones and Samuel Warren's The Ruhr: The Report of a Deputation from the Transport and General Workers Union (London 1923). Yet "The report of a deputation from the Transport and General Workers' Union which spent a fortnight examining the problems in the Ruhr Valley", published in The Economic Review, Volume 8, 1923, is still using the traditional term. In the same year, "Objections by the United States to discriminatory regulations on exports from the occupied region of the Ruhr" was published in Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States. The 1926 Encyclopaedia Britannica, in addition to its article on the river Ruhr, has

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Siberian High

  Siberian High The Siberian High (also Siberian Anticyclone) is a massive collection of cold or very cold dry air that accumulates on the northeastern part of Eurasian terrain for the cold part of the year, roughly from September till April. Usually, it is centered around Lake Baikal. It reaches its greatest size and strength in the winter, when the air temperature near the center of the high-pressure cell or anticyclone is often lower than −40 °C (−40 °F). The sea-level pressure (atmospheric pressure) is often above 1,040 millibars (31 inHg). The Siberian High is the strongest semi-permanent high in the northern hemisphere and is responsible for both the lowest temperature in the Northern Hemisphere, of −67.8 °C (−90.0 °F) on 15 January 1885 at Verkhoyansk and the highest pressure, 1083.8 mbar (108.38 kPa, 32.01 inHg) at Agata, Krasnoyarsk Krai on 31 December 1968. The Siberian High is responsible both for severe winter cold and attendant dry conditions with little snow and few or no glaciers across Siberia, Mongolia and China. During thesummer, the Siberian High is largely replaced by the Asiatic low. The Siberian High affects the weather patterns in most parts of the Northern Hemisphere: its influence extends as far west as the Po Valley in 

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Snake Venom

  Snake Venom Snake venom is highly modified saliva containing zootoxins that facilitates the immobilization and digestion of prey, and defends against a threat. It is injected by unique fangs after a bite but some species are also able to spit.The glands that secrete the zootoxins are a modification of the parotid salivary gland found in other vertebrates and are usually situated on each side of the head, below and behind the eye and encapsulated in a muscular sheath. The glands have large alveoliin which the synthesized venom is stored before being conveyed by a duct to the base of channeled or tubular fangs through which it is ejected. Venoms contain more than 20 different compounds, mostly proteins and polypeptides.A complex mixture of proteins, enzymes, and various other substances with toxic and lethal properties serves to immobilize the prey animal, enzymes play an important role in the digestion of prey, and various other substances are responsible for important but non-lethal biological effects. Some of the proteins in snake venom have very specific effects on various biological functions including blood coagulation, blood pressure regulation, transmission of the nervous or muscular impulse and have been developed for use as pharmacological or diagnostic tools or even useful drugs. Charles Lucien Bonaparte, the son of Lucien Bonaparte, younger brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, was the first to establish the proteinaceous nature of snake venom in 1843. Proteins constitute 90-95% of venom's dry weight and they are responsible for almost all of its biological effects. Among hundreds, even thousands of proteins found in venom, there are toxins, neurotoxins in particular, as well as nontoxic proteins (which also have pharmacological properties), and many enzymes, especially hydrolytic ones.[2] Enzymes (molecular weight 13-150 KDa) make-up 80-90% of viperid and 25-70% of elapid venoms: digestive hydrolases, L-amino acid oxidase, phospholipases, thrombin-like pro-coagulant, and kallikrein-like serine proteases and metalloproteinases (hemorrhagins), which damage vascular endothelium. Polypeptide toxins (molecular weight 5-10 KDa) include cytotoxins, cardiotoxins, and postsynaptic neurotoxins (such as α-bungarotoxin and α-Cobratoxin), which bind to acetylcholine receptors at neuromuscular junctions. Compounds with low molecular weight (up to 1.5 KDa) include metals, peptides, lipids, nucleosides, carbohydrates, amines, and oligopeptides, which inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and potentiate bradykinin (BPP). Inter- and intra-species variation in venom chemical composition is geographical and ontogenic.Phosphodiesterases interfere with the prey's cardiac system, mainly to lower the blood pressure. Phospholipase A2 causes hemolysis by lysing the phospholipid cell membranesof red blood cells. Amino acid oxidases and proteases are used for digestion. Amino acid oxidase also triggers some other enzymes and is responsible for the yellow colour of the venom of some species. Hyaluronidase increases tissue permeability to accelerate absorption of other enzymes into tissues. Some snake venoms carry fasciculins, like themambas (Dendroaspis), which inhibit cholinesterase to make the prey lose muscle control. Snake toxins vary greatly in their functions. Two broad classes of toxins found in snake venoms are neurotoxins (mostly found in elapids) and hemotoxins (mostly found in viperids). However, there are exceptions - the venom of the black-necked spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis) consists mainly of hemotoxins, while that of the Mojave rattlesnake(Crotalus scutulatus) is primarily neurotoxic. There are numerous other types of toxin which both elapids and viperids may carry. The beginning of a new impulse: A) An exchange of ions (charged atoms) across the nerve cell membrane sends a depolarizing current towards the end of the nerve cell (cell terminus). B) When the depolarizing current arrives at the nerve cell terminus, the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh), which is held in vesicles, is released into the space between the two nerves (synapse). It moves across the synapse to the postsynaptic receptors. C) ACh binds to the receptors and transfers the signal to the target cell, after a short time it is destroyed by acetylcholinesterase. If multiple stimuli come from the nerve the same thing will happen many more times and then its called a tetanus which is a normal thing for muscles, it's how they work. Fasciculins: These toxins attack cholinergic neurons (those that use ACh as a transmitter) by destroying acetylcholinesterase (AChE). ACh therefore cannot be broken down and stays in the receptor. This causes tetany, which can lead to death. The toxins have been called fasciculins since after injection into mice, they cause severe, generalized and long-lasting (5-7 h) fasciculations. Snake example: found mostly in venom of mambas (Dendroaspis spp.) and some rattlesnakes (Crotalus spp.)

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Hollywood1

  Hollywood Hollywood  is a district in the central region of Los Angeles, California, in the United States.It is notable for its place as the home of the entertainment industry, including several of its historic studios. Its name has come to be a metonymy for the motion picture industry of the United States. Hollywood is also a highly ethnically diverse, densely populated, economically diverse neighborhood and retail business district. Hollywood was a small community in 1870 and was incorporated as a municipality in 1903. It officially merged with the city of Los Angeles in 1910, and soon thereafter a prominent film industry began to emerge, eventually becoming the most dominant and recognized in the world. In 1853, one adobe hut stood in Nopalera (Nopal field), named for the Mexican Nopal cactus indigenous to the area. By 1870, an agricultural community flourished. The area was known as the Cahuenga Valley, after the pass in the Santa Monica Mountainsimmediately to the north. The name "Hollywood" was coined by H. J. Whitley, the "Father of Hollywood". Whitley arranged to buy the 500-acre (2.0 km2) E.C. Hurd ranch and disclosed to him his plans for the land. They agreed on a price and Hurd agreed to sell at a later date. Before Whitley got off the ground with Hollywood, plans for the new town had spread to General Harrison Gray Otis, Hurd's wife, eastern adjacent ranch co-owner Daeida Wilcox, and others. Daeida Wilcox may have learned of the name Hollywood from Ivar Weid, her neighbor in Holly Canyon (now Lake Hollywood) and a prominent investor and friend of Whitley's. She recommended the same name to her husband, Harvey. H. Wilcox. On February 1, 1887, Wilcox filed a deed and map of property he sold with the Los Angeles County Recorder's office, named "Hollywood, California." Wilcox wanted to be the first to record it on a deed. The early real-estate boom busted that same year, yet Hollywood began its slow growth. By 1900, the region had a post office, newspaper, hotel, and two markets. Los Angeles, with a population of 102,479 lay 10 miles (16 km) east through the vineyards, barley fields, and citrus groves. A single-track streetcar line ran down the middle of Prospect Avenue from it, but service was infrequent and the trip took two hours. The old citrus fruit-packing house was converted into a livery stable, improving transportation for the inhabitants of Hollywood.Daeida Wilcox Beveridge, the "Mother of Hollywood," gave three lots to the painter Paul de Longpré at Cahuenga Boulevard and Prospect Avenue (Hollywood Boulevard), for cultural enhancement of the town. His extensive flower gardens and mansion with public art gallery became an early tourist attraction in Los Angeles. The Hollywood Hotel was opened in 1902 by H. J. Whitley, president of the Los Pacific Boulevard and Development Company. Having finally acquired the Hurd ranch and subdivided it, Whitley built the hotel to attract land buyers. Flanking the west side of Highland Avenue, the structure fronted on Prospect Avenue, which, still a dusty, unpaved road, was regularly graded and graveled. The hotel was to become internationally known and was the center of the civic and social life and home of the stars for many years. Whitley's

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Ebola virus

  Ebola virus Ebola virus  is a virus that causes ebola virus disease. It is a virological taxonspecies included in the genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae, members are called Filovirus, the order is Mononegavirales. The Zaire ebolavirus is the most dangerous of the five species of Ebola viruses of the Ebolavirus genus. The virus causes an extremely severehemorrhagic fever in humans and other primates. EBOV is a select agent, World Health Organization Risk Group 4 Pathogen (requiringBiosafety Level 4-equivalent containment), a U.S. National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Category A Priority Pathogen, U.S. CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Category A Bioterrorism Agent, and listed as a Biological Agent for Export Control by the Australia Group. The name Zaire ebolavirus is derived from Zaire, the country (now the Democratic Republic of Congo) in which the Ebola virus was first discovered, and the taxonomic suffix ebolavirus (which denotes an ebolavirus species).The EBOV genome is approximately 19 kb in length. It encodes seven structural proteins: nucleoprotein (NP), polymerase cofactor (VP35), (VP40), GP, transcription activator (VP30), VP24, and RNA polymerase (L). The Ebola Virus genetics is difficult to study due to the virulent nature of the virus. EBOV carries a negative-sense RNA genome in virions that are cylindrical/tubular, and contain viral envelope, matrix, and nucleocapsid components. The overall cylinders are generally approx. 80 nm in diameter, and having a virally encoded glycoprotein (GP) projecting as 7-10 nm long spikes from its lipid bilayer surface. The cylinders are of variable length, typically 800 nm, but sometimes up to 1000 nm long. The outer viral envelope of the virion is derived by budding from domains of host cell membrane into which the GP spikes have been inserted during their biosynthesis. Individual GP molecules appear with spacings of about 10 nm. Viral proteins VP40 and VP24 are located between the envelope and the nucleocapsid (see following), in the matrix space. At the center of the virion structure is the nucleocapsid, which is composed of a series of viral proteins attached to a 18–19 kb linear, negative-sense RNA without 3′-polyadenylation or 5′-capping (see following); the RNA is helically wound and complexed with the NP, VP35, VP30, and L proteins; this helix has a diameter of 80 nm and contains a central channel of 20–30 nm in diameter. The overall shape of the virions after purification and visualization (e.g., by ultracentrifugation

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Seychelles Island

  Seychelles Seychelles, officially the Republic of Seychelles (French: République des Seychelles;Creole: Repiblik Sesel), is a 155-island country (as per the Constitution) spanning an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, whose capital, Victoria, lies some 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) east of mainland Southeast Africa. Other nearby island countries and territories include Zanzibar to the westand Comoros, Mayotte, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius to the south. Seychelles, with a population of 90,024, has the smallest population of any African state.[4] Seychelles is a member of theAfrican Union. Some scholars assume that Austronesian seafarers and later Maldivian and Arab traders were the first to visit the uninhabited Seychelles. Remains of Maldivian mariner presence from the 12th century were found in Silhouette Island. The earliest recorded sighting by Europeans took place in 1502 by the Portuguese Admiral Vasco da Gama, who passed through theAmirantes and named them after himself (islands of the Admiral). The earliest recorded landing was in January 1609, by the crew of the "Ascension" under Captain Sharpeigh during the fourth voyage of the English East India Company. A transit point for trade between Africa and Asia, the islands were occasionally used by pirates until the French began to take control starting in 1756 when a Stone of Possession was laid by Captain Nicholas Morphey. The islands were named after Jean Moreau de Séchelles, Louis XV's Minister of Finance.The British contested control over the islands between 1794 and 1810. Jean Baptiste Quéau de Quincy, French administrator of Seychelles during the years of war with the United Kingdom, declined to resist when armed enemy warships arrived. Instead, he successfully negotiated the status of capitulation to Britain which gave the settlers a privileged position of neutrality. Britain eventually assumed full control upon the surrender of Mauritius in 1810, formalised in 1814 at the Treaty of Paris. Seychelles became a crown colony separate from Mauritius in 1903. Elections were held in 1966 and 1970. Independence was granted in 1976 as a republic within the Commonwealth. In 1977, a coup d'état ousted the first president of the republic, James Mancham, who was replaced by France Albert René.[8] The 1979 constitution declared a socialist one-party state, which lasted until 1991. The first draft of a new constitution failed to receive the requisite 60% of voters in 1992, but an amended version was approved in 1993.In January 2013, the country declared a state of emergency; the tropical cyclone Felleng caused torrential rain, and flooding and landslides destroyed hundreds of houses.

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Mirabilandia

  Mirabilandia Mirabilandia è un parco divertimenti dell'Emilia-Romagna. È situato nella frazione Savio del comune di Ravenna (RA). L'area si trova nei pressi della pineta di Classe, al chilometro 162 della Strada statale 16 Adriatica, e dà il nome anche alla zona stessa, indicata come località Mirabilandia nella toponomastica del comune di Ravenna.Mirabilandia è un parco sia di tipo tematico che acquatico. La superficie complessiva è di 600.000 m², di cui 285.000 occupati dal parco tematico, 36.000 dalla zona acquatica e i restanti dai parcheggi.Il parco rimane aperto generalmente dalla settimana di Pasqua alla vigilia di Ognissanti.                                      Mirabilandia si compone di due zone principali: il parco tematico, suddiviso in sette aree, e il parco acquatico Mirabeach, aperto nel 2003, a cui si accede dal parco tematico o dall'ingresso esterno. Fino alla stagione 2011 si è chiamato Mirabilandia beach.Il parco tematico è ricco di verde e al suo interno si trovano attrazioni meccaniche, acquatiche e tematiche e hanno luogo spettacoli. Il parco acquatico ospita piscine,acquascivoli e spiagge artificiali. Per accedervi bisogna pagare un supplemento al biglietto di Mirabilandia e passare dal parco tematico, o acquistare un biglietto specifico a tariffa maggiorata e accedere direttamente e solo all'acquapark. L'intera struttura si sviluppa intorno a tre piccoli laghi, uno centrale e due secondari, dove nidificano varie specie di uccelli anche migratori.Il sito era in origine una ex cava senza alcuna vegetazione. In seguito, l'attenzione mostrata per le specie animali e vegetali presenti ha fatto ottenere al parco il patrocinio delMinistero dell'ambiente.Il parco ha ricevuto il patrocinio del Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio. All'interno di esso sono presenti numerosi alberi, fra i quali palme, pini e querce, circa 140 000 fiori e numerosi animali in libertà, fra i quali oche canadesi, svassi e aironi.                          La struttura, inaugurata il 4 luglio 1992, è stata concepita sul finire degli anni ottanta. I promotori furono Situr-Finbrescia (46%), San Paolo Finance (44%) e Publitalia '80 (10%). Nel primo anno di esercizio il Parco accolse 600 000 visitatori, arrivando a 950 000 presenze nel 1993, anche se le aspettative erano di 2 000 000 di visitatori attesi annualmente.Per la sua realizzazione furono costruite anche nuove infrastrutture stradali, quali lo svincolo a raso sulla StataleAdriatica e la strada che congiunge lo svincolo dalla E45 con la Statale Standiana, a ovest del parco. A differenza di altre realtà italiane ed europee simili, che agli inizi degli anni novanta risultavano già operative da qualche decennio e che hanno avuto uno sviluppo graduale partendo in generale da una piccola area pensata per bambini,

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Hunger1

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Nuclear weapons testing

  Nuclear weapons testing Nuclear weapons tests are experiments carried out to determine the effectiveness, yield, and explosive capability of nuclear weapons. Throughout the 20th century, most nations that developed nuclear weapons tested them. Testing nuclear weapons can yield information about how the weapons work, as well as how the weapons behave under various conditions and how personnel, structures, and equipment behave when subjected to nuclear explosions. Nuclear testing has often been used as an indicator of scientific and military strength, and many tests have been overtly political in their intention; most nuclear weapons states publicly declared their nuclear status by means of a nuclear test. The first nuclear weapon was detonated as a test by the United States at the Trinity site on July 16, 1945, with a yield approximatelyequivalent to 20 kilotons of TNT. The first hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike", was tested at the Enewetak atoll in the Marshall Islands on November 1, 1952 (local date), also by the United States. The largest nuclear weapon ever tested was the "Tsar Bomba" of the Soviet Union at Novaya Zemlya on October 30, 1961, with the largest yield ever seen (as of December 2013), an estimated 50–58 megatons. In 1963, three (UK, US, Soviet Union) of the four nuclear states and many non-nuclear states signed the Limited Test Ban Treaty, pledging to refrain from testing nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, underwater, or in outer space. The treaty permittedunderground nuclear testing. France continued atmospheric testing until 1974, and China continued until 1980. Neither has signed the treaty. Underground tests in the United States continued until 1992 (its last nuclear test), the Soviet Union until 1990, the United Kingdom until 1991, and both China and France until 1996. In signing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in 1996, these states have pledged to discontinue all nuclear testing. However, as of December 2013, the treaty has not yet entered into force because of failure to be signed/ratified by eight specific countries. Non-signatories India and Pakistan last tested nuclear weapons in 1998. The most recent nuclear test occurred in February 2013 in North Korea. In January 2013, North Korea had announced that it planned to conduct further tests involving rockets that can carry satellites as well as nuclear warheads "to strike and attack the United States". Nuclear weapons tests have historically been divided into four categories reflecting the medium or location of the test. Atmospheric testing designates explosions that take place in the atmosphere. Generally these have occurred as devices detonated on towers, balloons, barges, islands, or dropped from airplanes, and also those which are only buried far enough to intentionally create a surface-breaking crater. Nuclear explosions that are close enough to the ground to draw dirt and debris into theirmushroom cloud can generate large amounts of nuclear fallout due to irradiation of the debris. This definition of atmospheric follows that used in the Limited Test Ban Treaty, which banned this class of testing along with exoatmospheric and underwater. Underground testing refers to nuclear tests conducted under the surface of the earth, at varying depths. Underground nuclear testing made up the majority of nuclear tests by the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War; other forms of nuclear testing were banned by the Limited Test Ban Treaty in 1963. True underground tests are intended to be fully contained and emit a negligible amount of fallout. Unfortunately these nuclear tests do occasionally "vent" to the surface, producing from nearly none to considerable amounts of radioactive debris as a consequence. Underground testing almost by definition result in seismic activity which magnitude depends on the yield of the nuclear device and the composition of the medium it is detonated in, and generally result in the creation of subsidence craters. In 1976, the United States and the USSR agreed to limit the maximum yield of underground tests to 150 kt with the Threshold Test Ban Treaty. Underground testing also falls into two physical categories: tunnel tests which happen in generally horizontal tunnel "drifts", and shaft tests in vertically drilled holes.

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To lose job in Italy

  To lose job in Italy Those who lose their job in Italy lose everything. Those who have a family to support and it is from day to day in the middle of a road no social protection. And 'ejected from the system. Paying taxes for twenty or thirty years does not give him any rights. Being an Italian citizen no protection. The state is absent. The real problem is not the laws on precarious, but the lack of jobs.  I was referred to a letter sent Corrado Augias in his column "Letters & Comments" in public a summary. It describes a common situation to tens of thousands of people losing the first job and then hope. 

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SUPERCAPITALISM

  SUPERCAPITALISM The supercapitalism is a tyrannosaurus in uncontrolled freedom. His cage is wide open permanently with the collapse of the Berlin Wall on November 9 1989. Since then has no limits, it has become bulimic, devouring what remains of social democracy without stopping. It grows, it grows year after year. The World Trade Organization (WTO) was born in 1995, seven years later. Accedes to 97% of the world's nations, aims to abolish all tariff barrier to international trade for all: commercial goods, services, intellectual property. The production is outsourced to anywhere in the world where labor costs are lower because they lack security controls, trade union rights, protection for the environment. And often the same minimum rights by enlisting under the banners of the profit of arrays of child slaves.

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Solar System1

  Solar System The Solar System comprises the Sun and the objects that orbit it, whether they orbit it directly or by orbiting other objects that orbit it directly. Of those objects that orbit the Sun directly, the largest eight are the planets[c] that form the planetary system around it, while the remainder are significantly smaller objects, such as dwarf planets and small Solar System bodies (SSSBs) such as comets and asteroids. The Solar System formed 4.6 billion years ago from the gravitational collapse of a giant molecular cloud. The vast majority of the system's mass is in the Sun, with most of the remaining mass contained in Jupiter. The four smaller inner planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars, also called the terrestrial planets, are primarily composed of rock and metal. The four outer planets, called the gas giants, are substantially more massive than the terrestrials. The two largest, Jupiter and Saturn, are composed mainly of hydrogen and helium; the two outermost planets, Uranus andNeptune, are composed largely of substances with relatively high melting points (compared with hydrogen and helium), called ices, such as water, ammonia and methane, and are often referred to separately as "ice giants". All planets have almost circular orbits that lie within a nearly flat disc called the ecliptic plane. The Solar System also contains regions populated by smaller objects. The asteroid belt, which lies between Mars and Jupiter, mostly contains objects composed, like the terrestrial planets, of rock and metal. Beyond Neptune's orbit lie the Kuiper belt and scattered disc, linked populations of trans-Neptunian objects composed mostly of ices. Within these populations are several dozen to more than ten thousand objects that may be large enough to have been rounded by their own gravity. Such objects are referred to as dwarf planets. Identified dwarf planets include the asteroid Ceres and the trans-Neptunian objects Pluto and Eris. In addition to these two regions, various other small-body populations, including comets, centaurs and interplanetary dust, freely travel between regions. Six of the planets, at least three of the dwarf planets, and many of the smaller bodies are orbited by natural satellites, usually termed "moons" after Earth's Moon. Each of the outer planets is encircled by planetary rings of dust and other small objects.               For many thousands of years, humanity, with a few notable exceptions, did not recognize the existence of the Solar System. People believed Earth to be stationary at the centre of the universe and categorically different from the divine or ethereal objects that moved through the sky. Although the Greek philosopher Aristarchus of Samos had speculated on a heliocentric reordering of the cosmos,Nicolaus Copernicus was the first to develop a mathematically predictive heliocentric system. His 17th-century successors, Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler and Isaac Newton, developed an understanding of physics that led to the gradual acceptance of the idea that Earth moves around the Sun and that the planets are governed by the same physical laws that governed Earth. Additionally, the invention of the telescope led to the discovery

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PERMANENT JOB

  PERMANENT JOB The idea of ​​a permanent job for life? Whether monotony! Young people have to get used to the idea that I will not have." Thus spoke yesterday Monti. Quiet Rigor Montis! Young people are not bored. They carried on for some time. Not only do they no longer believe in the fixed place, but even with that variable. And by dint of not believing, or perhaps does not get bored in recent years have fled abroad. Italy is the second European country for emigrants after Romania.

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Market organ

  Market organ behind the disappearance of hundreds of children? Assumptions of horror movies like those on the flat The Voice of Russia: the disappearance of children in Ukraine to rip their organs to sell on the black market run by criminals with a dense network on the territory of the West but not limited to, matters among its ranks even unsuspected autolocati.  In the South-East of Ukraine will disappear of children. Hackers have intercepted the message exchange between the former lawyer of Yulia Timoshenko, Sergei Vlasenko, and a German doctor stating that Ukraine Germany sends in human organs taken to the militia (and possibly civilians) injured. When the press began to write about the terrible secrets of the "yellow cottage", it seemed that it was a horror film and not reality symptomatic of the drama of Kosovo. Yugoslavia no longer exists. But there are witnesses, those who brought by force in Northern Albania the Serb prisoners who called for his death for not being "torn apart", those who prelevavano these prisoners organs without anesthesia. That fate was reserved for the wounded militiamen of Donetsk and Lugansk? 

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Why are you eating that?

  Why are you eating that? Already! A good question. Why are we eating? And most importantly, because they often eat poorly and too much? It is simply bad habits and then the inability to get out of patterns already acquired? Or there are the psychological motivations that cause them to have a conflicted relationship with food and compulsive? The causes of these problems are of a physical or mental?  The answers are not always obvious. In reality we are forced to eat for the need to ensure all the normal functions of the body. The man, however, unlike all the other animals also eat for reasons that go beyond mere survival, and so something happens which does not escape the observation: we eat too much!  In fact, statistics tell us that in Italy more than 50% of the population is overweight or obese. Evidently there is something that drives people to eat more than you consume, and given that we are all subject to constraints, we are to deal with the physical mechanisms, mental and social factors that often prevent a relationship with the natural food and balanced. We eat too much because we eat poorly    Fine foods, industrially conserved, nutrient-poor, high in fat and sugar cause a state of malnutrition in fact, even if we were to be satiated and even fat. All of this also because of intestinal flora imbalance that can no longer perform its essential functions of selective absorption of nutrients, because they do not receive sufficient vegetable fiber, what it eats mainly.

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Sunscreen and skin cancer

  Sunscreen and skin cancer Let's start by saying that there is no real evidence that sunscreens are actually able to prevent the majority of skin cancers. Yet you probably have your dermatologist recommended spalmarvi wearing a cream-toxic, to do prevention.    For your dermatologist if you also said that medical and statistical studies (see. Sources) have shown that people who spend more time outdoors have a lower risk of developing a melanoma? Who performs an office job is more likely to contract melanoma compared to farmers, construction workers and even lifeguards! On the basis of these studies it was found that rates of melanoma are higher in Minnesota than in Arizona; higher in Norway than in the south of France.  Another fact not widely publicized: the melanoma often develops in anatomical parts little exposed to the sun, including the soles of the feet, the genitals, the oral and nasal cavities, and the skin under the nails. The evidence indicates that those who spend more time in the sun without burning run a lower

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The dangers of genetically modified insulin

  The dangers of genetically modified insulin. A scientific study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism reveals that in patients genetically susceptible to type 1 diabetes, insulin recombinant (ie genetically modified) may worsen the situation.  The article was published with the headline "Insulin administration may trigger type 1 diabetes in Japanese type 2 diabetes patients with type 1 diabetes high-risk HLA class II and the insulin gene VNTR genotype" and explains how patients genetically susceptible to diabetes type 1, insulin genetically modified (widespread) can induce the body to target its own insulin-producing cells by destroying them with an autoimmune reaction, producing a double diabetes: type 1 and type

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In terms of supply, the watchword is: confusing

  In terms of supply, the watchword is: confusing In recent years, talk about food has become a fact so frequent as to border on obsession. Experts in the field are alternated on television whose obsession is to find the solution to continue to eat what they like to people without risking disease or obesity. Each offers its own theory. But everyone is very careful to consider foods to abolish animal products from the diet.  Even the most informed people in the nutritional fact prove to have no clear ideas about what is the right diet for us humans and all their knowledge is limited to the reduction of the quantity of what is conventionally consumed, convinced that we need to eat a little 'all (but in moderation) because the human being is considered omnivorous. The solutions proposed by the endless diets in circulation creates confusion as to induce even the most well-intentioned rejection of any rule and to continue to eat according to your own taste. And so there is the Atkins diet that offers unlimited consumption of protein and fat; the Banting diet, which promotes protein and banishes fats and sugars; the diet Fletcher,

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Studio shock: mammograms are a hoax medical

  Studio shock: mammograms are a hoax medical. Studio shock: Mammograms are a medical hoax, over a million American women damaged by "treatments" are not necessary for cancers that have never had.  Mammography is a cruel medical hoax. As I described here on Natural News more than once, the main purpose of mammography is not to "save" women from cancer, but recruit false positives as to frighten them and bring them to undergo expensive and toxic treatments like chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.  The "dirty little secret" of the cancer industry is that the very same oncologists who terrorize women with the false belief that she has cancer are the ones who make huge profits by selling their chemotherapy. The conflict of interests and the abandonment of ethics in the cancer industry is breathtaking.  Now, a new scientific study has confirmed exactly the one from which I have been warning readers for years: the majority of women with "diagnosis" of cancer by mammography have never had cancer, and it is only the beginning. 

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Are You a Zombie?

  Are You a Zombie? Are you a zombie? React instinctively to any external stimulus without stopping to think? Your opinions about what's happening in the world were formed by your intuition and your own knowledge or based on the input of the mass media? Do you feel trapped in a state of consciousness that seems more like sleep to wakefulness?  E 'likely that if you are reading this piece do not consider yourself a zombie, but remember that you're surrounded by zombies anyway. Some day they may be your colleagues, friends or even your family members.  America is rapidly turning into a nation of zombies and everything did not happen by chance, but following a precise plan.  The system has declared war on human consciousness. It has waged war using whatever tool he had available. With behavior modification and social engineering controllers have created a race of beings more like zombie movies that people properly functioning.  They reached the target in the first place through the medium of television. Many studies have confirmed that watching television or even keep it in the background hurt the children's brain development and impairs the ability to learn, cognitive thinking and language development, as well as increasing the chances of developing attention deficit disorder and social problems.    In children television programs increase the tendency to aggression, reduce the ability to keep alive the attention and create a sclerotic mindset that embodies the antithesis of true knowledge and enlightenment. It 'been shown that in adults television alter consciousness, reducing the electrical activity of the brain beneath the frequency Delta, reducing critical thinking and making sure that every message repeated adequately end up being embraced emotionally, in spite of all logic .  Watching television also produces the effect of releasing endorphins which act as a sort of sedative to the viewer, dragging him into a state of trance which becomes highly suggestible and prone to brainwashing.  This is the reason why there is often the same amount of propaganda both in fiction as in the news. In 2006, the Fox network has admitted to having entered messages of social engineering in its sitcoms and dramas in order to encourage viewers to accept the rhetoric of global warming caused by human activity.  More recently it was discovered that some American taxpayers have made ​​a financial effort of many millions of dollars that television programs and Hollywood would promote in their stories of Obama's health

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The medicine that kills

  The medicine that kills. The drugs "hormone replacement" promise to stay young women to delay menopause and osteoporosis defeat. Now it turns out that two very common drugs, Premarin and Prempro cause cancer, pulmonary embolism, stroke and dementia.  In USA, at least 14 million women are hit prescribe the two drugs. But since they are in business for 40 years, are about one hundred million (three generations) American women in danger.  This was established by a study by an independent body, the Women's Health Initiative (WHI).  The active ingredient of the two drugs is estrogen extracted from the urine of cows and mares, which contains three types of estrogen, two of which are not natural for women.  In addition, the Premarin contains synthetic progesterone, which is also not identical to the hormone human. The dosage increases the danger. The pharmaceutical companies take a dosage that is effective for 90% of the general population; but there is a 25% hypersensitive, so the standard dose is too high, he noted the journal Lancet.  The study of the WHI has already determined that 0,625 milligrams of estrogen from mare is a carcinogen; doses in the two drugs are twice as 1,250 mg. 

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Children used as guinea pigs - Ireland in shock

  Children used as guinea pigs - Ireland in shock The scandal in Ireland, unfortunately, is amplified.  It's only been a few days since in Tuam, County Galway city, has discovered a mass grave where next to a home for unwed mothers run until the sixties by the Sisters of Bon Secours, were found the bodies of 796 children. Ireland today is again in shock over the news that in another 10 homes for unwed mothers, between 1960 and 1976, 298 children have been subjected to trials of vaccines and 80 children became seriously ill after it has been them accidentally administered a vaccine for cattle. "The situation  is currently a lot of confusion. Other scandals begin to emerge and people perceive that the history of Tuam is just the beginning. The stories about how they were then treated mothers and their children provokes anger. People are furious. " Hundreds of children used to test.    The Irish government has announced the opening of an investigation by establishing a special commission of inquiry. But he is facing a reality that is dramatically

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The board of health

  The board of health Talking about cancer today is as set out into a field full of pain, disappointment, helplessness.  It represents one of the major causes of death in the Western world.  But it was not always so. In ancient times it was extremely rare and sporadic and, in some cultures, almost unknown.  In the sacred texts of ancient Indian medicine (I century AD.) Tentatively begins to appear and soon is put in the report, along with other diseases, with the progressive deterioration of nutrition and the departure from the simple foods offered by nature.  With the passing of centuries, we find him at the top of the charts in incidence and mortality, after witnessing a profound change in the way we live and feed ourselves.  The relationship between these events appear clear to the people of good will and of normal intellect, however, to deal with this disease, it was necessary to build a therapeutic armamentarium and technology that, over time, has not led to anything more than a certain precocity of diagnosis.  This huge apparatus, however, has devoured huge economic resources that have been generously granted, apparently without asking anything in return, except the operation of the system itself. Independent research.  But is it really true that the world of cancer and the research on it must inevitably be predetermined?  Many scholars over the years have tried to follow different paths than the traditional ones, and almost always with good results, but they had to come to terms with an immensely powerful apparatus that has them de-legitimized and silenced. This is the case of Cooley, Breuss, Mörmann, Bonifacio, Gerson, Kousmine, Pantellini, Hamer, Di Bella and more.  The charge against these researchers has always been the same: the therapeutic ineffectiveness (see the famous experiments / hoax on the method of Di Bella and before that on that of Bonifacio) and the lack of studies published in scientific journals that are in general, directly funded by multinational pharmaceutical companies, so far from being independent.  So what's left to do after colliding with the famous windmills?  I think that they should

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The latest attempt to inchipparci: the folly of mi

  The latest attempt to inchipparci: the folly of microchip contraceptive. Continue undeterred in the work of propaganda and mental conditioning, to convince us to impiantarci the microchip under the skin. They do not know what to do and are trying them all.  They started several years ago, by legislating the waiters-puppets (politicians and governments), with ad hoc decrees to implant the microchip in pets. From news, today has become a normal practice and enforced by law.  The ultimate goal, however, is not the dog, but the human animal!  Using the evergreen fear, and the increasing demand for safety and security, some poor individual has done, for money, the microchip implanted under the skin. Fear of what? Of course, fear of kidnapping, kidnapping, fear of theft or cloning of credit cards, just to name a few.  But everything we know to be fact and remedy with microchip these things do not exist anymore!  We will all be safer. A child is kidnapped? No problem: due to satellite will be able to detect the code emitted by the chip in a few hours. You clone a credit card and use it to shop on the internet? No problem with the chip will no longer be possible.

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Here are the treatments that doctors refuse for th

  Here are the treatments that doctors refuse for themselves When you have to deal with an alarming diagnosis, an invasive procedure or surgery risky, probably the most natural question to ask is, "If you were me, what would she?". That's the opinion of some medical experts and researchers on what treatment would avoid them, and very often it is to go against the way we see more consolidation.  A Psychiatrist would not assume ever antidepressants  Dr. Joanna Moncrieff is a senior lecturer in psychiatry at the University College London and author of "The Myth Of The Chemical Cure" [The myth of the chemical cure].  'Army in the field of psychiatry for over 20 years, and in my experience antidepressants do not do any good. Do not they would hire under any circumstances, even if you were at risk of suicide.  All studies show that - at best - antidepressants make you feel a bit 'better than would a placebo, which does not mean that cure depression.  After years of scanning the brain, we do not have a single piece of evidence that depression is linked to some kind of chemical imbalance, then the idea itself is questionable to treat it with chemicals.  I consider depression an extreme reaction to the circumstances, and the best way to succeed is to eliminate the causes, which sometimes means psychotherapy, sometimes change the situation by finding a new job or solve relationship problems.  Of course there are some people who are depressed for no apparent reason, but equally we still have no evidence either that or suffer from a brain disorder that antidepressants have their help. The best thing is to try and find the new things that break the vicious circles in thought and behavior.  Antidepressants are psychoactive substances that alter the mind as do alcohol or cannabis, and I've always thought that if I was depressed I wanted to keep all my lucidity and my goods to come out of the quagmire and not find myself immersed in a fog of medication that I would not even understand the effects. " Cardiologists who refuse

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Why we get sick?

  Why do we get sick? Do not you get sick because of germs, bacteria, virus, or the fate of the gene pool. Genetics bearing on the percentage of diseases and largely resizable through a healthy lifestyle. Diabetes and cancer do not come from the outside: it is the body that develops them. Obesity does not take itself: it is the body that accumulates fat. The headaches, back pain, arthritis, impotence, do not take: they are all pathological conditions which the body develops from the inside.  We are sick because they violate the laws of nature that every living organism, depending on its species, it must comply. When the population becomes standard of living wrong, it violates the laws of nature and is fed with industrialized products, people begin to put on weight, to become ill, develop ailments of modern civilization. The diseases are due to toxins, electromagnetic chaos, physical and psychological stress, but mainly because of poor nutrition due to cooked food, industrial and cause nutritional deficiencies (despite overfeeding) and our cells are hungry and thirsty for the lack of real nutrients.  There ill due to viruses or bacteria. If two subjects are exposed to the flu virus one gets sick and the other does not, why? Because the body is unable to defend himself of the first due to a weakened his immune system and toxins attack the body. When the body is intoxicated, lower levels of acidity in the blood. The pH of the body should be alkaline, acid when it is you are exposed to the risk of disease. If the pH is alkaline practically there is almost never sick. Each individual cancer patient has a low

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North Atlantic Oscillation

  North Atlantic Oscillation.   The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO in English, North Atlantic Oscillation) is a pattern of atmospheric circulation (also called the way of high-frequency variability of the atmosphere) located in the North Atlantic and characterized by cyclical fluctuation (oscillation) of the difference in sea ​​level pressure between Iceland and the Azores.  Through the oscillatory motion of the east-west depression of the Azores and Iceland, determines the strength and direction of the zonal flow and the direction of western disturbances across the North Atlantic.  Unlike dall'ENSO in the Pacific Ocean (better known as El Niño), the NAO is a way of atmospheric variability closely and is one of the most important manifestations of weather and climate fluctuation in the North Atlantic.  Discovery in the twenties of the twentieth century by Sir Gilbert Thomas Walker, it is strongly correlated (being a part of) the Arctic Oscillation; the NAO should not be confused with the AMO (Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation), the multidecadal oscillation of surface waters (SST) north-central Atlantic, which is instead a strictly oceanic teleconnection for more with different oscillation period. The westerly winds (westerlies) flow in media across the Atlantic

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TIDE

  TIDE Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of the Earth. Some shorelines experience two almost equal high tides and two low tides each day, called a semi-diurnaltide. Some locations experience only one high and one low tide each day, called a diurnal tide. Some locations experience two uneven tides a day, or sometimes one high and one low each day; this is called a mixed tide. The times and amplitude of the tides at a locale are influenced by the alignment of the Sun and Moon, by the pattern of tides in the deep ocean, by the amphidromic systems of the oceans, and by the shape of the coastline and near-shore bathymetry. Tides vary on timescales ranging from hours to years due to numerous influences. To make accurate records, tide gauges at fixed stations measure the water level over time. Gauges ignore variations caused by waves with periods shorter than minutes. These data are compared to the reference (or datum) level usually called mean sea level. Tide changes proceed via the following stages: Sea level rises over several hours, covering the intertidal zone; flood tide. The water rises to its highest level, reaching high tide. Sea level falls over several hours, revealing the intertidal zone; ebb tide. The water stops falling, reaching low tide. Tides produce oscillating currents known as tidal streams. The moment that the tidal current ceases is called slack water or slack tide. The tide then reverses direction and is said to be turning. Slack water usually occurs near high water and low water. But there are locations where the moments of slack tide differ significantly from those of high and low water. Tides are commonly semi-diurnal (two high waters and two low waters each day), or diurnal (one tidal cycle per day). The two high waters on a given day are

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Never again! The true history of psychiatry told b

  Never again! The true history of psychiatry told by the psychiatrist Peter Breggin. For some 'time, the United States, many people requests the establishment of a national registry of mental health, to connect to the system of issuing licenses for guns. In the terrible wake of Newtown, left, right and the current federal administration in the United States are demanding that stiffened the requirements for mental health, making it easier, and even obligatory, to health officials (including psychiatrists and psychotherapists) intern people in case of suspicion of the commission of violence. In a recent blog, I looked at all the ways in which psychiatry and individual psychiatrists have too much authority to hospitalize American citizens. And I pointed out that this power has proved ineffective in preventing violence.  In fact, as many are now learning, psychiatric drugs can cause violence and contributed to the occurrence of school shootings and other tragedies. Here I want to remind and warn that psychiatry has been and continues to be the cause of some of the abuses the largest in the Western world. In response to school shootings, psychiatry should not be allowed to take even more power.    Considered as a starting point several hundred years of history of the state system of psychiatric hospitals. Given the power to intern people at their discretion, psychiatrists "took away from the issue" - in several hundred years - countless millions of people in the Western world. In its heyday in the thirties, transforming countless patients in guinea pigs, psychiatry has invented and practiced the lobotomy, insulin shock coma and electroshock. Despite the overwhelming evidence of its harmful effects, ECT continues to flourish and be pushed by lawyers, maiming probably

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Shoes and posture

  Shoes and posture. The widespread use of heeled shoes has occurred towards the end of the sixteenth century. For all the '500 is used with a high wooden-soled footwear that prevented the feet from getting dirty with mud and filth of the streets. This type of heel however raised simultaneously the heel and the sole, so the foot still remained in plan. The fashion of heels probably originated in France. Swollen calves, sprained ankles and sore toes were so frequent that the fashion for men passed within a few years, while the women resisted twenty years. Unfortunately the heels back in vogue because of James I, and since then they are no longer missing.  It took more than twenty million years since humans evolved from four-legged posture to a standing position. The heels, a new factor introduced only in the last four centuries, are not suited to the upright position. It is no coincidence that osteoarthritis has been called the scourge of the Anglo-Saxon women. The tilt produced by a three-inch heel on a person of six feet is about twenty-five degrees, if the shoe is kind of wedge. A normal heel of the same height increases the slope up to forty-five degrees. Even with a heel only two centimeters, the average size for a pair of men's shoes, the inclination is twelve degrees. 

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Ambrosiano

  Ambrosiano On the morning of June 18, 1982 is discovered the body of Milanese banker Roberto Calvi, head of Banco Ambrosiano, who was hanged on a scaffold under the Ponte dei Frati Blacks in London. The pockets of his elegant dress are filled with stones and money of every kind of currency. Over the years, the idea of suicide will be defended stubbornly, despite the contrary opinion of the majority of the investigators of the first hour.  Born in 1920, Roberto Calvi had entered service in 1946 all'Ambrosiano At the end of the 60s he had met the "mob banker" Michele Sindona, and the business relationship between the two had become prosperous. In 1975, Calvi was elected chairman of the board of directors of ragweed. The same year he became a member of the P2 lodge, which was created by Licio Gelli and Michele Sindona which he belonged as well.  In Luxembourg Calvi find not only in holding the group Ambrosiano, but also as a member of the board of directors of Kreclietbank Luxembourg (which deals, in Cedel, a prominent place). On the other hand, the main Masonic lodge Luxembourg accepts among its ranks, while refusing admission to Michele Sindona knowing that he had been convicted in Italy in 1976 and who had been arrested in the United States. The Banco Ambrosiano, whose creation dates back to August 27, 1896, was among the many Italian private banks linked to the Vatican. Recommended for the protection of Sant'Ambrogio, the bank had never been particularly distinguished for his business. When the Holy See had tried to evade the Italian banking law -

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World Bank "Sixty years of disaster

  World Bank "Sixty years of disaster. Is time to turn the page" Dear dr. Wolfensohn and dr. Bossone, on the day of the sixtieth birthday of the World Bank I turn to you, and to the Italian representatives in the institution which she heads. Mine is not a greeting card. Let me remind you what the responsibilities are and the things that you would expect from an institution that reaches this age.  The World Bank invests $ 30 billion a year with the specific mandate to alleviate poverty and would have the potential to make money with these health, education, agricultural programs and adequate infrastructure for the world's poorest. Instead I realize with regret that continues to fund energy projects for the exploitation of fossil fuels in poor countries, often led by the world's richest corporations, such as Shell or BP or Agip, which have proven over the last few decades of not have any impact on the fight against poverty. More than 80% of the energy produced, with the Bank's lending to governments or directly to enterprises, is in fact exported, used by rich countries, including Italy. You do not need to the poor! Perhaps even more serious is the fact that the money invested by the Bank in this area have left a wake of environmental disasters and enormous social, spills of cyanide in Peru or Kyrghizistan dispossession of land and pollution of scarce water resources in the oil projects Chad. The examples abound. Sixty years should be the age of wisdom. The World Bank

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Baby Market

  Baby Market Trafficking in human beings, including children, constitutes a "crime against the person and against humanity." It 'a new criminal market that consists of recruiting, committing the transfer and subsequent introduction, for profit, of one or more persons from one country to another or within the same State, by transnational criminal organizations acting in accordance with existing criminal organizations in the countries of transit and final destination. Transfer follows the "sexual exploitation or labor" of women and children through violence, deception, blackmail or abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability of the victim or the granting of money to get the consent of the person who has authority over minors or women.  Victims of this market are millions of women and children.  Deprived of their dignity and their freedom of action and movement, the victims are considered a commodity and reduced in a real state of 'slavery', whereby you create an enslavement of trafficked to the criminal organization, often as a result of the debt incurred by the busiest for travel from country of origin to the destination. As of today you do not have accurate and unambiguous on the black market of children for sexual exploitation, as the estimates made by non-governmental organizations and the United Nations do not offer matching values ​​but different. 

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The official research on cancer

  The official research on cancer. We begin to see what is actually done to those who now gets cancer.  In the vast majority of cases are used, where possible, only three methods: surgical excision, chemotherapy and irradiation. The first remedy is useless, because the tumor is not that the final stage and most visible of a pathological situation that involves the whole body. Therefore, after the removal, recurrence is almost the rule, as the immune system of the patient will be further weakened by the trauma of wounds, the intoxication of anesthesia, antibiotics and other medicines. The other two methods are based on the fact that cancer cells are weaker than normal cells, therefore, under the action of poisons or ionizing radiation, are the first to die. This observation, however, leads to one of the practices most insane of the history of medicine, poison and irradiate the patient to heal him! Even the least informed person, fails to understand that healing means improved health. Nobody thinks that pollution, nuclear tests or the Chernobyl accident are the providential benefits of our times to keep us healthy. In fact, even with chemotherapy and irradiation, after an initial apparent success, the sick, the immune system massacred, weakened in body and mind, generally develop in a short time a new tumor, this time even more difficult to cure.  Yet, especially in recent months, during the debates on the care Di Bella, you've heard fine luminaries, renowned primary, great researchers, critics argue that the current cancer therapies have no reason to exist, that medicine has made ​​enormous strides forward, that percentages of recovery are already in the order of 50% and that this percentage is in the growth phase. In conclusion, the medicine is doing its duty and the money allocated to research have paid off.  Let us now see what are, in reality, the great progress that for some years the science is making in the fight against cancer. Meeting in September 1994 from the President's Cancer Panel: 

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Schengen Agreement

  Schengen Agreement The Schengen Agreement led to the creation of Europe's borderless Schengen Area in 1995. The treaty was signed on 14 June 1985 between five of the then ten member states of the European Economic Community near the town of Schengen in Luxembourg. It proposed the gradual abolition of border checks at the signatories' common borders. Measures proposed included reduced speed vehicle checks which allowed vehicles to cross borders without stopping, allowing of residents in border areas freedom to cross borders away from fixed checkpoints and the harmonisation of visa policies. In 1990 the Agreement was supplemented by the Schengen Convention which proposed the abolition of internal border controls and a common visa policy. The Schengen Area operates very much like a single state for international travel purposes with external border controls for travellers entering and exiting the area, and common visas, but with no internal border controls. It currently consists of 26 European countries covering a population of over 400 million people and an area of 4,312,099 square kilometres (1,664,911 sq mi).Prior to 1999, the Schengen treaties and the rules adopted under them operated independently from the European Union; however, the Amsterdam Treaty incorporated them into European Union law, while providing opt-outs for the only two EU member states which had remained outside the Area: Ireland and the United Kingdom. Schengen is now a core part of EU law and all EU member states without an opt-out who have not already joined the Schengen Area are legally obliged to do so when technical requirements have been met. Several non-EU countries are also included in the area. The free movement of persons was a core part of the original Treaty of Rome and, from the early days of the European Economic Community, nationals of EEC member states could travel freely from one member state to another on production of their passports or national identity cards.[3] However systematic identity controls were still in place at the border between most member states. Disagreement between member states led to an impasse on the abolition of border controls within the Community, but in 1985 five of the then ten member states, Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany, signed an agreement on the gradual abolition of common border controls. The agreement was signed on the river-boat Princess Marie-Astrid

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Japan, spending and babysitter for just a few penn

  Japan, spending and babysitter for just a few pennies of love. LOVE, they say, can not be bought with money. But with the love you can buy shoes, English lessons, rice, a nice bream. That is so much love. But only in Japan, Yamato City (near Tokyo), where "Rabu", just "love" in Japanese, is not made of blows to the heart and the chiming of bells, but metal or paper money as the others. L '"love" is in fact the most recent of coins that circulated in recent years with more and more acceptance in over 130 communities next to the Japanese yen and credit cards.  And it is much more than a coin in the strict sense: it is a sort of bill of exchange, a "promissory note" that adds an objective value and a more, shall we say, spiritual. L '"love" as the "peanut" and "thank you" in other urban communities of the Rising Sun, is indeed primarily a message of sharing, communication, mutual kindness and assistance. As in ancient barter with these coins exchange goods and services. The ambition, give "body" to the money checks, credit cards and the like that have made volatile and abstract. They would like to, "love" and change various, mainly push people to renew and "warm up" the social bonds that cities, with their load of alienation, have rinfiacchito. 

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Heart attack2014

  Heart attack Like any muscle the heart needs a constant supply of blood and oxygen delivered. Without blood cells of the heart suffer severe damage immediately and this causes pain and a sensation of pressure. If blood flow is not restored cardiac cells can die and you can train them to place a scar (from the medical point of view "scar tissue"), in replacement of cardiac tissue functioning. The lack of blood flow to the heart can also cause an irregular heart rhythm, which can be fatal.  A heart attack occurs when one or more of the arteries that carry blood to the heart is rich in oxygen blocks: these are called the coronary arteries surround the heart like a crown. In the course of time one of the coronary arteries can be reduced due to an accumulation of cholesterol, this accumulation (generally known as plaque) that forms in arteries throughout the body is called atherosclerosis.  At the base of a myocardial normally there is one of these plaques that breaks forming a blood clot there where there was the break: if the clot is large enough it can block the flow of blood that passes through the artery .  A less common cause of heart attack is represented by the spasm of a coronary artery that stops blood flow to a part of the heart muscle: drugs such as cocaine can cause spasms very dangerous for life.  A heart attack represents the end of a process which evolves in general for many hours. With every passing minute heart tissue is deprived of blood, deteriorates and dies. If the blood flow can be restored in time, damage to the heart can be prevented or at least

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Curiosity published May 9, 2014

  Women riders are more sexy, happy and self-confident. This was revealed by a recent study commissioned by Harley-Davidson Kelton Global, authoritative polling institute. You thought that the beneficial effects of motorcycling were precluded other "half the sky" ... to give official status to the evidence - the human rider feels more happy and fulfilled human being not motorcyclist - comes a study which summarizes the results of a questionnaire

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The importance of the mother-child relationship

  The importance of the mother-child relationship. From birth the child's relationship with the mother figure of fundamental importance; in fact during the first six months of life the child, in a rich exchange of interactions with the mother, will own models which will enable him to "move" in the world. The path that leads to this small achievement, however, is complex and it is up to the mother-child couple give birth to "the dance to which we give the name of social interactions.  This choreography biologically predisposed, will serve as a prototype for all subsequent exchanges. "(Stern, 1979, p. 8). The child will be able to take control of the signals that will allow him, as in a real dance moves and sequences to generate, modeling on the "pitch" of the nursery. Overcoming the notion that the child's mind, when it comes to the world, is a tabula rasa, we can say that it brings with it a strong tendency to seek, establish and maintain human relationships; is able to participate immediately in the formation of his first and most significant relationships, which are placed in a "subjective reality constructed inter-subjectively" (Stern, 1998) from the

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Test Population

  Test Population. For decades, the Western democratic nations, they used their own citizens as human guinea pigs in radiation experiments, chemical and biological weapons, psychotropic drugs, vaccinations and sterilizations.  Entire populations in the United States and the United Kingdom, as well as in Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, France, Japan, Norway, South Africa, Sweden and Switzerland, have become "animal experiments" in the laboratories in the field of medical, scientific , military and intelligence services.  Test with radiation:  With the motivation of the Cold War and the application of scientific progress, the governments of many Western nations carried out a series of tests with radioactive substances.  These tests were conducted since the mid-40s, and many still continue. Provide for procedures bizarre and repellent, how to inject radioactive substances in human subjects, feeding the men with food radioactive, radiate individuals ..  1) American: The grim reality of the radiation experiments of the USA government is clearly summarized in the report of the Sub-Committee of the Congress of 1986 This report describes experiments on more than 23,000 individuals in 1,400 different cities over a period of 30 years.  Between 1943 and 1973, researchers from Harvard and MIT They carried the research on adolescent males 40 mentally handicapped. The boys were given contaminated food and the research was published in academic journals. 

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THE FATHER DAUGHTER RELATIONSHIP

  THE FATHER DAUGHTER RELATIONSHIP. THE FATHER DAUGHTER RELATIONSHIP A relationship very delicate, which can affect in a decisive personality, character and life choices of a woman. A relationship that we have sought to better understand. YOU SPEAK OFTEN (VERY OFTEN NOT KNOW WELL WHAT DO YOU SPEAK) OF 'SET OF OEDIPUS' AND THAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN A MALE CHILD AND MOTHER. UNLESS YOU SPEAK OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN A GIRL AND FATHER. MAY HELP TO UNDERSTAND WHAT TYPE OF REPORT DEVELOPS, USUALLY BETWEEN A GIRL AND FATHER? Both the child boy and the child girl up to three years about developing a primary attachment to the mother figure. For the psychoanalytic theory of the "Electra complex" is a later stage in which the child, while still tied to his mother, directs his attraction to the father figure (in technical terms is called "unconscious desire to have a child by his father) . E 'at this time that the child born to feelings of guilt related to the desire to have her father all to herself and the consequent need to distance (separation) from a mother from which it still depends. It 'a stage where it is important that the father accept with love and understanding of the demands of exclusivity daughter: from the fact that respect, the playful, tenderness, the child is born in the idea that the father is a kind of Prince Charming, an idealized figure, a good hero, from which to escape in search of a guide. Self-esteem, self-respect, sense of self and values ​​are influenced, for his daughter, by the very nature of this encounter with the first important man in

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Why helping others makes you happy?

  Why helping others makes you happy? Perhaps you've found doing volunteer work, or perhaps in everyday life: helping someone who makes you happy also helps. But did you ever wonder why? If you have not done so, now ... Ask yourself before reading below. Do not cheat ... there are no right answers and wrong ... just your answer has no value. because you realize that YOU have done something good in life ...  because you realize to be ABLE to do what others could not do ...  because is it so natural ... like when you do something wrong, and you feel guilty every time I think of it. Similarly, when you do something good,

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Addiction to Alcohol: how to recognize it?

  Addiction to Alcohol: how to recognize it? Addiction to Alcohol: how to recognize it?  Addiction to alcohol is part of the group of so-called alcohol-related disorders, which includes all those problems, not only doctors, but also family, work and social changes that can affect those who make use of alcoholic beverages. The so-called "drinking problem", a term preferred by many the most popular "alcoholism"

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Cable Television

  Cable Television. Cable television is a system of distributing television programs to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables or light pulses through fiber-optic cables. This contrasts with traditional terrestrial television, in which the television signal is transmitted over the air by radio waves and received by a television antenna attached to the television. FM radio programming,high-speed Internet, telephone service, and similar non-television services may also be provided through these cables. The abbreviation CATV is often used for cable television. It originally stood for Community Access Television or Community Antenna Television, from cable television's origins in 1948: in areas where over-the-air reception was limited by distance from transmitters or mountainous terrain, large "community antennas" were constructed, and cable was run from them to individual homes. The origins of cable broadcasting are even older as radio programming was distributed by cable in some European cities as far back as 1924. In order to receive cable television at a given location, cable distribution lines must be available on the local utility poles or underground utility lines. Coaxial cable brings the signal to the customer's building through a service drop, an overhead or underground cable. If the subscriber's building does not have a cable service drop, the cable company will install one. The standard cable used in the U.S. is RG-6, which has a 75 ohm impedance, and connects with a type F connector. The cable company's portion of the wiring usually ends at a distribution box on the building exterior, and built-in cable wiring in the walls usually distributes the signal to jacks in different rooms to which televisions are connected. Multiple cables to different rooms are split off the incoming cable with a small device called a splitter. There are two standards for cable television; older analog cable, and newer digital cable which is capable of carrying high definition signals used by newer digital HDTV televisions. Many cable companies have upgraded to digital cable infrastructures since it was first introduced in the late 1990s. To receive digital cable, most television sets require a digital television adapter (set-top box or cable converter box) supplied by the cable provider. A cable from the jack in the wall is attached to the input of the box, and an output cable from the box is attached to the "Antenna In" or "RF In" connector on the back of the television. Different converter boxes are required for newer digital high definition televisions and older legacy analog televisions. The box must be "activated" by a signal from the cable company before use. In the most common system, multiple television channels (as many as 500, although this varies depending on the provider's

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The fear of love, what it is and how to overcome i

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The fear of love,

  The fear of love, what it is and how to overcome it. The fear of love, between attraction and desire to escape, between desire and fear of being disappointed is the theme of the intervention of Dr. Terry Brown, a psychologist and psychotherapist who has repeatedly been host of "In the Heart of Rome", which we publish this week .. As always Dr. Bruno will answer questions and reflections of interested readers, so expect your comments.  Love this strange feeling that ... It seems that falling in love is a simple thing, just let go and everything happens naturally. Well, this is an indisputable truth, unassailable. But I wonder and ask, "Is it always so? It's easy to fall in love and letting go each other's arms / a? ". Very often there is fear to love, to be accepted and / or rejected in un'altalenanza of increasingly strong emotions that are mixed in a variety of shades. One may ask: "What is love? What I feel is love, passion, tenderness, desire, attraction? ". These questions are legitimate, since no one has ever explained what this feeling that sooner or later all human beings experience. The problem lies in the fact that very often when we fall in love with another person we tend to see it perfect, because we associate its positives and dissociate ourselves from the negative ones. Everything looks bright, almost like we were living in a celestial melody and our body is permeated by feelings that until then had not lived or had forgotten. So this is love? A want to take the risk of putting themselves in the hands of the other? A wish and think about all the time to someone they believe they can not do without? The attraction for each other, the desire to have it, to see it, to possess it, we almost completely blind and the rest seems to have no longer of any importance. 

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Ebola, the new nightmare (yet another)

  Ebola, the new nightmare (yet another). The Ebola virus has been described by most media as the new scary nightmare but overall, Think about it, when it comes to emergencies and epidemics are never comparisons on real numbers in total. We offer some reflection and some data; each face is their own idea. Ebola has become the new nightmare for hypochondriacs in the world after that is being waged for the umpteenth time the global race to the emergency. After the Turin xenophobic complained because he had falsely announced on Facebook that Lampedusa had been identified 3 cases and after the credits allamistici of many media, even in Italy the "fever" of fear begins to run fast. But other nations are no less rights thrown to the winds as the invocation in the United States to prohibit any movement or coming from all over West Africa. The WHO said the international emergency, except to add that international restrictions are not necessary to travel in order to avoid contagion, and inviting her friends airlines not to suspend flights in the areas of crisis because the security measures in place are sufficient to ensure the safety of passengers and crews.  Let's be clear: that caused by the Ebola virus is a very bad disease, which also causes death and atrociously. But it makes no sense abstracted from the context and illness data. It would be like living in the twenty first century plagued by perpetual terror of dying from bubonic plague or how to plunder drugs and locked in a bunker to prevent leprosy. That is to say: we need to beware of what constitutes a real danger and contingent, not a hypothetical danger and very little plausible. To contract the Ebola need a direct contact with blood or bodily fluids of the infected person and even in Africa, although the epidemic is in progress, the spread of the disease is so rapid. From December 2013 to early August have been reported (according to the bulletin Eurosurveillance) 1,711 cases of the disease with 932 deaths, with a linear spread, that every person has been infected by some other person nearby. There are far more contagious diseases, such as those that spread exponentially, though perhaps with lower mortality. The deaths in Africa for Ebola what are unquestionably tragic, but we must keep a sense of proportion. Other emergencies are much more serious and much more gigantic dimensions continue to kill people in Africa without the media we make headlines. A few examples considering the three countries where Ebola has appeared: Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. In Guinea tuberculosis (data WHO 2012) has counted 11,407 cases with 2,600 deaths; in Liberia cases were over 8000 deaths in 1900 (data from WHO 2012); always in Sierra Leone for tuberculosis (data WHO 2012) were more than 13,000 cases with 8,500 deaths. It is thought to be underestimates. Also according to WHO data, published in the World Malaria Report 2011, there were about 216 million cases of malaria worldwide in 2010

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Marilyn Monroe1

  Marilyn Monroe Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962) was an American actress, model, and singer, who became a major sex symbol, starring in a number of commercially successful motion pictures during the 1950s and early 1960s.[2] After spending much of her childhood in foster homes, Monroe began a career as a model, which led to a film contract in 1946 withTwentieth Century-Fox. Her early film appearances were minor, but her performances in The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve (both 1950) drew attention. By 1952 she had her first leading role in Don't Bother to Knock[3] and 1953 brought a lead in Niagara, a melodramatic film noir that dwelt on her seductiveness. Her "dumb blonde" persona was used to comic effect in subsequent films such as Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) and The Seven Year Itch (1955). Limited bytypecasting, Monroe studied at the Actors Studio to broaden her range. Her dramatic performance in Bus Stop (1956) was hailed by critics and garnered a Golden Globe nomination. Her production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions, released The Prince and the Showgirl (1957), for which she received a BAFTA Award nomination and won a David di Donatello award. She received a Golden Globe Award for her performance in Some Like It Hot (1959). Monroe's last completed film was The Misfits (1961), co-starring Clark Gable, with a screenplay written by her then-husband, Arthur Miller. Marilyn Monroe was born on June 1, 1926, in the Los Angeles County Hospital as Norma Jeane Mortenson (soon after changed to Baker), the third child born to Gladys Pearl Baker (née Monroe, May 27, 1902 – March 11, 1984). Monroe's birth certificate names the father as Martin Edward Mortensen with his residence stated as "unknown". The name Mortenson is listed as her surname on the birth certificate, although Gladys immediately had it changed to Baker, the surname of her first husband and which she still used. Martin's surname was misspelled on the birth certificate leading to more confusion on who her actual father

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Stamina Therapy

  Stamina Therapy Stamina therapy (also known as Stamina method, or simply Stamina) is a controversial alternative "medical treatment" invented by Italian former professor of psychology at the University of Udine[1] Davide Vannoni, PhD (born 1967 in Turin), founder and president of Stamina Foundation (a self-declared nonprofit organization founded in 2009) and owner of a market research company. This "therapy", mainly aimed at neurodegenerative diseases, would rely on the conversion of mesenchymal stem cells into neurons and it is currently kept secret by its promoters and lacking in scientific validation proving any therapeutic effectiveness; it does not appear, moreover, that Vannoni ever published any article about Stamina therapy on scientific journals thus subjecting it to the usual peer review processes. The Italian government decided in May 2013 to start testing Stamina therapy. After intense pressure from the media and the increasingly insistent pro-Stamina street demonstrations[8] amongst the Italian and international scientific community. The proposed method includes the conversion of mesenchymal stem cells (cells usually intended for generation of bones and adipose tissue) in neurons, after a short exposure to retinoic acid diluted in ethanol. The therapy consists in removing cells from the bone marrow of patients, their in vitro manipulation (incubation of stem cells for 2 hours in an 18 micromolar solution of retinoic acid), and finally their infusion in patients themselves. Vannoni repeatedly declined to reveal details of his method beyond those available in its patent application. Vannoni has never produced scientific evidence concerning the efficacy of the method but has always advocated its validity. These alleged benefits are highlighted by multiple videos, often self-produced, some of which were broadcast on television, most of time showing children. From the investigations of the Prosecutor of Turin (who listens to several experts about), the benefits shown in the videos are not measured scientifically and objectively but the result of exaggeration or adjuvant therapies which these children are subjected, or normal physical growth that continues despite the disease. Davide Vannoni reported that he had started the project as a result of personal experience: he has been hospitalized in 2007 in Ukraine for a facial palsy by transplantation ofstem cells, getting partial health benefits. He then decides to propose the treatment in Italy too,

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How do it form a thunderstorm?

  How do it form a thunderstorm? The formation of a thunderstorm assumes the presence of high humidity in the troposphere. In the case of time due to the high heat of the high ground temperatures cause the formation of bubbles of warm air that are pushed upward. Thus forming heaps where it condenses the water vapor present in the air. As a result of condensation releases heat, allowing the masses of air (thermals) to rise further. At the base and sides of the cloud is sucked hot air, forming the typical cloud in the form of cauliflower (cumulus congestus) of considerable vertical development (up to 10,000 m). As soon as the cloud reaches the upper parts of the troposphere (temperatures below - 20 ° C), the water droplets freeze. At these altitudes cold and dry air is fed into the cloud. Consequently, the cloud cools ushering in a downdraft. At this point the cloud is transformed into a cloud of Storm (cumulonimbus). At this stage the updrafts, maintain the water droplets within the cloud or push up. The current discensionali carrying the water drops down: it thus produces a shower of rain and, in extreme cases, hail. The atmospheric currents upward and discensionali are also the source of electric charges differentiated by lightning and thunder. In the moment in which they blow the sun

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The drugs and their effects

  The drugs and their effects. The drug, whose use is unfortunately increasing, especially among young people, is certainly among the many, one of the greatest dangers that threaten the physical and psychological integrity of man. In view of its destructive action of the nervous system, it represents a real dramatic attempt on the life.  The drug in fact, exerts a destructive action on the organism and is on both the nervous system. Of the latter, in particular, by acting directly on the neuro-transmitters, alters the transmission of nerve impulses resulting in serious consequences such as loss of ability to react to stimuli, inability to assess and monitor their own actions, split personality, mental changes, distorted perception of space and time, and alteration of all key functions. On the organism, the drug is able to cause irreversible damage to different and multiple organs and is, in certain cases, due to tumors or similar pathologies.  In terms of medical science, the term "drug" or "narcotic" refers to all those psychoactive substances, both natural and man-made, that have an effect on the nervous system and alter the

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A BRIEF HISTORY OF TELEVISION

  A BRIEF HISTORY OF TELEVISION. The television is the medium most studied and discussed in the history of communication. The experts have focused, and often more importantly, on the social impact that this powerful tool has had, has and will have on society. Television technology took its first steps in the early thirties of the twentieth century. This is a model of mechanical television production English and you have Scottish inventor John Logie Baird, regarded by many as the inventor of television. After a series of experiments, this is the first device commercially manufactured and intended for the public. They were about a thousand copies sold throughout Europe: the passionate and wealthy audience could well see the first broadcast that the BBC spread on an experimental basis since 1929. It is the American inventor Philo T. Farnsworth in 1927 to build the first electronic television system with cathode ray tubes even though the theoretical

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anorexia1

  anorexia. Anorexia is an eating disorder that affects 1-2% of women ages often between 12 and 20 years. Even men sometimes are affected, but in much lower proportions. Sure, some women may have tended to anorexic behaviors during a weight loss diet, but one should not get confused: Anorexia is a disease that has nothing to do with the desire to lose weight to fit into a 38! Anorexia often affects people without problems  People who come from families apparently united, good social backgrounds. The famous princess Sissi, for example, is one of the first known cases of anorexia. In his daily life, the anorexic is in constant struggle against hunger and the food. Can be up to lose 50% of its weight, and the consequences

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xenotransplantation

  xenotransplantation It is understood that particular type of transplants between individuals belonging to different species: man-pig, ape-man.  In 1982 he created the first transgenic animal (ie, who, part of the DNA a foreign gene). With the passage of time and aging techniques, it has come to include human genes in animals.  At the end of 1997, Italy has also started a program to get transplant organs from pigs "modified." The only Italian center where they raised these unsuspecting donors is located in Emilia S. Cesario, in the province of Modena.  What are the risks?  - Rejection: The first issue

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Subpoena for "Genocide and Other Crimes Against Hu

  Subpoena for "Genocide and Other Crimes Against Humanity"  committed in relation to the pharmaceutical "business with disease"  and the recent war in Iraq. The Cartel  The charges set out in this complaint relate to two main sectors penalties:  Genocide and other crimes against humanity committed in connection with the pharmaceutical business with disease.  War crimes, aggression and other crimes against humanity committed in relation to the recent war against Iraq and the international escalation towards a world war.  These two fields of crime are directly related and connected by a common factor: the crimes are committed in the name and for the interests of the same corporate investment groups and their political actors. In order to show the evidence and the common motives of the accused, it is imperative a brief historical analysis.  During the twentieth century, the pharmaceutical industry has been built and organized with the goal of controlling healthcare systems around the world systematically replacing natural therapies, non-patentable drugs with synthetic patentable and therefore profitable. This industry did not have a natural evolution. On the contrary, it was an investment decided by a small group of rich entrepreneurs and unscrupulous. They have deliberately defined the human body as a market order to generate further wealth.  The driving force behind this investment industry was the Rockefeller Group. Between the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the Rockefeller already controlled more than 90% of the pharmaceutical business in the United States and were looking for new opportunities for global investments. Another investment group active in this field was formed around the financial group Rothschild. The Cartel and the Second World War 

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Even Italy in Paradise

  Even Italy in Paradise On the boulevard Prince Henry of Luxembourg at capital of the Grand Duchy, at nr. 13, all in the same building you can find the headquarters of Pirelli, Mondadori, Tosi, and Merloni Ariston, 50 yards away, Mechanical Financial, Lucchini, Rest, Franzoni, Gazzoni Frascara and Valentino.  And what makes us the Mediaset group in Malta? And the Italian Istituto Mobiliare in Madeira?  And why almost 50% (112 of 250) of listed companies and 25% (22 of 88) banking groups have an interest, almost always control in companies resident in tax havens?  Many of these havens are in fact specialized in asset management and have developed enormously according to the techniques more sophisticated (and often fraudulent) the asset management of investment funds. Who, in Italy or in Europe, through its national bank, invest their savings in mutual funds and the like, know that the money they have a reasonable chance to get into the round of investment practiced by companies domiciled in a tax haven (in Luxembourg, or the Bahamas), knowing that the money will come into contact with other money of dubious origin facilitating money laundering or bleaching operations very profitable for the banks off shore and for international mafias ...  Is necessary at this point to emphasize that

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How to manage jealousy between brothers

  How to manage jealousy between brothers. Conflicts, fights, resentments should not be dramatized. But not to end up with a war in the family, parents must analyze their own behavior. Because often they are the ones to "stimulate" the rivalry. Here are 10 ways to handle this situation and to form a winning team. Jealousy between brothers is a classic in the history of the families. Squabbles and resentments, fights, confrontations, alternating with moments of great enthusiasm and affection, they seem to be part of the natural way of being together between children of the same family. And, in fact, should not be dramatized. Rivalry and competition between children who share the house and parents are in a sense inevitable. In some respects, this powerful sentiment helps to try their forces, to confront, to assert their rights, tolerate frustrations, fight back, fight and make peace. In the delicate task of raising, between attachment and self-assertion, identification and differentiation, it also passes through the jealousy. But you need to smitizzarla, resize it, do not let the relationship between the brothers to settle this conflictual way to stay together because jealousy is inevitable, so why then passes ... The arrival of another home is without a doubt seen as an invasion. Initially hostility, even if hidden, toward the intruder is functional to resize your space, take measures in the relationship with their parents.  But jealousy is often heralded, predetermined, expected by their own parents. This sort of prediction, in the end, tends

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Social Discontent

  Social Discontent. Who takes care of discomfort adult intervenes on that segment of the population ranging from 18 to 64 years and presenting various types of problems that make it difficult to integrate social work. It is not, therefore, people with mental illness or certified mental and physical disability, but rather socially disadvantaged adults for different causes, and which usually have some of the following characteristics:  periods of imprisonment or longer;  experiences of drug or alcohol dependence;  the absence of the minimum rights of citizenship (illegal aliens);  a relational sphere of great distress, exclusion or self-exclusion;  little or no technical skills work, however little marketable;  inability to perform the minimum functions parenting, in presence of minors;                             For all, the work of operators covers the floor of the identity in its three aspects, emotional, social and working lives. In this sense it is important to work with the person differentiating the intervention according to the "places" where there is: the residential focuses on the affective dimension with forays into the social sphere, the sphere of employment in a protected environment provides additional instruments of observation and acquisition of knowledge on the skills and areas of improvement

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Bullying1

  Bullying Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate, or aggressively dominate others. The behavior is often repeated and habitual. One essential prerequisite is the perception, by the bully or by others, of an imbalance of social or physical power. Behaviors used to assert such domination can include verbal harassment or threat, physical assault or coercion, and such acts may be directed repeatedly towards particular targets. Justifications and rationalizations for such behavior sometimes include differences of social class,race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, appearance, behavior, body language, personality, reputation, lineage, strength, size orability. If bullying is done by a group, it is called mobbing. "Targets" of bullying are also sometimes referred to as "victims" of bullying. Bullying can be defined in many different ways. The UK currently has no legal definition of bullying, while some U.S. states have laws against it. Bullying consists of four basic types of abuse – emotional (sometimes called relational), verbal, physical, and cyber. It typically involves subtle methods of coercion such as intimidation. Bullying ranges from simple one-on-one bullying to more complex bullying in which the bully may have one or more "lieutenants" who may seem to be willing to assist the primary bully in his or her bullying activities. Bullying in school and the workplace is also referred to as peer abuse. Robert W. Fuller has analyzed bullying in the context of rankism. A bullying culture can develop in any context in which human beings interact with each other. This includes school, family, the workplace, home, and neighborhoods. In a 2012 study of male adolescent football players, "the strongest predictor was the perception of whether the most influential male in a player's life would approve of the bullying behavior". Studies have shown that envy and resentment may be motives for bullying. Research on the self-esteem of bullies has produced equivocal results. While some bullies are arrogant and narcissistic, bullies can also use bullying as a tool to conceal shame or anxiety or to boost self-esteem: by demeaning others, the abuser feelsempowered. Bullies may bully out of jealousy or because they themselves are bullied. Researchers have identified other risk factors such as depression and personality disorders, as well as quickness to anger and use of force, addiction to aggressive behaviors, mistaking others' actions as hostile, concern with preserving self image, and engaging in obsessive or rigid actions. A combination of these factors may also be causes of this behavior. In one recent study of youth, a combination of antisocial traits and depression was found to be the best predictor of youth violence, whereas video game violence and television violence exposure

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Anaphylaxis: Symptoms, Causes and cure

  Anaphylaxis: Symptoms, Causes and cure Anaphylactic shock (anaphylaxis or) is a severe allergic reaction and is potentially lethal. It can occur after a few seconds or minutes of exposure to a substance to which you are allergic, such as the venom of a wasp or peanuts.  The flow of chemicals released by the immune system during anaphylactic shock can cause serious symptoms: the pressure drops suddenly and the airways tighten, preventing you from breathing normally. Symptoms of anaphylactic shock include also:  weak and fast heartbeat,  rash,  nausea and vomiting.  Anaphylactic shock can be caused for example by  food,  drugs,  insect venom,    latex. In case of anaphylaxis must go immediately to the emergency room, where you will be injected with adrenaline. If anaphylactic shock is not addressed immediately, the patient may lose consciousness and may even die. The immune system produces antibodies to defend itself from foreign substances. If the foreign substance is harmful (eg some bacteria or virus), there is no problem, but some people's immune system reacts to substances that in theory should not cause any allergic reaction. In this case, the immune system cause a chain reaction, which causes the symptoms of allergy.  Under normal conditions, allergy symptoms are not worrisome, but some people have a severe allergic reaction that can cause anaphylactic shock. If you and your child in the past you have had an allergic reaction mild, you might still have an anaphylactic shock in the future.    Anaphylactic shock can be caused by various allergens, depending on the substances to which the patient is allergic. Among the factors that trigger the allergy most often include:  drugs, such as penicillin,  foods, such as peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, milk and eggs, 

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Ebola outbreak? Tests control techniques

  Ebola outbreak? Tests control techniques They spend the seasons and the years, apparently also change the puppets of politics that alternate with puppets operated by the same wire, but the strategies of the system are always the same. They do not change one iota.  Apart from some infinitesimal nuance, the strategy is always the same: control from the standpoint of physical, mental and emotional, the entire population of the planet, or a good chunk of it.  What to do?  It 'easier than you can imagine, and the modern lifestyle it is the clearest proof: breathe poisoned air (chemtrails, pollution), drink sterilized water whose vitality is less than zero, we eat dead food, pasteurized, steeped in chemistry and now also transgenic. If all that were not enough there intossichiamo daily physical and minds with poisons such as drugs, medicines and vaccines. On the other hand, the super-powerful and controlled mass media (cinema, newspapers, radio and television), apparently distinct, instead they work in synergy with the system, because they deal with to keep distracted minds, and clog up the glut of false news , passed off, however, for information, and poison the souls with emotions and feelings and absolutely deleterious deviant.  Recall that the ultimate goal is the control of man!  A sick person, intoxicated, emotionally destabilized is a person who is easily manipulated. A real subject.  They do not need people who are free to think, feel and act, but subjects tamed, of a flock of sheep disciples kept at bay by some dog-pastor. Occasionally, however, a few sheep runs away and seeks freedom, try to understand what lies beyond the fence.  Freedom that despite the technology, satellite navigation systems, the i-phone and mobile phones, it is increasingly narrow and increasingly at risk.  Today's event is part of the Ebola epidemic in all of this? According to WHO data, between 19 and 20 August 2014 were reported a total of 142 new cases, including Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. While the confirmed dead - always for the Organization supranational Geneva - have risen to 1427.  According to news agencies, there would be 70 deaths from haemorrhagic fever "of unknown origin" in the Congo, and there are those who even speaks of suspected cases in Austria and Germany, and then in the middle of Europe!    The past continues to repeat itself if it is not well understood.  The previous pandemics invented  Without going too far in time, and reawaken the memory pandemics such as the Spanish flu of 1918 or the Asian, but it is good to remember what happened in the world over the last decade.  Between 2002 and 2003, the world began to hear of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), atypical form of pneumonia appeared in the Guangdong Province in China. A few years later, in 2005 she appeared out of nowhere avian influenza H5N1 that alarmed the world, but he was not a pandemic. And 'only in 2009 with the legendary swine flu, which began to speak of the first pandemic of the new century.  Today we know how they ended up like buffaloes: served to inoculate the fear and panic among the masses; peddle drugs (antibiotics) and vaccines, some grease on the lobbies of the chemical and pharmaceutical industry; modify and expand the very definition of a pandemic, exactly as happened in May 2009 during the outbreak of swine, by the work of WHO.  Until five years have elapsed since the last shameful terrorism viral, and now it's up to Ebola. 

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Italian cuisine1861

  Italian cuisine Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th century BCE. Italian cuisine has its origins in Etruscan, ancient Greek, and ancient Roman cuisines. Significant changes occurred with the discovery of the New World and the introduction of potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers and maize, now central to the cuisine but not introduced in quantity until the 18th century. Italian cuisine is noted for its regional diversity,abundance of difference in taste, and is known to be one of the most popular in the world, with influences abroad. Italian cuisine is characterized by its simplicity, with many dishes having only four to eight ingredients. Italian cooks rely chiefly on the quality of the ingredients rather than on elaborate preparation. Ingredients and dishes vary by region. Many dishes that were once regional, however, have proliferated with variations throughout the country. In 2013 Italian cuisine was ranked by CNN as the best cuisine in the world. Cheese and wine are a major part of the cuisine, with many variations and Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) (regulated appellation) laws. Coffee, specifically espresso, has become important in Italian cuisine. The first known Italian food writer was a Greek Sicilian named Archestratus from Syracuse in the 4th century BCE. He wrote a poem that spoke of using "top quality and seasonal" ingredients. He said that flavors should not be masked by spices, herbs or other seasonings. He placed importance on simple preparation of fish. Simplicity was abandoned and replaced by a culture of gastronomy as the Roman Empire developed. By the time De re coquinaria was published in the 1st century CE, it contained 470 recipes calling for heavy use of spices and herbs. The Romans employed Greek bakers to produce breads and imported cheeses from Sicily as the Sicilians had a reputation as the best cheesemakers. The Romans reared goats forbutchering, and grew artichokes and leeks. With culinary traditions from Rome and Athens, a cuisine developed in Sicily that some consider the first real Italian cuisine.Arabs invaded Sicily in the 9th century, introducing spinach, almonds, and rice. During the 12th century, a Norman king surveyed Sicily and saw people making long strings made from flour and water called atriya, which eventually became trii, a term still used for spaghetti in southern Italy. Normans also introduced casseroles, salt cod (baccalà) and stockfish, which remain popular. Food preservation was either chemical or physical, as refrigeration did not exist. Meats and fish would be smoked, dried or kept on ice.Brine and salt were used to pickle items such as herring, and to cure pork. Root vegetables were preserved in brine after they had beenparboiled. Other means of preservation included oil, vinegar or immersing meat in congealed, rendered fat. For preserving fruits, liquor, honey and sugar were used. The northern Italian regions show a mix of Germanic and Roman culture while the south reflects Arab influence, as much Mediterranean cuisine was spread by Arab trade. The oldest Italian book on cuisine

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Italian fashion

  Italian fashion Italy is one of the leading countries in fashion design, alongside others such as France, USA, Great Britain, Germany and Japan. Fashion has always been an important part of the country's cultural life and society, and Italians are well known for their attention of dressing-up well;"la bella figura", or good impression, remains traditional Italian design became prominent during the 11th–16th centuries, when artistic development in Italy was at its peak. Cities such as Palermo,Venice, Milan, Naples, Florence and Vicenza started to produce luxury goods, hats, cosmetics, jewelry and rich fabrics. During the 17th-early 20th centuries, Italian fashion lost its importance and lustre and Europe's main trendsetter became France, with the great popularity ofFrench fashion; this is due to the luxury dresses which were designed for the courtiers of Louis XIV. However, since the 1951–53 fashion soirées held by Giovanni Battista Giorgini in Florence, the "Italian school" started to compete with the French haute couture, and labels such as Ferragamo and Gucci began to contend with Chanel and Dior. In 2009, according to the Global Language Monitor, Milan, Italy's centre of design, was ranked the top fashion capital of the world, and Rome was ranked 4th, and, despite both cities fell down places in subsequent rankings, in 2011, Florence entered as the 31st world fashion capital. Milan is generally considered to be one of the "big four" global fashion capitals, along with New York City, Paris, and London; occasionally, the "big five" also includes Rome. Examples of major Italian fashion houses are: Giorgio Armani, Laura Biagiotti, Bottega Veneta, Brioni, Canali, Roberto Cavalli, Corneliani,Brunello Cucinelli, Dolce & Gabbana, Dsquared2, Etro, Fendi, Salvatore Ferragamo, Alberta Ferretti, Gucci, Krizia, Loro Piana, Marni, Max Mara, Missoni, Miu Miu, Moncler, Moschino, Prada, Emilio Pucci, Trussardi, Valentino, Versace, Tod's and Ermenegildo Zegna  to name a few. Italy also is home to many fashion magazines, such as Vogue Italia, Vanity Fair, Elle, Glamour, Grazia, Amica, Flair, Gioia.[6] Other Italian accessory and jewelry brands, such as Luxottica, Safilo, Damiani, Pomellato and Bulgari are amongst the most important in the world. Fashion in Italy started to become the most fashionable in Europe since the 11th century, and powerful cities of the time, such as Venice, Milan, Florence, Naples, Vicenza andRome began to produce robes, jewelry, textiles, shoes, fabrics, ornaments and elaborate dresses. Italian fashion reached its peak during the Renaissance. As Italy is widely recognized as the cradle and birthplace of the Renaissance, art, music, education, finance and philosophy flourished, and along with it, Italian fashion designs became immensely popular (especially those worn by the Medicis in Florence. The fashions of Queen Catherine de' Medici of France, were considered amongst the most fashionable in Europe). After a decline in the 17th to mid-20th century, the nation returned to being a leading nation in fashion, and Florence was Italy's fashion capital in the 50s and 60s, whilst Milan led the way in the 70s and 80s,

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Love1972

  Love Love is a variety of different feelings, states, and attitudes that ranges from interpersonal affection ("I love my mother") to pleasure ("I loved that meal"). It can refer to an emotion of a strong attraction and personal attachment. It can also be a virtue representing human kindness,compassion, and affection—"the unselfish loyal and benevolent concern for the good of another". It may also describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one's self or animals. Ancient Greeks identified four forms of love: kinship or familiarity (in Greek, storge), friendship (philia), sexual and/or romantic desire (eros), and self-emptying or divine love (agape). Modern authors have distinguished further varieties of romantic love. Non-Western traditions have also distinguished variants or symbioses of these states. This diversity of uses and meanings combined with the complexity of the feelings involved makes love unusually difficult to consistently define, compared to other emotional states.                        The word "love" can have a variety of related but distinct meanings in different contexts. Many other languages use multiple words to express some of the different concepts that in English are denoted as "love"; one example is the plurality of Greek words for "love". Cultural differencesin conceptualizing love thus doubly impede the establishment of a universal definition. Although the nature or essence of love is a subject of frequent debate, different aspects of the word can be clarified by determining what isn'tlove (antonyms of "love"). Love as a general expression of positive sentiment (a stronger form of like) is commonly contrasted with hate (or neutral apathy); as a less sexual and more emotionally intimate form of romantic attachment, love is commonly contrasted with lust; and as an interpersonal relationship with romantic overtones, love is sometimes contrasted with friendship, although the word love is often applied to close friendships. (Further possible ambiguities come with usages "girlfriend", "boyfriend", "just good friends"). The complex and abstract nature of love often reduces discourse of love to a thought-terminating cliché. Several common proverbs regard love, from Virgil's "Love conquers all" to The Beatles' "All You Need Is Love". St. Thomas Aquinas, following 

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Electromagnetic waves1

  Electromagnetic waves In nature, everything is vibration and the matter appears, at first glance inert, especially at the macro level, but at the ultramicroscopic is agitated, like a stormy sea.  Medical science currently ignores, indeed refuse to even the eventual possibility of a regulation of cell metabolism and the various organ systems by electromagnetic pulses. To emphasize the stupidity of such a refutation would be enough to observe the rapid information affecting the defense systems of the human body at the entrance of circulating toxins, allergens, viruses and bacteria, just like the rapid propagation of electromagnetic radiation (EM) and related information being conveyed. Or just look at the neuro-hormonal responses mediated by the pituitary and hypothalamus as a result of a stimulus of fear.  It is now known that there is a continuous exchange of energy, radiation, ions, of electromagnetic waves of frequencies, between Heaven and Earth. The Nature and Man living in the midst of this complex interchange, our cells that are in close contact with such force fields.  The DNA in the cell nucleus, is not only a pure biochemical element, but also and above all an antenna capable of emitting and absorbing electromagnetic frequencies that can read the information content and transmit it in a cascade process. Twenty years by many researchers, including Geoges Lakhovsky, supported the role of the electric fields produced by frequencies of 750 KHz on human health. Its scientific belief can be summed up in the statement: "Every living being emits radiation, the vast majority of living beings is able to receive and detect the waves ..." and again: "Life is created by radiation, life is maintained radiation, life is destroyed by an imbalance oscillatory and vibratory " You will therefore understand clearly that all forms of electromagnetic pollution could in theory create serious interference to mankind. Suffice it to say that such pollution has recently saturated the earth's ecosystem of radiation or electromagnetic fields of different frequencies. It 'an invisible pollution but also why most dangerous that can disrupt the field "staff" of all living things by altering its ability to receive information and retransmit them without interference. 

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Methanol, mad cow disease, dioxin-contaminated pig

  Methanol, mad cow disease, dioxin-contaminated pigs  The scandals that have frightened Italy.   1 VINO IN METHANOL - 1986    The first great Italian food scandal strikes at the heart of one of our most popular products, both at home and abroad: the wine. Everything comes from the sophistication of a wine of low quality: to bring up the alcohol content producers increased the concentration of methanol in fact, turning the drink into a deadly poison. The budget is very serious: 19 dead in Lombardy, Liguria and Piedmont. Several other people have suffered permanent eye damage. Methanol, in fact, it is a natural product of the fermentation of grapes and in small amounts is harmless. In the bottles, which in most wineries were from northern Italy this substance was present well above the minimum threshold allowed. The compound that killed those 19 consumers, moreover, was normally used for paints. The scandal was so serious that the staff of Nas (born in 1962) was quadrupled shortly after the end of the story. 2MUCCA MAD - 2000    Out of the collective psychosis of the millennium bug, here comes another one, this time much more seriously. Between 2000 and 2001 the UK spreads the news that tens of thousands of cows, fed with flour produced with carcasses of infected animals had contracted BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy). A degenerative neurological disorder that led the animals to anxiety and aggression strong, hence the term "mad cow" disease. The disease, however, could be transmitted to humans who consume infected meat was in danger of contracting a variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), an incurable disease. Despite the alarm, however, victims of vCJD will be 41 in all: 40 in England and one in France. No in Italy. All other cases were disconnected from the consumption of beef. However, the BSE at least something good has taken him since then Italy has established the bovine registry and labeling of beef and veal, to enable the consumer to verify their origin. 3INFLUENZA AVIAN - 2003    The bird disease has been known for over a century. In 2003, however, it is found that a strain - H5N1 - can be transmitted to humans. Developed in Southeast Asia, the virus has spread throughout Asia and then arrived in Europe, including Italy. The symptoms for humans are those of a strong influence that, in some cases, can even lead to

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Infatuation2

  Infatuation Infatuation is the state of being carried away by unreasoned passion or love. Hillman and Phillips describe it as a desire to express the libidinal attraction of addictive love. Usually, one is inspired with an intense but short-lived passion or admiration for someone. 'It is customary to view young people's dating relationships and first relationships as puppy love or infatuation'; and if infatuation is both an early stage in a deepening sequence of love/attachment, and at the same time a potential stopping point, it is perhaps no surprise that it is a condition

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DIDO singer

  DIDO SAND IN MY SHOES Lyrics Two weeks away feels like the whole world should have changed, But I'm home now, and things still look the same. I think I'll leave it 'til tomorrow to unpack, Try to forget for one night that I'm back in my flat. On the road where the cars never stop going through the night, To a life where I can't watch the sun set. I don't have time. I don't have time. I've still got sand in my shoes, And I can't shake the thought of you. I should get on, forget you. But why would I want to? I know we said goodbye, Anything else would have been confused. But I want to see you again. Tomorrow's back to work and down to sanity, Should run a bath and then clear up the mess i made before i left here.

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IN SEARCH OF HAPPINESS1

  IN SEARCH OF HAPPINESS Emotions are fundamental components of our lives, which they have, oftentimes, we draw the stimuli that move our days. Even if every single emotion is important and let the experiences of those who feel alive, man is especially looking for those feelings and emotions that they do feel good and appaghino, in a word, is looking for the emotional state of well-being called happiness. The latter is given by a general sense of fulfillment and its intensity varies according to the number and strength of positive emotions that an individual experiences.

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DIDO2

  DIDO End of Night Lyrics Only now its gone I can see the year See for what it was And start another day All the liberty you took The love that you abused The friends that you turned Against me if you could And youre twisting what I say All that saying you were scared It doesnt matter anymore Cos Im not there You were careless when the beat kicked in And careless when it left

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Pollution piercing

  Pollution piercing After the alarm in California, it is now the turn of Pennsylvania. Were disclosed 243 cases of contamination of the aquifer due to the techniques of extraction of shale gas. The problems created by fracking, rock crushing with violent jets in depth, ranging from spills of pollutants

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Social integration

  Social integration Social integration is the set of arrangements adopted by the society and the group to accept a new member among them, and to facilitate this acceptance process. These arrangements are taken on different levels since social integration cannot succeed on one level and fail on another level. Example: education cannot be ensured without ensuring mechanism for social promotion. And neither education, nor work can be ensured without ensuring in front of the law, etc. In tolerant and open societies, members of minority groups can often use social integration to gain full access to the opportunities, rights and services available to the members of the mainstream

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The map of the income in Italy

  The map of the income in Italy Using data provided by the Ministry of Economy and Finance, focusing on income tax income tax 2012, the computer engineer and data analyst Franco Morelli has created an interesting interactive map of the income of the Italians, town by town. The map shows effectively the distribution of income in the country, with marked differences especially between northern and southern Italy. The data on employment and self, are based on the declared income and there may be several disorders, to the well-known and widespread phenomenon of tax evasion. Income inequality  In addition to the territorial diguguaglianze that you can see in the map, there are also inequalities in the distribution of wealth within the same municipality. There are places in which the total wealth of a few is much higher than the total wealth of a multitude of people. Italy in the European

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Love poems1972

  Love poems when you when you least expect it Love comes and wraps sudden touches every pore of our skin, goes into our limbs runs warm in our blood, caresses our heart dissolving as honey, to dream us well beyond the sky, offers us the wings, free our spirit, and does enjoy our soul, an ecstasy among the stars.   END OF SUMMER DREAM in the night the clock told me that it was early morning ... I dreamed of a flight .... not in one plane ... but as a migratory bird coupling to its habitat. I looked down and I saw the rivers and lakes and stocked my thirst. I flew as high through the mountains that I love the colors of autumn that adorn the trees below us with leaves. I met Amber banks white sand and saw washing southern beaches.

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Top 10 Search Engines List

  Top 10 Search Engines List   On this page we’ve listed the top 10 general-purpose search engines used by people all over the world, to search the Internet. If you’re looking for a specific type of search engine, such as a meta or blog search engine; or one specializing in a particular industry  like a job search engine; you can browse the other types of popular search engines using the right sidebar navigation. Google.com – Launched in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, Google is by far the most popular search engine globally. Originally named BackRub, Google’s network of sites roughly get 65% of all the United States queries and is considered by most people to be the world’s best. As of Oct. 3 2010, Alexa reports Google.com as the most visited website worldwide. Yahoo.com – Started in 1994 by David Filo and Jerry Yang, Yahoo! was originally a directory of websites that later became its own crawler-based engine in 2002. As of late 2009, Yahoo! was the second biggest search engine on the web. However, in late August of 2010, Yahoo!’s results started using Bing’s index. As of Feb. 1 2012, Alexa reports Yahoo.com as the 4th most visited website globally.  Bing.com

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Visual memory

  Visual memory The visual memory, according to the official scientific sources, is the memory it occupies more space in the human brain. It can therefore be inferred that the visual memory and even the memory that we use more in a passive way. Every day, our eyes come thousands of miles and information visual in nature, most are already in our long-term memory, we continually ignoring visual information,

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Solitude1

  Solitude Solitude is a state of seclusion or isolation,  lack of contact with people. It may stem from bad relationships, loss of loved ones, deliberate choice, infectious disease, mental disorders, neurological disorders or circumstances of employment or situation.Short-term solitude is often valued as a time when one may work, think or rest without being disturbed. It may be desired for the sake of privacy. A distinction has been made between solitude and loneliness. In this sense, these two words refer, respectively, to the joy and the pain of being alone.Symptoms from complete isolation, called sensory deprivation, often include anxiety, sensory illusions, or even distortions of time and perception. However, this is the case when there is no stimulation of the sensory systems at all, and not only lack of contact with people. Thus, by having other things to keep one's mind busy, this is avoided. Still, long-term solitude is often seen as undesirable, causing loneliness or reclusion resulting from inability to establish relationships. Furthermore, it might even lead to clinical depression. However, for some people, solitude is not depressing. Still others (e.g. monks) regard long-term solitude as a means of spiritual enlightenment. Indeed, maroonedpeople have been left in solitude for years without any report of psychological symptoms afterwards.Enforced loneliness (solitary confinement) has been a punishment method throughout history. It is often considered a form of torture. In contrast, some psychological conditions (such as schizophrenia and

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Epilessia

  Epilessia Epilepsy  Epilepsy is a syndrome characterized by the repetition of seizures due to hyperactivity of certain nerve cells of the brain (the so-called "neurons"). These crises include a set of events characterized by brief episodes of loss of consciousness (absences) and sensory disturbances, mental or motor, more or less accompanied by spasms or contractions of the skeletal muscles of seizure. Seizures muscle can be distinguished:  Myoclonic spasms minor;  TONIC: more intense contractions;  TONIC / clonic: violent muscle spasms followed by relaxation of the same muscle. The alternation of these two states is responsible for the characteristic rhythmic muscle twitches ('seizures') associated with the seizure.  Epilepsy  Epilepsy is caused dall'abnorme alteration of the electrical activity of some neurons, usually located in the cerebral cortex (the "outer layer" of the brain).    We define epileptogenic FOCI points where seizures originate; in such

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MADONNA(singer)1961

  MADONNA(singer) Who's that girl Who's that girl, who's that girl When you see her, say a prayer and kiss your heart goodbye She's trouble, in a word get closer to the fire Run faster, her laughter burns you up inside You're spinning round and round You can't get up, you try but you can't

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QUEEN1

  QUEEN Mother Love I don't want to sleep with you I don't need the passion too I don't want a stormy affair To make me feel my life is heading somewhere All I want is the comfort and care Just to know that my woman gives me sweet - Mother love ah ha I've walked too long in this lonely lane I've had enough of this same old game

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HADDAWAY 1

  HADDAWAY What is love What is love  Oh baby, don't hurt me  Don't hurt me no more  Oh, baby don't hurt me  Don't hurt me no more  What is love  Yeah  Oh, I don't know why you're not there  I give you my love, but you don't care  So what is right and what is wrong  Gimme a sign  What is love  Oh baby, don't hurt me  Don't hurt me no more  What is love 

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PLANET FUNK

  PLANET FUNK Another sunrise Outside, you’re looking at me Broken glasses neon lights and daytime tv Shout out as loud as you can Broken dreams on billboards while you’re faking a tan, you can Smoke some, a happy parade Through the mist I clinch a fist at five i’ll get paid Then your eyes shut but you get no sleep Because you know you got them mouths to feed Another sunrise will find us

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CAT10

  CAT The domestic cat (Felis catus or Felis silvestris catus) is a small, usually furry, domesticated, and carnivorous mammal. It is often called the housecat when kept as an indoor pet, or simply the cat when there is no need to distinguish it from other felids andfelines. Cats are often valued by humans for companionship, and their ability to hunt vermin and household pests. Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with strong, flexible bodies, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws, and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequencyfor human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans. Despite being solitary hunters, cats are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing,purring, trilling, hissing, growling, and grunting), as well as cat pheromones, and types of cat-specific body language. Cats have a rapid breeding rate. Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by neutering, and the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of 

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Apathy

  Apathy We often hear someone say the word apathy. But we know what it is? We are here to analyze the deeper meaning, given that it is a word very abused, sometimes in a totally improper. From an etymological point of view, apathy comes from the greek a-pathos that another does not mean that "without emotion" In practice it is a situation in which, because of a strong lack of motivation, there is a reduction of what are called behaviors aimed. Unlike depression, however, in cases of apathy will not get nearly never to wish for death. What happens, in other words, people apathetic? Fail emotions that are the engine of life and everyday life. The main problem of this psychological pathology is that the total absence of emotions inevitably leads to neglect the environment surrounding the individual, as well as the individual himself. In fact, a person apathetic is usually found in a personal environment, and often prevents a contact with other external environments.  It is to create a situation of complete disinterest and indifference to what is happening both in themselves and in the surrounding reality. It is, therefore, lacking the spirit of initiative and this makes people apathetic to submit to someone, because somehow you have to choose well and these people prefer to have others do it for them. The apathetic people also recognize why, suddenly lose their facial expression and gesture and lose interest both in relation to sexual activity that nutrition. 

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MICHAEL JACKSON1

  MICHAEL JACKSON Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, actor, and dancer. Called theKing of Pop, his contributions to music, dance, and fashion, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure inpopular culture for over four decades. The eighth child of the Jackson family, he debuted on the professional music scene along with his brothers as a member of The Jackson 5 in 1964, and began his solo career in 1971. In the early 1980s, Jackson became a dominant figure in popular music. The music videos for his songs, including those of "Beat It", "Billie Jean", and "Thriller", were credited with breaking down racial barriers and with transforming the medium into an art form and promotional tool. The popularity of these videos helped to bring the then-relatively-new television channel MTV to fame. With videos such as "Black or White" and "Scream", he continued to innovate the medium throughout the 1990s, as well as forging a reputation as a touring solo artist. Through stage and video performances, Jackson popularized a number of complicated dance techniques, such as the robot and the moonwalk, to which he gave the name. His distinctive sound and style has influenced numerous hip hop, post-disco, contemporary R&B, pop, and rock artists. Thriller Lirycs "Thriller" [1st verse] It's close to midnight and something evil's lurking in the dark Under the moonlight you see a sight that almost stops your heart You try to scream but terror takes the sound before you make it You start to freeze as horror looks you right between the eyes, You're paralyzed [Chorus] 'Cause this is thriller, thriller night And no one's gonna save you from the beast about to strike You know it's thriller, thriller night You're fighting for your life inside a killer, thriller tonight [2nd verse] You hear the door slam and realize there's nowhere left to run You feel the cold hand and wonder if you'll ever see the sun You close your eyes and hope that this is just imagination, girl But all the while you hear the creature creepin' up behind You're out of time [Chorus] 'Cause this is thriller, thriller night There ain't no second chance against the thing

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Love Poems 2

  Love Poems 2 A Special World A special world for you and me A special bond one cannot see It wraps us up in its cocoon And holds us fiercely in its womb. Its fingers spread like fine spun gold Gently nestling us to the fold Like silken thread it holds us fast Bonds like this are meant to last. And though at times a thread may break A new one forms in its wake To bind us closer and keep us strong In a special world, where we belong.   An Entrapment My love, I have tried with all my being to grasp a form comparable to thine own, but nothing seems worthy; I know now why Shakespeare could not compare his love to a summer’s day. It would be a crime to denounce the beauty of such a creature as thee, to simply cast away the precision God had placed in forging you. Each facet of your being whether it physical or spiritual is an ensnarement from which there is no release. But I do not wish release. I wish to stay entrapped forever. With you for all eternity. Our hearts, always as one.   If I could have just one wish, I would wish to wake up everyday to the sound of your breath on my neck, the warmth of your lips on my cheek, the touch of your fingers on my skin, and the feel of your heart beating with mine... Knowing that I could never

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COLDPLAY1

  COLDPLAY My song is love Love to the loveless shown And it goes on You don't have to be alone Your heavy heart is made of stone And it's so hard to see you clearly

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Love Poems3

  Love Poems3 I loved you first: but afterwards your love I loved you first: but afterwards your love     Outsoaring mine, sang such a loftier song As drowned the friendly cooings of my dove.     Which owes the other most? my love was long,     And yours one moment seemed to wax more strong; I loved and guessed at you, you construed me And loved me for what might or might not be –     Nay, weights and measures do us both a wrong. For verily love knows not ‘mine’ or ‘thine;’     With separate ‘I’ and ‘thou’ free love has done,          For one is both and both are one in love: Rich love knows nought of ‘thine that is not mine;’          Both

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TINA TURNER 1939

  TINA TURNER Anna Mae Bullock (born November 26, 1939), known by her stage name Tina Turner, is a singer, dancer, actress, and author, whose career has spanned more than half a century, earning her widespread recognition and numerous awards. Born and raised in the 

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BEE GEES 1959

  BEE GEES The Bee Gees were a pop music group that was formed in 1958. The group's line-up consisted of brothers Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb. The trio were successful for most of their decades of recording music, but they had two distinct periods of exceptional success: as a rock act in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and as prominent performers of the disco music era in the late 1970s. The group sang recognisable three-part tight harmonies; Robin's clear 

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ALPHAVILLE 1982

  ALPHAVILLE Alphaville is a German synthpop group which gained popularity in the 1980s. The founding members were lead singer Marian Gold(real name: Hartwig Schierbaum, born 26 May 1954 in Herford, North Rhine-Westphalia), Bernhard Lloyd (real name: Bernhard Gößling, born 2 June 1960 in Enger, North Rhine-Westphalia), and Frank Mertens (real name: Frank Sorgatz, born 26 October 1961 in Enger, North Rhine-Westphalia). The band was at first named "Forever Young" before changing to "Alphaville". They achieved chart success with the singles "Big in Japan", "Jet Set", "Dance With Me" and "Forever Young"   FOREVER YOUNG Let's dance in style, let's dance for a while, Heaven can wait we're only watching the skies. Hoping for the best, but expecting the worst,

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BEE GEES 2

  BEE GEES 2 Heartbreaker "Heartbreaker" I got to say it and it's hard for me You got me cryin' like I thought I would never be Love is believin' but you let me down How can I love you when you ain't around And I... Get to the morning and you never call Love should be ev'rything or not at all And it don't matter what ever you do I made a life out of lovin' you Only to find any dream that I follow is dying I'm cryin' in the rain I could be searchin' my world for a love everlasting Feeling no pain, when will we meet again Why do you have to be a heartbreaker Is it a lesson that I never knew Gotta get out of the spell that I'm under My love for you Why do you have to be a heartbreaker When I was bein' what you want me to be Suddenly ev'rything I ever wanted has passed me by This world may end Not you and I My love is stronger than the universe

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Maroon5

  Maroon5 Maroon 5 is an American pop rock band that originated in Los Angeles, California. The group was formed in 1994 as Kara's Flowers while its members were still in high school. The original members of the band were Adam Levine, Jesse Carmichael, 

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SPICE GIRLS1994

  SPICE GIRLS The Spice Girls were a British pop girl group formed in 1994. The group consisted of five members, who each later adopted nicknames initially ascribed to them: Melanie Brown ("Scary Spice"), Melanie Chisholm ("Sporty Spice"), Emma Bunton ("Baby Spice"),Geri Halliwell ("Ginger Spice"), and Victoria Beckham, née Adams ("Posh Spice"). They were signed to 

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SANDRA CRETU

  SANDRA CRETU Sandra Ann Lauer, commonly known under her stage name Sandra  born 18 May 1962 is a German  pop singer, who enjoyed a mainstream popularity in the 1980s and early 1990s with a string of European hit singles, produced by her then-husband and musical partner, Michael Cretu, most notably "(I'll Never Be) Maria Magdalena" (1985), "In the Heat of the Night" (1985), "Everlasting Love

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Insomnia 2014

  Insomnia Insomnia, or sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder in which there is an inability to fall asleep or to stay asleep as long as desired.While the term is sometimes used to describe a disorder demonstrated by polysomnographic or actigraphic evidence of disturbed sleep, this sleep disorder is often practically defined as a positive response to either of two questions: "Do you experience difficulty sleeping?" or "Do you have difficulty falling or staying asleep?" Insomnia is most often thought of as both a medical sign and a symptom that can accompany several sleep, medical, and psychiatric disorders characterized by a persistent difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep or sleep of poor quality. Insomnia is typically followed by functional impairment while awake. Insomnia can occur at any age, but it is particularly common in the elderly.Insomnia can be short term (up to three weeks) or long term (above 3–4 weeks); it can lead to memory problems, depression, irritability and an increased risk of heart disease and automobile related accidents.

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The friendship between dogs and cats: a possible m

  The friendship between dogs and cats: a possible mission When you get married, you have brought a dowry of two beautiful Springer Spaniel. Your husband, not to be outdone, has contributed with a nice red and a Siamese cat howling. And now you live in a kind of zoo.  While your pet mutually hunting, racing home to speed worthy of a Ferrari, you do nothing but jump from one side of the security gate for children, used as the boundary between the territory of the canine and feline to try to restore domestic tranquility. And you're beginning to doubt of being able to get to the next Christmas, while preserving your four animals, and of course your wedding. Be of good courage, friendship between cats and dogs is possible. With a little 'patience and some exercises you will be able to send a greeting to all the four cone pests posing together. Here's how. 

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DEPECHE MODE 1972

  DEPECHE MODE Depeche Mode  are an English electronic band formed in 1980 in Basildon, Essex. The group's original line-up consisted of Dave Gahan (lead vocals, occasional songwriter since 2005), Martin Gore (keyboards, guitar, vocals, chief songwriter after 1981),Andy Fletcher (keyboards), and Vince Clarke (keyboards, chief songwriter 1980–81). Depeche Mode released their debut record in 1981, Speak & Spell, bringing the band onto the British new wave scene. Clarke left the band after the

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Wyoming

  Wyoming Wyoming  is a state in the mountain region of the Western United States. Wyoming is the 10th most extensive, but theleast populous and the second least densely populated of the 50 United States. The western two thirds of the state is covered mostly with the mountain ranges and rangelands in the foothills of the Eastern Rocky Mountains, while the eastern third of the state is high elevation prairie known as the High Plains. Cheyenne is the capital and the most populous city in Wyoming, with a population of 62,448 (as of the 2013 census). The Great Plains meet the Rocky Mountains in Wyoming. The state is a great plateau broken by many mountain ranges. Surface elevations range from the summit of Gannett Peak in the Wind River Mountain Range, at 13,804 feet (4,207 m), to the Belle Fourche River valley in the state’s northeast corner, at 3,125 feet (952 m). In

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"Weird Al" Yankovic

  Virus alert VIRUS ALERT Hey, everyone, listen up, your attention if you please Really wanna give you a warning 'Cause I found out this morning About a dangerous, insidious computer virus If you should get an email with the subject, 'stinky cheese' Better not go taking your chances Under no circumstances, should you open it Or else it will Translate your documents into Swahili Make your TV record "Gigli" Neuter your pets, and give you laundry static cling Look out! Its gonna make your computer screen freeze Look out! Erase the Easter eggs off your DVDs Look out! Erase your hard drive and your backups too And the hard drive of anyone related to you Virus alert! Delete immediately before someone gets hurt! Forward this message on to everybody

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SIMPLE MINDS

  SIMPLE MINDS Simple Minds are a Scottish rock band formed in 1977. They achieved commercial success in the early 1980s and, despite various personnel changes, continue to record and tour. The band scored a string of hit singles, and are best known internationally for their 1985 hit "Don't You (Forget About Me)" (UK No. 7, US No. 1, CAN #1), from the soundtrack of the John Hughes film The Breakfast Club. Their other more prominent hits include "Alive and Kicking" (UK No. 7, US No. 3, CAN #3) and "Belfast Child" (UK #1). In 1986, the band was nominated for the Brit Award for Best British Group. The core of the band is the two remaining founding members – Jim Kerr (vocals, songwriting) and Charlie Burchill (guitars, keyboards after 1990, other instruments, songwriting) – and drummer Mel Gaynor (who first joined the band in 1982). The other current band members are Andy Gillespie (keyboards) and Ged Grimes (bass guitar). Former members include bass guitarist Derek Forbes, drummer Brian McGee, and keyboardist Mick MacNeil.

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COLDPLAY2

  COLDPLAY "Every Teardrop Is A Waterfall" I turn the music up, I got my records on I shut the world outside until the lights come on Maybe the streets alight, maybe the trees are gone I feel my heart stop beating to my favorite song And all the kids they dance, all the kids all night Until Monday morning feels another life I turn the music up I'm on a roll this time And heaven is in sight

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EVERYTHING BUT THE GIRL

  EVERYTHING BUT THE GIRL Everything but the Girl (often shortened EBTG) were an English musical duo, formed in Hull in 1982, consisting of lead singer and occasional guitarist Tracey Thorn and guitarist, keyboardist, and singer Ben Watt. The duo's most successful single was a Todd Terryremix of "Missing" charting in several countries in 1994. They are currently inactive, although vocalist Tracey Thorn hinted that they may perform again someday. They have not performed publicly since 2000, and as Thorn stated on BBC Radio4 on 25 January 2014, "for both Ben and me, it would feel like a step backwards". Watt and Thorn are also a couple; they are very private about their relationship and personal life. For some time, it was not a publicised fact that they were a couple, or that they had married subsequently. The duo have expressed a strong desire to raise their three children with as much privacy as possible. MISSING I step off the train  I'm walkin' down your street again  And pass your door  But you don't live there anymore It's years since you've been there  And now you've disappeared somewhere  Like outer space You've found some better place And I miss you  (Like the deserts miss the rain) And I miss you Oh

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POTATO 1

  POTATO The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum L. The word "potato" may refer either to the plant itself or the edible tuber. In the Andes, where the species is indigenous, there are some other closely related cultivated potato species. Potatoes were introduced outside the Andes region approximately four centuries ago, and have since become an integral part of much of the world's food supply. It is the world's fourth-largest food crop, following maize, wheat, and rice. Wild potato species occur throughout the Americas from the United States to southern Chile. The potato was originally believed to have been domesticated independently in multiple locations, but later genetic testing of the wide variety of cultivars and wild species proved a single origin for potatoes in the area of present-day southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia (from a species in the Solanum brevicaule complex), where they were domesticated approximately 7,000–10,000 years ago. Following centuries of selective breeding, there are now over a thousand different types of potatoes. Over 99% of the presently cultivated potatoes worldwide descended from varieties that originated in the lowlands of south-central Chile, which have displaced formerly popular varieties from the Andean highlands. Potato plants are herbaceous perennials that grow about 60 cm (24 in) high, depending on variety, with the culms dying back after flowering, fruiting and tuber formation. They bear white, pink, red, blue, or purple flowers with yellow stamens. In general, the tubers of varieties with white flowers have white skins, while those of varieties with colored flowers tend to have pinkish skins. Potatoes are mostlycross-pollinated by insects such as bumblebees, which carry pollen from other potato plants, though

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AEROSMITH1

  AEROSMITH Aerosmith is an American rock band, sometimes referred to as "The Bad Boys from Boston" and "America's Greatest Rock and Roll Band." Their style, which is rooted in blues-based hard rock,has come to also incorporate elements of pop, heavy metal, and rhythm and blues, and has inspired many subsequent rock artists. The band was formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1970. Guitarist Joe Perry

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Water: a source of business

  Water: a source of business The war has begun. in the name of globalization, in every corner of the world.  Multinational companies have sensed the business of the new century: the world's water resources are scarce and poorly distributed. Then the water is becoming a precious commodity.  Such as oil. And who will monitor power and profit. Golden words for multinationals. Who have not lost time. And they launched their attack. Sparking a battle between giants, stomping, almost like annoying gnats, rights and humans.  The stakes  Since control over the mineral waters in the battle for the management of water, the construction of dams in the privatization Watershed. That water is a decent war that is fought not with armies, which feeds the roar of bombs, but it was decided in the silent rooms of a few skyscrapers. Those of the IMF (International Monetary Fund), the WTO (WTO: World Trade Organization), the World Bank and the multinationals.  The declaration

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Unleaded

  Unleaded The technology "lead-free" means that something else is added to gasoline to maintain the same octane rating. What has not been made ​​clear is that since about 1970, the lead content in petrol was reduced ordinary.  There are three main groups of substances that oil companies use instead of lead.  1) Aromatic organic compounds based on the ring of benzene, a 6 carbon ring with three double bonds delocalized, benzene, toluene, xylene, etc..  2) Olefins organic compounds with double bonds.  3) Oxygenates: organic compounds containing oxygen atoms.  The US agency that is in charge of environmental protection (EPA) has targeted five air pollutants due to their toxicity: benzene and 1,3-butadiene are the first two in the top of the list. Both are highly carcinogenic. Now a question arises: what is the current composition of gasoline with lead, than normal unleaded and super unleaded? In Australia and England, the oil companies are not required to provide any information about the chemical content of lead.  An independent study

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Subliminal advertising

  Subliminal advertising Subliminal advertising was one of the protagonists of the last century in terms of communication, being able to attract the attention of the scientific, cultural and political, but especially the active interest of the masses, the public, taking often in the form of urban legend. Its history is intertwined with that of the double-strand cinema, the American one in particular, which has contributed a lot to the discussion on the technique, and even today the ghost of subliminal hovers around the film intended both as an industry and as art. The event that brought to the fore the issue of subliminal advertising is by now well known. In 1957, James Vicary, a student of marketing, during the screening of the film Picnic (Joshua Logan, USA, 1955) sent on the screen using a special tool, the written "drink Coca-Cola" and "eat popcorn". The projection time, 1/3000 of a second, it appeared so short as to render impossible the vision to viewers. At the end of the film we discover that there had been an average consumption of Coca-Cola and popcorn statistically higher than average (respectively 18% and 57%), from which he deduced that the purchase behavior was influenced by the message is not seen. The additional deduction that followed was incredible: it suggested the possibility of being able to influence the consumption of a person simply proposing messages which itself remained unaware. When the results of this experiment were made public immediately lit up in America a strong ethical debate on the technique.  The issue attracted the interest of the industrial world because, as he said Vicary:    The mirage persuasive that this form could increase the turnover of the companies did find lenders interested to explore the theme, so that gave birth to the first agencies specializing in subliminal advertising.  At government level, however, the highest institutional authority in the field of advertising, such as the Federal Communications Commission and the Federal Trade Communication, immediately rallied against the subliminal, proactively and without any scientific proof of his alleged dangerousness, attracting advertisers and the entire field of communication ethics and professional correctness. The first statements of the FCC, in fact, date back to 1958, the year after the experiment, confirming the alarm created. In the mainstream, where they already knew the subliminal (understood as "subliminal perception"), and in the marketing research is vivacizzò rather academic debate, when asked directly by public opinion on the effectiveness of this type of technique. Vicary proved to be a true sorcerer's apprentice, because even when he tried to minimize the importance of its results, which were never replicated even by himself, the declaration of his discovery was like a magic formula capable of moving an entire world of curiosities , interests, prohibitions and attention he could not stop even the most radical of his statements: "the experiment was all a hoax [...] in order to widen the clientele of my marketing firm that was going through a difficult time "(we are in 1962 ...).    From that moment began to flourish findings of subliminal entries, not just in film, but also in music, on TV, on radio, in commercials of any kind, that is, all those messages that arrive daily to millions of people. He also began to experiment with this technique on large masses, with experiments on radio and TV, episodes which increased the reputation of Vicary and urged the public to take a stand on the issue. This practice associated a frenzy and a hidden fear that only later will be clearly understood: subliminal advertising proved to be a theme that attracts a morbid curiosity, disturbed by ghosts which inflated the importance of its alleged influence. Numerous scientific evidence from several disciplines, which plausibly put in serious

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DEPECHE MODE 2014

  POLICY OF TRUTH You had something to hide Should have hidden it, shouldn't you Now you're not satisfied With what you're being put through It's just time to pay the price For not listening to advice And deciding in your youth On the policy of truth Things could be so different now

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Cholesterol 2014

  Cholesterol   In the 60s the doctors for the first time hypothesized that the decrease in the level of cholesterol in the blood would be able to prevent heart attacks and thromboses. This led to the belief that if you decreased the cholesterol, either by drugs or by decreasing the intake of fat, you could prevent heart attacks. However, we have never been able to prove a cause-effect relationship between cholesterol and heart disease. Simply take it for granted that the heart attack victims have a high level of this fat that's supposed to be the cause of hardened arteries. It also gives you assume that a diet high in fat causes a chain of events that lead to heart attacks. After 30 years or

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This chip will save your life

  This chip will save your life It 'an inch long and become your identity card clinic always at hand. In the future it may serve the handicapped to move limbs atrophied. Meanwhile, an American family (father, mother and son) will begin testing on, even under their skin.  Louis Bigiami  To see him go to school, you'd think that Derek Jacobs, 14, of Boca Raton (Florida), is a student like many others. But it is not. When he was 12, Microsoft awarded him the status of a systems engineer, and 13, he founded a consulting company for computer, Inc. Frist Class A whiz kid?  Certainly, even if this definition is now a bit 'restrictive: in the coming weeks Derek will turn into cyborg, half man and half machine. And the best part is that this adventure has managed to involve his mom Leslie and his dad Jeffrey. As soon as the Food and Drug Administration (the American authority that certifies the new medical applications) will give the ok, the Jacobs family will plant a microcomputer under the skin. The VeriChip is the name of the sophisticated gimmick, contains some chilobytes memory and a tiny radio transmitter can communicate with a normal computer. On the inside, for the moment, will be recorded all the medical data of Jacobs, the blood disease of some importance, from allergies to the need to use some medicines. The family of Derek, then, is about to become the first generation of humans who possess a kind of bar code, used today to identify features and prices of

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Diego Armando Maradona

  Diego Armando Maradona Diego Armando Maradona Franco, born 30 October 1960) is a former Argentine footballer. He has served as a manager and coach at other clubs as well as for the national team of Argentina. Many experts, football critics, former players, current players and football fans regard Maradona as the best football player of all time.He was joint FIFA Player of the 20th Century with Pelé. A playmaker who operated in the classic number 10 position, Maradona is the only player in football history to set the world record transfer fee twice, first when he transferred to Barcelona for a then world record £5m, and second, when he transferred toNapoli for another record fee £6.9m. He played for Argentinos Juniors, Boca Juniors, Barcelona, Napoli, Sevilla and Newell's Old Boys during his club career, and is most famous for his time at Napoli where he won numerous accolades. In his international career, playing for Argentina, he earned 91 caps and scored 34 goals. Maradona played in four FIFA World Cups, including the 1986 World Cup where he captained Argentina and led them to victory over West Germany in the final, and won the Golden Ball award as the tournament's best player. In the 1986 World Cup quarterfinal, he scored both goals in a 2–1 victory over England that entered football history, though for two different reasons. The first goal was an unpenalized handling foul known as the "Hand of God", while the second goal followed a 60 m (66 yd) dribble past five England players, voted "The Goal of the Century" by FIFA.com voters in 2002. Diego Maradona was born on 30 October 1960, at the Policlínico (Polyclinic) Evita Hospital in Lanús, Buenos Aires Province, but raised in Villa Fiorito, a shantytown on the southern outskirts of Buenos Aires, Argentina, to a poor family that had moved from Corrientes Province. He was the first son after three daughters. He has two younger brothers, Hugo (el Turco) and 

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Laura Pausini 1974

  Laura Pausini Laura Pausini,  born 16 May 1974) is an Italian pop singer-songwriter and record producer. She debuted in 1993, winning the newcomer artists' section of the 43rd Sanremo Music Festival with the song "La solitudine", which became an Italian standard and an international hit, reaching the top spot on the Italian Musica e Dischi singles chart, as well as on the Dutch Top 40 and on the Flemish Ultratop 50. Her eponymous debut album was released in Italy on 23 April 1993 and later became an international success, selling two million copies worldwide. Its follow-up, Laura, was released in 1994 and confirmed her international success, selling three million copies worldwide. The first single from this album, "Strani amori", also became a domestic and international hit, reaching the top 5 on Italian, Dutch and Belgian main singles charts. During the same year, she released her first Spanish-language album, Laura Pausini, composed of ten adapted songs originally included in her previous works. The album was certified diamond by the Association of Phonographic and Videographic of Spain, making her the first non-Spanish artist to sell more than one million copies in Spain. As of today, she has released ten studio albums, an international greatest hits album and two compilation albums for the Hispanic and Anglophone market only, respectively. She mostly performs in Italian and Spanish, but she has also recorded songs in English, French and Portuguese. Her only English-language album, From the Inside

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Church & pedophilia

  Church & pedophilia New York. Of the thirteen American cardinals summoned to the Vatican by the Pope, eight archbishops of the diocese which owns a total of approximately fifteen million Catholics. The diocese most affected by the scandals of pedophilia is that of Boston, at the head of which is Cardinal Bernard Law. Here a few months ago came to light in the case of Father John Geoghan, who blew up all over America, the reality of pedophilia among the clergy. Cardinal Law is liable to have moved Geoghan from parish to parish ignoring the wake of sexual contact with children that this priest left wherever he went.  Second case, also in Boston, Fr Paul Shanley is accused of harassment, but of such cases in the diocese of Cardinal Law will have emerged about eighty.  Embarrassment also in Philadelphia where sexual abuse by priests dating back to the fifties and the diocese has identified at least thirty-six priests involved in approximately fifty cases. The scandal of pedophilia is  overwhelming even the archbishop of New York, Edward Egan, who some years ago was the head of the Diocese of Bridgeport, Connecticut, where he showed a striking example. It was discovered that a priest had sexually abused a boy but the abuse continued over a year after the leaders of the Catholic Church in Connecticut will come to know. A Los Angeles Cardinal Roger Mahony himself was accused of sexual abuse. The facts date back to several decades ago when the  Cardinal apparently had forced a mentally handicapped to have intimate relations with him. In general in this diocese confirmed cases of abuse are a dozen.  Difficult situation even in Detroit where the investigation into pedophilia has determined that at least eighteen priests have had sexual relations with minors. A few years ago here, the Catholic Church paid a large sum  a man who as a boy had been molested by a priest from Detroit.  But Cardinal Adam Maida must respond to the fact that the priest in question has continued its activities undisturbed minister until last month.  Perhaps the only American diocese where cases of child abuse have been rare is that of Baltimore. Cardinal William Keeler, however, is busy with his half million faithful "to protect all Catholics from such abuses." In the churches of the American Catholic priest greets parishioners at the door as they exit after the end of Sunday mass. It 'a little social ritual, inspired by the Protestant tradition, which is celebrated at the end of every religious function in tens of thousands of parishes, from the east coast to the west coast. The "householder" is a caress to the children, shaking hands of parents, thanking them for their presence and for the generosity of their offerings.  You probably see each other again before the following Sunday, one of the many social events - a play, a tombola, a charity sale - which organizes the priest in the parish. A few weeks ago this social ritual

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Clash of the Titans at the gates of the summer: th

  Clash of the Titans at the gates of the summer: the drugs to induce children to suicide? Yes, no, maybe ... Italian Swedish research versus Swedish research, 1 to 0 for the National Institute of Health to demonstrate the need for caution in the administration of psychotropic drugs to children: "The claims of researchers from the Karolinska are misleading and dangerous."  Has provoked much discussion in the scientific community to the study published just before the summer break in the British Medical Journal, signed by a group of researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, in which he argues with a wealth of data that the administration of psychotropic drugs to children and adolescents "ADHD "(suffering from hyperactivity and attention deficit) not only induces potentially suicidal as far supported by many specialists as well as by the Food and Drug Administration, the American authority for health control, but rather the contrary could" reduce or limit "the suicidal ideation of young patients in care. A study apparently unassailable, that of the Karolinska, but instead contains many flaws, as the researchers note of another leading research institute of international fame: the Italian National Institute of Health.  According to the experts from our own, in fact, the "cracks" in the Swedish study would be well to look remarkable, affecting not appeal the results of the research. Not only that the statements "reassuring" arrived from Stockholm on whether to use so casually these therapeutic tools would be discussed

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Predictive Technology: Become a Health Orwellian

  Predictive Technology: Become a Health Orwellian Unobtrusively, predictive technology is catching on. The operations of processing and filing of personal data carried out by the government, together with the new large data brokerage industry, not only threaten the most basic standards for the protection of privacy, but they are providing the power management tools of life, a previously unimaginable.  Until now it was a themed connotations tecnicistici and very boring, however, the viral news that Facebook would be using some proprietary algorithms to go beyond surveillance and manipulate the emotions of its members in a sort of big psychological experiment, introduced the theme in the main-stream culture. Of course, a similar experiment conducted without the consent of the parties involved is a huge invasion of privacy and ethics. However, when it comes to 'police' and 'health' every individual right fades into the background, and the world today gallops towards an Orwellian society in which the 'crimes' are preventable through predictive technology.  The establishment of a police apparatus and predictive healthcare is supported by massive marketing campaigns aimed at convincing the public that such tools will help to make people's lives safer. The notion of prediction of crime in Minority Report style is becoming a reality in Illinois and California. Meanwhile, the Health is preparing to manage the spread on the consumer market in a series of wearable gadget with millions of sensors for real-time monitoring of each biological parameter of the user (see. Related). Attracted by the promise of a longer life expectancy people are embracing this technology with great enthusiasm.  However, if you believe that everything will be resolved in a simple collection of biometric data for the exclusive use and consumption of the user, you are out of the way. Just take a look at an article published on Bloomberg, titled: Your Doctor Know That Make a Unhealthy Life: I Have Informed the Broker Data. Piece explains how sufficient data on your purchases to draw a detailed profile of the degree of healthiness of your lifestyle.  "Soon it may happen that you receive a call from your doctor (or your insurer - translator's note) when you stopped attending the gym, or you hired the habit of buying chocolate bars at the market or you began to do some shopping in health food stores specialized in packaging giants.  "All this because some hospitals have started to develop consumer data to draw detailed profiles of patients already in care and to identify the people most likely to become ill in the future, so that the structure is able to intervene before that happens. the information collected by the broker on public records and electronic transactions will reveal which stores frequently a subject, such as food shopping regularly, and whether a smoker.'s largest chain of hospitals Carolina has already processed the data of 2 million people with some algorithms designed to identify individuals at risk, and in Pennsylvania are used demographic data. " Now try to imagine what will happen when you will have your biological data in real time. As illustrated by an article by Jon Rappoport, this type of data exerts a huge attraction on the corrupt forces that seek to control. Nell'inquietante verbiage of the law the Affordable Care Act (aka Obamacare) is hidden the will

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The doctors do not say that

  The doctors do not say that .... Pap test:  It 'called by the name of dr. Papanicolaou who first used the spread. In 1941, the doctor published a study that showed that malignant changes of the cervix could be diagnosed by examining the cells of the vagina.  This simple and painless test involves taking a small sample of tissue from the neck of the vagina, which is sent on a slide to a laboratory for analysis to see if there are any abnormal cells. Although it was adopted a national government policy in the UK until not so long ago, the majority of British doctors consider the test for cervical cancer as one of the tests of good practice, and recommends that all women between the ages of 20 and 65 repeat the test every 3 or 5 years. The British doctors get bonuses only if more than 50% of their female patients undergoing the test, and triple their bonus if the percentage reaches 80%.  But this test work? The problem is that there is no convincing evidence which would lead to think that works. Professor James McCormick of the Department of Public Health at Trinity College in Dublin, an expert of the test sample mass says: "There is no concrete evidence that these tests will bring benefits and could actually do more harm than good."  Cervical cancer is the mass killer that is often painted. Despite approximately 2,000 women die of cervical cancer each year in the UK, they represent less than one-sixth the number of women who contract breast cancer. 

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Emergency water

  Emergency water The water on Earth is 40 percent in less than thirty years ago, and in 2020 three billion people will be without. But the strongest states are already taking advantage of the situation to turn this resource into marketable commodity.  The planet is left to dry and, incidentally, we realized too late. Under the pressure of population growth and the effect of pollution, water resources per capita in the last thirty years have been reduced by 40 percent. Scientists warn that, around 2020, when to inhabit the Earth will be about 8 billion, the number of people without access to safe drinking water will be 3 billion. The solutions proposed so far to deal with the problem have tried to increase the supply, rather than demand pull, revealing but ineffective: large dams are at the center of debates about the high human and environmental costs and the ecological rationality, while desalination, in addition to economic costs prohibitive, presents strong arguments against in terms of environment and energy. These and other stratagems show all their limitations with respect to the complex ecosystem of the water cycle.  Given the failure of the technique increases the doomsday predictions on global battle that will rage for access to '"blue gold" of the XXI century. "Whiskey is for drinking, water for fighting," stated Mark Twain, and the thesis of international observers, politicians and strategists seem to confirm that reflection. In the face of alarming data on the state of the planet's water resources, most of the experts have stated that "the wars of the twenty-first century will burst due to disputes on access to water."  That of "water wars" is a theme that lends itself to capture the attention and public concern, given the centrality - and even the sanctity - that water plays in many societies and cultures. Yet the speech, presented exclusively in terms of the increasing scarcity - and the consequent risk of armed conflict - may be simplistic: there is a tendency to present the situation as unchangeable, almost apocalyptic, without questioning the real causes that have brought the planet to the brink of collapse water and prevent one-third of humanity to have direct access to drinking water.  Polluted rivers, water undrinkable

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Zucchero Fornaciari

  Zucchero Fornaciari Adelmo Fornaciari ; born 25 September 1955), more commonly known by his stage name Zucchero Fornaciari or simply Zucchero  is an Italian rock singer and Order of Merit of the Italian Republic. His music is largely inspired by gospel, soul and rock music, and alternates between ballads and more rhythmic boogie-like pieces. Zucchero is the Italian word for sugar, as his teacher used to call him. In his career, spanning four decades, Fornaciari has sold over 50 million records around the world and has achieved numerous awards, including two World Music Awards, six IFPI Europe Platinum Awards and a Grammy Award nomination.     I LAY DOWN I lay down With an angel I lay down With an angel 'cause she treat me kind sometimes I lay down With an angel 'cause she treat me kind sometimes I lay down With an angel Come in me Take me home Wings of gold Come in me Make me fly

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How do it form a thunderstorm? by Massimo Marras

  How do it form a thunderstorm? The formation of a thunderstorm assumes the presence of high humidity in the troposphere. In the case of time due to the high heat of the high ground temperatures cause the formation of bubbles of warm air that are pushed upward. Thus forming heaps where it condenses the water vapor present in the air. As a result of condensation releases heat, allowing the masses of air (thermals) to rise further. At the base and sides of the cloud is sucked hot air, forming the typical cloud in the form of cauliflower (cumulus congestus) of considerable vertical development (up to 10,000 m). As soon as the cloud reaches the upper parts of the troposphere (temperatures below - 20 ° C), the water droplets freeze. At these altitudes cold and dry air is fed into the cloud. Consequently, the cloud cools ushering in a downdraft. At this point the cloud is transformed into a cloud of Storm (cumulonimbus). At this stage the updrafts, maintain the water droplets within the cloud or push up. The current discensionali carrying the water drops down: it thus produces a shower of rain and, in extreme cases, hail. The atmospheric currents upward and discensionali are also the source of electric charges differentiated by lightning and thunder. In the moment in which they blow the sun discensionali

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Alicia Keys singer

  Alicia Keys Alicia Augello Cook (born January 25, 1981), known professionally as Alicia Keys, is an American R&B singer-songwriter, pianist, musician, record producer, and actress. Keys released her debut album with J Records, having had previous record deals first withColumbia and then Arista Records. Keys' debut album, Songs in A Minor, was a commercial success, selling over 12 million copies worldwide. She became the best-selling new artist and best-selling R&B artist of 2001. The album earned Keys five Grammy Awards in 2002, including 

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How does the Auditel

  How does the Auditel Most people look at a program and advertising pays more in economic terms, following the logic perverse and destructive of the audience! By now this term has become so familiar that it has entered our cultural baggage, but what exactly does it mean audience? The English dictionary defines it as "the people of earshot," because of its Latin root, but also "spectators" and "audience." In advertising terms, that is, the area that interests them and us, the audience is the entire population (audience) that is reached by the medium of television in a given period of time: thus, a real unit of measurement (spectators to time) made ​​available by advertisers to their shady business shenanigans. Everything revolves around the advertising, whether we like it or not.  In the past the "telly" State usufruiva a "Service Reviews" whose function was to establish the approval and participation of the spectators, in practice took care to check the quality of the shows broadcast itself. The strong economic pressure of publicity, the "telly" private (Fininvest in the first place), and sometimes unfair competition of the latter, have profoundly changed the system, passing the index of quality than quantity. A remarkable turnaround that has revolutionized the whole system radio and television. From that moment on, in fact, it does not matter if people like it or not a program, it is important that you look at it and that's it! 

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Nuclear Hug

   Nuclear Hug The Minister of Productive Activities Claudio Scajola, during his visit to the research center ENEA in Frascati said that it is Government's intention to invest in nuclear power in order to bridge the gap that we have unfortunately accumulated strong. Under this regard, he announced the hiring of nuclear engineers by ENEA and revealed that in a few weeks will give life to Ansaldo Ansaldo Energia Nuclear.  These statements, as well as leave you flabbergasted, as issued by the Minister of a country that a referendum has already expressed its rejection of nuclear power plants, are being pursued with the myopic eye of those who pretend to ignore the problem of nuclear and the serious damage it caused on our health and on the entire ecosystem.  In the world there are some 440 nuclear power plants. France alone possesses 80, 9 Spain, Switzerland and Germany 5 a dozen, just to name the countries closest to us.  Each one of them over to pose a serious source of radiation for the surrounding area, it could be due to a disaster of untold proportions, in the case of an accident, an attack or an intense telluric movement  Each of them produces tons of radioactive waste that will remain active for a period ranging from 20 to 150 thousand years. Slag completely unmanageable, as it is physically impossible to determine the safety of storage sites of the same, having to reason about the temporal magnitudes in the tens of thousands of years.  A heavy legacy made of poison and death, which will leave a gift to future generations, like a sword of Damocles suspended over the centuries to come over their heads.  If you add to all this the part of governments, the increasingly strong propensity to trust both in construction and management of nuclear power plants to private companies, which are concerned solely and exclusively to their own advantage, what transpires is a gloomy picture potentially dangerous and whose contours are lost nell'imponderabile. Since 1945 have been over 2000 nuclear explosions put in place to test new nuclear weapons. If you include 1039 by the United States alone.  Unable to determine the severity of the radioactive fallout resulting from such experiments, partly because of silence of much of the scientific world, enslaved by the

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Scientific research1

  Scientific research In 2014 were published in Neuroendocrinology Letters, the highest-reviewed scientific journal scientific database world www.pubmed.gov two clinical studies on the use of Di Bella Method (DBM) in tumors of the prostate and breast. With these, the cases of various cancers, overall and favorably treated with the method of Bella rises to 774 The relevant progress and given the innovative, unprecedented in oncology research and treatment of cancer, is the fact that it has obtained in solid tumors the complete and stable remission without hospitalization, without surgery or radiotherapy, or chemotherapy, but only by the Di Bella Method. While the information in Italy (even if brought to the attention with detailed documentation thorough and complete) was quick to censor this one carefully and tightly real and documented progress in the therapy of solid tumors (obtained without asking and getting nothing for research science, without begging, scripted television "days of life" sales orange vegetables and other vegetables), health care institutions, and the so-called self-proclaimed "scientific community" were not interested in the publications to take note of a significant result, neither examine the rationale, the biochemical and molecular mechanisms, extensive bibliographic confirmations, which have enabled this achievement. There was a general mobilization on the contrary, they hurled anathemas and excommunications launched against the MDB, you are scomodate scientific societies, medical institutions, ethics committees to try every loophole, every pretext, any pretext, any device, any excuse to delegitimize , not the result, not the healing, not the essence of the problem, not the truth documented and verifiable (for which they have absolutely expressed the slightest interest, and that they could not contest), not the substance. Starry heights unattainable by their omniscience have contemptuously criticized the form, the procedure, the methodology of the publications, the level of assessment of the journal that published studies (Impact factor). Probably these exalted luminaries escaped the well-known and denounced by many mechanisms by which they are manipulated by corporations the impact factor and the whole so-called "scientific community", just read the statements of the Nobel Prize for medicine Randy Scheckman, which rebels to scientific journals in the leading positions by the Impact factor, such as Science, Nature and Cell, and admits that research in the field of science is not free, but in the hands of an "inner circle". (the scientific community). So scientific research for the Nobel Prize, "would be anything but independent" the accusation of Randy Sheckman urging arguing that

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Adriano Celentano1

  Adriano Celentano L'EMOZIONE NON HA VOCE Io non so parlar d'amore l'emozione non ha voce E mi manca un po il respiro se ci sei c'e troppa luce La mia anima si spande come musica d'estate poi la voglia sai mi prende e mi accende con i baci tuoi Io con te saro sincero restero quel che sono disonesto mai lo giuro

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The megatruffa of global warming

  The megatruffa of global warming THE FRAUD OF GLOBAL WARMING.  The graphs at the end of the article.  For 15 years, we are bombarded with alarms on the increase in temperature caused by human activities, with future disaster scenarios of the most varied nature. Is that really so, or is it a fake sold well for occult purposes?  Many in the scientific community is contrary to global warming, define the global warming induced by human activities, "the biggest scientific scam of all human history," or "just lies and lies." In this paper, I leave that to the facts speak for themselves, but first, to introduce the topic carryover predictions, gathered by a climatologist, made ​​in 2000 by the supporters of the heat, so you can have a glimpse of how things are.  SAID: Global warming is out of control. REALITY ': the world has become colder.  SAID: Drought and heat waves in England. REALITY ': floods, cold.  SAID. End of snow falling by 2010 REALITY ': beaten secular record snow.  SAID: More hurricanes. REALITY ': Less hurricanes.  SAID: Massive ice melting at the global level. REALITY ': More ice on a planetary level, data released dishonest and false (later the actual data).  SAID: The spring will come early. REALITY 'Maybe they were joking. SAID: big rise in sea level. REALITY ': Same slow increase since the last ice age. THE BEGINNING  It all started in 1997-98 to a search of Michael Man, on behalf of the IPCC (the UN Commission on the climate), currently Director of: The Earth System Science Center at Pennsylvania State University. Mann studying the temperature trend of the last 1000 years has produced the famous graphic in the shape of hockey stick, where it is seen that the temperatures over the past 1000 years have been stable, and then in recent times, have a soaring toward 'high, the cause was attributed to the increase in human emissions of carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas), his research was publish in Nature, so an unknown professor from day to night has become famous. Future scenarios gloomy, immediately were produced research that proved the conclusions of Mann. Glaciers melting in planetary, ditto for those of the polar regions, they made predictions that in a few years the Arctic will be ice-free, sea levels rising with future catastrophe insured. Al Gore presented his famous documentary An Inconvenient Truth, about the effects of heat, which earned him an Academy Award.  NASA and other government organizations and universities, have over time product data and graphs concern. Recent research on certain marine organisms, has never proved that in the last 2,000 years has been so hot, the NASA a few years ago published data proving that fall just past was the hottest. The polar bears are in danger. The photo of mama bear with her little boy adrift on a patch of ice has moved the world, and has become an icon of heating. Large funds were given to researchers from the heat. Meetings of governments at the global level to define future strategies, and a reduction of carbon dioxide, agreements and protocols with various types Kyoto. Recently, makes Mann has published a research that proves an alarming rise in future sea-level rise, is the recent news that the carbon dioxide has reached 400 ppm. Not long ago, the BBC (British TV) released the alarming news that the ice in the Arctic are melting like never before.  This is a brief history of the facts.  The situation is very serious, except for one unfortunate incident, 'ALL FALSE, research, false,

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U2 1

  U2 ORDINARY LOVE The sea wants to kiss the golden shore  The sunlight warms your skin  All the beauty that's been lost before wants to find us again  I can't fight you any more, it's you I'm fighting for  The sea throws rocks together but time leaves us polished stones  We can't fall any further if We can't feel ordinary love 

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Shock confession on his deathbed, the inventor of

  Shock confession on his deathbed, the inventor of ADHD: "ADHD is a disease of the fictitious" The Swiss National Advisory Committee on Biomedical Ethics (NEK, President: Otfried Höffe) has harshly criticized the use of Ritalin, a drug for ADHD, in his paper of November 22, 2011 titled "The improvement of man by means of pharmacological agents , "in which he states that the use of pharmacological agents alters the behavior of the child without any contribution on his part: you get, well, an interference in the freedom and the rights of the child because pharmacological agents induce behavioral changes, but can not quite educate your child on how to make these changes on their own. The child is thus deprived of the essential learning experience on how to act independently, resulting in marked limitation of his freedom and alteration of their personality development.  Critics alarmed by the disaster Ritalin now receive support from a totally unexpected source: the German weekly Der Spiegel has cited in its cover story of February 2, 2012, the American psychiatrist Leon Eisenberg. Born in 1922, the son of Russian Jewish immigrants, it was the "father of science of ADHD," and stated the age of 87 years, seven months before his death, in his last interview: "ADHD is an excellent example of a fictitious disease. "

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Angelina Jolie and madness propaganda of internati

  Angelina Jolie and madness propaganda of internationalism The thirty-seven Angelina Jolie, actress and tireless champion of human rights of refugees is being talked about all over the world.  This is not the output of the last film, but what is causing quite a stir were his statements. The newspaper of the establishment prince globalist, the New York Times, said that he had made ​​to remove both breasts in the private clinic Pink Lotus Breast Center (with its principal place coincidentally just 5 miles from Hollywood), to "prevent" the cancer! These days, the home page of the official website of the clinic (left image) is randomly appeared the actress in fine form.  The economic return to the clinic will be unimaginable ...  La Jolie, would have a mastectomy for her six children and especially because my mother died of ovarian cancer in 2007.  He did not want - and rightly so - to die of cancer, especially because "the doctors told me that I have the BRCA1 gene that gives me 87% chance of having breast cancer and 50% of the ovaries."  The BRCA1 (Breast Cancer Type 1 susceptibility protein) is a tumor suppressor gene so to speak, can encode a protein that prevents the cells to grow and divide too rapidly or in an uncontrolled manner (1).  A possible mutation of this particular gene - dogmatically impose the orthodox view of science - would lose control of the cell cycle, and this would originate mutations and therefore cancer.  Estimate that approximately 14% of breast cancers, and 10% of ovarian cancers, are caused by mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene (2).  Studies of families at risk, they say that women who have inherited mutations in genes BRCA1 or BRCA2 (like Jolie) at risk of developing a breast cancer in 87% of cases, compared with a probability of 10% of non-carriers of mutations.  According to the National Cancer Institute, estimates of lifetime risk are as follows: approximately 12% of women in the general population will develop breast cancer during their lifetime, compared to 60% of women who have inherited a harmful mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2.  In other words, a woman who has inherited a mutation in one of the genes BRCA1 or BRCA2 has 5 times more likely to develop breast cancer than a woman who does not have such a mutation. This study leaves no room for doubt many ...  In government site PubMed, the National Library of Medicine (US National Library of Medicine), however, there are other very interesting publications, such as the study entitled: "Familiarity of breast cancer: reanalysis of individual data associated from 52 epidemiological studies 58,209 women with breast cancer and 101 986 without the disease "(3).  The results in this case say that only 12% of women with breast cancer had a relative affected, while 1% had two or more.  The conclusion is that: 8 out of 9 women who develop breast cancer do NOT have an affected mother, sister or even a daughter. Although women with first degree relatives with a history of breast cancer have a greater risk of disease, most will not develop breast cancer MAI. Is that clear?  In the study do not mention to the genes BRCA1 and 2 (and perhaps due to the fact that no one has told them of the genes ...), but it is certainly interesting to know that the majority of women DO NOT never develop cancer, even if I had the mother or another relative of the first degree!  The official mantra, however,

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Influenza vaccines to mercury!

  Influenza vaccines to mercury! The alarming news from overseas on the virulence of the winter flu, many people are pushing to make the flu vaccine, vaccination than anything else, the Ministry of Health (in accordance with the guidelines of the World Health Organization), recommended only for those subjects at risk, the elderly and children. In this regard, not all pediatricians agree on the need for the vaccination of children in good health. To another who has contracted the disease in the two previous years, can not contract the disease from the same type of virus, but the choice whether to vaccinate or not is obviously delicate, personal and related to multiple factors.  What is certain is that they were authorized to sell two types of vaccine containing mercury, which at June 30 this year were outlawed as a result of a special decree issued 13 November 2001 Three days after the entry into force of the provision Minister Sirchia has rethought and the two corporations that have continued to produce them, GlaxoSmithKline and Solvay have them sold at bargain prices. 

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CINDY LAUPER

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CINDY LAUPER 2014

  CINDY LAUPER "True Colors" You with the sad eyes Don't be discouraged Oh I realize It's hard to take courage

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The dangers of genetically mo...

  The dangers of genetically modified insulin The article was published with the headline "Insulin administration may trigger type 1 diabetes in Japanese type 2 diabetes patients with type 1 diabetes high-risk HLA class II and the insulin gene VNTR genotype" and explains how patients genetically susceptible to diabetes type 1, insulin genetically modified (widespread) can induce the body to target its own insulin-producing cells by destroying them with an autoimmune reaction, producing a double diabetes: type 1 and type 2 the study japanese examined six patients (4 men and 2 women) with type 2 diabetes, none of whom had previously received insulin, nor were markers for autoantibodies to their insulin. All were susceptible to type 1 diabetes after administration of recombinant insulin your blood sugar is worse and their beta cells have decreased insulin

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The Mole: NSA stores 80% of all calls

  The Mole: NSA stores 80% of all calls. Not only metadata Much of the collection calls and archived in full in the form of audio files, says a dissident USA. The purpose of the NSA: the control of the entire population.  At least 80 percent of all calls is collected and stored in the form of audio files from the NSA (National Security Agency, ndt), revealed the informant dissident William Binney. The former director of decoding states that the ultimate goal of the agency of espionage is nothing less than total control of the population.  The National Security Agency of the mind that stores, said William Binney - one of the most high-profile dissidents never emerged from the NSA - during a conference that was held in London on July 5, organized by the Center for Investigative Journalism. Binney had left the NSA shortly after the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center, now being disgusted by the turn taken by the organization in the direction of the surveillance of citizens.  "At least 80 percent of the fiber optic cables pass through the United States," said Binney, who stated: "Everything that does not happen by accident and allows the United States to have the vision of all incoming communications. At least

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The intelligence of the mass

  The intelligence of the mass Will happen to be in front of you at a red light enchanted. A red that lasts say more than five minutes. Maybe you are in the queue and see that the first in line at some point break through the inertia and advancing slowly by asking the street to those who cross them having to turn a green light "enchanted". Note color: usually those that have a solid green traffic light in front of them, do not ask if there is something wrong ... they tend to think that everything is normal, so it's fair. It is asymmetry of perception. A little 'as  when, stumbling on a rung of a ladder, inveiamo against the step instead of recognizing that we were distracted.  But if those red lights do not take the initiative, if you gave a move, would starve in the queue after a maximum of 21 days. Of thirst, can suffice three days to die. Obviously, the first to break the lines must overcome the psychological conflict between obedience to signals from the authorities (the traffic light), and good common sense.  We say that, basically, they disobey a little late compared to what it would be reasonable to expect. But when they do, demonstrate that even without knowing the mass has its own intelligence. English speakers call "swarm intelligence," the intelligence of the swarm.  What is this premise? To describe a similar situation asymmetrical contours more worrying. That anomaly of a banking system that bases its power on the ignorance of the public, that the public has not yet realized that the lights are broken. You can tease a person forever, or a mass of people for a bit 'of time, but you can not make fun of everyone forever. So, the editors of the newspapers of the single thought of capitalism terminal have been warned.  We come to the point: the central bankers have discovered that they can print money - or the credit, which is equivalent but cheaper to write it in the computer and, more importantly, does not destroy the trees - at will.  So they are deliberately losing a lot of speculation to drop the cost of raw materials. Especially, when they have to pay the futures contracts they lose use your seigniorage. That is, it costs nothing to them. They do this because, by maintaining artificially low costs of gold, silver and oil - which in America has collapsed, but you go quiet that tomorrow the gas station do not you lower the price at the pump - people continue to think that the traffic light "works ". In fact, if an ounce of gold was left free to float, it would be now to two thousand dollars. The USA administration lowers prices at the pump because recent studies have made it clear that the intelligent - despite all the tyrannical laws they are going through - if the average American is angry, he pulls out his gun - and shoots. The average American also means the same officials of the administration, but yes, even the CIA agents. There is a threshold of economic pain, past which, if you're on the wrong side, you better put aside 20 million dollars to make you throw yourself into space as recently did that billionaire bored, self-styled of

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Physical attractiveness1

  Physical attractiveness Physical attractiveness is the degree to which a person's physical traits are considered aesthetically pleasing orbeautiful. The term often implies sexual attractiveness or desirability, but can also be distinct from the two; for example, adults may regard children as attractive for various reasons. There are many factors which influence one person's attraction to another, with physical aspects being one of them. Physical attraction itself includes universal perceptions common to all human cultures, as well as aspects that are culturally and socially dependent, along with individual subjective preferences. In many cases, humans attribute positive characteristics, such as intelligence and honesty, to physically attractive people without consciously realizing it. From research done in the United States and United Kingdom, it was found that the association between intelligence and physical attractiveness is stronger among men than among women. Evolutionary psychologists have tried to answer why individuals who are more physically attractive should also, on average, be more intelligent, and have put forward the notion that both general intelligence and physical attractiveness may be indicators of underlying genetic fitness. A person's physical characteristics may be suggestive of fertility and health. These factors contribute to the probability of survival and reproduction for continuing life on Earth. Men, on average, tend to be attracted to women who are shorter than they are, have a youthful appearance, and exhibit features such as a symmetrical face, full breasts, full lips, and a low waist-hip ratio. Women, on average, tend to be attracted to men who are taller than they are, display a high degree of facial symmetry, masculine facial dimorphism, and who have broad shoulders, a relatively narrow waist, and a V-shaped torso. Generally, physical attraction can be studied from a number of perspectives, including universal perceptions common to all human cultures, cultural and social aspects, and individual subjective preferences. Additionally, the perception of attractiveness can have a significant effect on how people are judged in terms of employment or social opportunities, friendship, sexual behavior, and marriage. Some physical features are attractive in both men and women, particularly bodily and facial symmetry, although one contrary report suggests that "absolute flawlessness" with perfect symmetry can be "disturbing". Symmetry may be evolutionarily beneficial as a sign of health because asymmetry "signals past illness or injury". One study suggested people were able to "gauge beauty at a subliminal level" by seeing only a glimpse of a picture for one-hundredth of a second. Other important factors include youthfulness, skin clarity and smoothness of skin; and "vivid

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A Gay Pride for children

  A Gay Pride for children A Gay Pride for children.  It 'why I came up with the organizers of Palermo Pride 2014 initiative that will see the Gay Pride parade in the streets of Palermo on June 28 next. Maybe because it seemed discriminatory to exclude children from the gay world, it will be because it appeared that children's minds are ready to assimilate the ideology rainbow, the fact is that between 16 and 25 June in the Sicilian capital was held "Palermo Pride Bimbi ". For small table creed homosexual nothing wagons and walkers masked gattonamenti the streets of Palermo in costumes at most Adamic made ​​more prudish by colored diapers, but art workshops, music, theater and readings of fairy tales whose dominant impression is one of inclusiveness and appreciation of differences of sexual orientation. A pilot project is Rainbow Families, an association of same-sex families (but how many will be in Italy all these homo-families?).  The slogan of the gay pride parade in miniature is as follows: "Let's play without stereotypes. Emotional education through the game. "Evidently the organizers do not believe that the child, if inserted into a reality normal and healthy, growing affectivity without even noticing, and

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Female disorders?

  Female sexual disorders?  An invention created by pharmaceutical The female sexual disorders? An invention crafted by pharmaceutical companies with the help of specialists willing, hungry for money and fame.  This, in brief, the thesis of a highly provocative article published in the prestigious British Medical Journal.  The organ of the Association of British doctors reported an investigation of Ray Moynihan, an Australian journalist who corroborates their claims with studies and expert

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Therapy (to strengthen the immune system)

  Therapy (to strengthen the immune system) - Cysteine ​​and Glutathione  How you can take action to compensate for these processes that lead to imbalances? First, it is possible to intervene to compensate for stimulating the synthesis of type 1 cytokines; effect that can be achieved with the administration of large doses of cysteine ​​(an amino acid particular because it contains sulfur), natural substance synthesized from methionine metabolism itself from the bottom up (always a sulfur-containing amino acid). In immunosuppressed AIDS patients or in those suffering from cancer, is administered from 3 to 10 grams (not mg) per day. Cysteine ​​is also a basic component for the glutathione: responsible for 90% of the work antioxidant compensation of oxidative stress, at the mitochondrial level. In acute cases with clinical symptoms such as AIDS, pneumonia, etc.. that is, in cases of emergency, glutathione is administered intravenously, from 2 to 6 weeks, 600 milligrams (mg) per day intravenously.  Another very important intervention is to improve the acid-base balance and kidney metabolism in the intestine. Here is expected to administration of glutamine (important for brain cells, for energy supply), and when the respiratory chain of mitochondria

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Love Poems3 max

  Love Poems3 wherever you will go So lately, been wondering Who will be there to take my place When I'm gone you'll need love to light the shadows on your face If a great wave shall fall and fall upon us all Then between the sand and stone, could you make it on your own If I could, then I would, I'll go wherever you will go Way up high or down low, I'll go wherever you will go And maybe, I'll find out A way to make it back someday To watch you, to guide you, through the darkest of your days If a great wave shall fall and fall upon us all

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Wheat the power of the future

  In GRANO the power of the future One of the effects of the economic disruption implemented by those who really controls the world currently is just the exorbitant increase in the wheat that did "rise", it is the case to say, the price of flour, bread, pasta. Today, there have to be a conspiracy to understand that the policy of liberalism and globalization of the 90s had as its goal the complete enslavement of the entire world population. Through the policies imposed by the WTO http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizzazione_Mondiale_del_Commercio supranational organization to which 150 were passively obey (virtually the entire industrialized world), they arrived to the complete destruction of the internal markets of individual countries in favor

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Love poems 4

  Love poems 4 You whispered to me "How do I see something not there What my eyes can't see before me I can imagine the color of the hair When it is not in my view to see I can imagine the texture of her skin Though it be too far away to touch I know it is soft and no where is it rough I can see the radiance of her smile Though I can't see what caused it to

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Pasteurized milk

  Pasteurized milk Pasteurization, which is named after Louis Pasteur, is the process of heating undergone by milk or other food products. Are generally conducted at temperatures ranging from 54 to 70 ° C and for times ranging between 20 and 30 minutes. The new methods "flash" heat up the milk from 65 to 76 ° C for 15-22 seconds. In this way you destroy pathogenic bacteria and retards the growth of other bacteria. However, according to the scientist Norman Walker, will require temperatures from 87 to 110 ° C to kill pathogenic microorganisms, such as the agents of typhoid, the coliforms, mycobacteria and Brucella.  The heat of pasteurization, however, is sufficient to destroy the lactic acid bacteria such as Lactobacillus acidophilus, which help to synthesize vitamin B in the colon. Acidifying the milk which then coagulates, the lactic acid bacteria keep the putrefactive bacteria under control.

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The medicine that kills1

  The medicine that kills The drugs "hormone replacement" promise to stay young women to delay menopause and osteoporosis defeat. Now it turns out that two very common drugs, Premarin and Prempro cause cancer, pulmonary embolism, stroke and dementia.  In USA, at least 14 million women are hit prescribe the two drugs. But since they are in business for 40 years, are about one hundred million (three generations) American women in danger.  This was established by a study by an independent body, the Women's Health Initiative (WHI).  The active ingredient of the two drugs is estrogen extracted from the urine of cows and mares, which contains three types of estrogen, two of which are not natural for women. In addition, the Premarin contains synthetic progesterone, which is also not identical to the hormone human.  The dosage increases the danger.  The pharmaceutical companies take a dosage that is effective for 90% of the general population; but there is a 25% hypersensitive, so the standard dose is too high, he noted the journal Lancet.  The study of the WHI has already determined that 0,625 milligrams of estrogen from mare is a carcinogen; doses in the two drugs are twice as 1,250 mg.  Since 2003, the sly, the Premarin is on the market with lower doses: 0.45 mg.  But in the

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Sunscream and skin cancer

  Sunscream and skin cancer Let's start by saying that there is no real evidence that sunscreens are actually able to prevent the majority of skin cancers. Yet you probably have your dermatologist recommended spalmarvi wearing a cream-toxic, to do prevention.  For your dermatologist if you also said that medical and statistical studies (see. Sources) have shown that people who spend more time outdoors have a lower risk of developing a melanoma? Who performs an office job is more likely to contract melanoma compared to farmers, construction workers and even lifeguards! On the basis of these studies it was found that rates of melanoma are higher in Minnesota than in Arizona; higher in Norway than in the south of France.  Another fact not widely publicized: the melanoma often develops in anatomical parts little exposed to the sun, including the soles of the feet, the genitals, the oral and nasal cavities, and the skin under the nails. The evidence indicates that those who spend more time in the sun without burning run a lower risk of developing a melanoma than those who spend little time in the sun. In countries where sun protection is the most widespread and used to a greater extent - for example the United States - are found prevalence rates of skin cancer more than average. 

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The New Humanism

  The New Humanism Witnessing the sunset of the "gods" false and lying gods or of the many ideas that have hitherto unsubstantiated composed the dominant cultural paradigm. The ideas to which people have believed so much to determine their own existence, full of fear, loneliness, division, dependence on a "power" that has not, in truth no real power.  The "power" is in fact pure virtuality, made ​​real by common ideas. A prime example is the idea of ​​"god" as it was painted by religions: a "god" indifferent to the many tragedies of men and morbidly concerned only with their sexuality ...  Other examples are war, SARS, terrorism, pacifism what he calls "peace" the interval between one war and the other ... Why do not you talk about disarmament and a world without borders? Why is failure so far of human culture capable of saying 'pane' bread and 'wine' wine, that is to recognize the real meaning of things and events. Today the unity consciousness is emerging everywhere in those who feel the human pain and realizes the folly of this world.  There is an age-old deception: it is the so-called "knowledge" that ignores the meaning of life and exercise its "power" by spreading the fear of death. 

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The foreign legion of

  The foreign legion of Nazism One of his most unusual and least known of the Second World War concerns those departments foreigners framed in the ranks of the Waffen SS, that of the SS fighters.  Just the fact that they were foreigners itself is an anomaly. Never ideology was more closed and exclusive, not open to the proselytizing of the Nazi based, as you know, on the credulous racial superiority of the German people and its cultural legacies. The concept of Volk, such as ethnicity, married, in National Socialism, to the Earth, so the elite troops of the system must shed blood to secure to the people the space and opportunity to life.  Instead before political reasons, then purely military, lead by the highest authorities of the Third Reich to advocate the formation of combat units or promiscuous, often composed exclusively of foreigners. And the strangeness does not stop here, why them, they would not have reason to do so, are the last desperate defense of the Reich German orami in pieces. As the flames rise from the ruins of the Chancellery violent, fight the last battle for Berlin survivors French volunteers of the SS Charlemagne division, commanded by Brigadeführer Krugenberg, residues groups of Danish and Norwegian SS Division Nordland, and a battalion of Latvian, which unable to contain the spread in their fields of Soviet forces.  A French group of sappers, which operates anti-tank guns and Panzerfaust, is fighting with great courage. "The non-commissioned officer Eugene Vaulot," notes Krugenberg in his report, "having eliminated two T 34 with the Panzerfaust, a few hours after hitting six other wagons opponents (...)."  With Vaulot also the French captain Herzig, head of the armored unit 503, remained without the wagons, he was awarded the Cross of Knight, which receives directly from the hands of Major Mohnkee: these are the last two decorations awarded for extraordinary merits of war in besieged Berlin, and go to two foreign Waffen SS.  We have tried to explain the reasons for such obstinacy; it is said, for example, that in the case of men who burned the bridges with their country, they face only one chance, to escape capture by fighting a kind of win or die, then. But it is an insufficient explanation. In those days, Nuremberg is still far away, and nothing would suspect that the judges of the international court would declare the SS, in toto, thus including also the Waffen SS foreign 'units criminals. " This, however, does not serve to enlighten us on the blind determination, the fanaticism of which demonstrate many departments of the SS fighters, if you do not keep in mind that the main factor of their cohesion, their steadfastness is a strong esprit de corps. Like the French Foreign Legion, despite being composed of people from all backgrounds and of every stripe, fight passionately on many different fronts sacrificing where the same metropolitan troops have surrendered (see Indochina), so foreigners classified in SS, except for a few exceptions on which we focus, fight in critical situations without flaking.  This is thanks to the hard discipline that prevails in the wards, to almost comradely relations with the officers, the high degree of training and a certain way of understanding existence, adventurous and fatalistic, common to many mercenary troops in past centuries; because, although not enrolled sol mirage gain, the military of the Waffen SS foreign have many features in common with the mercenary units of every time and country. (...) 

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TINA TURNER2014

  TINA TURNER A one in a million chance You know the moment that you cross over the line A casual glance No one has to read between the lines In the south of France it was springtime

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Alicia Keys1

  Girls on fire She's just a girl, and she's on fire Hotter than a fantasy, lonely like a highway She's living in a world, and it's on fire Feeling the catastrophe, but she knows she can fly away Oh, she got both feet on the ground And she's burning it down Oh, she got her head in the clouds And she's not backing down This girl is on fire This girl is on fire

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Why do we get sick?

  Why do we get sick? Do not you get sick because of germs, bacteria, virus, or the fate of the gene pool. Genetics bearing on the percentage of diseases and largely resizable through a healthy lifestyle. Diabetes and cancer do not come from the outside: it is the body that develops them. Obesity does not take itself: it is the body that accumulates fat. The headaches, back pain, arthritis, impotence, do not take: they are all pathological conditions which the body develops from the inside.  We are sick because they violate the laws of nature that every living organism, depending on its species, it must comply. When the population becomes standard of living wrong, it violates the laws of nature and is fed with industrialized products, people begin to put on weight, to become ill, develop ailments of modern civilization. The diseases are due to toxins, electromagnetic chaos, physical and psychological stress, but mainly because of poor nutrition due to cooked food, industrial and cause nutritional deficiencies (despite overfeeding) and our cells are hungry and thirsty for the lack of real nutrients.  There ill due to viruses or bacteria. If two subjects are exposed to the flu virus one gets sick and the other does not, why? Because the body is unable to defend himself of the first due to a weakened his immune system and toxins attack the body. When the body is intoxicated, lower levels of acidity in the blood. The pH of the body should be alkaline, acid when it is you are exposed to the risk of disease. If the pH is alkaline practically there is almost never sick. Each individual cancer patient has a low pH, that is very acidic. 

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Why we get sick?1

  Why we get sick? Do not you get sick because of germs, bacteria, virus, or the fate of the gene pool. Genetics bearing on the percentage of diseases and largely resizable through a healthy lifestyle. Diabetes and cancer do not come from the outside: it is the body that develops them. Obesity does not take itself: it is the body that accumulates fat. The headaches, back pain, arthritis, impotence, do not take: they are all pathological conditions which the body develops from the inside.  We are sick because they violate the laws of nature that every living organism, depending on its species, it must comply. When the population becomes standard of living wrong, it violates the laws of nature and is fed with industrialized products, people begin to put on weight, to become ill, develop ailments of modern civilization. The diseases are due to toxins, electromagnetic chaos, physical and psychological stress, but mainly because of poor nutrition due to cooked food, industrial and cause nutritional deficiencies (despite overfeeding) and our cells are hungry and thirsty for the lack of real nutrients.  There ill due to viruses or bacteria. If two subjects are exposed to the flu virus one gets sick and the other does not, why? Because the body is unable to defend himself of the first due to a weakened his immune system and toxins attack the body. When the body is intoxicated, lower levels of acidity in the blood. The pH of the body should be alkaline, acid when it is you are exposed to the risk of disease. If the pH is alkaline practically there is almost never sick. Each individual cancer patient has a low pH, that is very acidic. 

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PHARRELL WILLIAMS1

  PHARRELL WILLIAMS Pharrell Williams (born April 5, 1973), also known simply as Pharrell, is an American singer-songwriter, rapper, record producer, musician, and fashion designer. Williams and Chad Hugo make up the record production duo The Neptunes, producing soul,hip hop and R&B music. He is also the lead vocalist and drummer of rock, funk, and hip hop band N.E.R.D, which he formed with Hugo and childhood friend Shay Haley. He released his first single "Frontin'" in 2003 and followed up with his debut solo album In My Mind in 2006. His second album, Girl was released on March 3, 2014. As part of The Neptunes, Williams has produced numerous hit singles for various recording artists. Williams has earned sevenGrammy Awards including two with The Neptunes. He currently owns a media venture that encompasses entertainment, music, fashion, and art called i am OTHER, a multi-media creative collective and record label that serves as an umbrella for all of Pharrell Williams' endeavors, including Billionaire Boys Club and Ice Cream apparel, Billionaire Girls Club, textile company Bionic Yarn and a dedicated YouTube channel launched in 2012. The channel was launched on May 12, 2012 as part of YouTube's $100 million original channel initiative.

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PINK1

  PINK PERFECT Made a wrong turn Once or twice Dug my way out Blood and fire Bad decisions That's alright Welcome to my silly life Mistreated Misplaced Misunderstood Miss no way it's all good It didn't slow me down. Mistaken Always second guessing Underestimated Look I'm still around Pretty, pretty please Don't you ever, ever feel Like you're less than Less than perfect Pretty, pretty please If you ever, ever feel Like you're nothing

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Greenhouse Effect1

  Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect is a process by which thermal radiation from a planetary surface is absorbed by atmospheric greenhouse gases, and is re-radiated in all directions. Since part of this re-radiation is back towards the surface and the lower atmosphere, it results in an elevation of the average surface temperature above what it would be in the absence of the gases. Solar radiation at the frequencies of visible light largely passes through the atmosphere to warm the planetary surface, which then emits this energy at the lower frequencies of infrared thermal radiation. Infrared radiation is absorbed by greenhouse gases, which in turn re-radiate much of the energy to the surface and lower atmosphere. The mechanism is named after the effect of solar radiation passing through glass and warming a greenhouse, but the way it retains heat is fundamentally different as a greenhouse works by reducing airflow, isolating the warm air inside the structure so that heat is not lost by convection. If an ideal thermally conductive blackbody were the same distance from the Sun as the Earth is, it would have a temperature of about 5.3 °C. However, since the Earth reflects about

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Stretching1

  Stretching Stretching is a form of physical exercise in which a specific muscle or tendon (or muscle group) is deliberately flexed or stretched in order to improve the muscle's felt elasticity and achieve comfortable muscle tone. The result is a feeling of increased muscle control, flexibility and range of motion. Stretching is also used therapeutically to alleviate cramps. In its most basic form, stretching is a natural and instinctive activity; it is performed by humans and many other animals. It can be accompanied by yawning. Stretching often occurs instinctively after waking from sleep, after long periods of inactivity, or after exiting confined spaces and areas.

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ABBA1

  ABBA ABBA was a Swedish pop group formed in Stockholm in 1972, comprising Agnetha Fältskog, Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson, andAnni-Frid Lyngstad. ABBA is an acronym of the first letters of the band members' first names and is sometimes stylized as the registered trademark ᗅᗺᗷᗅ. The band became one of the most commercially successful acts in the history of popular music, topping the charts worldwide from 1975 to 1982. It also won the Eurovision Song Contest 1974, giving Sweden its first victory in the history of the contest and being the most successful group ever to take part in the competition. ABBA has sold over 380 million albums and singles worldwide, which makes it one of the best-selling music artists of all time, and the second best-selling music group of all time. ABBA was the first group to come from a non-English-speaking country that enjoyed consistent success in the charts of English-speaking countries, including the UK, Ireland, the U.S., Canada

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Sadness1

  Sadness Sadness is emotional pain associated with, or characterized by feelings of disadvantage, loss, despair, helplessness and sorrow. An individual experiencing sadness may become quiet or lethargic, and withdraw themselves from others. Crying is often an indication of sadness.Sadness is one of the "six basic emotions" described by Paul Ekman, along with happiness, anger, surprise, fear

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Mont Blanc

  Mont Blanc Mont Blanc  or Monte Bianco , is the highest mountain in the Alps and the European Union. It rises 4,810 m (15,781 ft) above sea level and is ranked 11th in the world in topographic prominence. It is also sometimes known as La Dame blanche (French for "the White Lady") or Il Bianco (Italian for "the White One"). The mountain lies in a range called the Graian Alps, between the regions of Aosta Valley, Italy, and Haute-Savoie, France. The location of the summit is on the watershed line between the valleys of Ferret and Veny in Italy and the valleys of Montjoie Valleyand Arve Valley in France. The Mont Blanc massif is popular for mountaineering, hiking, skiing, and snowboarding. The three towns and their communes which surround Mont Blanc are Courmayeur in Aosta Valley, Italy, and both Saint-Gervais-les-Bains and Chamonix in Haute-Savoie, France — the latter being the site of the first Winter Olympics. A cable car ascends and crosses the mountain range from Courmayeur to Chamonix, through the Col du Géant. Begun in 1957 and completed in 1965, the 11.6 km (7¼ mi) Mont Blanc Tunnel runs beneath the mountain between these two countries and is one of the major trans-Alpine transport routes. The first recorded ascent of Mont Blanc was on 8 August 1786 by Jacques Balmat and the doctor Michel Paccard. This climb, initiated by Horace-Bénédict de Saussure, who gave a reward for the successful ascent, traditionally marks the start of modern mountaineering.The first woman to reach the summit was Marie Paradis in 1808 and the first dog without human technical help was "Tschingel" from Grindelwald (even before first female honorary member of Alpine Club). Now the summit is ascended by an average 20,000 mountaineer-tourists each year and could be considered an

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CHIANTI WINE

  CHIANTI WINE A Chianti wine  is any wine produced in the Chianti region, in central Tuscany. It was historically associated with a squat bottle enclosed in a straw basket, called a fiasco ("flask"; pl. fiaschi); however, the fiasco is only used by a few makers of the wine now; most Chianti is now bottled in more standard shaped wine bottles. Baron Bettino Ricasoli (later Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy) created the Chianti recipe of 70% Sangiovese, 15% Canaiolo and 15% Malvasia bianca in the middle of the nineteenth century. The first definition of a wine-area called Chianti was made in 1716. It described the area near the villages of Gaiole, Castellinaand Radda; the so-called Lega del Chianti and later Provincia del Chianti (Chianti province). In 1932 the Chianti area was completely re-drawn and divided in seven sub-areas: Classico, Colli Aretini, Colli Fiorentini, Colline Pisane, Colli Senesi, Montalbano and Rùfina. Most of the villages that in 1932 were suddenly included in the new Chianti Classico area added in Chianti to their name-such as Greve in Chianti which amended its name in 1972. Wines labelled "Chianti Classico" come from the biggest sub-area of Chianti, that includes the original Chianti heartland. Only Chianti from this sub-zone may boast the black rooster seal (known in Italian as a gallo nero) on the neck of the bottle, which indicates that the producer of the wine is a member of the Chianti Classico Consortium, the local association of producers. Other variants, with the exception of Rufina from the north-east side of Florence and Montalbano in the south of Pistoia, originate in the respective named provinces: Siena for the Colli Senesi, Florence for the Colli Fiorentini,Arezzo for the Colli Aretini and Pisa for the Colline Pisane. In 1996 part of the Colli Fiorentini sub-area was renamed Montespertoli. During the 1970s producers started to reduce the quantity of white grapes in Chianti. In 1995 it became legal to produce a Chianti with 100% Sangiovese. For a wine to retain the name of Chianti, it must be produced with at least 80% Sangiovese grapes. Aged Chianti (38 months instead of 4–7), may be labelled as Riserva. Chianti that meets more stringent requirements (lower yield, higher alcohol content and dry extract) may be labelled as Chianti Superiore, although Chianti from the "Classico" sub-area is not allowed in any event to be labelled as "Superiore". The earliest documentation of a "Chianti wine" dates back to the thirteenth century when viticulture was known to flourish in the "Chianti Mountains"around Florence. The merchants in the nearby townships of Castellina, Gaiole and Radda formed the Lega del Chianti

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Carrara marble

  Carrara marble Carrara marble (sometimes mistakenly "Carrera marble") is a type of white or blue-grey marble of high quality, popular for use in sculptureand building decor. It is quarried at the city of Carrara in the province of Massa and Carrara in the Lunigiana, the northernmost tip of

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Mongrel

  Mongrel A mongrel or mutt is a dog that is not the result of breeding and belongs to no breed. Like mongrels/mixed breeds, crossbred dogs belong to no one recognized breed. Unlike mixed-breeds, however, crossbred dogs are often the product of artificial selection - intentionally created by

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POMPEI by Massimo Marras

  POMPEI Pompei is a city and comune in the province of Naples in Campania, southern Italy, famous for its ancient Roman ruins. In 2010 its population was 25,671.Modern Pompei was founded in 1891, after the building of the sanctuary, started by 

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Destiny's child1

  Destiny's child Destiny's Child was an American R&B girl group whose final, and perhaps most recognizable, line-up comprised Beyoncé Knowles, Kelly Rowland, and Michelle Williams. Formed in 1990 in Houston, Texas, Destiny's Child members began their musical endeavors as Girl's Tyme comprising, among others, Knowles, Rowland, LaTavia Roberson and LeToya Luckett. After years of limited success, they were signed in 1996 to Columbia Records as Destiny's Child. Destiny's Child was launched into mainstream recognition following the 1999 release of their best-selling second album, The Writing's on the Wall, which contained the number-one singles "Bills, Bills, Bills" and "Say My Name". Despite critical and commercial success, the group was plagued by internal conflict and legal turmoil, as Roberson and Luckett attempted to split from the group's managerMathew Knowles, citing favoritism of Knowles and Rowland. Both Roberson and Luckett were soon replaced with Williams and Farrah Franklin; however, in 2000, Franklin left, leaving the group as a trio. Their third album, Survivor, which contains themes the public interpreted as a channel to the group's experience, contains the worldwide hits "Independent Women", "Survivor" and "Bootylicious". In 2002, they announced a hiatus and re-united two years later for the release of their fourth and final studio album, Destiny Fulfilled (2004). Destiny's Child has sold more than 60 million records worldwide to date. Billboard magazine ranks the group as one of the greatest musical trios of all time, the ninth most successful artist/band of the 2000s, and placed the group 68th in its All-Time Hot 100 Artists list in 2008. Say my name Say my name, say my name  If no one is around you  Say baby I love you  If you ain't runnin' game  Say my name, say my name  You actin' kinda shady  Ain't callin' me baby  Why the sudden change  Say my name, say my name  If no one is around you  Say baby I love you  If you ain't runnin' game  Say my name, say my name  You actin' kinda shady  Ain't callin' me baby  betta say my name  Any other day  I would call and you would say  Baby how's your day  But today, it ain't the same  Every other word  Is "uh-huh" yeah "ok"  Could it be that you  Are at the crib with another lady  If you took it there  First of all, let me say  I am not the one  To sit around, and be played  So prove yourself to me  I am the girl that you claim 

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Lunigiana(Italy)

  Lunigiana(Italy) The Lunigiana is an historical territory of Italy, which today falls within the provinces of La Spezia and Massa Carrara. Its borders derive from the ancient Roman settlement, later the medieval diocese of Luni, which no longer exists. Lunigiana covers an area from the Apennines to the Magra river, belonging in part to Tuscany and in part to Liguria. It takes its name from Luni, a Roman town, perhaps pre-dated by an Etruscan settlement, which became the principal urban center on the northern Tuscan coast. Some contend that the name Luni refers to the moon, a celestial body whose beauty is made all the more attractive when framed by the white-peaked Apuan Alps and high Apennine mountains. Others maintain, though little or no evidence exists, that the region was populated by those who worshiped the moon. As if to unite history and myth, the symbol of contemporary Lunigiana is a crescent moon held in the claw of a bear. The earliest inhabitants of this region may have been the Apuani (from which is derived the name of the Apuan mountain chain), an ancient Ligurian people, as well as Etruscans who may have inhabited towns along the coast and even the hamlets near in-land trade routes. Curiously, while evidence of both Roman and later Medieval settlements are ample, the wondrously appealing stele, late pre-historic and Bronze Age stone statues which have been found in large numbers in this part of Tuscany, remain the symbol of this ancient land. They are the first expression of the art and, perhaps, of the religious beliefs of the peoples that inhabited northern Tuscany from the Bronze Age to start of the Roman Empire. During the Middle Ages, there were 160 castles in Lunigiana, only thirty of which have reached our times in a good state of preservation while others such as the castle of Agnino diFivizzano have fallen into ruin. It was in these castles that Dante found respite during his stay in Lunigiana. The historical origins of these castles date back to times when theLombards dominated most of the Pianura Padana and, seeking an outlet on the Ligurian/Tuscan coast, they found in the 

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Sardina(fish)

  Sardina(fish) Si rinviene nell'Oceano Atlantico orientale tra l'Islanda (rarissima) ed il Senegal; di solito non è presente più a settentrione del mar del Nord. È comune nel mar Mediterraneo (soprattutto la parte occidentale e l'Adriatico)

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GOOGLE SEARCH ENGINE1

  GOOGLE SEARCH ENGINE Google Search, commonly referred to as Google Web Search or just Google, is a web search engine owned by Google Inc. It is the most-used search engine on the World Wide Web, handling more than three billion searches each day. The order of search on Google's search-results pages is based, in part, on a priority rank called a "PageRank". Google Search provides many different options for customized search, using Boolean operators such as: exclusion ("-xx"), alternatives ("xx OR yy OR zz"), and wildcards ("Winston * Churchill" returns "Winston Churchill", "Winston Spencer Churchill", etc.) The same and other options can be specified in a different way on an Advanced Search page. The main purpose of Google Search is to hunt for text in publicly accessible documents offered by web servers, as opposed to other data, such as image or database search. It was originally developed by Larry Page and Sergey Brin in 1997. Google Search provides several features beyond searching for words. These include synonyms, weather forecasts, time zones, stock quotes, maps, earthquake data, movie showtimes, airports, home listings, and sports scores. There are special features for numbers, dates, and some specific forms, including ranges, prices, temperatures, money and measurement unit conversions, calculations, package tracking, patents, area codes, and language translation. In June 2011 Google introduced "Google Voice Search" to search for a spoken, rather than typed, word. In May 2012 Google introduced a Knowledge Graph semantic search feature in the U.S. Analysis of the frequency of search terms may indicate economic, social and health trends. Data about the frequency of use of search terms on Google have been shown to correlate with flu outbreaks and unemployment levels, and provide the information faster than traditional reporting methods and surveys. Competitors of Google include Baidu and Soso.com in China; Naver.com and Daum Communications in 

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Spaghetti1

  Spaghetti Spaghetti is a long, thin, cylindrical pasta of Italian origin. Spaghetti is the plural form of the Italian word spaghetto, which is a diminutive of spago, meaning "thin string" or "twine". Spaghetti is made of semolina or flour and water. Italian dried spaghetti is made from durum wheat semolina, but outside of Italy it may be made with other kinds of flour. Traditionally, most spaghetti was 50 cm (20 in) long, but shorter lengths gained in popularity during the latter half of the 20th century and now spaghetti is most commonly available in 25–30 cm (10–12 in) lengths. A variety of pastadishes are based on it, from spaghetti alla Carbonara or garlic and oil to a spaghetti with tomato sauce, meat and other sauces. Pasta in the West may first have been worked to long, thin forms in Sicily around the 12th century, as the Tabula Rogeriana ofMuhammad al-Idrisi attested, reporting some traditions about the Sicilian kingdom. The popularity of pasta spread to the whole of Italy after the establishment of pasta factories in the 19th century, enabling the mass production of pasta for the Italian market. In the United States around the end of the 19th century, spaghetti was offered in restaurants as Spaghetti Italienne (which likely consisted of noodles cooked past al dente, and a mild tomato sauce flavored with easily found spices and vegetables such as cloves, bay leaves, and garlic) and it wasn't until decades later that it came to be commonly prepared with oregano or basil. Canned spaghetti, kits for making spaghetti and spaghetti with meatballs became popular, and the dish has become a staple in the U.S. Spaghetti is cooked in a large pot of salted, boiling water then drained in a colander (Italian: scolapasta). In Italy, spaghetti is generally cooked al dente (Italian for 

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Cannolo Siciliano

  Cannolo Siciliano Cannoli are Italian pastry desserts. The singular is cannolo (or in the Sicilian language cannolu, plural cannola), meaning "little tube", with the etymology stemming from the Latin "canna", or reed. Cannoli originated in Sicily and are a staple of Sicilian cuisine. They are also popular in Italian American cuisine. In Italy, they are commonly known as "cannoli siciliani", Sicilian cannoli. Cannoli consist of tube-shaped shells of fried pastry dough, filled with a sweet, creamy filling usually containing ricotta. They range in size from "cannulicchi", no bigger than a finger, to the fist-sized proportions typically found south of Palermo, Sicily, inPiana degli Albanesi. Cannoli come from the 

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Andes

  Andes The Andes is the longest continental mountain range in the world. It is a continual range of highlands along the western coast of South America. This range is about 7,000 km (4,300 mi) long, about 200 km (120 mi) to 700 km (430 mi) wide (widest between 18° south and 20° south latitude), and of an average height of about 4,000 m (13,000 ft). The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. Along its length, the Andes is split into several ranges, which are separated by intermediate depressions. The Andes is the location of several high plateaux – some of which host major cities such as Quito, Bogotá, Arequipa, Medellín, Sucre, Mérida, and La Paz. The Altiplano plateau is the world's second-highest following the Tibetan plateau. These ranges are in turn grouped into three major divisions based on climate: the Tropical Andes, the Dry Andes, and the Wet Andes. The Andes is the world's highest mountain range outside of Asia. The highest peak, Mount Aconcagua, rises to an elevation of about 6,962 m (22,841 ft) above sea level. The peak of Chimborazo in the Ecuadorean Andes is farther from Earth's center than any other location on Earth's surface, due to the equatorial bulge resulting from Earth's rotation. The world's highestvolcanoes are in the Andes, including Ojos del Salado on the Chile-Argentina border which rises to 6,893 m (22,615 ft). Over 50 other Andean volcanoes rise above 6,000 m (19,685 ft). The peak of Alpamayo in the Andes of Peru rises to an elevation of 5,947 m (19,511 ft). The etymology of the word Andes has been debated. The major consensus is that it derives from the Quechua word anti which means "east" as in Antisuyu (Quechua for "east

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Serbia1

  Serbia Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia (Serbian Cyrillic: Република Србија,  is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, covering the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans. Serbia is landlocked and borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; Macedoniato the south; and Croatia, Bosnia, and Montenegro to the west; it also claims a border with Albania through the disputed territory ofKosovo. The capital of Serbia, Belgrade, is among Europe's oldest cities and one of the largest in Southeast Europe. Serbs established several states in the early Middle Ages following the Slavic migrations. The Serbian Kingdom obtained recognition by Rome and Constantinople in 1217; the state was elevated to the Serbian Empire, in 1346. By the mid-16th century, the entire territory of modern-day Serbia was annexed by the Ottoman Empire, at times interrupted by the Habsburgs. In the early 19th century, the Serbian revolution established the nation-state as the region's first constitutional monarchy, which subsequently expanded its territory and pioneered the abolition of feudalism in the Balkans. Following disastrous casualties in World War I, and subsequent unification of Habsburg crownland of Vojvodina with Serbia, the country co-founded Yugoslavia with other South Slavic peoples, which would exist in various formations until 2006, when Montenegro declared its independence. In 2008 the parliament of UNMIK Kosovo declared independence, with divergent responses from the international community. Serbia is a member of the UN, CoE, OSCE, PfP, BSEC, and CEFTA. It is also an official candidate for membership in the European Union, which is negotiating its EU accession, acceding country to the WTO and is a militarily neutral state, with a second-highest GPI in the Western Balkans, behind Croatia. Among the region's highest-scored "free countries" Serbia is an upper-middle income economy (WB, IMF) with the service sector dominating the country's economy, followed by the industrial sector and agriculture. Approximately 8,500 years ago, during the Neolithic Era, Neolithic, Starčevo, and Vinča cultures existed in or near modern-day Belgrade and dominated the Balkans, (as well as parts of Central Europe and 

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Protestantism

  Protestantism Protestantism is the form of Christian faith and practice that originated with the Protestant Reformation. The Reformation was a movement against what Protestants considered to be the errors of the Roman Catholic Church. It is one of the largest divisions of Christianity; along with Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. The term refers to the letter of protestation by Lutheran princes in 1529 against an edictcondemning the teachings of Martin Luther as heresy. The Protestant movement has its origins in present-day Germany and is popularly considered to have begun in 1517 when Luther publishedThe Ninety-Five Theses as a reaction against perceived abuses in the sale of indulgences, which offered remission of sin to purchasers.Although there were unsuccessful attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church long before Martin Luther notably these of Peter Waldo,Arnold of Brescia, John Wycliffe and Jan Hus it was Luther who finally succeeded in sparking a wider movement. The various Protestant denominations share a rejection of the universal authority of the Pope and generally deny the Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation, although they disagree among themselves about the doctrine of Christ's presence in the Eucharist. They generally emphasize the priesthood of all believers, the doctrine of justification by faith alone (sola fide) apart from good works, and a belief in the Bible alone (rather than with Roman Catholic tradition) as the supreme authority in matters of faith and morals (sola scriptura). The Five solaesummarize the reformers' basic differences in theological beliefs in opposition to the teaching of the Catholic Church of the day. In the 16th century, Lutheranism spread into numerous states of the Holy Roman Empire (primarily in northern, central and eastern areas of the Reich), Denmark–Norway, Sweden, Duchy of Prussia, Duchy of Courland and Livonia, among other entities.

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Human Trafficking1

  Human Trafficking Human trafficking is the trade in humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others; or for the extraction of organs or tissues, including surrogacy and ova removal; or for providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage. Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation. Human trafficking is the trade in people, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another. Human trafficking represents an estimated $31.6 billion of international trade per annum in 2010. Human trafficking is thought to be one of the fastest-growing activities of transnational criminal organizations.Human trafficking is condemned as a violation of human rights by international conventions. In addition, human trafficking is subject to a directive in the European Union. Definition Although human trafficking can occur at local levels, it has transnational implications, as recognized by the United Nations in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (also referred to

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VIETNAM 1

  VIETNAM Vietnam  the Socialist Republic of Vietnam ( is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. With an estimated 90.0 million inhabitants as of 2013, it is the world's 13th-most-populous country, and the eighth-most-populous Asian country. The name Vietnam translates as "Southern Viet" (synonymous with the much older term Nam Viet); it was first officially adopted in 1802 by Emperor Gia Long, and was adopted again in 1945 with the founding of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh. The country is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea to the east. Its capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976. Vietnam was part of Imperial China for over a millennium, from 111 BC to 938 AD. The Vietnamese became independent fromImperial China in AD 938, following the Vietnamese victory in the Battle of Bạch Đằng River. Successive Vietnamese royal dynastiesflourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, until the Indochina Peninsula was colonized by the French in the mid-19th century. Following a Japanese occupation in the 1940s, the Vietnamese fought French rule in the First Indochina War, eventually expelling the French in 1954. Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, North and South Vietnam. Conflict between the two sides intensified, with heavy intervention from the United States, in what is known as theVietnam War. The war ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975. Vietnam was then unified under a Communist government but remained impoverished and politically isolated. In 1986, the government initiated a series of economic and political reforms which began Vietnam's path towards integration into the world economy. By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with most nations. Since 2000, Vietnam's economic growth rate has been among the highest in the world, and, in 2011, it had the highest Global Growth Generators Index among 11 major economies. Its successful economic reforms resulted in its joining the World Trade Organization in 2007. Archaeological excavations have revealed the existence of humans in what is now Vietnam as early as the Paleolithic age. Homo erectus fossils dating to around 500,000 BC have been found in caves in Lạng Sơn and 

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SLA 1

  SLA Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)— Lou Gehrig's disease, and rarely Charcot disease—is a neurodegenerative disorder with various causes. The term motor neurone disease (MND) is sometimes used interchangeably with ALS, while others use it to refer to a group of similar conditions that include ALS. ALS is characterised by muscle spasticity, rapidly progressive weakness due to muscle wasting. This results in difficulty speaking, swallowing, and breathing. The disease usually starts around the age of 60, except in cases that are directly inherited when the usual age of onset is around 50.About 5 to 10% of cases are directly inherited from a person's parents. ALS is the most common of the five types of motor neuron disease. The average survival from onset to death is three to four years. Only 4% survive longer than 10 years, although rare cases survive 50 years or more. Most die from respiratory failure. In much of the world rates of ALS are unknown. In Europe the disease affects about 2.2 people per 100,000 per year. In the United States, more than 5,600 are diagnosed every year, and up to 30,000 Americans are currently affected. ALS is responsible for 2 deaths per 100,000 people per year. Descriptions of the disease date back to at least 1824 by Charles Bell. In 1869 the connection between the symptoms and the underlying neurological problems were first described by Jean-Martin Charcot who in 1874 began using the term amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. It became well known in the United States when it affected a famous baseball player by the name of Lou Gehrig. The disorder causes muscle weakness and 

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Infant mortality

  Infant mortality Infant mortality is the death of a child less than one year of age. Childhood mortality is the death of a child before the child's fifth birthday. National statistics tend to group these two mortality rates together. Globally, ten million infants and children die each year before their fifth birthday; 99% of these deaths occur in developing nations. Infant mortality takes away society's potential physical, social, and human capital. Generally the most common cause worldwide has been dehydration from diarrhea, a preventable disease; however, a variety of programs combating this problem have decreased the rate of children dying from dehydration. Many factors contribute to infant mortality such as the mother's level of education, environmental conditions, and political and medical infrastructure. Improving sanitation, access to clean drinking water, immunization against infectious diseases, and other public health measures could help reduce high rates of infant mortality. nfant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths of children less than one year of age per 1000 live births. The rate for a given region is the number of children dying under one year of age, divided by the number of live births during the year, multiplied by 1,000. Forms of infant mortality: Neonatal mortality is newborn death occurring within 28 days postpartum. Neonatal death is often attributed to inadequate access to basic medical care, during pregnancy and after delivery. This accounts for 40–60% of infant mortality in developing countries. Postneonatal mortality is the death of children aged 29 days to one year. The major contributors to postneonatal death are malnutrition, infectious disease, and problems with the home environment. Perinatal mortality is late fetal death (22 weeks gestation to birth), or death of a newborn up to one week postpartum. Some causes of congenital infant mortality are malformations, sudden infant death syndrome

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Autumn by Massimo Marras

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Autumn 1

  Autumn Autumn, interchangeably known as fall in North America, is one of the four temperate seasons. Autumn marks the transition fromsummer into winter, in September (Northern Hemisphere) or March (Southern Hemisphere), when the arrival of night becomes noticeably earlier and the temperature cools considerably. One of its main features is the shedding of leaves from deciduous trees. Some cultures regard the autumnal equinox as "mid-autumn", while others with a longer temperature lag treat it as the start of autumn. Meteorologists (and most of the temperate countries in the southern hemisphere) use a definition based on months, with autumn being September, October and November in the northern hemisphere, and March, April and May in the southern hemisphere. In North America, autumn is usually considered to start with the September equinox and end with the winter solstice (21 or 22 December). In traditional East Asian solar term, autumn starts on or around 8 August and ends on or about 7 November. In Ireland, the autumn months according to the national meteorological service, Met Éireann, are September, October and November. However, according to the Irish Calendar, which is based on ancient Gaelic traditions, autumn lasts throughout the months of August, September and October, or possibly a few days later, depending on tradition. In Australia and New Zealand, autumn officially begins on 1 March and ends on 31 May. Association with the transition from warm to cold weather, and its related status as the season of the primary harvest, has dominated its themes and popular images. In Western cultures, personifications of autumn are usually pretty, well-fed females adorned with fruits, vegetables and grains that ripen at this time. Many cultures feature autumnal harvest festivals, often the most important on their calendars. Still extant echoes of these celebrations are found in the autumn Thanksgiving holiday of the United States and Canada, and the JewishSukkot holiday

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IPHONE 6 2014

  IPHONE 6 The iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus are iOS smartphones developed by Apple Inc. The devices are part of the iPhone series, and were released on September 19, 2014. The iPhone 6 series jointly serves as a successor to the iPhone 5S. The iPhone 6 series includes a number of major changes over its predecessor, including a streamlined design, models with larger 4.7-inch and 5.5-inch displays, a faster processor, upgraded cameras, improved LTE and Wi-Fi connectivity, and support for a near-field communications-based mobile payments offering.Pre-orders of the iPhone 6 series exceeded 4 million within its first 24 hours of availability an Apple record. More than 10 million iPhone 6 series devices were sold in the first three days, another Apple record. Many rumors surrounding the next iPhone centered around the device's size; the majority of iPhone models have used small, 3.5-inch displays—which are relatively smaller than the larger screens used by flagship phones from competitors. The only major change in size for the iPhone series came with the iPhone 5 (continued with the iPhone 5S and 5C), which featured a display that was taller, but the same width as prior models, measuring 4 inches diagonally. Following Apple's loss in smartphone market share to companies producing phones with larger displays (such as Samsung, whose popular Galaxy S4 model featured a 5-inch screen), reports as early as January 2014 suggested that Apple was preparing to launch new iPhone models with larger, 4.7-inch and 5.5-inch displays. Reports prior to its unveiling also speculated the possibility that Apple would use a new iPhone model to introduce a mobile paymentsplatform using near-field communications—a technology that has been incorporated into many Android phones, but has a low adoption rate among users. The iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus were officially unveiled during a press event at the Flint Center for Performing Arts in Cupertino, California on September 9, 2014. The event featured other major, previously-rumored product announcements by Apple alongside the new iPhone models, including the Apple Pay mobile payment platform, and the company's entry into the wearable computing market with the Apple Watch smartwatch. The iPhone 6 line was released on September 19, 2014; pre-orders began on September 12, 2014. In China, where the iPhone 5S and 5C were the first models in the iPhone series to be released in the country on the same day as their international launch, Apple notified local wireless carriers that it would be unable to release the iPhone 6 line in China on the 19th because there were "details which are not ready"; local media reported that the devices had not yet been approved by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and earlier in the year, a news report by state broadcaster China Central Television alleged that iPhone devices were

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DOG 1

  DOG The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris, or Canis familiaris) is a member of the Canidae family of the mammalian order Carnivora. The term "domestic dog" is generally used for both domesticated and feral varieties. The dog was the first domesticated animal and has been the most widely kept working, hunting, and pet animal in human history. The word "dog" can also refer to the male of a canine species, as opposed to the word "bitch" which refers to the female of the species. Recent studies of "well-preserved remains of a dog-like canid from the Razboinichya Cave" in the Altai Mountains of southern Siberiaconcluded that a particular instance of early wolf domestication approximately 33,000 years ago did not result in modern dog lineages, possibly because of climate disruption during the Last Glacial Maximum. The authors postulate that at least several such incipient events have occurred. A study of fossil dogs and wolves in Belgium, Ukraine, and Russia tentatively dates domestication from 14,000 years ago to more than 31,700 years ago. Another recent study has found support for claims of dog domestication between 14,000 and 16,000 years ago, with a range between 9,000 and 34,000 years ago, depending on mutation rate assumptions. Dogs' value to early human hunter-gatherers led to them quickly becoming ubiquitous across world cultures. Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads, protection, assisting police and military, companionship, and, more recently, aiding handicapped individuals. This impact on human society has given them the nickname "man's best friend" in the Western world. In some cultures, however, dogs are also a source of meat. In 2001, there were estimated to be 400 million dogs in the world. Most breeds of dog are at most a few hundred years old, having been artificially selected for particular morphologies and behaviors by people for specific functional roles. Through this selective breeding, the dog has developed into hundreds of varied breeds, and shows more behavioral and morphological variation than any other land mammal. For example, height measured to the withers ranges from 15.2 centimetres (6.0 in) in the Chihuahua to about 76 cm (30 in) in the Irish Wolfhound; color varies from white through grays (usually called "blue") to black, and browns from light (tan) to dark ("red" or "chocolate") in a wide variation of patterns; coats can be short or long, coarse-haired to wool-like, straight, curly, or smooth. It is common for most breeds to shed this coat. In 1753, the father of modern biological taxonomy, Carl Linnaeus, listed among the types of quadrupeds familiar to him, the Latin word for dog, canis. Among the species within this genus, Linnaeus listed the fox, as Canis vulpes, wolves (Canis lupus), and the domestic

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Pakistan 2014

  Pakistan Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan  is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 180 million people, it is the sixth most populous country and with an area covering 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi), it is the 36th largest country in the world in terms of area. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east,Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a marine border with Oman. The territory that now constitutes Pakistan was previously home to several ancient cultures, including the Mehrgarh of theNeolithic and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, and was later home to kingdoms ruled by people of different faiths and cultures, including Hindus, Indo-Greeks, Muslims, Turco-Mongols, Afghans and Sikhs. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Indian Mauryan Empire, the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander of Macedonia, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empireand the British Empire. As a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the subcontinent's struggle for independence, Pakistan was created in 1947 as an independent nation for Muslims from the regions in the east and west of Subcontinent where there was a Muslim majority. Initially a dominion, Pakistan adopted a new constitution in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic. A civil war in 1971 resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh. Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories. It is an ethnically andlinguistically diverse country, with a similar variation in its geography and wildlife. A regional and middle power,Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed forces in the world and is also a nuclear power as well as a declarednuclear-weapons state, being the only nation in the Muslim world, and the second in South Asia, to have that status. It has a semi-industrialised economy with a well-integrated agriculture sector, its economy is the 26th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power and 45th largest in terms

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Oasi

  Oasi n geography, an oasis (plural: oases) or cienega (Southwestern United States) is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source. Oases also provide habitat for animals and even humans if the area is big enough. The location of oases has been of critical importance for trade and transportation routes in desert areas; caravans must travel via oases so that supplies of water and food can be replenished. Thus, political or military control of an oasis has in many cases meant control of trade on a particular route. For example, the oases of Awjila, Ghadames, and Kufra, situated in modern-day Libya, have at various times been vital to both North-South and East-West trade in the Sahara.

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Niagara Falls1

  Niagara Falls Niagara Falls is the collective name for three waterfalls that straddle the international border between Canada and the United States; more specifically, between the province of Ontario and the state of New York. They form the southern end of the Niagara Gorge. From largest to smallest, the three waterfalls are the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls. The Horseshoe Falls lie mostly on the Canadian side and the American Falls entirely on the American side, separated by Goat Island. The smaller Bridal Veil Falls are also located on the American side, separated from the other waterfalls by Luna Island. The international boundary line was originally drawn through Horseshoe Falls in 1819, but the boundary has long been in dispute due to natural erosion and construction. Located on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, the combined falls form the highest flow rate of any waterfallin the world, with a vertical drop of more than 165 feet (50 m). Horseshoe Falls is the most powerful waterfall in North America, as measured by vertical height and also by flow rate.The falls are located 17 miles (27 km) north-northwest of Buffalo, New York and 75 miles (121 km) south-southeast of Toronto, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New York. Niagara Falls were formed when glaciers receded at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation (the last ice age), and water from the newly formed Great Lakes carved a path through the 

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Great wall of China1

  Great wall of China The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger and stronger, are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall is from theMing Dynasty. Other purposes of the Great Wall have included border controls, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration. Furthermore, the defensive characteristics of the Great Wall were enhanced by the construction of watch towers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signaling capabilities through the means of smoke or fire, and the fact that the path of the Great Wall also served as a transportation corridor. The main Great Wall line stretches from Shanhaiguan in the east, to Lop Lake in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. A comprehensive archaeological survey, using advanced technologies, has concluded that the Ming walls measure 8,850 km (5,500 mi). This is made up of 6,259 km (3,889 mi) sections of actual wall, 359 km (223 mi) of trenches and 2,232 km

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Suez Canal 2014

  Suez Canal The Suez Canal  is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Seaand the Red Sea. Opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction, it allows ships to travel between Europe and easternAsia without navigating around Africa thereby reducing the sea voyage distance between Europe and India by about 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi). The northern terminus is Port Said; the southern terminus is Port Tewfik at the city of Suez. Ismailia is on its west bank, 3 km (1.9 mi) from the half-way point. When built, the canal was 164 km (102 mi) long and 8 m (26 ft) deep. After several enlargements, it is 193.30 km (120.11 mi) long, 24 m (79 ft) deep and 205 metres (673 ft) wide. It consists of the northern access channel of 22 km (14 mi), the canal itself of 162.25 km (100.82 mi) and the southern access channel of 9 km (5.6 mi). The canal is single lane with passing places in the "Ballah By-Pass" and the Great Bitter Lake. It contains no locks; seawater flows freely through it. In general, the canal north of the Bitter Lakes flows north in winter and south in summer. The current south of the lakes changes with the tide at Suez.The canal is owned and maintained by the Suez Canal Authority

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Prime meridian

  Prime meridian A prime meridian, based at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, in London, was established by Sir George Airy in 1851. By 1884, over two-thirds of all ships and tonnage used it as the reference meridian on their charts and maps. In October of that year, at the behest of U.S. President Chester A. Arthur, 41 delegates from 25 nations met in Washington, D.C., USA, for the International Meridian Conference. This conference selected the meridian passing through Greenwich as the official prime meridian due to its popularity. However, France abstained from the vote and French maps continued to use the Paris meridian for several decades. In the 18th century, London lexicographer,Malachy Postlethwayt published his African maps showing the 'Meridian of London' intersecting the Equator a few degrees west of the later meridian and Accra,Ghana. The prime meridian passes through the Airy transit circle (

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10 reasons to love Italian women

  10 reasons to love Italian women 1) They look wonderful, they have style and are aware of: Italian women look great, they know how to dress. It is not known whether it is imprinted in their DNA, or to be taught from an early age, but they have an innate ability to select and match the right clothes. This gives them confidence in themselves and makes them fascinating.  2) They have passion, all the women are generally very sensitive and sentimental, but the Italian ones have an "emotional intelligence" that sets them apart. What you put into tears listening to a song by Celine Dion or that suddenly throw her arms around the neck of their beloved for no particular reason, certainly will not be bored with them. 3) Love Food: love good food, live for them, eat it, talk about it, clap their hands when they read a menu at a restaurant, they know how to cook and learn it ever since I small, observing their mothers. On the other hand it is known that the best people are those who appreciate good food and this makes the Italian fall fully into the category. You might think that fatten a lot, but it is not so, because basically they do not eat "junk food".    4) They love the cavalry are not offended if you get up to leave their place. On the contrary, the accettanno and thank you. Not only Italian women appreciate that you open the door or you take it

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History of computing hardware1

  History of computing hardware The history of computing hardware covers the developments from simple devices to aid calculation, to mechanical calculators, punched card data processing and on to modern stored-program computers.Before the 20th century, most calculations were done by humans. Early mechanical tools to help humans with digital calculations were called "calculating machines", by proprietary names, or even as they are now, calculators. The machine operator was called the computer. The first aids to computation were purely mechanical devices which required the operator to set up the initial values of an elementary arithmetic operation, then manipulate the device to obtain the result. The slide rule and, later, analog computersrepresented numbers in a continuous form, for instance distance along a scale, rotation of a shaft, or a voltage. Numbers could also be represented in the form of digits, automatically manipulated by a mechanical mechanism. Although this approach generally required more complex mechanisms, it greatly increased the precision of results. Devices have been used to aid computation for thousands of years, mostly using one-to-one correspondence with fingers. The earliest counting device was probably a form of tally stick. Later record keeping aids throughout the Fertile Crescent included calculi (clay spheres, cones, etc.) which represented counts of items, probably livestock or grains, sealed in hollow unbaked clay containers. The use ofcounting rods is one example. The abacus was early used for arithmetic tasks. What we now call the Roman abacus was used in Babylonia as early as 2400 BC. Since then, many other forms of reckoning boards or tables have been invented. In a medieval European counting house, a checkered cloth would be placed on a table, and markers moved around on it according to certain rules, as an aid to calculating sums of money. Several analog computers were constructed in ancient and medieval times to perform astronomical calculations. These include theAntikythera mechanism and the astrolabe from ancient Greece (c. 150–100 BC), which are generally regarded as the earliest known mechanical analog computers. Hero of Alexandria (c. 10–70 AD) made many complex mechanical devices including automata and a programmable cart. Other early versions of mechanical devices used to perform one or another type of calculations include the planisphere and other mechanical computing devices invented by Abu Rayhan al-Biruni (c. AD 1000); the equatorium and universal latitude-independent astrolabe by Abu Ishaq Ibrahim al-Zarqali (c. AD 1015); the astronomical analog computers of other medieval Muslim astronomers and engineers; and the astronomical clock tower of Su Song (c. AD 1090) during the Song Dynasty.

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Carbonia

  Carbonia Carbonia  is a town and comune, which along with Iglesias is a co-capital of the province of Carbonia-Iglesias

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Carnevale di Cento

  Carnevale di Cento Il Carnevale di Cento è una manifestazione che si svolge nella città di Cento, in provincia di Ferrara. La storia Il Carnevale a Cento ha origini antiche, come dimostrano alcuni affreschi del pittore seicentesco Giovanni Francesco Barbieri detto ilGuercino. Dal 1990 la manifestazione è diventata un evento folkloristico importante, grazie al gemellaggio con il Carnevale di Rio de Janeiro dove per alcuni anni sfilavano maschere del carro vincitore dell'edizione precedente e alla costante presenza di personaggi dello spettacolo italiano e internazionale.   Svoltasi ininterrottamente dal 1947, nel 2014 la manifestazione viene annullata a poche settimane dal suo inizio. I danni del 

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Ferrari 10

  Ferrari Ferrari S.p.A. is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1929, as Scuderia Ferrari, the company sponsored drivers and manufactured race cars before moving into production of street-legal vehicles as Ferrari S.p.A. in 1947. Fiat acquired 50% of Ferrari in 1969 and expanded its stake to 85% in 2008. Fiat currently owns 90% of Ferrari. Throughout its history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing, especially in Formula One, where it has had great success. Ferrari road cars are generally seen as a symbol of speed, luxury and wealth. Enzo Ferrari was not initially interested in the idea of producing road cars when he formed Scuderia Ferrari (literally "Ferrari Stable", and usually used to mean "Team Ferrari", it is correctly pronounced [skudeˈriːa]) in 1928 as a sponsor for amateur drivers headquartered in Modena. Ferrari prepared, and successfully raced, various drivers

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Tropical Cyclone

  Tropical Cyclone A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain. Depending on its location and strength, a tropical cyclone is referred to by names such as hurricane , typhoon /taɪˈfuːn/, tropical storm, cyclonic storm, tropical depression, and simply cyclone. Tropical cyclones typically form over large bodies of relatively warm water. They derive their energy from the evaporation ofwater from the ocean surface, which ultimately recondenses into clouds and rain when moist air rises and cools to saturation. This energy source differs from that of mid-latitude cyclonic storms, such as nor'easters and European windstorms, which are fueled primarily by horizontal temperature contrasts. The strong rotating winds of a tropical cyclone are a result of theconservation of angular momentum imparted by the Earth's rotation as air flows inwards toward the axis of rotation. As a result, they rarely form within 5° of the equator. Tropical cyclones are typically between 100 and 4,000 km (62 and 2,485 mi) in diameter. The term "tropical" refers to the geographical origin of these systems, which form almost exclusively over tropical seas. The term "cyclone" refers to their cyclonic nature, with wind blowing counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. The opposite

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Ardeatine massacre

  Ardeatine massacre The Fosse Ardeatine massacre (Italian: Eccidio delle Fosse Ardeatine) was a mass killing carried out in Rome on 24 March 1944 byGerman occupation troops during the Second World War as a reprisal for a partisan attack conducted on the previous day in central Rome against the SS Police Regiment Bozen. Subsequently, the Ardeatine Caves site (Fosse Ardeatine) was declared a Memorial Cemetery and National Monument open daily to visitors. Every year, on the anniversary of the slaughter and in the presence of the senior officials of the Italian Republic, a solemn State commemoration is held at the monument in honor of the fallen. Popes Paul VI and John Paul II each visited the memorial once during their respective reigns, as did Pope Benedict XVI on 27 March 2011. In July 1943, the Allies landed in Sicily, preparatory to invading the mainland, and Rome was bombed for the first time. On 24 July, the Fascist Grand Council, which the dictatorBenito Mussolini had dissolved, met and overwhelmingly voted no confidence in Mussolini. The following day, anxious to extricate his country from an unsustainable war, King Victor Emanuel III, the titular head of the Italian government and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces under Mussolini, appointed Marshal Pietro Badoglio to head a new military government. He then ordered his gendarmerie, the Carabinieri, to arrest and imprison Mussolini. In August, Rome was bombed again, and on 14 August the Badoglio government began secret surrender negotiations with the Allies in Sicily, although still outwardly allied to Germany. In accordance with the Pope's wishes, the Italian government also unilaterally declared Rome an Open City, i.e., a demilitarized zone, a declaration the Allies would refuse to recognize and the

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Emotions10

  Emotions n psychology and philosophy, emotion is a subjective, conscious experience characterized primarily by psychophysiologicalexpressions, biological reactions, and mental states. Emotion is often associated and considered reciprocally influential with mood,temperament, personality, disposition, and motivation. It also is influenced by hormones and neurotransmitters such as dopamine,noradrenaline, serotonin, oxytocin, cortisol and GABA. Emotion is often the driving force behind motivation, positive or negative. An alternative definition of emotion is a "positive or negative experience that is associated with a particular pattern of physiological activity." The physiology

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Gardaland

    Gardaland Gardaland is an amusement park located in North-Eastern Italy Ronchi in the municipality of Castelnuovo del Garda, in the province of Verona. Opened July 19, 1975 includes " Gardaland ", " Gardaland Sea-Life " and " Gardaland Hotel". It is adjacent to Lake Gardawhile not looking out of it. The entire complex covers an area of 445,000 m2 (4,789,940 sq ft), while the only theme park measuring 200,000 m2 (2,152,782 sq ft). Inside there are mechanical attractions and themed water well. Every year it is visited by nearly 3 million people. In June 2005, Gardaland has been ranked by Forbes Magazine ranked fifth in the top ten amusement parks in the world with the best turnover and according to the data of 2011 is the eighth in Europe by number of park visitors. Since October 2006, the park is owned by the British company Merlin Entertainments. The Director General of the parks is Danilo Santi, while the CEO of Gardaland Resort is Aldo Maria Vigevani. Built on the eastern shore of Lake Garda at Castelnuovo del Garda, Gardaland opened on July 19, 1975, between Peschiera and Lazise.   It has expanded steadily in both size and attendance, topping 1 million visitors annually for the first time in 1984. By 2007, attendance reached 3 million.[2] Gardaland is now the eighth-most-popular theme park in Europe, and is run and operated by the Merlin Entertainments Group. It has a total of 32 rides, including six roller coasters and three water rides. The coasters are Blue Tornado, Magic Mountain, Sequoia Adventure, Raptor, Orto Bruco, Mammut. Fuga da Atlantide is a Shoot the Chute. Attractions[edit] Roller coasters[edit] NamePictureTypeOpenedAreaManufacturerAdditional information. Announced in 2014 they will get a new B&M Dive Coaster. Blue Tornado Steel sit down

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Hanoi 1

  Hanoi Hanoi  is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city. Its population in 2009 was estimated at 2.6 million for urban districts, 6.5 million for the metropolitan jurisdiction. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945), but Hanoi served as the capital of French Indochina from 1902 to 1954. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is 1,760 km (1,090 mi) north of Ho Chi Minh City and 120 km (75 mi) west ofHai Phong city.October 2010 officially marked 1000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a 4 km ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion. Hanoi (河內) has had many names throughout history, all of them of Sino-Vietnamese origin. During the Chinese domination of Vietnam, it was known first as Long Biên, then Tống Bình (宋平, "Song Peace") and Long Đỗ (龍肚, "Dragonbelly"). In 866, it was turned into a citadel and named Đại La (

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Liegi

  Liegi Liège is a major city and a municipality in the European country of Belgium. It is located in the province of the same name, Liège, of which it is the capital and is part of the Walloon (French-speaking) region of Belgium. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse River, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands and withGermany. At Liège the Meuse river meets the river Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi. The name is Germanic in origin and is reconstructible as *liudik-, from the Germanic word *liudiz "people", which is found in for example Dutch lui(den), lieden, German Leute, Old English lēod (English lede) and Icelandic lýður ("people"). It is found in Latin asLeodicum or Leodium, in Middle Dutch as ludic or ludeke. Until 17 September 1946 the city's name was written Liége, with the acute accent instead of a grave accent. In French the city has the epithet la cité ardente (the fervent city). Although settlements already existed in Roman times, the first references to Liège are from 558, when it was known as Vicus Leudicus. Around 705, Saint Lambert of Maastricht is credited with completing the 

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Fjord

  Fjord Geologically, a fjord  is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by glacial erosion. The word comes to English from Norwegian, but related words are used in several Nordic languages, in many cases to refer to any long narrow body of water other than the more specific meaning it has in English. There are many fjords on the coasts of Norway, Iceland, Greenland, Alaska, British Columbia and Chile. A fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by ice segregation and abrasion of the surrounding bedrock. Glacial melting is accompanied by the rebounding of the Earth's crust as the ice load and eroded sediment is removed (also called isostasy or glacial rebound). In some cases this rebound is faster than sea level rise. Most fjords are deeper than the adjacent sea; Sognefjord, 

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Mont-Saint-Michel

  Mont-Saint-Michel Le mont Saint-Michel est un îlot rocheux granitique d’environ 960 mètres de circonférence situé à l’est de l’embouchure du fleuve du Couesnon, dans le département de la Manche, et dont le nom vient de saint Michel. Avant l'année 709, il était connu comme le « mont Tombe ». Pendant tout le Moyen Âge, il est couramment appelé « mont Saint-Michel au péril de la mer » (Mons Sancti Michaeli in periculo mari). L'abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel est située sur le mont, et le mont constitue une petite partie du territoire de la commune du Mont-Saint-Michel. Le mont Saint-Michel baigne dans la baie du mont Saint-Michel, ouverte sur la Manche. L’îlot atteint 92 mètres d’altitude et offre une superficie émergée d’environ 7 ha. Cet îlot s’élève dans une grande plaine sablonneuse. Le mont Saint-Michel est le troisième site touristique le plus fréquenté de France après la tour Eiffel et le château de Versailles, avec plus de 3 500 000 visiteurs chaque année (3 250 000 en 2006). Une statue

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Eau de Cologne

  Eau de Cologne Eau de Cologne or simply cologne (German: Kölnisch Wasser, “Water of Cologne”) is a perfume originating from Cologne, Germany. Originally mixed by Italian-born Johann Maria Farina in 1709, it has since come to be a generic term for scented formulations in typical concentration of 2%–5% essential oils or a blend of extracts, alcohol, and water. In a base of dilute ethanol (70%–90%), eau de cologne contains a mixture of citrus oils including oils of 

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Hail 1

  Hail Hail is a form of solid precipitation. It is distinct from sleet, though the two are often confused for one another. It consists of balls or irregular lumps of ice, each of which is called a hailstone. Sleet falls generally in cold weather while hail growth is greatly inhibited at cold temperatures. Unlike graupel, which is made of rime, and ice pellets, which are smaller and translucent, hailstones consist mostly of water ice and measure between 5 millimetres (0.2 in) and 15 centimetres (6 in) in diameter. The METAR reporting code for hail 5 mm (0.20 in) or greater is GR, while smaller hailstones and graupel are coded GS. Hail is possible within most thunderstorms as it is produced bycumulonimbi, and within 2 nautical miles (3.7 km) of the parent storm. Hail formation requires environments of strong, upward motion of air with the parent thunderstorm (similar to tornadoes) and lowered heights of the freezing level. In the mid-latitudes, hail forms near theinteriors of continents, while in the tropics, it tends to be confined to high elevations. There are methods available to detect hail-producing thunderstorms using weather satellites and weather radar imagery. Hailstones generally fall at higher speeds as they grow in size, though complicating factors such as melting, friction with air, wind, and interaction with rain and other hailstones can slow their descent through Earth's atmosphere. Severe weather warnings are issued for hail when the stones reach a damaging size, as it can cause serious damage to human-made structures and, most commonly, farmers' crops.

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Relative Humidity

  Relative Humidity Relative humidity (abbreviated RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at the same temperature. Relative humidity depends on temperature and the pressure of the system of interest. Climate control Climate control refers to the control of temperature and relative humidity for human comfort, health, and safety; for the technical requirements of machines and processes; and in buildings, vehicles, and other enclosed spaces. Comfort Humans are sensitive to humidity because the human body uses evaporative cooling, enabled by perspiration, as the primary mechanism to rid itself of waste heat. Perspiration evaporates from the skin more slowly under humid conditions than under arid conditions. Because humans perceive a low rate of heat transfer from the body to be equivalent to a higher air temperature, the body experiences greater distress of waste heat burden at high humidity than at lower humidity, given equal temperatures. For example, if the air temperature is 24 °C (75 °F) and the relative humidity is zero percent, then the air temperature

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Arezzo

  Arezzo Arezzo (Italian pronunciation: [aˈrettso] is a city and comune in Italy, capital of the province of the same name, located in Tuscany. Arezzo is about 80 kilometres (50 miles) southeast of Florence, at an elevation of 296 metres (971 ft) above sea level. In 2011 the population was about 100,000. Described by Livy as one of the Capitae Etruriae (Etruscan capitals), Arezzo (Aritim in Etruscan) is believed to have been one of the twelve most important Etruscan

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The Age of Innocence

  The Age of Innocence (1993 film)   The Age of Innocence is a 1993 American film adaptation of Edith Wharton's 1920 novel of the same name. The film was released by Columbia Pictures, directed by Martin Scorsese, and stars Daniel Day-Lewis, Michelle Pfeiffer, and Winona Ryder. The film won the Academy Award for Best Costume Design, and was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Winona Ryder), Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score and Best Art Direction.The film was dedicated to Martin Scorsese's father, Luciano Charles Scorsese, who died before it was completed. Newland Archer (Daniel Day Lewis) is planning to marry the respectable May Welland (Winona Ryder). May's American cousin, the Countess Ellen Olenska (Michelle Pfeiffer) has returned to New York which causes a shock in society circles. The Countess unwisely married a Polish Count and the Count took her fortune and mistreated her and she left him to return to New York.

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Deep Purple 1

  Deep Purple Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertford in 1968. They are considered to be among the pioneers of heavy metal and modern hard rock, although their musical approach changed over the years. Originally formed as aprogressive rock band, the band's sound shifted to hard rock in 1970, and in 2013 the band began exploring progressive metal. Deep Purple, together with Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath, have been referred to as the "unholy trinity of British hard rock and heavy metal in the early to mid-Seventies". They were listed in the 1975 Guinness Book of World Records as "the globe's loudest band" for a 1972 concert at London's Rainbow Theatre, and have sold over 100 million albums worldwide, including 8.5 million certified units in the US. Deep Purple have seen several line-up changes and an eight-year hiatus (1976–1984). The 1968–1976 line-ups are commonly labelled Mark I, II, III and IV. Their second and most commercially successful line-up featured Ian Gillan(vocals), Jon Lord (organ), Roger Glover (bass), Ian Paice (drums), and Ritchie Blackmore (guitar). This line-up was active from 1969 to 1973, and was revived from 1984 to 1989, and again from 1992 to 1993. The band achieved more modest success in the intervening periods between 1968 and 1969 with the line-up including Rod Evans (vocals) and Nick Simper(bass, backing vocals), between 1974 and 1976 (Tommy Bolin replacing

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Mariana Trench1

  Mariana Trench The Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench is the deepest part of the world's oceans. It is located in the western Pacific Ocean, to the east of the Mariana Islands. The trench is about 2,550 kilometres (1,580 mi) long but has an average width of only 69 kilometres (43 mi). It reaches a maximum-known depth of 10.911 km (10,911 ± 40 m) or 6.831 mi (36,069 ± 131 ft) at the Challenger Deep, a small slot-shaped valley in its floor, at its southern end,[2] although some unrepeated measurements place the deepest portion at 11.03 kilometres (6.85 mi). At the bottom of the trench the water column above exerts a pressure of 1,086 bars (15,750 psi), over 1000 times thestandard atmospheric pressure at sea level. At this pressure the density of water is increased by 4.96%, making 95 litres of water under the pressure of the Challenger Deep contain the same mass as 100 litres at the surface. The temperature at the bottom is 1 to 4 °C. The trench is not the part of the seafloor closest to the center of the Earth. This is because the Earth is not a perfect sphere: its radius is about 25 kilometres (16 mi) less at the poles than at the equator. As a result, parts of the Arctic Ocean seabed are at least 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) closer to the Earth's center than the Challenger Deep seafloor. The Mariana Trench is part of the Izu-Bonin-Mariana subduction system that forms the boundary between two tectonic plates. In this system, the western edge of one plate, thePacific Plate, is subducted (i.e., thrust) beneath the smaller Mariana Plate that lies to the west. Crustal material at the western edge of the Pacific Plate is some of the oldest oceanic crust on earth (up to 170 million years old), and is therefore cooler and more dense; hence its great height difference relative to the higher-riding (and younger) Mariana Plate. The deepest area at the plate boundary is the Mariana Trench proper. The movement of the Pacific and Mariana plates is also indirectly responsible for the formation of the 

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Infant1

  Infant An infant (from the Latin word infans, meaning "unable to speak" or "speechless") is the very young offspring of a human oranimal. When applied to humans, the term is usually considered synonymous with baby or bairn (Scotland), but the latter is commonly applied to the young of any animal. When a human child learns to walk, the term toddler may be used instead. The term infant is typically applied to young children between the ages of 1 month and 12 months; however, definitions may vary between birth and 1 year of age, or even between birth and 2 years of age. A newborn is an infant who is only hours, days, or up to a few weeks old. In medical contexts, newborn or neonate (from Latin, neonatus, newborn) refers to an infant in the first 28 days after birth; the term applies to premature infants, postmature infants, and full term infants. Before birth, the term fetus is used. A newborn's shoulders and hips are wide, the abdomen protrudes slightly, and the arms and legs are relatively long with respect to the rest of their body. In first world nations, the average total body length of newborns are 35.6–50.8 cm (14–20 inches), although premature newborns may be much smaller. The Apgar score is a measure of a newborn's transition from the uterus during the first minutes after birth. In developed countries, the average birth weight of a full-term newborn is approximately 3.4 kg.(7 ½ lbs), and is typically in the range of 2.7–4.6 kg (5.5–10 pounds).

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Coriolis effect

  Coriolis effect In physics, the Coriolis effect is a deflection of moving objects when they are viewed in a rotating reference frame. In a reference frame with clockwise rotation, the deflection is to the left of the motion of the object; in one with counter-clockwise rotation, the deflection is to the right. Although recognized previously by others, the mathematical expression for the Coriolis force appeared in an 1835 paper by French scientist Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, in connection with the theory of water wheels. Early in the 20th century, the term Coriolis force began to be used in connection with meteorology. Newton's laws of motion describe the motion of an object in a (non-accelerating) inertial frame of reference. When Newton's laws are transformed to a uniformly rotating frame of reference, the Coriolis and centrifugal forces appear. Both forces are proportional to the massof the object. The Coriolis force is proportional to the rotation rate and the centrifugal force is proportional to its square. The Coriolis force acts in a direction perpendicular to the rotation axis and to the velocity of the body in the rotating frame and is proportional to the object's speed in the rotating frame. The centrifugal force acts outwards in the radial direction and is proportional to the distance of the body from the axis of the rotating frame. These additional forces are termed inertial forces, fictitious forces or pseudo forces. They allow the application of Newton's laws to a rotating system. They are correction factors that do not exist in a non-accelerating or inertial reference frame. Italian scientists Giovanni Battista Riccioli and his assistant Francesco Maria

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Love Poems max

  Love Poems max   I loved you first: but afterwards your love I loved you first: but afterwards your love     Outsoaring mine, sang such a loftier song As drowned the friendly cooings of my dove.     Which owes the other most? my love was long,     And yours one moment seemed to wax more strong; I loved and guessed at you, you construed me And loved me for what might or might not be –     Nay, weights and measures do us both a wrong. For verily love knows not ‘mine’ or ‘thine;’     With separate ‘I’ and ‘thou’ free love has done,          For one is both and both are one in love: Rich love knows nought of ‘thine that is not mine;’          Both have the strength and both the length thereof, Both of us, of the love which makes us one. You, Therefore You are like me, you will die too, but not today:   

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Love Poems2 max

  Love Poems2 max To My Dear and Loving Husband If ever two were one, then surely we. If ever man were loved by wife, then thee. If ever wife was happy in a man, Compare with me, ye women, if you can. I prize thy love more than whole mines of gold, Or all the riches that the East doth hold. My love is such that rivers cannot quench,

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The friendship between dogs a...

  The friendship between dogs and cats: a possible mission When you get married, you have brought a dowry of two beautiful Springer Spaniel. Your husband, not to be outdone, has contributed with a nice red and a Siamese cat howling. And now you live in a kind of zoo.  While your pet mutually hunting, racing home to speed worthy of a Ferrari, you do nothing but jump from one side of the security gate for children, used as the boundary between the territory of the canine and feline to try to restore domestic tranquility. And you're beginning to doubt of being able to get to the next Christmas, while preserving your four animals, and of course your wedding. Be of good courage, friendship between cats and dogs is possible. With a little 'patience and some exercises you will be able to send a greeting to all the four cone pests posing together. Here's how.  The myth

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Malta1

  Malta Malta  is asouthern European island country comprising an archipelago of seven islands in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Sicily, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia, and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya. The country covers just over 316 km2(122 sq mi), making it one of the world's smallest and most densely populated countries. The capital of Malta is Valletta, which is also, at 0.8 km2, the smallest capital in the European Union. Malta has two official languages: Maltese and English. Malta's location as a naval base has given it great strategic importance throughout history, and a succession of powers, including the Phoenicians, Romans, Moorish, Normans, Sicilians, Habsburg Spain, Knights of St. John, French and the British, have ruled the islands. Malta gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1964 and became a republic in 1974. Malta was admitted to the United Nations in 1964 and to the European Union in 2004; in 2008, it became part of the Eurozone. Malta has a long Christian legacy and its Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Malta is sometimes traditionally claimed to be anApostolic see because, according to the Acts of the Apostles, Paul the Apostle was shipwrecked on Malta. Catholicism is theofficial religion in Malta.

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

  Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)— Lou Gehrig's disease, and rarely Charcot disease—is a neurodegenerative disorderwith various causes. The term motor neurone disease (MND) is sometimes used interchangeably with ALS, while others use it to refer to a group of similar conditions that include ALS. ALS is characterised by muscle spasticity, rapidly progressive weakness due to muscle wasting. This results in difficulty speaking, swallowing, and breathing. The disease usually starts around the age of 60, except in cases that are directly inherited when the usual age of onset is around 50. About 5 to 10% of cases are directly inherited from a person's parents, ALS is the most common of the five types of motor neuron disease. The average survival from onset to death is three to four years. Only 4% survive longer than 10 years, although rare cases survive 50 years or more. Most die from respiratory failure.[6] In much of the world rates of ALS are unknown. In Europe the disease affects about 2.2 people per 100,000 per year. In the United States, more than 5,600 are diagnosed every year, and up to 30,000 Americans are currently affected. ALS is responsible for 2 deaths per 100,000 people per year.   Descriptions of the disease date back to at least 1824 by Charles Bell. In 1869 the connection between the symptoms and the underlying neurological problems were first described by Jean-Martin Charcot who in 1874 began using the term amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. It became well known in the United States when it affected a famous baseball player by the name of Lou Gehrig, and later when the ice bucket challenge became popular in 2014. The disorder causes muscle weakness and atrophy throughout

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The New Order of Europe: Destroy Any Difference

  The New Order of Europe: Destroy Any Difference In the early nineties the humanities have been made ​​to disappear from the horizon mass information, simply with silence, not talking about it anymore. Given the enormous enthusiasm that had aroused in the period since the end of World War II until the nineties, the fact that no one has pointed this disappearance would be "strange" if it did not represent a confirmation that the disappearance was desired.  The chairs of course there are, but their sciences are no longer news. At the same time have been eliminated from schools, by order of the EU, ancient, noble and essential disciplines such as geography, Latin and Greek literature with corresponding languages​​, reducing them all to ghosts, harmless bits of knowledge does not exist. Even the story, stripped of all methodological contributions of the modern era which had enriched, seems to have become a remnant of the past, unable to give men that awareness of oneself which is the main fruit, fundamental achievement of the European civilization. Although this has been decided and put in place in complete silence.  It seems to live in a society of illiterates, where no one is able to evaluate and express an opinion on such measures. Yet even the only faculty Italian (but the decree covers all schools in the EU) is made ​​up of about a million people. Why did not protest, did not

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Galileo Galilei 1564

  Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei;  15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642), often known mononymously as Galileo, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support forCopernicanism. Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the father of modern science". His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter (named the Galilean moons in his honour), and the observation and analysis of sunspots. Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments. Galileo's championing of heliocentrism was controversial within his lifetime, a time when most subscribed to either geocentrism or the Tychonic system. He met with opposition from astronomers, who doubted heliocentrism due to the absence of an observedstellar parallax. The matter was investigated by the Roman Inquisition in 1615, which concluded that heliocentrism was false and contrary to scripture, placing works advocating the Copernican system on the index of banned books and forbidding Galileo from advocating heliocentrism. Galileo later defended his views in Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, which appeared to attack Pope Urban VIII, thus alienating not only the Pope but also the Jesuits, both of whom had supported Galileo up until this point. He was tried by the Holy Office, then found "vehemently suspect of heresy", was forced to recant, and spent the rest of his life under house arrest. It was while Galileo was under house arrest that he wrote one of his finest works, Two New Sciences, in which he summarised the work he had done some forty years earlier, on the two sciences now called kinematics andstrength of materials.                                                                   Galileo was born in Pisa (then part of the Duchy of Florence), Italy, in 1564, the first of six children of Vincenzo Galilei, a famous lutenist, composer, and music theorist, and Giulia Ammannati. Galileo became an accomplished lutenist himself and would have learned early from his father a healthy scepticism for established authority, the value of well-measured or quantified experimentation, an appreciation for a periodic or musical measure of time or rhythm, as well as the illuminative progeny to expect from a marriage of mathematics and experiment. Three of Galileo's five siblings survived infancy. The youngest, Michelangelo (or Michelagnolo), also became a noted lutenist and composer although he contributed to financial burdens during Galileo's young adulthood. Michelangelo was unable to contribute his fair share of their father's promised dowries to their brothers-in-law, who would later attempt to seek legal remedies for payments due. Michelangelo would also occasionally have to borrow funds from Galileo to support his musical endeavours and excursions. These financial burdens may have contributed to Galileo's early fire to develop inventions that would bring him additional income. Galileo was named after an ancestor, Galileo Bonaiuti, a physician, university teacher and politician who lived in Florence from 1370 to 1450; at that time in the late 14th century, the family's surname shifted from Bonaiuti (or Buonaiuti) to Galilei. Galileo Bonaiuti was buried in the same church, the Basilica

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Shroud of Turin1

  Shroud of Turin The Shroud of Turin or Turin Shroud (Italian: Sindone di Torino) is a length of linen cloth bearing the image of a man who appears to have suffered physical trauma in a manner consistent with crucifixion. There is no consensus yet on how the image was created, and it is believed by some to be the burial shroud ofJesus of Nazareth, despite radiocarbon dating placing its origins in the Medieval period. The image is much clearer in black-and-white negative than in its natural sepia color. The negative image was first observed in 1898, on the reverse photographic plate of amateur photographer Secondo Pia, who was allowed to photograph it while it was being exhibited in the Turin Cathedral. The shroud is kept in the royal chapel of the Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist in Turin, northern Italy.   The origins of the shroud and its image are the subject of intense debate among theologians, historians and researchers. Scientific and popular publications have presented diverse arguments for both authenticity and possible methods of forgery. A variety of scientific theories regarding the shroud have since been proposed, based on disciplines ranging from chemistry to biology and medical forensics to optical image analysis. The Shroud of Turin is respected by Christians of several traditions, including Baptists, Catholics, Lutherans, Methodists, Orthodox, Pentecostals, and Presbyterians. The Catholic Church has neither formally endorsed nor rejected the shroud, but in 1958 Pope Pius XII approved of the image in association with thedevotion to the Holy Face of Jesus. More recently, Pope Francis and his predecessor Pope Benedict XVIhave both described the Shroud of Turin as “an icon”.

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Cloudburst

      Cloudburst A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation, sometimes with hail and thunder, which normally lasts no longer than a few minutes but is capable of creating flood conditions. Colloquially, the term cloudburst may be used to describe any sudden heavy, brief, and usually unforecastable rainfall. Rainfall rate equal to or greater than 100 mm (3.97 inches) per hour is a cloudburst. The associated convective cloud can extend up to a height of 15 km above the ground. During a cloudburst, more than 20 mm of rain may fall in a few minutes. The results of cloudbursts can be disastrous. Cloudbursts are also responsible for flash flood creation. Rapid precipitation from cumulonimbus clouds is possible due to the Langmuir precipitation process in which large droplets can grow rapidly by coagulating with smaller droplets which fall down slowly. It is not essential that cloudbursts occur only when a cloud clashes with a solid body like a mountain. They can also occur when hot water vapor

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Disoccupazione ordinaria

  Disoccupazione ordinaria La disoccupazione ordinaria è un tipo di indennità di disoccupazione che spetta ai lavoratori che si trovino senza lavoro per licenziamento, termine del contratto di lavoro o sospensione del lavoro. In Italia Per ottenerla bisogna essere assicurati all’INPS da almeno due anni e avere almeno 52 contributi settimanali per la disoccupazione nel biennio precedente la data di cessazione del rapporto di lavoro.

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Melanoma 1

  Melanoma Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which forms from melanocytes (pigment-containing cells in the skin). In women, the most common site is the legs, and melanomas in men are most common on the back. It is particularly common among Caucasians, especially northern Europeans and northwestern Europeans, living in sunny climates. There are higher rates inOceania, North America, Europe, Southern Africa, and Latin America. This geographic pattern reflects the primary cause,ultraviolet light (UV) exposure in conjunction with the amount of skin pigmentation in the population. Melanocytes produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the body that contains melanocytes. The treatment includes surgical removal of the tumor. If melanoma is found early, while it is still small and thin, and if it is completely removed, then the chance of cure is high. The likelihood that the melanoma will come back or spread depends on how deeply it has gone into the layers of the skin. For melanomas that come back or spread, treatments include chemo- and immunotherapy, orradiation therapy. Five year survival rates in the United States are on average 91%. Melanoma is less common than other skin cancers. However, it is much more dangerous if it is not found in the early stages. It causes the majority (75%) of deaths related to skin cancer. Globally, in 2012, melanoma occurred in 232,000 people and resulted in 55,000 deaths.Australia and New Zealand have the highest rates of melanoma in the world. It has become more common in the last 20 years in areas that are mostly Caucasian. Early signs of melanoma are changes to the shape or color of existing moles or, in the case of nodular melanoma, the appearance of a new lump anywhere on the skin (suchlesions should be referred without delay to a dermatologist). At later stages, the mole may itch, ulcerate or bleed. Early signs of melanoma are summarized by the mnemonic "ABCDE":

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Niccolo' Macchiavelli

  Niccolo' Macchiavelli Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli  3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer based in Florence during the Renaissance. He was for many years an official in theFlorentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. He was a founder of modern political science, and more specifically political ethics. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His personal correspondence is renowned in the Italian language. He was Secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. He wrote his masterpiece, The Prince, after the Medici had recovered power and he no longer held a position of responsibility in Florence. "Machiavellianism" is a widely used negative term to characterize unscrupulous politicians of the sort Machiavelli described in The Prince. The book itself gained enormous notoriety and wide readership because the author seemed to be endorsing behavior often deemed as evil and immoral. Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy, the third child and first son of attorney Bernardo di Niccolò Machiavelli and his wife, Bartolomea di Stefano Nelli. The Machiavelli family are believed to be descended from the old marquesses of Tuscany and to have produced thirteen Florentine Gonfalonieres of Justice, one of the offices of a group of nine citizens selected by drawing lots every two months and who formed the government, or Signoria; however, he was never a full citizen of Florence, due to the nature of Florentine citizenship in that time, even under the republican regime. Machiavelli married Marietta Corsini in 1502. Machiavelli was born in a tumultuous era—popes waged acquisitive wars against Italian city-states, and people and cities often fell from power as France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, and even Switzerland battled for regional influence and control. Political-military alliances continually changed, featuring 

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Giuseppe Garibaldi

  Giuseppe Garibaldi Giuseppe Garibaldi ; July 4, 1807 – June 2, 1882) was an Italian general and politician who played a large role in the history of Italy.[1] He is considered, with Camillo Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II and Giuseppe Mazzini, as one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland". Garibaldi was a central figure in the Italian Risorgimento, since he personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the formation of a unified Italy. He was appointed general by the provisional government of Milan in 1848, General of the Roman Republic in 1849 by the Minister of War, and led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf and with the consent of Victor Emmanuel II. He has been called the "Hero of Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. These earned him a considerable reputation in Italy and abroad, aided by exceptional international media coverage at the time. Many of the greatest intellectuals of his time, such as Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and George Sand showered him with admiration. The United Kingdom and the United States helped him a great deal, offering him financial and military support in difficult circumstances.In the popular telling of his story, he is associated with the red shirts worn by his volunteers in lieu of a uniform. Giuseppe Garibaldi was born and christened Joseph Marie Garibaldi on July 4, 1807 in Nice, which had been directly annexed byNapoleonic France in 1805, to Giovanni Domenico Garibaldi and Maria Rosa Nicoletta Raimondo. In 1814, the Congress of Viennareturned Nice to Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia. Garibaldi's family's involvement in coastal trade drew him to a life at sea. He participated actively in the community of the Nizzardo Italians and was certified in 1832 as a merchant marine captain. In April 1833 he travelled to Taganrog, Russia, in the schooner Clorinda with a shipment of oranges. During ten days in port he met Giovanni Battista Cuneo from Oneglia, a politically active immigrant and member of the secret La Giovine Italia / Young Italy movement ofGiuseppe Mazzini. Mazzini was an impassioned proponent of 

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Hungary hunting Masons and now the nation is sover

  Hungary hunting Masons and now the nation is sovereign! Issues money without debt. Hungary is booming, hunting Masons of the IMF and the banksters nation and now issues money without debt, it is SOVEREIGN OF ITSELF, Li does not command the left ...  After that it was IMF ordered to leave the country, the nation now print money without debt. Hungary is making history.  We wish to clarify that the 'EU still allows you to calculate the debt Hungarian although now the nation is sovereign out by the IMF and all the constraints including European public debt, considering the highest in Europe, simply because the' Hungary is not nothing to reduce it, not a penny to the IMF, EU banks and why he thinks the citizens, and so the "phantom debt" is growing, but can do nothing against a nation that has rejected them a priori, they can only win militarily in violation

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Karachi by Massimo Marras

  Karachi Karachi  is capital of Sindh as well as the largest and most populous metropolitan city of Pakistan and City is main seaport and financial centre of the country. Karachi is also known as "City of Lights" mainly due to its night life, for which it is famous as the city which never sleeps. Karachi metro has an estimated population of over 23.5 million people as of 2013, and an area of approximately 3,527 km2 (1,362 sq mi), resulting in a density of more than 6,000 people per square kilometre (15,500 per square mile). Karachi is the 2nd-largest city in the world by population within city limits, the 7th largest urban agglomeration in the world and the largest city in the Muslim world.It is Pakistan's centre of banking, industry, economic activity and trade and is home to Pakistan's largest corporations, including those involved in textiles, shipping, automotive industry, entertainment, the arts, fashion, advertising, publishing, software development and medical research. The city is a hub of higher education in South Asia and the Muslim world. Karachi is ranked as a beta world city. It was the capital of Pakistan until Islamabad was constructed as a capital to spread development evenly across the country and to prevent it from being concentrated in Karachi. Karachi is the location of the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, two of the region's largest and busiest ports. After the independence of Pakistan, the city population increased dramatically when hundreds of thousands of Muslim Muhajirs from India and from other parts of South Asia came to settle in Karachi. The Late Palaeolithic and Mesolithic sites found by Karachi University team on the Mulri Hills, in front of Karachi University Campus, constitute one of the most important archaeological discoveries made in Sindh during the last fifty years. The lasthunter-gatherers, who left abundant traces of their passage, repeatedly inhabited the Hills. Some twenty different spots of flint tools were discovered during the surface surveys. Karachi was known to the ancient Greeks by many names: Krokola, the place where Alexander the Great camped to prepare a fleet for Babylonia after his campaign in the Indus Valley; Morontobara (probably Manora island near Karachi harbour), from whence Alexander's admiral Nearchus set sail; and Barbarikon, a port of the Bactrian kingdom. It was later known to the Arabsas Debal from where Muhammad bin Qasim led his conquering force into South Asia in AD 712. Karachi was reputedly founded as "Kolachi" by Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran, who established a small fishing community in the area. Descendants of the original community still live in the area on the small island of Abdullah Goth, which is located near the Karachi Port. The original name "Kolachi" survives in the name of a well-known Karachi locality named 

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Lahore by Massimo Marras

  Lahore Lahore is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest metropolitan area in the country. It is the largest native Punjabi-populated city in the world and an important historical center in South Asia. With a rich history dating back over a millennium, Lahore is a main cultural center of Punjab region and Pakistan. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains an economic, political, transportation, entertainment, and educational hub. It is referred to as the "Mughal City of Gardens" due to the historic presence of gardens in and around the city dating back to the Mughal period. Lahore successively served as a regional capital of the empires of the Shahi kingdoms in the 11th century, the Ghaznavids in the 12th century, the Ghurid State in the 12th and 13th centuries and the Mughal Empire in the 16th century. From 1802 to 1849, Lahore served as the capital city of the Sikh Empire. In the mid-19th and early 20th century, Lahore was the capital of the Punjab region under the British Raj. The traditional capital of Punjab for a millennium, Lahore was the cultural centre of the northernIndian subcontinent which extends from the eastern banks of the Indus River to New Delhi. Mughal structures such as theBadshahi Mosque, the Lahore Fort, Shalimar Gardens, the mausolea of Jehangir and Nur Jehan, Chauburji Gate, and the walled city are some of the major tourist attractions in the city. Lahore is also home to many British colonial structures built in the Indo-Saracenic style, such as the Lahore High Court, the General Post Office, Lahore Museum, Lahore Railway Station, and many older universities and colleges including the University of the Punjab, Govt College and King Edward Medical college. The Lahore Zoo, thought to be the fourth oldest in the world, is also situated here. According to the 1998 census, Lahore's population was 6,319,000. In July 2014, Index Mundi put the population of the city at 7,566,000. An estimate in July 2014 gave the population of the Lahore agglomeration as 9,700,000. It is ranked 42 in themost populated urban areas in the world and the 8th largest city within the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. The area of Lahore has almost doubled in the last 12 to 14 years. In 2010, Lahore was ranked as a Gamma+ world city. The Guardianhas rated Lahore as the 2nd best tourist destination in Pakistan after Taxila. A legend based on oral traditions holds that Lahore, known in ancient times as Shehwar Elahi ka thikana ("Den of Shehwar" inSanskrit), was founded by Prince Lava or Loh, the son of Sita and Rama, the Hindu deity in the Ramayana; Kasur was founded by his twin brother Prince Kusha. Badshahi Mosque (King’s Mosque) To this day, Lahore Fort has a vacant temple dedicated to Lava

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Giovanni Boccaccio

  Giovanni Boccaccio Giovanni Boccaccio  1313 – 21 December 1375) was an Italian author, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and important Renaissance humanist. Boccaccio wrote a number of notable works, including theDecameron and On Famous Women. As a poet who wrote in the Italian vernacular, Boccaccio is particularly noted for his realistic dialogue, which differed from that of his contemporaries, medieval writers who usually followed formulaic models for character and plot. The details of Boccaccio's birth are uncertain. He was born in Florence or in a village near Certaldo where his family was from.He was the son of a Florentine merchant, Boccaccino di Chellino, and an unknown woman; he was likely born out of wedlock.Boccaccio's stepmother was called Margherita de' Mardoli. Boccaccio grew up in Florence. His father worked for the Compagnia dei Bardi and in the 1320s married Margherita dei Mardoli, of well-to-do family. Boccaccio may have been tutored by Giovanni Mazzuoli and received from him an early introduction to the works of Dante. In 1326, when his father was appointed head of a bank, Boccaccio moved with his family to Naples. Boccaccio was an apprentice at the bank but disliked the banking profession. He persuaded his father to let him study law at the Studium, where for the next six years he studied canon law. He also pursued his interest in scientific and literary studies. His father introduced him to the Neapolitan nobility and the French-influenced court

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Recipes by Massimo Marras

  Recipes I want to present some of the italian recipes, its are very taste and easy to prepare. Spaghetti alla Carbonara

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Equinox

  Equinox An equinox occurs twice a year, around 20 March and 22 September. The word itself has several related definitions. The oldest meaning is the day when daytime and night are of approximately equal duration. The word equinox comes from this definition, derived from the Latin aequus (equal) and nox (night). The equinox is not exactly the same as the day when period of daytime and night are of equal length for two reasons. Firstly, sunrise, which begins daytime, occurs when the top of theSun's disk rises above the eastern horizon. At that instant, the disk's center is still below the horizon. Secondly, Earth's atmosphere refracts sunlight. As a result, an observer sees daylight before the first glimpse of the Sun's disk above the horizon. To avoid this ambiguity, the word equilux is sometimes used to mean a day on which the periods of daylight and night are equal. Times of sunset and sunrise vary with an observer's location (longitude and latitude), so the dates when day and night are of exactly equal length likewise depend on location. The other definitions are based on several related simultaneous astronomical events, and refer either to the events themselves or to the days on which they occur. These events are the reason that the period of daytime and night are approximately equal on the day of an equinox. An equinox occurs when the plane of Earth's Equator passes the center of the Sun. At that instant, the tilt of Earth's axis neitherinclines away from nor towards the Sun. The two annual equinoxes are the only times when the subsolar point the place on Earth's surface where the center of the Sun is exactly overhead is on the Equator, and, conversely, the Sun is at zenith over the Equator. The subsolar point crosses the equator, moving northward at the March equinox and southward at the September equinox. At an equinox, the Sun is at one of the two opposite points on the celestial sphere where the celestial equator (i.e. declination 0) and ecliptic intersect. These points of intersection are called equinoctial points: classically, the vernal point (RA = 00

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Bollywood 1

  Bollywood Bollywood is the Hindi language film industry, based in Mumbai India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole ofIndian cinema; however, it is only a part of the large Indian film industry, which includes other production centres producing films in multiple languages. Bollywood is one of the largest film producers in India and one of the largest centres of film production in the world.Bollywood is more formally referred to as Hindi cinema. Raja Harishchandra (1913), by Dadasaheb Phalke, is known as the first silent feature film made in India. By the 1930s, the industry was producing over 200 films per annum. The first Indian sound film, Ardeshir Irani's Alam Ara (1931), was a major commercial success. There was clearly a huge market for talkies and musicals; Bollywood and all the regional film industries quickly switched to sound filming. The 1930s and 1940s were tumultuous times: India was buffeted by the Great Depression, World War II, the Indian independence movement, and the violence of the Partition. Most Bollywood films were unabashedly escapist, but there were also a number of filmmakers who tackled tough social issues, or used the struggle for Indian independence as a backdrop for their plots. In 1937, Ardeshir Irani, of Alam Ara fame, made the first colour film in Hindi, Kisan Kanya. The next year, he made another colour film, a version of Mother India. However, colour did not become a popular feature until the late 1950s. At this time, lavish romantic musicals and melodramas were the staple fare at the cinema. Following India's independence, the period from the late 1940s to the 1960s is regarded by film historians as the "Golden Age" of Hindi cinema. Some of the most critically acclaimed Hindi films of all time were produced during this period. Examples include the Guru Dutt films Pyaasa (1957) and Kaagaz Ke Phool(1959) and the Raj Kapoor films Awaara (1951) and Shree 420 (1955). These films expressed social themes mainly dealing

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Simpson Desert

  Simpson Desert The Simpson Desert is a large area of dry, red sandy plain and dunes in Northern Territory, South Australia and Queensland in central Australia. It is the fourth largest Australian desert, with an area of 176,500 km² (68,100 sq mi) and is the world's largest sand dune desert. The desert is underlain by the Great Artesian Basin, one of the largest inland drainage areas in the world. Water from the basin rises to the surface at numerous natural springs, including Dalhousie Springs, and at bores drilled along stock routes, or duringpetroleum exploration. As a result of exploitation by such bores, the flow of water to springs has been steadily decreasing in recent years. It is also part of the Lake Eyre basin. The Simpson Desert is an erg which contains the world's longest parallel sand dunes. These north-south oriented dunes are static, held in position by vegetation. They vary in height from 3 metres in the west to around 30 metres on the eastern side. The largest dune, Nappanerica, is 40 metres in height. The explorer Charles Sturt, who visited the region from 1844–1846, was the first European to see the desert. In 1880 Augustus Poeppel, a surveyor with the South Australian Survey Department determined the border between Queensland and South Australia to the west of Haddon Corner and in doing so marked the corner point where the States of Queensland and South Australia meet the Northern Territory. After he returned to Adelaide, it was discovered that the links in his surveyor's chain had stretched. Poeppel’s border post was too far west by 300 metres. In 1884, surveyor Larry Wells moved the post to its proper position on the eastern bank of Lake Poeppel. The tri-state border is now known as Poeppel Corner. In January 1886 surveyor

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MotoGP 1

  MotoGP MotoGP es la máxima categoría del Mundial de Motociclismo, considerado éste como el certamen internacional más importante en el ámbito de motociclismo de velocidad. Su organización viene determinada por la Federación Internacional de Motociclismo, al igual que ocurre con las otras categorías del campeonato (

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Love Love Love by Massimo Marras

  Love Love Love When Love Begins I always knew that love would come find me someday but never did I know that it would be you who was headed my way you caught me off guard and took me by surprise but you simply captivated me, the same way you do when I look into your eyes It's true that every good and perfect gift is from above you were presented to me as a beautifully packaged gift full of humor, talent, intelligence, beauty and love "it isn't finding the perfect person but learning to see an imperfect person perfectly" we all have our flaws but when I view you through my eyes, perfection is all I see From when you laugh to when you're upset, I still love the little things you do especially hearing you laugh and seeing your nose wrinkle the same way mine does too coming into this relationship has been hard at times but we've made it through I know as long as we're on this journey together, there's nothing that we can't do. Sometimes I wonder if what we have is too good to be true too scared to get my heart broken and scared of the thought of losing you but in the end, I trust in the author and perfecter of what I believe because what we ask for in Him, we in return shall receive "Where your treasure is, your heart will be also" is how the saying goes I may not know what tomorrow may bring, for God is the only one who knows the one thing I do know is that you are my one and only a treasure in my heart that I want to devote my whole life to completely I know I don't need to prove my feelings to know

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Sirocco

  Sirocco Sirocco, scirocco,  is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and reaches hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe. Scirocco and Sirocco are from the Greek name, "σιρόκος" (sirokos), while ghibli is its name in Libya. The name jugo, pronounced [jûɡo], used in Croatia

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Sirocco by Massimo Marras

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Sirocco1

  Sirocco Sirocco, scirocco,  is a Mediterranean windthat comes from the Sahara and reaches hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe. Scirocco and Sirocco are from the Greek name, "σιρόκος" (sirokos), while ghibli is its name in Libya. The name jugo, pronounced [jûɡo], used in Croatia

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Love Poems 5

  Love Poems 5 The evening sun shining down upon your face Your dazzling hair flowing softly in the gentle wind Your shapely cheeks filled with rosy plumes Your stunning eyes melting me with but one look The midnight moon brightly luminescent My love for you made clear in the night My passion blazing through the darkness My desire for you, unmistakable The morning dew gleaming radiantly Your intoxicating smell captivating me Calling to me drawing me near Pulling me into you losing myself The afternoon rain bringing life to all Standing in showers waiting for your man To take you away, to a wonderful place Where all your cares

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Lunar Phase

  Lunar Phase The lunar phase or phase of the moon is the shape of the illuminated (sunlit) portion of the Moon as seen by an observer, usually on Earth. The lunar phases change cyclically as the Moon orbits the Earth, according to the changing relative positions of the Earth, Moon, and Sun. The moon and the Earth are tidally locked, and therefore the same lunar surface always faces Earth. This face is variously sunlit depending on the position of the moon in its orbit. Therefore, the portion of this hemisphere that is visible to an observer on Earth can vary from about 100% (full moon) to 0% (new moon). The lunar terminator is the boundary between the illuminated and darkened hemispheres. Aside from some craters near the lunar poles such as Shoemaker, all parts of the Moon see around 14.77 days of sunlight followed by 14.77 days of "night" (the "dark side" of the Moon is a reference to radio darkness, not visible light darkness). The four principal lunar phases are first quarter, full moon, third quarter, and new moon (third quarter moon is also known as last quarter moon.) Each of the four lunar phases is roughly 7 days (~7.4 days) each, but varies slightly due to lunar apogeeand perigee. These are the instants when, respectively, the Moon's apparent geocentric celestial longitude minus the Sun's apparent geocentric celestial longitude is 0°, 90°, 180° and 270°. When the Sun and Moon are aligned on the same side of the Earth the Moon is "new", and the side of the Moon visible from Earth is not illuminated by the Sun. As the Moon waxes (the amount of illuminated surface as seen from Earth is increasing), the lunar phases progress from new moon, crescent moon, first-quarter moon, gibbous moon and full moon phases, before returning through the gibbous moon, third-quarter moon, crescent moon and new moon phases. The terms old moon and new moon are interchangeable, although new moon is more common. Half moon is often used to mean the first- and third-quarter moons, while the term 'quarter' refers to the extent of the moon's cycle around the Earth, not its shape.

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Equator

  Equator An equator is the intersection of a sphere's surface with the plane perpendicular to the sphere's axis of rotation and midway between the poles. The Equator usually refers to the Earth's equator: an imaginary line on the Earth's surface equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole, dividing the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere. Otherplanets and astronomical bodies have equators similarly defined. Earth's equator is about 40,075 kilometres (24,901 mi) long; 78.7% is across water and 21.3% is over land. The latitude of the Earth's Equator is by definition 0° (zero 

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Atlantic Hurricane

Atlantic Hurricane   An Atlantic hurricane or tropical storm is a tropical cyclone that forms in the North Atlantic Ocean, usually in the summer or fall. Tropical cyclones can be categorized by intensity. Tropical storms have one-minute maximum sustained winds of at least 39 mph (34 knots, 17 m/s, 63 km/h), while hurricanes have one-minute maximum sustained winds exceeding 74 mph (64 knots, 33 m/s, 119 km/h).  Most Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes form between June 1 and November 30. The United States National Hurricane Center monitors the basin and issues reports, watches and warnings about tropical weather systems for the Atlantic Basin as one of the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers for tropical cyclones as defined by the World Meteorological Organization. Tropical disturbances that reach tropical storm intensity are named from a predetermined list. Hurricanes that result in significant damage or casualties may have their names retired from the list at the request of the affected nations in order to prevent confusion should a subsequent storm be given the same name.

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Notions of

  Notions of feminine psychology: the more you know and the better you can seduce! Women are complicated: how many times have you repeated or repeat've heard this phrase? Men and women come from two different planets: Women are from Venus and men from Mars. But, fortunately, this does not mean that there can be no meeting places! What do women want? What's in their mind? WOMEN: THEIR POINT OF VIEW ON MEN In the collective differences between men and women are essentially these: man is the dominant creature, one that protects and makes the decisions, and, and, at the same time tends to take care of both the woman to the constitution is biologically

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Champion's League

  Champion's League Roma-Bayern munchen:1-7 Rome, Garcia: "My fault, slap it hurts. Disappointed, we were spectators"

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Monsoon by Massimo Marras

Monsoon   Monsoon  is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation,   but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea. Usually, the term monsoon is used to refer to the rainy phase of a seasonally-changing pattern, although technically there is also a dry phase. The major monsoon systems of the world consist of the West African and Asia-Australian monsoons. The inclusion of the North and South American monsoons with incomplete wind reversal has been debated. The term was first used in English in British India (now India, Bangladesh and Pakistan) and neighbouring countries to refer to the big seasonal winds blowing from the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea in the southwest bringing heavy rainfall to the area. The south-west monsoon winds are called 'Nairutya Maarut' in India. Strengthening of the Asian monsoon has been linked to the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau after the collision of the Indian sub-continent and Asia around 50 million years ago. Because of studies of records from the Arabian Sea and that of the wind-blown dust in the Loess Plateau of China, many geologists believe the monsoon first became strong around 8 million years ago. More recently, studies of plant fossils in China and new long-duration sediment records from the South China Sea led to a timing of the monsoon beginning 15–20 million years ago and linked to early Tibetan uplift. Testing of this hypothesis awaits deep ocean sampling by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. The monsoon has varied significantly in strength since this time, largely linked to global climate change, especially the cycle of the Pleistocene ice ages. A study of marine

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Mantua

  Mantua   Mantua is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name. In 2007, Mantua's centro storico (old town) and Sabbioneta were declared by UNESCO to be a World Heritage Site. Mantua's historic power and influence under the Gonzaga family has made it one of the main artistic, cultural, and especially musical hubs of Northern Italy and the country as a whole. Mantua is noted for its significant role in the history of opera; the city is also known for its architectural treasures and artifacts, elegant palaces, and the medieval and Renaissance cityscape. It is the place where the composer Monteverdi premiered his opera L'Orfeo and where Romeo was banished in Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet. It is the nearest town to the birthplace of the Roman poet Virgil, who was commemorated by a statue at the lakeside park "Piazza Virgilio". Mantua is surrounded on three sides by artificial lakes, created during the 12th century, as the city's defence system. These lakes receive the water of River Mincio, a tributary of the Po which descends from Lake Garda. The three lakes are called Lago Superiore, Lago di Mezzo, and Lago Inferiore ("Upper", "Middle", and "Lower" Lakes, respectively). A fourth lake, Lake Pajolo, which once

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Love Stories by Massimo Marras

  Love Stories Siren of My Dreams I saw her today - within my minds eye. A memory, from last nights dream. I saw her, floating, from clouds on high, But alas, her, I could not reach.

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Loves by Massimo Marras

  Loves So Far Away Now As the tears swell up deep in my eyes For once in my lifetime I feel alive Dwelling on the past, I will not allow The fears I once had mean nothing to me now "Let go of the past and think of the future.", they say They don't know what its like being afraid every single day Afraid of losing the one that you love the most The only thing I want right now is for us to be close She means everything to me, but does she know? Can she sense the feelings that I just can't show? I want her to see how much she changed my views She's just someone I would never want to lose The hardest thing when loving someone so far away Is not knowing if they will still love you the very next day It's not that I doubt it, I just wish she knew That sometimes i just don't know what to do I love her with all the love my heart has to provide So pretty girl, don't worry.. I have nothing to hide

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Balkan Mountains

Balkan Mountains   The Balkan mountain range  is a mountain range in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. The Balkan range runs 560 km from the Vrashka Chuka / Vrška Čuka Peak on the border between Bulgaria and eastern Serbia eastward through central Bulgaria to Cape Emine on the Black Sea. The highest peaks of the Balkan Mountains are in central Bulgaria. The highest peak is Botev (2,376 m), located in the Central Balkan National Park (established 1991). The mountains are the source of the name of the Balkan Peninsula. The Balkan Mountains played an enormous role in the history of Bulgaria and the development of the Bulgarian nation and people. In earlier times the mountains were known as the Haemus Mons. Scholars consider that Haemus (Ancient Greek: Αἷμος) is either derived from the Greek word αἷμα (blood) or from an unattested Thracian word    saimon, meaning 'mountain range'. Other names used to refer to the mountains in different time periods include Aemon, Haemimons, Hem, Emus, the Slavonic Matorni gori, the Turkish Kodzhabalkan and Balkan. The Balkan Mountains are remarkable for their flora and fauna. Edelweiss grows there in the region of Kozyata stena. Some of the most striking landscapes are included in the Central Balkan National Park with steep cliffs, the highest waterfalls in the Balkan Peninsula and lush vegetation. There are a number of important nature reserves such as Chuprene, Kozyata stena and others. Most of Europe's large mammals inhabit the area including the brown bear, wolf, boar, chamois and deer. It is believed the name was brought to the region in the 7th century by Bulgars who applied it to the area, as a part of the First Bulgarian Empire. In Bulgarian language the word balkan (балкан) means "mountain". It may have derived from the Persian

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Coldplay2b

  Coldplay2 Fly on Flock of birds Hovering above Just a flock of birds That’s how you think of love And I always look up to the sky Pray before

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Depeche mode-max

  Depeche mode-max IT'S NO GOOD Lyrics Gonna take my time I have all the

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Rheumatism ill

Rheumatism Rheumatism or rheumatic disorder is a non-specific term for medical problems affecting the joints and connective tissue.   The study of, and therapeutic interventions in, such disorders is called rheumatology. The term "rheumatism" is still used in colloquial speech and historical contexts, but is no longer frequently used in medical or technical literature; there is no longer any recognized disorder simply called "rheumatism." The traditional term covers such a range of different problems that to ascribe symptoms to "rheumatism" is not to say very much. Nevertheless, sources dealing with rheumatism tend to focus on arthritis. However, "non-articular rheumatism," also known as "regional pain syndrome" or "soft tissue rheumatism," can cause significant discomfort and difficulty. Furthermore, arthritis and rheumatism between them cover at least 200 different conditions. The term "Rheumatic Diseases" is used in MeSH to refer to connective tissue disorders.Palindromic rheumatism has been theorized

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Scan

  Scan fingerprint Eldorado for the system and hackers The latest models of smatphone include new technologies that define risky for users, is an understatement. In addition to the well known GPS chip for geo-location - where users are encouraged to give the nod to take advantage of certain features - and the NFC chip - whereby you can use your phone as a credit card, new concrete step towards the abolition of cash (v. related) - now containing a sensor for fingerprint scanning, which according to the manufacturers would serve to "make purchases more quickly, and to unlock the device." In other words, consumers are forgoing the confidentiality of your fingers to the whim to exploit in different ways with their devices already completed two functions very well for a decade without the use of fingerprints. It is a real paradise for Big Brother, once authorized for fingerprinting only during visits to military service and following the arrest of citizens. After you have given your consent lightly the handling of your data on

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Laura Pausini-2014

  Laura Pausini-2014   Laura Pausini,  born 16 May 1974 is an Italian pop singer-songwriter and record producer. She debuted in 1993, winning the newcomer artists' section of the 43rd Sanremo Music Festival with the song "La solitudine",   which became an Italian standard   and an international hit, reaching the top spot on the Italian Musica e Dischi singles chart,   as well as on the Dutch Top 40 and on the Flemish Ultratop 50. Her eponymous debut album was released in Italy on 23 April 1993 and later became an international success, selling two million copies worldwide. Its follow-up, Laura, was released in 1994 and confirmed her international success, selling three million copies worldwide. The first single from this album, "Strani amori", also became a domestic and international hit, reaching the top 5 on Italian, Dutch and Belgian main singles charts. During the same year, she released her first Spanish-language album, Laura Pausini, composed of ten adapted songs originally included in her previous works. The album was certified

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Justin Bieber1994

Justin Bieber   Justin Drew Bieber  (born March 1, 1994)    is a Canadian singer and songwriter. Bieber's current manager, Scooter Braun first discovered him through his YouTube videos in 2007. Braun was impressed with the videos, and contacted Bieber's mother Pattie about wanting to work with him. After convincing Bieber's mother, Braun arranged for Bieber to meet with Usher in Atlanta, Georgia. Bieber was signed to RBMG, and then to an Island Records recording contract offered by record executive, L.A. Reid. Bieber released his debut EP, My World, in November 2009. It was certified platinum in the United States. He became the first artist to have seven songs from a debut record to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 Bieber released his first full-length studio album, My World 2.0, in March 2010. It debuted at or near number one in several countries and was certified platinum in the United States. It was preceded by the single "Baby", which is also, as of July 2014, the YouTube video with the most dislikes, and the most views on a Vevo platform. He followed up the release of his debut album with his first headlining tour, the

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Bob Dylan 2014

  Bob Dylan   Bob Dylan, born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, artist, and writer. He has been an influential figure in popular music and culture for more than five decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s, when he was both a chronicler and a reluctant figurehead of social unrest. A number of Dylan's early songs, such as "Blowin' in the Wind" and "The Times They Are a-Changin'", became anthems for the American civil rights and anti-war movements. Leaving behind his initial base in the culture of the folk music revival, Dylan's six-minute single "Like a Rolling Stone" radically altered the parameters of popular music in 1965. His mid-1960s recordings, backed by rock musicians, reached the top end of the United States music charts while also attracting denunciation and criticism from others in the folk movement. Dylan's lyrics have incorporated a variety of political, social, philosophical, and literary influences. They defied existing pop music conventions and appealed hugely to the then burgeoning counterculture. Initially inspired by the performance style of

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John Lennon 1940

  John Lennon   John Ono Lennon, MBE, born John Winston Lennon; (9 October 1940 – 8 December 1980), was an English musician, singer and songwriter who rose to worldwide fame as a founder member of the rock band the Beatles, the most commercially successful band in the history of popular music. With Paul McCartney, he formed a songwriting partnership that is one of the most celebrated of the 20th century. Born and raised in Liverpool, as a teenager Lennon became involved in the skiffle craze; his first band, the Quarrymen, evolved into the Beatles in 1960. When the group disbanded in 1970, Lennon embarked on a solo career that produced the critically acclaimed albums John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band and Imagine, and iconic songs such as "Give Peace a Chance" and "Working

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Miley Cyrus 1994

Miley Cyrus   Miley Ray Cyrus (born Destiny Hope Cyrus; November 23, 1992) is an American singer, actress, and songwriter. Her father is country singer Billy Ray Cyrus. She held minor roles in the television series Doc and the film Big Fish in her childhood. In 2006, Cyrus rose to prominence as a teen idol after being cast in the Disney Channel television series Hannah Montana, in which she portrayed the starring character Miley Stewart. After signing a recording contract with Hollywood Records in 2007, Cyrus released her debut studio album Meet Miley Cyrus. It was certified quadruple-platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for exceeding four million shipments, and produced the hit single "See You Again". In 2008, Cyrus released her second album Breakout, which featured the successful track "7 Things", and launched her film career as the voice actress in the animated film Bolt. In 2009, Cyrus starred in the feature film Hannah Montana: The Movie; its soundtrack produced the hit single "The Climb". Cyrus developed a maturing image with the EP The Time of Our Lives (2009), which featured the successful track "Party in the U.S.A.". The transition continued with her third album Can't Be Tamed (2010); however, it made little commercial impact and became the lowest-selling

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AVICII 1

  AVICII Tim Bergling (born 8 September 1989), better known by his stage name Avicii  is a Swedish EDM DJ, remixer, and record producer.   Avicii ranked 3rd on DJ Magazine '​s annual Top 100 DJs in 2012 and 2013 and has been nominated twice for a Grammy Award, once for his work on "Sunshine" with David Guetta in 2012 and once for his song "Levels" in 2013. Some of his most famous songs are "Wake Me Up", "You Make Me", "Hey Brother" and "Addicted to You". Tim Bergling was born on 8 September 1989 in Stockholm, Sweden. In May 2007, Avicii signed to At Dejfitts Plays. In 2010, Avicii released the song "Seek Bromance", which reached the top 20 in several countries including Belgium, France, the Netherlands, United Kingdom, and Sweden. He also remixed Nadia Ali's classic single "Rapture" for her album Queen of Clubs Trilogy: Onyx Edition. In October 2010, Avicii signed with the European A&R team with

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Brian Adams 1960

Brian Adams   Bryan Guy Adams, OC OBC (born 5 November 1959) is a Canadian singer-songwriter, musician, producer, actor, social activist, and photographer. Adams has been one of the most successful figures of the world of rock music during last three decades. He's known for his strong husky vocals and energetic live performances, and he has sold more than 100 million records, making him one of the world's best-selling music artists and the best-selling Canadian rock artist of all time.    Adams rose to fame in North America with his album Cuts Like a Knife and turned into a global star with his 1984 album Reckless. In 1991, he released his popular Waking Up the Neighbours album which included "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You", one of the best-selling singles of all time. For his contributions to music, Adams has garnered many awards and nominations, including 20 Juno Awards among 56 nominations, 15 Grammy Award nominations including a win for Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television in 1992. He has also won MTV, ASCAP, American Music awards, two Ivor Novello Awards for song composition and has been nominated five times for Golden Globe Awards

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The Beloved

  The Beloved The Beloved are an English electronic dance music group, best known for the singles "Sweet Harmony", "The Sun Rising", "Hello", "Your Love Takes Me Higher", "Satellite" and "Deliver Me". In 1983, Jon Marsh (who played drums for Twelfth of August in 1982) placed an advertisement in the music press, which read as follows: I am Jon Marsh, founder member of the Beloved. Should you too wish to do something gorgeous, meet me in exactly three year's time at exactly 11am in Diana's Diner, or site thereof, Covent Garden

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Planet Funk-2

  Planet Funk-2

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ADSL

  ADSL   Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) is a type of digital subscriber line (DSL) technology, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voiceband modem can provide. It does this by utilizing frequencies that are not used by a voice telephone call.   A splitter, or DSL filter, allows a single telephone connection to be used for both ADSL service and voice calls at the same time. ADSL can generally only be distributed over short distances from the telephone exchange (the last mile), typically less than 4 kilometres (2 mi),  but has been known to exceed 8 kilometres (5 mi) if the originally laid wire gauge allows for further distribution. At the telephone exchange the line generally terminates at a digital subscriber line access multiplexer (DSLAM) where another frequency splitter separates the voice band signal for the conventional phone network. Data carried by the ADSL are typically routed over the telephone company's data network and eventually reach a conventional Internet Protocol network. ADSL differs from the less common symmetric digital subscriber line (SDSL). Bandwidth (and bit rate) is greater toward the customer premises (known as downstream) than the reverse (known as upstream). This is why it is called asymmetric. Providers usually market ADSL as a service for consumers to provide Internet access in a relatively passive mode: able to use the higher speed direction for the download from the Internet but not needing to run servers that would require high speed in the other direction. There are both technical and marketing reasons why ADSL is in many places the most common type offered to home users. On the technical side, there is likely to be more crosstalk from other circuits at the DSLAM end (where the wires from many local loops are close to each other) than at the customer premises. Thus the upload signal is weakest at the noisiest part of the local loop, while the download signal is strongest at the noisiest part of the local loop. It therefore makes technical sense to have the DSLAM transmit at a higher bit rate than does the modem on the customer end. Since the typical home user in fact does prefer a higher download speed, the telephone companies chose to make a virtue out of necessity, hence ADSL. The marketing reasons for an asymmetric connection are that, firstly, most uses of internet traffic will require less data to be uploaded than

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Pitagora

  Pitagora   Pythagoras of Samos  570 – c. 495 BC was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Most of the information about Pythagoras was written down centuries after he lived, so very little reliable information is known about him. He was born on the island of Samos, and might have travelled widely in his youth, visiting Egypt and other places seeking knowledge. Around 530 BC, he moved to Croton, in Magna Graecia, and there set up a religious sect. His followers pursued the religious rites and practices developed by Pythagoras and studied his philosophical theories. The society took an active role in the politics of Croton but this eventually led to their downfall. Pythagorean meeting-places were burned and Pythagoras was forced to flee the city. He is said to have died in Metapontum. Pythagoras made influential contributions to philosophy and religion in the late 6th century BC. He is often revered as a great mathematician, mystic, and scientist and is best known for the Pythagorean theorem which bears his name. However, because legend and obfuscation cloud his work even more than that of the other pre-Socratic philosophers, one can give only a tentative account of his teachings, and some have questioned whether he contributed much to mathematics or natural philosophy. Many of the accomplishments credited to Pythagoras may actually have been accomplishments of his colleagues and successors. Whether or not his disciples believed that everything was related to mathematics and that numbers were the ultimate reality is unknown. It was said that he was the first man to call himself a philosopher, or lover of wisdom,   and Pythagorean ideas exercised a marked influence on Plato, and through him, all of Western philosophy. Accurate facts about the life of Pythagoras are so few that most information concerning him is untrustworthy, making it nearly impossible to provide more than a vague outline of his life. The lack of information by contemporary writers, together with the secrecy which surrounded the Pythagorean brotherhood, meant that invention took the place of facts. The stories which were created were eagerly sought by the Neoplatonist writers who provide most of the details about Pythagoras, but who were uncritical concerning anything which related to the gods or which was considered divine.

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Platonic Love 2

  Platonic Love   Platonic love is a type of love that is chaste and non-sexual. The term is named after Plato, who was the first to describe this kind of love. Platonic love in this original sense of the term is examined in Plato's dialogue the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. It explains the possibilities of how the feeling of love began and how it has evolved—both sexually and non-sexually. Of particular importance is the speech of Socrates, relating the ideas

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Fear 1

Fear   Fear is an emotion induced by a threat perceived by living entities, which causes a change in brain and organ function and ultimately a change in behavior, such as running away, hiding or freezing from traumatic events. Fear may occur in response to a specific stimulus happening in the present, or to a future situation, which is perceived as risk to health or life, status, power, security, or in the case of humans wealth or anything held valuable. The fear response arises from the perception of danger leading to confrontation with or escape from/avoiding the threat (also known as the fight-or-flight response), which in extreme cases of fear (horror and terror) can be a freeze response or paralysis. In humans and animals, fear is modulated by the process of cognition and learning. Thus fear is judged as rational or appropriate and irrational or inappropriate. An irrational fear is called a phobia. Psychologists such as John B. Watson, Robert Plutchik, and Paul Ekman have suggested that there is only a small set of basic or innate emotions and that fear is one of them. This hypothesized set includes such emotions as joy, sadness, fright, dread, horror, panic, anxiety, acute stress reaction and anger. Fear should be distinguished from, but is closely related to, the emotion anxiety, which occurs as the result of threats which are perceived to be uncontrollable or unavoidable.    Top 10 types of fear in the U.S. In a 2005 Gallup poll (U.S.A.), a national sample of adolescents between the

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Tubercolosis 1

Tubercolosis   Tuberculosis, MTB, or TB (short for tubercle bacillus), in the past also called phthisis, phthisis pulmonalis, or consumption, is a widespread, and in many cases fatal, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis.   Tuberculosis typically attacks the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. It is spread through the air when people who have an active TB infection cough, sneeze, or otherwise transmit respiratory fluids through the air. Most infections do not have symptoms, known as latent tuberculosis. About one in ten latent infections eventually progresses to active disease which, if left untreated, kills more than 50% of those so infected. The classic symptoms of active TB infection are a chronic cough with blood-tinged sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss (the latter giving rise to the formerly common term for the disease, "consumption"). Infection of other organs causes a wide range of symptoms. Diagnosis of active TB relies on radiology (commonly chest X-rays), as well as microscopic examination and microbiological culture of body fluids. Diagnosis of latent TB relies on the tuberculin skin test (TST) and/or blood tests. Treatment is difficult and requires administration of multiple antibiotics over a long period of time. Social contacts are also screened and treated if necessary. Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem in multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) infections. Prevention relies on

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OASIS 2014

  OASIS   Oasis are an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1991. Developed from an earlier group, the Rain, the band consisted of Liam Gallagher (vocals and tambourine), Paul "Bonehead" Arthurs (guitar), Paul "Guigsy" McGuigan (bass guitar), and Tony McCarroll (drums, percussion). They were later joined by Liam's older brother Noel Gallagher (lead guitar and vocals) as a fifth member, becoming the band's settled line-up until April 1995. Oasis signed to independent record label Creation Records in 1993 and released their record-setting debut album Definitely Maybe (1994). The following year the band recorded (What's the Story) Morning Glory? (1995) with their new drummer Alan White in the midst of a rivalry with Britpop peers Blur in the charts. The Gallagher brothers were featured regularly in tabloid newspapers for their sibling disputes and wild lifestyles. In 1997 Oasis released their third album, Be Here Now (1997), and although it became the fastest-selling album in UK chart history, the album's popularity tapered off quickly. McGuigan and Arthurs left Oasis in 1999 as the band went on to record and release Standing on the Shoulder of Giants (2000). After their departures, they were replaced by Gem Archer and Andy Bell who joined the group for the tour in support of Standing on the Shoulder of Giants, which had moderate success. Their fifth studio album Heathen Chemistry (2002) saw Noel Gallagher's releasing strict creative control in the band's

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Iron Curtain

Iron Curtain   The Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. The term symbolized efforts by the Soviet Union to block itself and its satellite states from open contact with the west and non-Soviet-controlled areas. On the east side of the Iron Curtain were the countries that were connected to or influenced by the Soviet Union. On either side of the Iron Curtain, states developed their own international economic and military alliances: Member countries of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and the Warsaw Pact, with the Soviet Union as the leading state Member countries of the European Community and/or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and with the United States as the leading country Physically, the Iron Curtain took the form of border defenses between the countries of Europe in the middle of the continent. The most notable border was marked by the Berlin Wall and its Checkpoint Charlie which served as a symbol of the Curtain as a whole.   The events that demolished the Iron Curtain started in discontent in Poland,  and continued in Hungary, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. Romania was the only communist state in Europe to violently overthrow its totalitarian government.   Various usages of the term "iron curtain" (Russian: Железный занавес Zheleznyj zanaves; German: Eiserner Vorhang; Czech: Železná opona; Slovak: Železná opona; Hungarian: Vasfüggöny; Romanian: Cortina de fier, Italian: Cortina di ferro, Serbian: Гвоздена завеса Gvozdena zavesa, Estonian: Raudne eesriie, Bulgarian: Желязна завеса Zhelyazna zavesä) pre-date Churchill's use of the phrase. The concept goes back to the Babylonian Talmud of the 3rd to 5th centuries CE, where Tractate Sota 38b refers to a "mechitza shel barzel", an iron barrier or divider: "אפילו מחיצה של ברזל אינה מפסקת בין ישראל לאביהם שבשמים" (Even an iron barrier cannot separate [the people of] Israel from their heavenly father). Queen Elisabeth of the Belgians used the term "Iron Curtain" in the context of World War I to describe the political situation between Belgium and Germany in 1914. However, the first usage of "iron curtain" perhaps should be attributed to British author Arthur Machen (1863–1947), who used the term in his 1895 novel The Three Impostors: " . . . the door clanged behind me with

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Giorgia(Singer 1971)

  Giorgia(Singer 1971)   Giorgia Todrani, best known as Giorgia (born 26 April 1971)   is an Italian female singer, song-writer, musician, record producer and radio host, known for her soulful voice, which is aided by a wide vocal range, high belting register and great vocal abilities. She is one of the most iconic and famous Italian singers. She has released ten studio albums, which all enjoyed good commercial success in Italy. Giorgia has reached a good notoriety in Europe and a moderate success in Canada and Latin America. For her voice's qualities she has been compared to Whitney Houston  and Mina, and has been defined "fourth-best voice in the world". She is recognized as one of the greatest interpreters of the international music by several music artists among which Herbie Hancock, Elton John, Ray Charles, Michael Bublé, Anastacia, Andrea Bocelli, Ricky Fanté, Ronan Keating, and Luciano Pavarotti while Billboard magazine called her "one of the most popular

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Luciano Pavarotti by Massimo Marras

  Luciano Pavarotti   Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI; 12 October 1935 – 6 September 2007) was an Italian operatic tenor who also crossed over into popular music, eventually becoming one of the most commercially successful tenors of all time. He made numerous recordings of complete operas and individual arias, gaining worldwide fame for the brilliance and beauty of his tone—especially into the upper register—and eventually established himself as one of the finest tenors of the 20th century.     As one of the Three Tenors

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Lionel Messi 1987

  Lionel Messi   Lionel Andrés "Leo" Messi Cuccittini  ; born 24 June 1987), is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward for Spanish club FC Barcelona and captains the Argentina national team. By the age of 21, Messi had received Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year nominations. The following year, in 2009, he won his first Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year awards. He followed this up by winning the inaugural FIFA Ballon d'Or in 2010, and then again in 2011 and 2012. He also won the 2010–11 UEFA Best Player in Europe Award. At the age of 24, Messi became Barcelona's all-time top scorer in all official club competitions. At age 25, Messi became the youngest player to score 200 goals in La Liga. In September 2014, Messi scored his 400th senior career goal for club and country aged just 27. Commonly ranked as the best player in the world and rated by some in the sport as the greatest of all time,[3]

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Lionel Richie 1949

  Lionel Richie Lionel Brockman Richie, Jr. (born June 20, 1949) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer and actor. Beginning in 1968, he was a member of the musical group Commodores signed to Motown Records. Richie made his solo debut in 1982 with the album Lionel Richie and number-one hit "Truly". He has sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time.    Early life Richie was raised in Tuskegee, Alabama, the son of Alberta R. (Foster) and Lionel Brockman Richie.   He grew up on the campus of Tuskegee Institute. His grandfather's house was across the street from the home of the president of the college. His family moved to Joliet, Illinois, where his mother Alberta was principal at Eliza Kelly Elementary school and his father worked at Armcom through the now defunct Joliet Arsenal. Richie graduated from Joliet Township High School, East Campus. A star tennis player in Joliet, he accepted a tennis scholarship to attend Tuskegee Institute, and graduated with a major in economics. After receiving his undergraduate degree from Tuskegee, Richie briefly attended graduate school at Auburn University. He is a member of Kappa Kappa Psi and an active life member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Career The Commodores Main article: Commodores As a student in Tuskegee, Richie formed a succession of R&B groups in the mid-1960s. In 1968 he became a singer and saxophonist with the Commodores. They signed a recording contract with Atlantic Records in 1968 for one record before moving on to Motown Records initially as a support act to The Jackson 5. The Commodores then became established as a popular soul group. Their first several albums had a danceable, funky sound, as in such tracks as "Machine Gun" and "Brick House." Over time, Richie wrote and sang more romantic, easy-listening ballads such as "Easy", "Three Times a Lady", "Still

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Caspian Sea

Caspian Sea   The Caspian Sea  is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea.  The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi) (not including Garabogazköl Aylagy) and a volume of 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi). It is in an endorheic basin (it has no outflows) and is bounded to the northeast by Kazakhstan, to the northwest by Russia, to the west by Azerbaijan, to the south by Iran, and to the southeast by Turkmenistan. The ancient inhabitants of its coast perceived the Caspian Sea as an ocean, probably because of its saltiness and seeming boundlessness. It has a salinity of approximately 1.2% (12 g/l), about a third of the salinity of most seawater. Formation Caspian Sea in map of Iran provinces in Abbasid Caliphate written in Persian بحر خزر, in English: Bahr-e- Khazar (top) The Caspian Sea, like the Aral Sea and Black Sea, is a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea. It became landlocked about 5.5 million years ago due to tectonic uplift and a fall in sea level. During warm and dry climatic periods, the landlocked sea almost dried up, depositing evaporitic sediments like halite that were covered by wind-blown deposits and were sealed off as an evaporite sink when cool, wet climates refilled the basin. Due to the current inflow of fresh water, the Caspian Sea is a freshwater lake in its northern portions. It is more saline on the Iranian shore, where the catchment basin contributes little flow. Currently, the mean salinity of the Caspian is one third that of the Earth's oceans. The Garabogazköl embayment, which dried up when water flow from the main body of the Caspian was blocked in the 1980s but has since been restored, routinely

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Bruno Mars1

  Bruno Mars   Peter Gene Hernandez (born October 8, 1985), professionally known by his stage name Bruno Mars, is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, voice actor, and choreographer. Born and raised in Honolulu, Hawaii, by a family of musicians, Mars began making music at a young age and performed in various musical venues in his hometown throughout his childhood. He graduated from high school and moved to Los Angeles to pursue a musical career. Mars produced songs for other artists, co-founding the production team: The Smeezingtons. Mars had an unsuccessful stint with Motown Records, but then signed with Atlantic in 2009. He became recognized as a solo artist after lending his vocals to the songs "Nothin' on You" by B.o.B, and "Billionaire" by Travie McCoy, which were worldwide successes, and for which he co-wrote the hooks. Mars' production formula allowed him, and his production team, to work with an assortment of artists from various genres. His debut studio album, Doo-Wops & Hooligans, released in 2010, peaked at number three on the Billboard 200,   anchored by the worldwide number-one singles "Just the Way You Are" and "Grenade", as well as by the single "The Lazy Song". The album was nominated for seven Grammy Awards, winning Best Pop Vocal Performance for "Just The Way You Are". In 2011, Mars released a song which was only played on radios called "I Was Only Dancing". His second album, Unorthodox Jukebox, released in 2012, peaked at number one

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Dobermann

  Dobermann The Doberman Pinscher (alternatively spelled Dobermann in many countries) or simply Doberman, is a breed of domestic dog originally developed around 1890 by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, a tax collector from Germany.    Doberman Pinschers are among the most common of pet breeds, and the breed is well known as an intelligent, alert, and loyal companion dog. Although once commonly used as guard dogs or police dogs, this is less common today. In many countries, Doberman Pinschers are often one of the most recognizable breeds, in part because of their actual roles in society, and in part because of media attention. Recent careful breeding has greatly improved the disposition of this breed, and the modern Doberman Pinscher is an energetic and lively breed suitable for companionship and family life. Although many Dobermans have been outdoor dogs, they are best suited to live indoors. Appearance Kennel club standards describe Doberman Pinschers as dogs of medium-large size with a square build and short coat. They are compactly built and athletic with endurance and swiftness. The Doberman Pinscher should have a proud, watchful,

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Mother Teresa of Calcutta 1910

  Mother Teresa of Calcutta   Blessed Teresa of Calcutta, M.C.,   commonly known as Mother Teresa (26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was a Roman Catholic Religious Sister and missionary of Kosovo Albanian origin who lived for most of her life in India. Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation, which in 2012 consisted of over 4,500 sisters and is active in 133 countries. They run hospices and homes for people with HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis; soup kitchens; dispensaries and mobile clinics; children's and family counselling programmes; orphanages; and schools. Members of the institute must adhere to the vows of chastity, poverty and obedience, and the fourth vow, to give "wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor". Mother Teresa was the recipient of numerous honours including the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. In 2003, she was beatified as "Blessed Teresa of Calcutta". A second miracle credited to her intercession is required before she can be recognised as a saint by the Catholic Church.

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Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev   Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev  born 2 March 1931 is a former Soviet statesman. He was the eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, having served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, and as the country's head of state from 1988 until its dissolution in 1991 (titled as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989, as Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1989 to 1990, and as President of the Soviet Union from 1990 to 1991). He was the only general secretary in the history of the Soviet Union to have been born after the October Revolution. Gorbachev was born in Stavropol Krai into a peasant Ukrainian–Russian family, and in his teens operated combine harvesters on collective farms. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1955 with a degree in law. While he was at the university, he joined the Communist Party, and soon became very active within it. In 1970, he was appointed the First Party Secretary of the Stavropol Kraikom, First Secretary to the Supreme Soviet in 1974, and appointed a member of the Politburo in 1979. Within three years of the death of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, following the brief "interregna" of Andropov and Chernenko, Gorbachev was elected General Secretary by the Politburo in 1985. Before he reached the post, he had occasionally been mentioned in Western newspapers as a likely next leader and a man of the younger generation at the top level. Gorbachev's policies of glasnost ("openness") and perestroika ("restructuring") as well as summit conferences with United States President Ronald Reagan and his reorientation of Soviet strategic aims contributed to the end of the Cold War, removed the constitutional role of the Communist Party in governing the state, and inadvertently led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. He was awarded the Otto Hahn Peace Medal in 1989, the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 and the Harvey Prize in 1992, as well as honorary doctorates from various universities. In September 2008, Gorbachev and business oligarch Alexander Lebedev announced they would form the Independent Democratic Party of Russia,

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FOG

FOG Fog is a collection of liquid water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface. Fog can be considered a type of low-lying cloud, and is heavily influenced by nearby bodies of water, topography, wind conditions, and even human activities. In turn, fog has affected many human activities, such as shipping and transport, warfare, and culture. The term "fog" is typically distinguished from the more generic term "cloud" in that fog is low-lying, and the moisture in the fog is often generated locally (such as from a nearby body of water, like a lake or the ocean, or from nearby moist ground or marshes). By definition, fog reduces visibility to less than 1 kilometre (0.62 mi), whereas mist causes lesser impairment of visibility. For aviation purposes in the UK, a visibility of less than 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) but greater than 999 metres (3,278 ft) is considered to be mist if the relative humidity is 70% or greater; below 70%, haze is reported. Fog forms when the difference between air temperature and dew point is generally less than 2.5 °C or 4 °F. Fog begins to form when water vapor condenses into tiny liquid water droplets suspended in the air. The main ways water vapor is added to the air: wind convergence into areas of upward motion; precipitation or virga falling from above; daytime heating evaporating water from the surface of oceans, water bodies, or wet land; transpiration from plants; cool or dry air moving over warmer water; and lifting air over mountains. Water vapor normally begins to condense on condensation nuclei such as dust, ice, and salt in order to form clouds. Fog, like its elevated cousin stratus, is a stable cloud deck which tends to form when a cool, stable air mass is trapped underneath a warm air mass.

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Television set

  Television set   A television set, also called a television receiver, television, TV set, TV, or "telly" (UK), is a device that combines a tuner, display, and speakers for the purpose of viewing television. Television sets became a popular consumer product after World War II, using vacuum tubes and cathode ray tube displays. The addition of color to broadcast television after 1953 further increased the popularity of television sets, and an outdoor antenna became a common feature of suburban homes. The ubiquitous television set became the display device for the first recorded media in the 1970s and 1980s, such as videotape and laserdisc movies. It was also the display device for the first generation of home computers (e.g., Timex Sinclair 1000) and video game consoles (e.g., Atari) in the 1980s. In 2014, flat panel television sets incorporate liquid-crystal, plasma, or LED flat-screen displays, solid-state circuits, microprocessor controls and can interface with a variety of video signal sources, allowing the user to view broadcast and subscription cable TV signals or satellite television, recorded material on DVD or Blu-ray discs, or home security systems, and over-the-air broadcasts received through an indoor or outdoor antenna. Modern flat panel TVs are typically capable of high-definition display (720p or 1080p). Mechanical televisions were commercially sold from 1928 to 1934 in the United Kingdom,[1] United States, and Soviet Union.   The earliest commercially made televisions sold by Baird in the UK in 1928 were radios with the addition of a television device consisting of a neon tube behind a mechanically spinning disk (patented by German engineer Paul Nipkow in 1884, see Nipkow disk) with a spiral of apertures that produced a red postage-stamp size image, enlarged to twice that size by a magnifying glass. The Baird "Televisor" was also available without the radio. The Televisor sold in 1930–1933 is considered the first mass-produced television, selling about a thousand units.  The first commercially made electronic televisions with cathode ray tubes were manufactured by Telefunken in Germany in 1934, followed by other makers in France (1936), Britain (1936), and America (1938). The cheapest of the pre–World War II factory-made American sets, a 1938 image-only model with a 3-inch (8 cm) screen, cost US$125 (equivalent to $2,094 in 2014). The cheapest model with a 12-inch (30 cm) screen was $445 (equivalent to $7,456 in 2014). An estimated 19,000 electronic televisions were manufactured in Britain, and about 1,600 in Germany, before World War II. About 7,000–8,000 electronic sets were made in the U.S. before the War Production Board halted manufacture in April 1942, production resuming in August 1945. Television usage in the United States skyrocketed after World War II with the lifting of the manufacturing freeze, war-related technological advances, the gradual expansion of the television networks westward, the drop in television prices

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Benetton Group

Benetton Group Benetton Group S.p.A.  is a global fashion brand, based in Ponzano Veneto, Italy. The name comes from the Benetton family who founded the company in 1965. Benetton has a network of about 6,000 stores in the main international markets. The stores generate a total turnover of 1.6 billion euros (2013). In 1963, Luciano Benetton, the oldest of four children, was a 30-year-old salesman in Treviso. He saw a market for colourful clothes, and sold a younger brother's bicycle in order to buy his first second-hand knitting machine. His initial small collection of sweaters received a positive response in local stores in the Veneto region, and soon after he asked his sister and two younger brothers, Gilberto and Carlo, to join him. In 1965, the entity known as the "Benetton Group" was formed.  In 1966, the Benettons opened their first store in Belluno and three years after in Paris, with Luciano as chairman, his brother Gilberto in charge of administration, their younger brother Carlo running production, and Giuliana as a chief designer. The Benettons have been long time partners with Italian businessman Antonio Percassi in the development of the groups most important brands, including United Colors, Zerdodici, Sisley, and Playlife, in the Italian and international markets.   The company's core business remains their clothing lines: United Colors of Benetton, Undercolors of Benetton, Sisley, and Playlife Their products include womenswear, menswear, childrenswear and underwear and they have expanded into perfumes, stationery, eyewear and travel bags. The Group has a network of over 6,000 stores around the world. United Colors of Benetton in Prague, Czech Republic United Colors of Benetton in Belgrade, Serbia

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6 reasons to

  6 reasons to get engaged with a blonde Gentlemen Prefer Blondes said Howards Hawks in 1953. Today, in spite of all pairs of tissues appeared to strip the blackberry has always been the coolest ... no, no, I do not know how to finish. However, it is undeniable that a Caucasian man engaged to a blonde is the best solution. It can be argued that it is a matter of taste, there is nothing scientific in support of this thesis. Who the fuck cares about the objections? I mean, you can dispute Lombroso and by extension phrenology but the door to shady types not open it anyway. So now let's focus on why it is better to get engaged to a blonde. # 1 She's a collector's item. The blonde is a recessive trait and then very slowly disappearing: outstanding natural blondes are

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Autism 2014

  Autism The presence of human fetal DNA in vaccines is a possible cause for Autism Dr. Theresa Deisher, PhD in Cellular and Molecular Physiology at Stanford University, he returned to blame fragments of human fetal DNA in vaccines as a cause of the onset of autism through the practice of immunization. It 'possible that these fragments contaminants are incorporated into the genome of a child and disturb the normal function of genetics, leading to the onset of autistic phenotypes.   Dr. Theresa Deisher has spent over 19 years in the business working with various biotechnology companies including Genentech, Repligen, Amgen and its findings have led to the development of important clinical trials for various diseases. For more information, please see his curriculum vitae which shows a strong scientific background to embarrass the dishwashers that promote our own vaccinations. Since 1979, for example, the production of trivalent measles-mumps-rubella [MMR] has increased the use of animal cells to the use of cells from aborted human fetuses. As a result of this change in production, which has also affected many other vaccines, the '80s began a dramatic increase in cases of autism, first in the United States, then in England, and later in the rest of the world, and temporally correlated causally as demonstrated by the study of Dr. Theresa Deisher explained in its initial drafts in May 2010 at the

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Edict of Milan

Edict of Milan   The Edict of Milan refers to the February 313 AD agreement to treat Christians benevolently within the Roman Empire.  Western Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius, who controlled the Balkans, met in Milan and among other things, agreed to change policies towards Christians. The document known as the Edict of Milan (Edictum Mediolanense) is found in Lactantius' De Mortibus Persecutorum and in Eusebius of Caesarea's History of the Church with marked divergences between the two. Whether or not there was a formal 'Edict of Milan'  is debatable. The version found in Lactantius is not in the form of an edict. It is a letter from Licinius to the governors of the provinces in the Eastern Empire he had just conquered by defeating Maximin later in the same year and issued in Nicomedia. Ever since the fall of the Severan dynasty in 235, rivals for the imperial throne had bid for support by either favoring or persecuting Christians. A previous edict of toleration had been recently issued by the emperor Galerius from Serdica and posted at Nicomedia on 30 April 311. By its provisions, the Christians, who had "followed such a caprice and had fallen into such a folly that they would not obey the institutes of antiquity", were granted an indulgence. "Wherefore, for this our indulgence, they ought to pray to their God for our safety, for that of the republic, and for their own, that the commonwealth may continue uninjured on every side, and that they may be able to live securely in their homes." Their confiscated property, however, was not restored until 313 when instructions were given for the Christians' meeting places and other properties to be returned and compensation paid by the state to the current owners: "the same shall be restored to the Christians without payment or any claim of recompense and without any kind of fraud or deception" It directed the provincial magistrates to execute this order at once with all energy, so that public order may be restored and the continuance of the Divine favor may "preserve and prosper our successes together with the

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Lasagne al pesto recipe

  RECIPES-1 Lasagna al pesto The lasagna with pesto sauce is a dish tasty and easy to prepare. A recipe and delicate at the same time perfect for any occasion, for Sunday lunch as a valid alternative to traditional lasagna with meat sauce, or to impress your guests with an original dish and really tasty. The lasagna with pesto is also a quick meal, unless you want to make the dough at home, because you do not need to prepare any kind of sauce that you know should be cooked several hours. A vegetarian recipe and also very economical, ideal for lovers of pesto sauce : Ingredients      400 g of egg lasagne      500 ml of sauce      200 g of cream      200 g smoked      200g pesto sauce

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Tiramisu'

  Tiramisu' Recipe Ingredients Serves: 6 people      6 eggs      500g Mascarpone Saint Lucia      150g sugar      300g shortbread biscuits Savoyards      ¾ of the coffee (about 8 coffee)      50g of liqueur to taste      cocoa

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Arancini

  Arancini Arancini (arancini   or arancine in Sicilian), are stuffed rice balls which are coated with breadcrumbs and fried. They are said to have originated in Sicily in the 10th century during Kalbid rule. Arancini are usually filled with ragù (meat sauce), tomato sauce, mozzarella, and/or peas. There are a number of local variants that differ in fillings

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Compass rose

  Compass rose A compass rose, sometimes called a windrose, or Rose of the Winds, is a figure on a compass, map, nautical chart or monument used to display the orientation of the cardinal directions—North, East, South and West—and their intermediate points. It is also the term for the graduated markings found on the traditional magnetic compass. Today, the idea of a compass rose is found on, or featured in, almost all navigation systems, including nautical charts, non-directional beacons (NDB), VHF omnidirectional range (VOR) systems, global-positioning systems (GPS), and similar equipment and devices. The compass rose is an old design element found on compasses, maps and even monuments (e.g. the Tower of the Winds in Athens, the pavement in Dougga, Tunis, during Roman times)   to show cardinal directions and frequently intermediate direction. The "rose" term arises from the fairly ornate figures used with early compasses. Older sources sometimes use the term "compass star", or stella maris ("star of the sea"), to refer to the compass rose. Early forms of the compass rose were known as wind roses, since no differentiation was made between a directional point and the wind which emanated from that direction.  (Today, the term "wind rose" is often reserved for the object used by meteorologists to depict wind frequencies from different directions at a location.) Compass rose with the eight principal winds The modern compass rose has eight principal winds. Listed clockwise, these are: Compass Point Abbr. Heading Traditional Wind North N 0° Tramontane North-East NE 45° (45°×1) Greco or Grecale East E 90° (45°×2) Levante South-East SE 135° (45°×3) Sirocco South S 180° (45°×4) Ostro or Mezzogiorno South-West SW 225° (45°×5) Libeccio or Garbino West W 270° (45°×6) Ponente North-West

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Recipe Anatra all'arancia

  Recipe Anatra all'arancia Presentation In the popular imagination, the orange duck, is a traditional French recipe, but very few know that in reality this dish so special has its origins in the cuisine of Tuscany in Florence. This delicious dish that Tuscans called "Paparo to Melarancia" was exported to France by Catherine de Medici, who married Henry II of France, decided to bring a little piece of her Florence. Since the arrival of Catherine in France, in fact, we are witnessing a gradual integration of Florentine cuisine in the French, hence the French decided

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Isis 1

  Isis: A creation of the CIA Through securities terrifying and shocking videos, ISIS is used as a tool to justify the war in the Middle East and to cause fear and panic around the world. No, this is not a "conspiracy theory" is simply the old trick used by the elite. ISIS was created by the fighting forces. Since the creation of democratic nations - even when public opinion mattered - the political class was placed in a dilemma: The war is necessary to gain power, wealth, and control, but the public has a tendency to be contrary to it. What to do? The answer was found decades ago and is still being used successfully today: Create a foe so terrifying that the masses implore the government to go to war. This is the reason for the existence of ISIS. This is why the beheading videos are so "well-produced" and advertised all over the world through the mainstream media. This is why news sources regularly report alarmist headlines about ISIS. They are used to serve the best interests of the elite world. The objectives are: to influence public opinion to support the invasion of the Middle Eastern countries, to provide a pretext for the intervention of a "coalition" International and produce a national threat that will be used to take away our rights and increase surveillance. In short, the ISIS is another example of the age-old tactic used to create a terrible enemy in order to scare the masses. "Moreover, as America becomes an increasingly multi-cultural society, it may be more difficult to build a consensus on foreign policy issues, except in the circumstances of a direct external threat." Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Chessboard About a decade after the invasion of Iraq (which is still an area dangerously chaotic), most agree that the war was based on false premises. The public eventually recognized that the "weapons of mass destruction" thoroughly propagandized by George W. Bush and Donald Rumsfeld were a complete fabrication. Despite

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Obelisk

  Obelisk   An obelisk ,  is a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape at the top. These were originally called "tekhenu" by the builders, the Ancient Egyptians. The Greeks who saw them used the Greek 'obeliskos' to describe them, and this word passed into Latin and then English.   Ancient obelisks were often monolithic, whereas most modern obelisks are made of several stones and can have interior spaces.The term stele is generally used for other monumental standing inscribed sculpted stones. Egyptian See also: List of obelisks in Rome Pylon of the Temple of Luxor with the remaining obelisk (of two) in front (the second is in the Place de la Concorde in Paris). Obelisk of Pharaoh Senusret I, Al-Maalla area of Al-Matariyyah district in Heliopolis. Obelisks were prominent in the architecture of the ancient Egyptians, who placed them in pairs at the entrance of temples. The word "obelisk" as used in English today is of Greek rather than Egyptian origin because Herodotus, the Greek traveller, was one of the first classical writers to describe the objects. A number of ancient Egyptian obelisks are known to have survived, plus the "Unfinished Obelisk" found partly hewn from its quarry at Aswan. These obelisks are now dispersed around the world, and fewer than half of them remain in Egypt. The earliest temple obelisk still in its original position is the 68-foot (20.7 m) 120-ton  red granite Obelisk of Senusret I of the XIIth Dynasty at Al-Matariyyah part of Heliopolis. The obelisk symbolized the sun god Ra, and during the brief religious reformation of Akhenaten was said to be a petrified ray of the Aten, the sundisk. It was also thought that the god existed within the structure. It is hypothesized by New York University Egyptologist Patricia Blackwell Gary and Astronomy senior editor Richard Talcott that the shapes of the ancient Egyptian pyramid and obelisk were derived from natural phenomena associated with the sun (the sun-god Ra being the Egyptians' greatest deity). The pyramid and obelisk

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Love Poems31

  Love Poems3 You whispered to me "How do I see something not there What my eyes can't see before me I can imagine the color of the hair When it is not in my view to see I can imagine the texture of her skin Though it be too far away to touch I know it is soft and no where is it rough I can see the radiance of her smile Though I can't see what caused it to form I can see the sparkle in her eyes When I have no idea what image is in her view Words can't tell me her soft voice When they are only written Words can't tell me senses she feels When she is touched tenderly in the night My only way to know is to imagine Let my dreams fill in the spaces And then I know what my heart sees and feels. If i were If I were a poet, I would write you a love poem a day. If I were a singer,

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Nagasaki

  Nagasaki   Nagasaki  is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan. It became a center of Portuguese and other European influence in the 16th through 19th centuries, and the Churches and Christian Sites in Nagasaki have been proposed for inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Part of Nagasaki was home to a major Imperial Japanese Navy base during the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War. Its name means "long cape". During World War II, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki made Nagasaki the second and, to date, last city in the world to experience a nuclear attack.As of January 1, 2009, the city has an estimated population of 446,007 and a population density of 1,100 persons per km². The total area is 406.35 km² Medieval and early modern eras A small fishing village secluded by harbours, Nagasaki had little historical significance until contact with Portuguese explorers in 1543. An early visitor was Fernão Mendes Pinto, who came on a Portuguese ship which landed nearby in Tanegashima. Soon after Portuguese ships started sailing to Japan as regular trade freighters, thus increasing the contact and trade relations between Japan and the rest of the world, and particularly with mainland China, with whom Japan had previously severed its commercial and political ties, mainly due to a number of incidents involving Wokou piracy in the South China Sea, with the Portuguese now serving as intermediaries between the two Asian countries. Despite the mutual advantages derived from these trading contacts, which would soon be acknowledged by all parties involved, the lack of a proper seaport in Kyūshū for the purpose of harboring foreign ships posed a major problem for both merchants and the Kyushu daimyo (feudal lords) who expected to collect great advantages from these intercourse with the Portuguese. In the meantime, Navarrese Jesuit missionary St. Francis Xavier arrived in Kagoshima, South Kyūshū, in 1549, and soon initiated a thorough campaign of evangelization throughout Japan, but left for China in 1551 and died soon afterwards. His followers who remained behind converted a number of daimyo. The most notable among them was Ōmura Sumitada, who greatly profited from his conversion to the "Kirishitan" religion through an accompanying deal to receive a portion of the trade from Portuguese ships.  In 1569, Ōmura granted a permit for the establishment of a port with the purpose of harboring Portuguese ships in Nagasaki, which was finally set in 1571, under the

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Colitis

  Colitis   In medicine, colitis (pl. colitides) refers to an inflammation of the colon and is often used to describe an inflammation of the large intestine (colon, caecum and rectum). Colitis may be acute and self-limited or chronic, i.e. persistent, and broadly fits into the category of digestive diseases. In a medical context, the label colitis (without qualification) is used if: The aetiology of the inflammation in the colon is undetermined; for example, colitis may be applied to Crohn's disease at a time when the diagnosis is unknown, or The context is clear; for example, an individual with ulcerative colitis is talking about their disease with a physician who knows the diagnosis.   Signs and symptoms The signs and symptoms of colitides are quite variable and dependent on the etiology (or cause) of the given colitis and factors that modify its course and severity. Symptoms of colitis may include: abdominal pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, bloody diarrhea, mucus in the stool,   cramping, urgency and bloating. Signs may include: abdominal tenderness, weight loss, changes in bowel habits (increased frequency), fever, bleeding (overt or occult)/bloody stools, diarrhea, and distension. Signs seen on colonoscopy include: colonic mucosal erythema (redness of the inner surface of the colon), ulcers, bleeding. Treatment: Some patients may be admitted into the hospital following the colonoscopy depending on results. It is sometimes necessary to get the patient started on a steroid to speed up the healing of the colon.

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Weather front

  Weather front   A weather front is a boundary separating two masses of air of different densities, and is the principal cause of meteorological phenomena. In surface weather analyses, fronts are depicted using various colored lines and symbols, depending on the type of front. The air masses separated by a front usually differ in temperature and humidity. Cold fronts may feature narrow bands of thunderstorms and severe weather, and may on occasion be preceded by squall lines or dry lines. Warm fronts are usually preceded by stratiform precipitation and fog. The weather usually clears quickly after a front's passage. Some fronts produce no precipitation and little cloudiness, although there is invariably a wind shift.   Cold fronts and occluded fronts generally move from west to east, while warm fronts move poleward. Because of the greater density of air in their wake, cold fronts and cold occlusions move faster than warm fronts and warm occlusions. Mountains and warm bodies of water can slow the movement of fronts.   When a front becomes stationary, and the density contrast across the frontal boundary vanishes, the front can degenerate into a line which separates regions of differing wind velocity, known as a shearline. This is most common over the open ocean. The Bergeron classification is the most widely accepted form of air mass classification. Air mass classification involves three letters. The first letter describes its moisture properties, with c used for continental air masses (dry) and m for maritime air masses (moist). The second letter describes the thermal characteristic of its source region: T for tropical, P for polar, A for arctic or Antarctic, M for monsoon, E for equatorial, and S for superior air (dry air formed by significant upward motion in the atmosphere). The third letter is used to designate the stability of the atmosphere. If the air mass is colder than the ground below it, it is labeled k. If the air mass is warmer than the ground below it, it is labeled w.  Fronts separate air masses of different types or origins, and are located along troughs of lower pressure. A surface weather analysis is a special

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Clouds21

Clouds2   In meteorology, a cloud is a visible mass of liquid droplets or frozen crystals made of water or various chemicals suspended in the atmosphere above the surface of a planetary body.  These suspended particles are also known as aerosols and are studied in the cloud physics branch of meteorology. Terrestrial cloud formation is the result of air in Earth's atmosphere becoming saturated due to either or both of two processes: cooling of the air and adding water vapor. With sufficient saturation, precipitation will fall to the surface; an exception is virga, which evaporates before reaching the surface. Clouds in the troposphere, the atmospheric layer closest to Earth's surface, have Latin names due to the universal adaptation of Luke Howard's nomenclature. It was introduced in December 1802 and became the basis of a modern international system that classifies these tropospheric aerosols into several physical forms, then cross-classifies them as low-, middle- and high-étage according to cloud-base altitude range above Earth's surface. Clouds with significant vertical extent occupying more than one étage are often considered a distinct group or sub-group. One physical form shows free-convective upward growth into low or vertical heaps of cumulus (cumuliform). Other forms appear as non-convective layered sheets like low stratus (stratiform), and as limited-convective rolls or ripples as with stratocumulus (stratocumuliform). Both of these layered forms have middle- and high-étage variants identified respectively by the prefixes alto- and cirro-. Thin fibrous wisps of cirrus are a physical form found only at high altitudes of the troposphere (cirriform). In the case of clouds with vertical extent, prefixes are used whenever necessary to express variations or complexities in their physical structures. These include cumulo- for complex highly convective vertical nimbus storm clouds (cumulonimbiform), and nimbo- for thick stratiform layers with sufficient vertical depth to produce moderate to heavy precipitation. This process of cross-classification produces ten basic genus-types or genera, most of which can be subdivided into species and varieties. Synoptic surface weather observations use code numbers to record and report any type of tropospheric cloud visible at scheduled observation times based on its height and physical appearance. While a majority of clouds form in Earth's troposphere, there are occasions when they can be observed at much higher altitudes in the stratosphere and mesosphere. Clouds that form above the troposphere

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Meaning of life1

  Meaning of life   The meaning of life is a philosophical and spiritual question concerning the significance of life or existence in general. It can also be expressed in different forms, such as "Why are we here?", "What is life all about?", and "What is the purpose of existence?" It has been the subject of much philosophical, scientific, and theological speculation throughout history. There have been a large number of proposed answers to these questions from many different cultural and ideological backgrounds. The meaning of life is in the philosophical and religious conceptions of existence, social ties, consciousness, and happiness, and borders on many other issues, such as symbolic meaning, ontology, value, purpose, ethics, good and evil, free will, the existence of one or multiple gods, conceptions of God, the soul, and the afterlife. Scientific contributions focus primarily on describing related empirical facts about the universe, exploring the context and parameters concerning the 'how' of life. Science also studies and can provide recommendations for the pursuit of well-being and a related conception of morality. An alternative, humanistic approach poses the question "What is the meaning of my life?" The value of the question pertaining to the purpose of life may coincide with the achievement of ultimate reality, or a feeling of oneness, or even a feeling of sacredness. Questions about the meaning of life

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Guilt(emotion)

Guilt(emotion) Guilt is a cognitive or an emotional experience that occurs when a person realizes or believes accurately or not—that he or she has compromised his or her own standards of conduct or has violated a moral standard, and bears significant responsibility for that violation.   It is closely related to the concept of remorse. Psychology Guilt is an important factor in perpetuating obsessive–compulsive disorder symptoms.  Guilt and its associated causes, merits, and demerits are common themes in psychology and psychiatry. Both in specialized and in ordinary language, guilt is an affective state in which one experiences conflict at having done something that one believes one should not have done (or conversely, having not done something one believes one should have done). It gives rise to a feeling which does not go away easily, driven by 'conscience'. Sigmund Freud described this as the result of a struggle between the ego and the superego – parental imprinting. Freud rejected the role of God as punisher in times of illness or rewarder in time of wellness. While removing one source of guilt from patients, he described another. This was the unconscious force within the individual that contributed to illness, Freud in fact coming to consider "the obstacle of an unconscious sense of guilt...as the most powerful of all obstacles to recovery." For his later explicator, Lacan, guilt was the inevitable companion of the signifying subject who acknowledged normality in the form of the Symbolic order. Alice Miller claims that "many people suffer all their lives from this oppressive feeling of guilt, the sense of not having lived up to their parents' expectations....no argument can overcome these guilt feelings, for they have their beginnings in life's earliest period, and from that they derive their intensity." This may be linked to what Les Parrott has called "the disease of false guilt....At the root of false guilt is the idea that what you feel must be true." If you feel guilty, you must be guilty! The philosopher Martin Buber underlined the difference between the Freudian notion of guilt, based on internal conflicts, and existential guilt, based on actual harm done to others. Guilt is often associated with anxiety. In mania, according to Otto Fenichel

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Anger 1

  Anger   Anger is an emotional response related to one's psychological interpretation of having been threatened. Often it indicates when one's basic boundaries are violated. Some have a learned tendency to react to anger through retaliation. Anger may be utilized effectively when utilized to set boundaries or escape from dangerous situations. Sheila Videbeck describes anger as a normal emotion that involves a strong uncomfortable and emotional response to a perceived provocation.   Raymond Novaco of UC Irvine, who since 1975 has published a plethora of literature on the subject, stratified anger into three modalities: cognitive (appraisals), somatic-affective (tension and agitations), and behavioral (withdrawal and antagonism). William DeFoore, an anger-management writer, described anger as a pressure cooker: we can only apply pressure against our anger for a certain amount of time until it explodes. Anger may have physical correlates such as increased heart rate, blood pressure, and levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline. Some view anger as an emotion which triggers part of the fight or flight brain response. Anger becomes the predominant feeling behaviorally, cognitively, and physiologically when a person makes the conscious choice to take action to immediately stop the threatening behavior of another outside force. The English term originally comes from the term anger of Old Norse language. Anger can have many physical and mental consequences. The external expression of anger can be found in facial expressions, body language, physiological responses, and at times in public acts of aggression.

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Russian hackers

  Russian hackers exploiting a flaw in Windows for spying According to report released Tuesday by the iSight Partners, a computer security company in Dallas, Russian hackers have exploited a bug in Microsoft Windows to spy some Western governments, NATO and the Ukrainian government. The targets would also include energy companies and European telecommunications and secret US academic organization. It is not clear what type of information may have been "recovered", but according to the targets of cyber attacks were often related to the standoff in Ukraine between Russia and the West, which also included the NATO summit in Wales in early September, during which Russian hackers have targeted the Ukrainian government and at least one organization in America. According to the report, these activities began in 2009 using a variety of techniques to gain access to confidential information. But iSight argues that only in the late summer of this

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Coconut oil1

  Coconut oil: beneficial qualities, saving countless uses For thousands of years coconut oil has been used as a dietary product and cosmetics. It is a powerful destructor of each type of microbe: viruses, bacteria, protozoa (many potentially harmful). Coconut oil is a natural bearer of fat plus high-quality, essential for optimal health of the body. About 50 percent of the fat content in coconut oil is lauric acid, which is extremely rare in nature. Coconut oil contains lauric acid than any other substance on Earth. The human body converts lauric acid into monolaurin, a monoglyceride that destroys lipid coated viruses such as HIV, herpes, influenza, measles, gram-negative bacteria and protozoa such as giardia lamblia. It is certainly one of the reasons that makes coconut oil so useful in medicine, both in use outside and in the interior. The coconut oil is composed of medium chain fatty acids (MCFAs), which are easily digestible and whose cell membranes are easily cross-referenced. The MCFAs are immediately converted by the liver into energy rather than being stored as fat. That's why I recommend coconut oil as an ideal substitute for carbohydrates vegetables. The coconut oil is absorbed without difficulty by the digestive system and does not produce peaks of insulin in the blood, so to get an immediate energy intake may simply ingest a tablespoon of coconut oil, or add it to the food. To increase the presence of coconut oil in your diet, you can replace the sweetener for tea or coffee. Because of its properties is to improve the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, you may assume a spoon to enhance the effectiveness of vitamins taken with food or during a specific treatment. Coconut oil is ideal for all types of cooking, as resists to very high temperatures without any deterioration, as is the case in many other types of oils (olive oil, for example, precisely for this reason is not suitable for cooking). In addition, coconut oil does not become rancid, which is a huge advantage if you are using it for home-made concoctions. E 'proven that after being stored at room temperature for one year, coconut oil does not denote the minimum rancidity. Generic health benefits made from coconut oil. Coconut oil has a long list of health benefits, if they are included in the daily diet. In addition to antimicrobial properties, is useful for: - Support heart health and proper thyroid function - Provide benefits to the brain - Strengthen the immune system - Provide an excellent fuel the body - Reinforce to speed up your metabolism when looking for a weight loss - Keep your skin healthy and young But coconut oil also has an impressive number of other uses, from topical applications of beauty treatments first aid, cleaning in general. Coconut oil can replace dozens of beauty products and body care. An article by Delicious Obsessions also lists no fewer than 122 creative uses of coconut oil, including 21 recipes for

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Snakes 1

Snakes   Snakes are elongated, legless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes that can be distinguished from legless lizards by their lack of eyelids and external ears. Like all squamates, snakes are ectothermic, amniote vertebrates covered in overlapping scales. Many species of snakes have skulls with several more joints than their lizard ancestors, enabling them to swallow prey much larger than their heads with their highly mobile jaws. To accommodate their narrow bodies, snakes' paired organs (such as kidneys) appear one in front of the other instead of side by side, and most have only one functional lung. Some species retain a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on either side of the cloaca. Living snakes are found on every continent except Antarctica, and on most smaller land masses — exceptions include some large islands, such as Ireland and New Zealand, and many small islands of the Atlantic and central Pacific.   Additionally, sea snakes are widespread throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans. More than 20 families are currently recognized, comprising about 500 genera and about 3,400 species. They range in size from the tiny, 10 cm-long thread snake to the Reticulated python of up to 8.7 meters (29 ft) in length. The fossil species Titanoboa cerrejonensis was 15 meters (49 ft) long. Snakes are thought to have evolved from either burrowing or aquatic lizards during the mid-Cretaceous period, and the earliest known fossils date to around 112 Ma ago. The diversity of modern snakes appeared during the Paleocene period (c 66 to 56 Ma ago). The oldest preserved descriptions of snakes can be found in the Brooklyn Papyrus. Most species are nonvenomous and those that have venom use it primarily to kill and subdue prey rather than for self-defense. Some possess venom potent enough to cause painful injury or death to humans. Nonvenomous snakes either swallow prey alive or kill by constriction. The fossil record of snakes is relatively poor because snake skeletons are typically small

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Melanoma 10

Melanoma   Melanoma  is a type of skin cancer which forms from melanocytes (pigment-containing cells in the skin).   In women, the most common site is the legs, and melanomas in men are most common on the back. It is particularly common among Caucasians, especially northern Europeans and northwestern Europeans, living in sunny climates. There are higher rates in Oceania, North America, Europe, Southern Africa, and Latin America. This geographic pattern reflects the primary cause, ultraviolet light (UV) exposure in conjunction with the amount of skin pigmentation in the population. Melanocytes produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the body that contains melanocytes. The treatment includes surgical removal of the tumor. If melanoma is found early, while it is still small and thin, and if it is completely removed, then the chance of cure is high. The likelihood that the melanoma will come back or spread depends on how deeply it has gone into the layers of the skin. For melanomas that come back or spread, treatments include chemo- and immunotherapy, or radiation therapy. Five year survival rates in the United States are on average 91%. Melanoma is less common than other skin cancers. However, it is much more dangerous if it is not found in the early stages. It causes the majority (75%) of deaths related to skin cancer. Globally, in 2012, melanoma occurred in 232,000 people and resulted in 55,000 deaths. Australia and New Zealand have the highest rates

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Commodore64

Commodore64   The Commodore 64, also known as the C64, C-64, C= 64,   or occasionally CBM 64 or VIC-64,   is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January, 1982 by Commodore International. It is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the highest-selling single computer model of all time, with independent estimates placing the number sold between 10 and 17 million units. Volume production started in early 1982, with machines being released on to the market in August at a price of US $595 (roughly equivalent to $1,500 in 2014). Preceded by the Commodore VIC-20 and Commodore PET, the C64 takes its name from its 64 kilobytes (65,536 bytes) of RAM, and has favorable sound and graphical specifications when compared to contemporary systems such as the Apple II. While the Apple II cost around $1,200, it was sold as a complete system with disk drive and dedicated monitor—the C64's $595 price included only the computer itself. The Tandy TRS-80 Color Computer was initially priced at $399, but with only 4kB RAM and lesser graphics and sound abilities. The C64 dominated the low-end computer market for most of the 1980s. For a substantial period (1983–1986), the C64 had between 30% and 40% share and two million units sold per year, outselling the IBM PC compatibles, Apple Inc. computers, and the Atari 8-bit family of computers. Sam Tramiel, a later Atari president and the son of Commodore's founder, said in a 1989 interview, "When I was at Commodore we were building 400,000 C64s a month for a couple of years." Part of the Commodore 64's success was because it was sold in retail stores instead of just electronics- and/or computer stores. Commodore produced many of its parts in-house to control costs, including custom IC chips from MOS Technology. It is sometimes compared to the Ford Model T automobile for its role in bringing a new technology to middle-class households via creative mass-production. Approximately 10,000 commercial software titles were made for the Commodore 64 including development tools, office productivity applications, and games. C64 emulators allow anyone with a modern computer, or a compatible video game console, to run these programs today. The C64 is also credited with popularizing the computer demoscene and is still used today by some computer hobbyists. In 2008, 17 years after it was taken off the market, research showed that brand recognition for the model was still at 87%.   In January 1981, MOS Technology, Inc., Commodore's integrated circuit design subsidiary, initiated a project to design the graphic and audio chips for a next generation video game console. Design work for the chips, named MOS Technology VIC-II (Video Integrated Circuit for graphics) and MOS Technology SID (Sound Interface Device for audio), was completed in November 1981. Commodore then began a game console project that would use the new chips—called the Ultimax or alternatively the Commodore MAX Machine, engineered by Yash Terakura from Commodore Japan. This project was eventually cancelled after just a few machines were manufactured for the Japanese market. At the same time, Robert "Bob" Russell (system programmer and architect on the VIC-20) and Robert "Bob" Yannes (engineer of the SID) were critical of the current product line-up at Commodore, which was a continuation of the Commodore PET line aimed at business users. With the support of Al Charpentier (engineer of the VIC-II) and Charles Winterble (manager of MOS Technology), they proposed to Commodore CEO Jack Tramiel a true low-cost sequel to the VIC-20. Tramiel dictated that the machine should have 64 kB of random-access memory (RAM). Although 64 kB of dynamic random access memory (DRAM) cost over $100 at the time, he knew that

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Pleasure1

Orgasm   Orgasm (from Greek ὀργασμός orgasmos "excitement, swelling"; also sexual climax) is the sudden discharge of accumulated sexual tension during the sexual response cycle, resulting in rhythmic muscular contractions in the pelvic region characterized by sexual pleasure.  Experienced by males and females, orgasms are controlled by the involuntary or autonomic nervous system. They are often associated with other involuntary actions, including muscular spasms in multiple areas of the body, a general euphoric sensation and, frequently, body movements and vocalizations are expressed. The period after orgasm (known as a refractory period) is often a relaxing experience, attributed to the release of the neurohormones oxytocin and prolactin, as well as endorphins (or "endogenous morphine"). Human orgasms usually result from physical sexual stimulation of the penis in males (typically accompanying ejaculation), and the clitoris in females. Sexual stimulation can be by self-practice (masturbation) or with a sex partner (penetrative sex, non-penetrative sex, or other sexual activity). The health effects surrounding the human orgasm are diverse. There are many physiological responses during sexual activity, including a relaxed state created by prolactin, as well as changes in the central nervous system such as a temporary decrease in the metabolic activity of large parts of the cerebral cortex while there is no change or increased metabolic activity in the limbic ("bordering") areas of the brain. There is also a wide range of sexual dysfunctions, such as anorgasmia. These effects impact cultural views of orgasm, such as the beliefs that orgasm and the frequency/consistency of it are important or irrelevant for satisfaction in a sexual relationship, and theories about the biological and evolutionary functions of orgasm. Orgasm in non-human animals has been studied significantly less than orgasm in humans, but research on the subject is ongoing. In a clinical context, orgasm is usually defined strictly by the muscular contractions involved during sexual activity, along with the characteristic patterns of change in heart rate, blood pressure, and often respiration rate and depth. This is categorized as the sudden discharge of accumulated sexual tension during the sexual response cycle, resulting in rhythmic muscular contractions in the pelvic region. However, definitions of orgasm vary and there is sentiment that consensus on how to consistently classify it is absent. At least twenty-six definitions of orgasm were listed in the journal Clinical Psychology Review. There is some debate whether certain types of sexual sensations should be accurately classified as orgasms, including female orgasms caused by G-spot stimulation alone, and the demonstration of extended or continuous orgasms lasting several minutes or even an hour. The question centers around the clinical definition of orgasm, but this way of viewing orgasm is merely physiological, while there are also psychological, endocrinological, and neurological definitions of orgasm.

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Happiness 2

  Happiness   Happiness is a mental or emotional state of well-being characterized by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.   A variety of biological, psychological, religious, and philosophical approaches have striven to define happiness and identify its sources. Various research groups, including positive psychology, endeavor to apply the scientific method to answer questions about what "happiness" is, and how it might be attained. It is of such fundamental importance to the human condition that "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" were deemed to be unalienable rights by the United States Declaration of Independence. The United Nations declared 20 March the International Day of Happiness to recognise the relevance of happiness and wellbeing as universal goals. In 2014 Happy (Pharrell Williams song) became the anthem and inspired clips from around the world. Philosophers and religious thinkers often define happiness in terms of living a good life, or flourishing, rather than simply as an emotion. Happiness in this sense was used to translate the Greek Eudaimonia, and is still used in virtue

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Bee Gees by Massimo Marras

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Bee Gees 22

  Bee Gees "Paying The Price Of Love" How did you find there was somebody More than you want me I never understood Maybe I have never had you I have been lonely for you lately I can't

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Gold 1

Gold   Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au and atomic number 79. It is a bright yellow dense, soft, malleable and ductile metal. The properties remain when exposed to air or water. Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements, and is solid under standard conditions. The metal therefore occurs often in free elemental (native) form, as nuggets or grains, in rocks, in veins and in alluvial deposits. It occurs in a solid solution series with the native element silver (as electrum) and also naturally alloyed with copper and palladium. Less commonly, it occurs in minerals as gold compounds, often with tellurium (gold tellurides). Gold's atomic number of 79 makes it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally in the universe, and is traditionally thought to have been produced in supernova nucleosynthesis to seed the dust from which the Solar System formed. Because the Earth was molten when it was just formed, almost all of the gold present in the Earth sank into the planetary core. Therefore most of the gold that is present today in the Earth's crust and mantle is thought to have been delivered to Earth later, by asteroid impacts during the late heavy bombardment, about 4 billion years ago. Gold resists attacks by individual acids, but it can be dissolved by aqua regia (nitro-hydrochloric acid), so named because it dissolves gold into a soluble gold tetrachloride cation. Gold compounds also dissolve in alkaline solutions of cyanide, which have been used in mining. It dissolves in mercury, forming amalgam alloys; it is insoluble in nitric acid, which dissolves silver and base metals, a property that has long been used to confirm the presence of gold in items, giving rise to the term acid test. This metal has been a valuable and highly sought-after precious metal for coinage, jewelry, and other arts since long before the beginning of recorded history. In the past, a gold standard was often implemented as a monetary policy within and between nations, but gold coins ceased to be minted as a circulating currency in the 1930’s, and the world gold standard (see article for details) was finally abandoned for a fiat currency system after 1976. The historical value of gold was rooted in its medium rarity, easy handling and minting, easy smelting, non-corrosiveness, distinct color, and non-reactivity to other elements. Gold is the most malleable of all metals; a single gram can be beaten into a sheet of 1 square meter, or an ounce into 300 square feet. Gold leaf can be beaten thin enough to become transparent. The transmitted light appears greenish blue, because gold strongly reflects yellow and red.

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Death 2

  Death   Death is the termination of all biological functions that sustain a living organism. Phenomena which commonly bring about death include biological aging (senescence), predation, malnutrition, disease, suicide, homicide, starvation, dehydration, and accidents or trauma resulting in terminal injury.  Bodies of living organisms begin to decompose shortly after death. Death has commonly been considered as a sad or unpleasant occasion, due to having a bond or affection to the person who has died, or having fear of death, necrophobia, anxiety, sorrow, grief, emotional pain, depression, sympathy, compassion, solitude, or saudade. The most common cause of human deaths in the world is heart disease, followed by stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases, and in the third place lower respiratory infections. The concept and symptoms of death, and varying degrees of delicacy used in discussion in public forums, have generated numerous scientific, legal, and socially acceptable terms or euphemisms for death. When a person has died, it is also said they have passed away, passed on, expired, or are gone, among numerous other socially accepted, religiously specific, slang, and irreverent terms. Bereft of life, the dead person is then a corpse, cadaver, a body, a set of remains, and finally a skeleton. The terms carrion and carcass can also be used, though these more often connote the remains of non-human animals. As a polite reference to a dead person, it has become common practice to use the participle form of "decease", as in the deceased; the noun form is decedent. The ashes left after a cremation are sometimes referred to by the neologism cremains, a portmanteau of "cremation" and "remains". Almost all animals who survive external hazards to their biological functioning eventually die from biological aging, known in life sciences as “senescence”. Some organisms experience negligible senescence, even exhibiting biological immortality. These include the jellyfish Turritopsis dohrnii,

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Pope Francis 2014

  Pope Francis   Pope Francis (Latin: Franciscus; Italian: Francesco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio,  17 December 1936) is the reigning pope of the Catholic Church, in which capacity he is both Bishop of Rome and absolute Sovereign of the Vatican City State.  Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Bergoglio worked briefly as a chemical technician and nightclub bouncer before beginning seminary studies. He was ordained a Catholic priest in 1969 and from 1973 to 1979 was Argentina's Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus. He became the Archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was created a cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II. Following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI on 28 February 2013, a papal conclave elected Bergoglio as his successor on 13 March. He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi. Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere and the first non-European pope since the Syrian Gregory III in 741, 1,272 years earlier. Throughout his public life, both as an individual and as a religious leader, Pope Francis has been noted for his humility, his concern for the poor and his commitment to dialogue as a way to build bridges between people of all backgrounds, beliefs and faiths. He is known for having a simpler and less formal approach to the papacy, most notably by choosing to reside in the Domus Sanctae Marthae guesthouse rather than the papal apartments of the Apostolic Palace used by his predecessors. In addition, due to both his Jesuit and Ignatian aesthetic, he is known for favoring simpler vestments void of ornamentation, including refusing the traditional papal mozzetta cape upon his election, choosing silver instead of gold for his piscatory ring, and keeping the same pectoral cross he had when he was cardinal. The Pontiff has affirmed Catholic doctrine on abortion, artificial contraception, and homosexuality. Whilst maintaining the Church's teaching against homosexual acts, he has said that gay people should not be marginalized. As a cardinal, he opposed same-sex marriage in Argentina. In addition, he maintains that he is a "son of the Church" regarding loyalty to Church doctrine, and has spoken against abortion as "horrific", suggested that women be valued not clericalized. Summarily Pope Francis reiterates that "It is absurd to say you follow Jesus Christ but reject the Church." Accordingly, he urged Bishop Charles J. Scicluna of Malta to speak out against adoption by same-sex couples,

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Parthenon 1

  Parthenon   The Parthenon  is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power. It was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the zenith of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and western civilization,   and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a program of selective restoration and reconstruction to ensure the stability of the partially ruined structure.  The Parthenon itself replaced an older temple of Athena, which historians call the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon, that was destroyed in the Persian invasion of 480 BC. The temple is archaeoastronomically

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Judas Iscariot

  Judas Iscariot   Judas Iscariot  was, according to the New Testament, one of the twelve original apostles of Jesus Christ, and the son of Simon Iscariot. He is notoriously known for his kiss and betrayal of Jesus to the hands of the chief Sanhedrin priests in exchange for a payment of thirty silver coins.   His name is often invoked to accuse someone of betrayal, and is sometimes confused with Jude Thaddeus. Though there are varied accounts of his death, the traditional version sees him as having hanged himself out of remorse following his betrayal. His place among the Twelve Apostles was later filled by Matthias. Tradition holds that he was the first apostle to die, and that he and John were the only apostles not to die a martyr's death. Despite his notorious role in the Gospel narratives, Judas is still somewhat of an ambivalent figure in Christian history. Judas' betrayal, for instance, set in motion the events that led to Jesus' Crucifixion and Resurrection, which, according to traditional Christian theology, brought salvation to humanity. Gnostic texts actually praise Judas for his role in triggering humanity's alleged salvation, and view Judas as the best of the apostles. Judas is mentioned in the synoptic gospels, the Gospel of John and at the beginning of Acts of the Apostles. Judas was a common name in New Testament times. Judas Iscariot should not be confused with Jude Thomas (Saint Thomas the Apostle), or with Saint Jude Thaddaeus who was also one of the Twelve Apostles. Mark states that the chief priests were looking for a sly way to arrest Jesus. They decided not to do so during the feast since they were afraid that people would riot; instead, they chose the night before the feast to arrest him. In the Gospel of Luke, Satan enters Judas at this time. According to the account in the Gospel of John, Judas carried the disciples' money bag. He betrayed Jesus for a bribe of "thirty pieces of silver" by identifying him with a kiss — "the kiss of Judas" — to arresting soldiers of the High Priest Caiaphas, who then turned Jesus over to Pontius Pilate's soldiers. The death of Judas in Biblical accounts

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Quran 1

  Quran   The Quran  literally meaning "the recitation", also romanised Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Arabic: الله‎, Allah). Its scriptural status among a world-spanning religious community, and its major place within world literature generally, has led to a great deal of secondary literature on the Quran.   Quranic chapters are called suras and verses are called ayahs. Muslims believe that the Quran was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Jibril),    gradually over a period of approximately 23 years, beginning on 22 December 609 CE, when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632 CE, the year of his death. Muslims regard the Quran as the most important miracle of Muhammad, a proof of his prophethood, and the culmination of a series of divine messages that started with the messages revealed to Adam and ended with Muhammad. They consider the Quran to be the only revealed book that has been protected by God from distortion or corruption. According to the traditional narrative, several companions of Muhammad served as scribes and were responsible for writing down the revelations. Shortly after Muhammad's death, the Quran was compiled by his companions who wrote down and memorized parts of it. These codices had differences that motivated the Caliph Uthman to establish a standard version now known as Uthman's codex, which is generally considered the archetype of the Quran we have today. However, the existence of variant readings, with mostly minor and some significant variations, and the early unvocalized Arabic script mean the relationship between Uthman's codex to both the text of today's Quran and to the revelations of Muhammad's time is still unclear. The Quran assumes familiarity with major narratives recounted in the Jewish and Christian scriptures. It summarizes some, dwells at length on others and, in some cases, presents alternative accounts and interpretations of events. The Quran describes itself as a book of guidance. It sometimes offers detailed accounts of specific historical events, and it often emphasizes the moral significance of an event over its narrative sequence. The Quran is used along with the hadith to interpret sharia law. During prayers, the Quran is recited only in Arabic. Someone who has memorized the entire Quran is called a hafiz. Some Muslims read Quranic ayahs (verses) with elocution, which is often called tajwīd. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims typically complete the recitation of the whole Quran during tarawih prayers. In order to extrapolate the meaning of a particular Quranic verse, most Muslims rely on the tafsir.   Prophetic era

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John Fitzgerald Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy   John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly known as Jack Kennedy, or by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. Notable events during his presidency included the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Space Race—by initiating Project Apollo (which later culminated in the moon landings), the building of the Berlin Wall, the African-American Civil Rights Movement, and increased US involvement in the Vietnam War. After military service as commander